My Approach To Music Theory

Jason Allen
A free video tutorial from Jason Allen
Ph.D / Ableton Certified Trainer
4.5 instructor rating • 112 courses • 180,415 students

Lecture description

I approach music theory from a composer and songwriters perspective. In this lecture I'll walk you through how I think about Music Theory and how I approach teaching (and learning) it.

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Music Theory Comprehensive Complete! (Levels 1, 2, & 3)

A Complete College-Level Music Theory Curriculum. This edition of the course includes levels 1, 2, & 3.

12:07:55 of on-demand video • Updated October 2020

  • Read Music Using Proven Techniques
  • Understand All the Symbols (Not Only the Notes) of a Music Score
  • Read, Play, and Count Rhythms Accurately
  • The elements of the Score
  • Pitch Names
  • Pitch Classes
  • Octaves
  • The White Keys
  • The Black Keys (not the band!)
  • Half-Steps and Whole-Steps
  • Clefs
  • Intervals
  • Naming Octaves
  • Identifying Notes on the Staff
  • Identifying Notes on the Keyboard
  • Beat and Beat Divisions
  • Tempo
  • Downbeats and Upbeats
  • Dotted Rhythms
  • Time Signatures
  • Ties
  • Accidentals
  • Form in Music Notation
  • Chromatic and Diatonic scales
  • Ordered Pitch Class Collections
  • The pattern of a Major Scale
  • Scale Degrees
  • Solfege
  • Writing melodies with major scales
  • Analyzing melodies
  • What it means to be "in key"
  • Key signatures
  • How to identify key signatures
  • Popular song analysis
  • Building triads (chords)
  • Diatonic chord progressions
  • Roman numeral analysis
  • Inversions
  • Finding chords by formula
  • The thirds inside of a chord
  • Finding fifths by finding thirds
  • Diminished triads
  • Augmented triads
  • Chords on the guitar
  • Full Analysis: Canon in D (Pachabel)
  • Full Analysis: Minuet in G (Bach)
  • 7th Chords
  • Major 7th Chords
  • Minor 7th Chords
  • Dominant 7th Chords
  • Tendency Chords
  • Using the Circle of Fifths for Songwriting and Composition
  • Borrowing from Closely Related Keys
  • Scale Degree Names
  • Tendency Tones
  • Compound Meters
  • Compound Meter Signatures
  • Reading and Writing Compound Meters
  • Triplets, dubplets, and Quadruplets
  • Finding Minor keys by alternations to Major
  • Patterns in Minor keys
  • Relative Minor keys
  • Parallel Minor keys
  • Minor keys in the Circle of Fifths
  • Using Minor Keys for Songwriting and Composition
  • Diatonic Chord Progressions in Minor
  • The V Chord and Minor and the Leading Tone Problem
  • Harmonic Minor Scales
  • Melodic Minor Scales
English [Auto] All right. So let's get started by first just talking about a few words about my approach to music theory and how I think about music theory. There's one kind of big rule that I kind of live by when it comes to music theory and that is that your ear trumps the theory. So let me explain that. I teach music theory from the perspective of the composer the songwriter the producer. That's the kind of theory that I get into. I don't teach the kind of music theory where we analyze things just to see how detailed we can get. What I'm most concerned with is figuring out why something sounds the way it sounds so that we can use that technique in our own music. Now if you're not a songwriter that's fine because what you're going to be able to do by the end of all of this is listen to something and know how to play it better maybe you're a performer and you want to play it better. Maybe you're just someone who just wants to understand music better for any number of reasons but the way I approach music theory is as a composer as a songwriter and I do it so that I can take the general concept the idea and apply it to my own music. So it's not like stealing right because it might be that in a particular song we hear the songwriters use these three chords in a row and it generated a kind of a feel a sound and we're like Man I really love that sound that feel that he made with that. How can I replicate that. Well what we can do is we can analyze it we can find out what records they used and then we can use those records we can use variations of those records. And the second big goal to music theory is that maybe we skipped that whole process altogether because we're going to learn that when we use a certain combination of notes it generates this certain feel right. So we're just going to be able to skip that process and just say well I know that when I put these notes together and then I follow them by these other notes it generates this feel. So in a way we could say the other goal is to understand what music generates what feeling so that we can put that together to generate our own music right to write our own music because that's what we want to be able to do we want to be able to quickly think. I know that if I'm on this chord and I go to that chord it's going to feel happy. I know if I'm on this chord and I go to that chord it's going to feel sad or any number of much more complex emotions than happy and sad because music is capable of generating a lot of very complex emotions. So those are kind of my big two goals in the way that I approach music theory. If you've written something and you think it sounds cool or you've created something you're like that sounds great. And then later you find out that it doesn't make a lot of sense with music theory. There are two things wrong with that. One is that who cares whether it makes sense and the rules of music theory you're using music theory wrong. If it doesn't make sense in the rules of music theory Who cares if it sounds cool it sounds cool. It sounds the way you want it to sound and that's just great. So that's the first thing that's wrong with that. The second thing that's wrong with that is that you're assuming your limited understanding of music theory means that it doesn't make sense when actually if you got into some of the super advanced music theory I'm sure you would find a way to make it make sense. Music theory goes you know it starts at the basics where we're going to start and it goes to like really complicated stuff. So and we'll get into some of that really complicated stuff by the end of this whole sequence of classes. But because you know a little bit about music theory or not you but I shouldn't put this in terms of you because often people have taken a couple of music theory classes. They assume that what they've done doesn't make sense in the rules of music theory. So they want to change it. And that doesn't work very well either because music theory is so big and it encapsulates so much stuff that you could be just not knowing of how to make sense of what you've written in music theory. This is a long winded way of saying let your ear be the guy to let your ear be your guide and when you learn something in music theory make sure you understand how it sounds because that's the most important thing we need to remember always that music theory is really just a way for us to distill things down and make sense of why they sound the way they sound when we have something we don't like the way it sounds. We can pick it apart using music theory and we can say ah that sounds dumb because it's this this and this. That's why we don't like the way that sounds. And then we know and then we can know not to do that if we don't want it to sound dumb or if you're writing something and you're like I'm writing a piece of music and I intentionally wanted to sound dumb I could do blah blah blah because I know that's a dumb zone. That's kind of a silly example right. I often tell students my composition students that if you write 100 percent by the rules of music theory then you will create something that sounds perfectly fine and boring. If you break no rules everything will sound just fine and boring. So you have to break the rules to make something interesting. So keep that all in mind. Just remember your ear is the winner whenever it comes to analyzing something. And that's how I approach music theory. I do approach it from a composition songwriter perspective. Because that's what I am. That's how I learn it. And I think it's a good way to teach it. So with that in mind let's press on. Next thing I want to do is talk about the tools that we're going to need for this class.