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In this online course senior anchors instruct you through video tutorials about anchoring basics, how to use a teleprompter, studio basics, working of a television news channel, anchor styling and voice grooming techniques.
This course will be taught to you through video turials. In addition to this you will be provided with recap notes for each module/chapter. At the end of each module/chapter you will have to undergo a small multiple-choice test, passing which you will enter the next module/chapter.
So, if you want to enter the glamorous world of TV journalism or just wish to groom yourself and learn how to speak confidently before a group of people then this course is perfect for you.
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Certificate of completion.
|Section 1: Introduction|
Understand what Television Anchoring is all about.
Akash Banerjee: Welcome to Learn Today! India Today group’s worldwide online learning initiative.
Learn how to appear on Television confidently.
Akash Banerjee: The rewards of being on Television are vast. TV anchoring is a great job because you get to become famous, get to travel, you get to meet interesting people and you could paid very nicely;
Padmaja Joshi: But this is a very competitive field, out of hundred and thousands of aspirants only a few can make it to the top.
Akash Banerjee: I would not lie to you, this will be tough; but if you are passionate, dedicated and committed to becoming a TV anchor, then this online course will be really helpful for you because it tells you almost everything about TV news anchoring and important tips to make your TV anchoring stand out.
Padmaja Joshi: So, welcome to the amazing world of Television anchoring!
Padmaja Joshi: First off we need to be aware that people are very good at reading other people. As a species, we are doing this for millions of years.
Akash Banerjee: We can often tell how a person is feeling just by looking at him, it could be the way they are sitting, or it could be a movement or just the feeling that one perhaps sends across. How many times have you felt that I don’t believe a word about what that other person is saying.
Padmaja Joshi: You may not have known him or even seen him before but at a sub-conscious level you may be getting a feeling that you don’t trust this guy. And that’s what the viewers will be doing - ‘Not Trust you’ if you hide anything from them or if you try to be someone that you are not.
Akash Banerjee: So, the important rule of TV anchoring is don’t fake it. When you are in front of camera you need not to pretend that you are someone or something that you are not. It is essential to remember that you are just having a conversation, like you would perhaps with your friend or with your family.
Padmaja Joshi: And it has to be sincere, it has to be genuine, but most of all, being on television, it has to be clear. Remember, the main reason that you will get that TV anchor job is that you are different and nobody else can do the job the same as you as well as you.
Akash Banerjee: Each of you need to find your individual television personality – one that suits you and that one perhaps that makes you stand out from the others. Rely on your personality to come out. You have to remember that, how you say things is as important as what you say. Also enjoy yourself while you are doing this and you’ll see that you are doing a better job.
Padmaja Joshi: Getting into right frame of mind - another thing we need to remember is not only do people read each other, they also empathize. What I mean is that, well for example, you see someone is sad, you also feel sad for them. Similarly, when you see someone who has won a jackpot on a quiz show, we share their joy. Similarly, when we see a horror film, we feel scared and cry over an emotional tearjerker.
Akash Banerjee: Now this happens on television all the time. The problem with TV anchoring is that if you are feeling nervous or perhaps just a little uncomfortable on that day, it translates onto the screen quite instantaneously – your mood, your state of mind can affect your presentation and rub off really on the viewers in the wrong way if you are not careful.
Padmaja Joshi: which is why it is important for a new TV anchor to concentrate on connecting with the viewer by getting into the right frame of mind before you actually face the camera. This is the only time I will quote ‘Performance’ in this online course which essentially means being able to find the right frame of mind even if on that day you are not really feeling that great.
Akash Banerjee: Absolutely. Also very very important is adapting yourself to different situations very quickly. For example, say you are reporting a sad piece of news where people have been hurt, you can’t really come across as being amused but if India has just won the World Cup, you, suddenly, perhaps in the very next story, have to appear ecstatic.
Padmaja Joshi: Before moving ahead, let’s do a quick recap. Very important - Be yourself, stay focused and connect with the viewer.
Akash Banerjee: Develop your own individual style and try to enjoy yourself while facing the camera.
Padmaja Joshi: Also, get into the right frame of mind, nobody wants to watch someone who is nervous, boring or, worse, in a bad mood.
Akash Banerjee: Learn to adapt to different news situations quickly.
Akash Banerjee: When TV anchoring is done it all looks very easy at the end of the day.
Padmaja Joshi: You must be seeing it everyday people talking on TV effortlessly, the way I am talking to you right now. But you have probably observed that I am not actually talking to you but I am talking to the camera lens.
Akash Banerjee: So, it is important to befriend this lens and master certain tips and tricks that’ll allow you to look and feel very comfortable in front of the camera.
Akash Banerjee: Often when people face the camera for the very first time, they start doing strange things which they otherwise might not do really in regular day-to-day conversations.
Padmaja Joshi: And this is probably because when in front of the camera it is natural that some people get a little self conscious. It’s common to be confused about what to do with your hands, how to stand, how to look directly into the lens.
Akash Banerjee: Remember you have to be authoritative, you need to look credible to your audience but at the very same time you need to believe in yourself and still be confident.
Akash Banerjee: First thing that we need to avoid to do is too much body movement while you are anchoring. This is when we keep stepping back or forward or looking sideways while speaking. Or it can be as simple as constantly changing weight from one leg to the other.
Padmaja Joshi: The problem is that all of these things make us look very uneasy, uncomfortable, unsure or even nervous but the solution is very simple; practice standing still with legs shoulder-width apart and make sure that your weight is distributed evenly on both your legs. Also relax from your waist up and you are ready to go. It’s as simple as that.
Akash Banerjee: And of course it’s similar when you are sitting down. Sit upright, keep your posture still and relax your upper body. Now that sounds easy, doesn’t it but when there are lot of other things going on in your head, this is one of the first things that’ll go wrong. Practice this consistently the first few times and then you’ll see that soon it’ll come naturally to you everytime you face the camera.
Padmaja Joshi: Another very important thingbecause we are speaking into the camera – you have to keep your eyes on the lens. Always maintain eye contact with the lens of the camera. This gives the impression that you are talking directly to the person watching you, even if you look to the side of the lens for a fraction of a second, remember that the viewer is going to catch it, is going to break the illusion and the viewer might feel that you are distracted about something else.
Akash Banerjee: Now holding the viewer’s attention is only possible when you assure the viewer that you are giving your 100% , perhaps 110%, of your undivided attention. That does not mean that you will never take your eyes off the lens either. The golden rule for this is that if the viewer can see it or knows it’s there, you can look at it too. That ways, you are not really excluding them or appearing distracted by something that they are not aware of.
Padmaja Joshi: The general rule of television presenting is to refer to the viewer as one person even though of course there’s going to be thousands, perhaps, millions of people, watching you at the same time. This creates the illusion that you are speaking to each viewer individually and helps develop a personal connection and a sense of belonging in the viewer’s mind.
Akash Banerjee: So, very important, to get this right, think of a person you know well and imagine that you are talking to him/her while you are anchoring. Do this the first few times and then it’ll really come naturally to you. It seems a little odd but think about a person that you can trust and rely and talk to that person and then your news anchoring will come across as a very personal delivery sytem.
Padmaja Joshi: Camera rolling and up on 3 is another term you might hear quite often when you are working in this industry. This refers to the time count you get at the beginning of the take of the program when the camera actually starts rolling. The usual direction is like this – stand by and 5,4,3,2,1 cue.
Akash Banerjee: Now if we wait right till this cue point before smiling or getting the right frame of mind as we discussed earlier, the camera would be able to catch that transition and it will really look fake from the word go. To avoid this make sure you are smiling before the camera is rolling. Similarly, while closing the show or the bulletin, keep that smile until you hear the ‘Cut’ or ‘Clear’ and that’s very important.
Padmaja Joshi: You might think that these are really small details and the viewer doesn’t really notice the difference but once you are on camera, even small mistakes get magnified. Avoid these to make sure your viewer takes you seriously and don’t come across as uninterested or uninformed or just plain fake.
Reference material for this session.
|Quiz 1||5 questions|
Review Test for this Session
|Section 2: Building a Foundation|
Learn everything there is to know about TV news.
Padmaja Joshi: The concept of news and your enrollment in this online course will enable you to learn all the essentials of Television news anchoring, but the buck doesn’t stop here. Our aim is to see you on TV screens of renowned TV News channels! Now that we are talking about news channels, it's imperative to know how a news channel works.
Akash Banerjee: So let's begin with the basics. Broadly speaking, every news channel has an input and an output division. The input division is mainly concerned with the 'collection of news' that includes information, research data collection, visuals etc. This is carried out essentially by the reporters who find and gather news. The output division, on the other hand, packages this raw information into a structured format.
Padmaja Joshi: Absolutely in fact just like bulletins and programmes which eventually is brought to you the viewer. A successful anchor is one who has complete knowledge about both the input and the output division. Also, having adequate knowledge about your 'subject' is important so that you can ask relevant questions, if need be, and supply related information to your viewers. This is the first step in the making of a successful television anchor.
Akash Banerjee: Understanding the TV screen is also very important. As a television anchor, when you appear on screen, you are not really alone. Remember that you are actually sharing screen space with a lot of other elements like the channel logo, the location bug . The channel logo is a permanent fixture, of course, on the screen while the location bug tells the origin and the geographical placement of the news that the viewer is watching.
Padmaja Joshi: Very important,the Breaking News banner you see a lot of that in any news channel; this appears when a news of great enormity or importance, it breaks, as it happens. The sharescroll displays the BSE, NSE and Nifty indices movements. The scrolls at the bottom are called Tickers and they give information and news in brief text form. So, with all these elements playing their part a major challenge for any anchor lies in the fact that he or she has to still hold the viewer’s interest with an impressive, confident news presentation.
Akash Banerjee: So elements of TV News story are very clear. The anchor presents a news package or a news story to begin with, that’s a basic format. So let’s watch an example then as we discuss the various elements that come together to form a TV news story.
Padmaja Joshi: As you may have observed, the important elements are sound bytes or interviews, voiceover, reporter Piece to Camera (PTC), graphics, animation, text and visuals.
Learn about different types of TV news stories.
Padmaja Joshi: Now there are different types of news stories. There could be an Anchor Read, there are phonos which are patched through. Through this format of course, the anchor interacts live with the reporter who is reporting from the site.
Akash Banerjee: Now this interaction is done over the phone; only the reporter’s voice is heard. The anchor has to speak, ask relevant questions really to the reporter and extract information that could be and has to be useful to the viewer.
Padmaja Joshi: Hence, it is very important that the anchor knows his or her subject thoroughly and has very good knowledge about it.
Padmaja Joshi: When anchor reportersare chatting, this is basically an extended version of the phono. The only difference lies in the fact that in this anchor chat, the reporter actually speaks to the camera’s lens and is not merely heard over the phone line.
Akash Banerjee: So, at times, the reporter focuses on the visuals behind him to give more weight, clarity to the story. Again, it is the anchor’s responsibility to extract the most useful information out of the reporter and also, try and get the best possible live visuals on the screen.
Padmaja Joshi: One of the most popular news stories format used across TV channels when visuals, graphics, reporter’s PTC, interviews, sound bytes – all of them are put together in a package, all of this happens in advance and it gives an overview, a 360 degree view of a news story. This is called an anchor package. The anchor just needs to introduce the subject in a few lines and then the recorded package follows. This is one of the most popular news story format used by tv stations. It is again a package of news stories and it is prepared in advance. The anchor just needs to introduce the subject in a few lines and then the recorded programme follows. The only challenge here is that the introduction needs to be so powerful that it engages its viewers in a way that they watch the entire programme.
Padmaja Joshi: Now to the very important part the discussions that happen in a studio. It is the most responsible job for a news anchor and is usually given to senior anchors who have a wide knowledge base about the subject of discussion. The anchor has to not just balance the discussion among various experts but also maintain his calm and regulate the discussion and stimulate it at the same time.
Learn about different styles of TV news stories.
Akash Banerjee: News Channels these days
run 24 by 7 and what the viewer gets is a well packaged 'News Bulletin'.
The flow of news is so effortlessly woven that the viewer probably has
no idea how much work really goes behind in making every news bulletin.
Reference material for this session.
|Quiz 2||5 questions|
Review test for this section.
|Section 3: What to Expect in the Studio|
Find out and learn about the various elements of TV news stories.
Akash Banerjee: An integral element of the good television story telling is good audio, thus the TV studio audio console is a key component in delivering a quality product to a television audience.
Padmaja Joshi: Microphoneis an essential An instrument that converts sound waves into an electric current, usually fed into an amplifier, a recorder, or a broadcast transmitter. To put it simply it is a professional device to record your voice clearly. There are different types of microphones used for TV news stories some should be used for interviews inside, some for outside stories and still others to pick up audio from background noise.
Akash Banerjee: Now usually a studio lapel microphone is used to record sound. This microphone is attached to the anchor near his/ her collar bone to catch the audio clearly when he/she speaks. Here are some basics to remember while using a microphone.
Padmaja Joshi:It’s Important to understand the position of the mikes. If a guest is sitting on the right side of Anchor, then the Anchor should put the mike on the left side and the guests mike on the right so that there is no interference in the audio of the Anchor and guest.
Akash Banerjee: Another important aspect of placement of mike for the anchor is to know how high or low the mike should be clipped , It should not be too close to the mouth to avoid audio burst or bluff And not too low that the audio levels dip.
Padmaja Joshi:Another important thing that you can expect that you will use is the talkback, this is the small earpiece that the anchor wears so that the producer can talk and give them the instructions. They will actually be looking at you at the number of TV screens in a separate room called PCR or the production control room. Here is from where all the cameras are operated, different camera angles are taken, audio and video is monitored, banners are added such as breaking news and news supers are made live.
Akash Banerjee: So the EP is your only access to what is happening to the world at large. You really need to use this efficiently and to your advantage otherwise it can get very very tricky. But to start with it could put you off, so here are some tips for using Talkback. Be very selective in what you hear and what you follow. There would be a lot of instructions from the crew that you don’t need to know, don’t stop from what you are doing to listen to the producer and certainly don’t start talking back to them.
Padmaja Joshi: The fact that you are getting these instructions should not distract you from the news you are presenting and at no time should you stop what you are speaking to hear what is being instructed to you. If you miss an instruction do not panic, the producer will repeat it. You have to that’s why keep improvising.
Akash Banerjee: Normally earphones can be used according to Anchors comfort but if there are profile shots especially during guest like situations), then the ear facing the camera should be avoided for using the ear phones.
Padmaja Joshi: It’s very important for the anchor to set the hearing level according to there comfort and also relative to the on air levels, as they are always expected to follow the PCR commands and deal better with anchor phonos and anchor reporter chats.
Akash Banerjee: It’s time to move on to one of the popular tools used in the TV industry it is the Teleprompter better known as Auto cue it works by reflecting the text from the screen onto a piece of glass that is in front of the camera lens. So, as you read the text, it looks like you are still looking into the camera.
Padmaja Joshi: The trick is to make the words on screen sound like your own and not like, you are reading them. You may or may not have realized that in this course we have been using the teleprompter all along and hopefully it hasn’t looked too much that we are reading. So how do we do it?
Padmaja Joshi: Since the teleprompter is always placed in front of the camera, the anchor should always try to look straight into the prompter.
Akash Banerjee: The height of prompter should not be too high or too low, the anchor must get it adjusted according his reading comfort before the start of the bulletin.
Akash Banerjee: If you are using a foot peddle to scroll the text then the first thing that should remember is that the text will scroll at your speed. If you speed up it will speed up, but likely you will have to slow down to read it clearly. But effectively, you are in control. Another important thing to remember, when you are going to use the teleprompter for the first time don’t go too fast.
Padmaja Joshi: This is the most single common mistake a new presenters make. So, slow down and give yourself time to read ahead.
Padmaja Joshi:Hand joggers are also instruments used to control the prompter. Used usually when the camera captures the anchors full length and there a foot peddle cannot be used as it is going to get visible in the frame that you see on TV. In principle, hand joggers work exactly like foot peddles.
Akash Banerjee: Let’s take you through where we are standing right now, a virtual set. Let’s first take you through exactly what a virtual TV set or background looks like. It doesn't actually exist when you're filming. Generally, you shoot in front of a green "chroma wall" or a backdrop, and then replace the green area of your virtual with a graphical interfaces during the editing process.
Padmaja Joshi: In a sense you are using a computer or video generated environment in place of a real TV set and replacing it seamlessly with real people and real objects. A virtual background is widely used in TV productions and it’s an affordable set solution for news, sports, weather and entertainment programming
Akash Banerjee: Well in a complexity of news room, a set is specifically designed for the origination and production of live news programs with channel logo and background placed at strategic locations on the set. Simply put this is the location from where a channel broadcasts its live programs, on a day to day basis on an hour to hour basis where the anchor sits or could even stand strategically to face the camera and present the latest breaking news.
Develop an in-depth understanding about anchoring as a professional and what all you will find in the studio of a TV channel.
Padmaja Joshi: Lighting is significant in
TV news production. It not only enhances the look and feel of the
channel’s vision for the production but it also sets the mood. Almost
all incandescent lamps used in TV production are tungsten halogen lamps.
They normally range from 500 to 2000 Watts. This type of lamp is more
efficient than the common light bulb type incandescent lamp and it does
not darken with age.
Padmaja Joshi: Always rely on the camera output monitor for the correct look.
Padmaja Joshi: You often have to use the properties in the studio while standing or sitting in front of the camera, avoid green objects and white reflective materials while working on a virtual set.
|Practice session of reading the teleprompter (TP).
|Reference material for this session.
|Quiz 3||5 questions|
Review Test for this Section.
|Section 4: Voice Grooming|
Learn about what role of voice in a visual medium.
Padmaja Joshi: The first step to excel in
the art of anchoring is voice modulation. The voice will play a major
role while you address your viewer so it needs to be powerful and
|Reference material for this session.
|Quiz 4||5 questions|
Review test for this session.
|Section 5: Anchor Styling|
Find out how you can groom yourself and look your best on camera.
Akash Banerjee: The anchors job is not just restricted to presenting and reporting news. An anchor also has to look presentable and well turned out at all times as he or she represents the very face of the channel. Remember you are projecting a certain image.
Padmaja Joshi: You must not upstage what you are there for and that is to tell people the most important things that have happened in the day, most effectively. Your style like you can be/ has to be individual. But generally if you wear something that is vibrant and eye-catching, people tend to pay attention to what you are saying and that’s very important in this line. That’s why it is important to wear clothes that spark self confidence and self assurance. It is important to note here that at no point does this mean that you need to look like a model. But at the same time, you must look elegant and poised on screen and carry yourself with dignity without being too flashy.
Akash Banerjee: Now if that is sounding a bit complicated, here are some style basics which can never go wrong. Buy clothes that fit you well. Nothing too figure hugging either. If your clothes are too tight you look fatter, not thinner.
Padmaja Joshi: And more importantly you look very uncomfortable on air. Evaluate your body shape and dress up accordingly. Clothes must not hang on to your body but follow its line. Clothes must not be outlandish or too loud. They should be clean, well-cut and well ironed.
Akash Banerjee: Avoid cluttering the figure with lots of clothing and layering. Clothes must fit especially on the shoulders. No t-shirts unless you are doing perhaps a sports program. Well cut, well groomed hair is a must and please wear anti-glare glasses if you have to. Stripes, checks or prints, patchwork or embroidery is a strict no-no.
Padmaja Joshi: Also, because of practical reasons you have to avoid greens while anchoring against a chroma background because that will get keyed out. Also, avoid bulky hand-knits and woollen ware. Be careful of the fabric of your garment. It shouldn’t be too thin or more importantly see through.
Akash Banerjee: All right things here that men need to keep in mind. Crisp collars and if you have a beard keep it short and trimmed. Well cut well groomed hair ofcourse is a must. Length of the jacket sleeve should fall somewhere between your palm and the beginning of your thumb. Don’t wear whites. It’s a clear rule only cream or beige. If it is a three buttoned jacket, leave the bottom button unbuttoned. Straight cut trousers please and trouser bottoms should not be very wide. Solid colours only. No white trousers and the trouser should not be very tight. Stick to the classic and business ties and when tied the length of the tie should come up to the top of your belt, trouser and jeans ofcourse to the bottom of the heel.
Padmaja Joshi: Alright now let’s talk about the women. First tip no low cut necklines or figure hugging tops. If you have a short of wide neck wear tops that are open at the neck rather than high or round ones that lengthen and slim your neck. No sindoor please, no bangles, bindees, nose pins and big rings. No dangling earrings or chunky jewellery unless you are anchoring an entertainment. Glitter should be avoided at all cost unless the story or the situation demands it. Also, keep your nails very clean and evenly trimmed. Wear makeup to conceal blemishes, at no time should you look over done and same also goes for your nails. Please no loud nail colours. Depending on your face cut and hair texture get a neat hair cut but don’t be too experimental with your hair. As far as professional make up is concerned it is a must to face harsh studio lights. Your shoes should be closed and they work much better than open shoes. Also, they look more formal. It is perfectly alright if they are with or without heels. It completely depends on what you are comfortable with. As far as accessorization is concerned, keep your accessories to a minimum for general news anchoring and never wear any accessories that make you uncomfortable or disturb your flow. As far as colours are concerned avoid shiny fabrics and go for bright colours if you have dusky skin and lights colours if you are wheatish or fair. Avoid wearing white unless the situation demands it. Bleeding reds and fluorescent colours are also a big no. Be careful of wearing pinstripes, checks and textured fabrics because they are known to cause havoc on screen by interfering with the camera sensor and producing what is called a jitter which is both distracting and dizzying for viewers. Solids always work best.
|Reference material for this session.
|Quiz 5||5 questions|
Review Test for this Section.
|Section 6: Getting Ready for the Interview|
Learn how to prepare yourself for your interview/screen test.
Padmaja Joshi: Now that you have learnt the essentials of TV anchoring and are gearing
up to find your dream job here’s a head start on what to remember when
you get a called in for a job interview at a TV channel.
Reference material for this session.
|Quiz 6||5 questions|
Review Test for this Section
|Section 7: Conclusion|
Gather insights into the anchoring profession and find out what all you need to keep in mind so as to become a successful anchor.
|Section 8: Become an Anchor Quiz|
|Quiz 7||10 questions|
Review test for anchoring course.
Learntoday.in is an initiative of India Today Group to offer online learning to people. Learn Today will offer branded courses under distinct categories. Degrees no longer can guarantee a good job, candidates need practical skills. Corporates are looking for candidates who can hit the ground running and don’t need huge investments of time and training. Through this initiative, India Today Group aims to extend its foray into education by improving skills and making more young people employable. Learn Today will endeavor to break down barriers to education by offering online learning courses and the opportunity for able learners to gain certification of branded courses