The 4 Stages Of Learning
A free video tutorial from The Best-Selling Author | Noah Merriby
Bestselling Author, Instructor, And Speaker
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13:12:02 of on-demand video • Updated May 2019
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English [Auto] And this lecture we're going to be talking about the four stages of learning. To show you how learning gets easier when you know these steps. Mind maps are eventually used to be able to learn information dissect information and cut it into bits and pieces so you can learn it better and analyze it better and work on it more effectively. So the four stages of learning are first unconscious incompetence. You don't know that you don't know. Second is conscious incompetence. You know that you don't know. Conscious competence you know and your unconscious competence you don't know that you know. And I'm pretty sure these titles are a bit complex and complicated and probably don't make any sense. But I'm here to explain them unconscious incompetence when you have a certain thing that you want to do. You want to lose weight. The idea of losing weight for you is eating less and going and doing cardio running for a long time but you don't even know that it's not about eating less. It's about eating a lot of protein. Tracking your macros. You don't even know that it's not just about cardio but there is weightlifting that is involved and I can burn a lot of calories. So at this point you don't even know that you don't know these things because you did not even think about these things you did not link them in any way to your diet and maybe you've never heard of them. So at this point you don't know these concepts and you don't even know that these concepts that are essential for you to be able to learn or achieve whatever you want to achieve you don't know that you don't know them and that's the first step of learning when you have this unconscious incompetence where you don't know that you don't know. And here comes the step number two conscious incompetence. You know that you don't know. So you go to the gym and you talk to a personal trainer and he tells you about that you need to do weight lifting and you need to track your micro your macro sorry. And now you're at a point where you know that you're incompetent you know that there are a lot of things related to the diet that you don't know we're going to talk more about the diet example later. But moving to number three conscious competence you know and you are. So at this point right here you know that. Okay. There are a lot of things that I don't know and I want to follow through I want to get to my goal I want to learn how to lose weight and you're going to start learning. So number three of the process where you start to learn you're consciously learning and building your knowledge. And that brings us to number four when you learn so much that it becomes unconscious competence. It is natural. You don't know that you know you know all the ins and outs without you even knowing that you know them because they became so natural unconscious incumbents when we talked about the diet example you know they want to go through a diet but you don't know what you have to do. You know what you heard. Maybe eat less and do cardio as we said. You don't even know that tracking macros instead of eating less is more effective. You don't know that other exercises can burn fat much faster than cardio. This is the stage where you're not aware of your what you don't know right. And then of course we talked about this also before you went to see a personal trainer and that's why he told you. Now you know that tracking macros and waiting lists are essential. Which you didn't know before. So you know what you have to do but you don't know how to do it yet. Right. And this is where you start to learn. This is where you start building your conscious competence. You start working on these things you are consciously building your competence which will eventually lead to the unconscious competence you've built the competence too much that it becomes natural or natural for you you can go to the gym and workout without having a workout plan. You can eat well and track your micros your macros without writing down everything on a piece of paper. If somebody has been working out for a while and they skip the gym for a week and they're not even following a fitness plan they can just go to the gym and figure out what they need to do for their legs to do an awesome workout. They need they know what what they have to do for biceps what they have to do for four triceps what they have to do to gain weight what they have to eat to lose weight. Right. It becomes natural. So so this is the part where they don't even know that they know all of these things because because it's natural. Right. So each and every person goes through these four learning stages whenever you want to learn anything in your life you are going to go through these four learning stages whether it's as as I gave the diet example whether it's given another example you are studying for your final exam and while you know that there are some things that you need to learn we need to learn how to calculate assets and calculate liabilities and all these things and then you're talking to your friend and then he tells you that you also need to learn how to do the shareholders equity analysis and that you did not even know that this is something that you need any of that not even know that it's part of the course. You've never heard of it so you didn't even know that you don't know about this. That was that was stage number one. You're in unconscious and unconscious incompetence and now that you know that you know that. OK. Well I need to learn how to do the shareholders equity analysis. You get to conscious incompetence you get to a point where you sit down you figure out all the different parts. OK I need to write about let's say retained earnings and revenues and common shares. Now you know what it's about but you need to keep learning. And that gets you to conscious competence you know the principles and unconscious competence you're starting to learn about them. You'll learn what are what are retained earnings how to calculate them what our common shares how to calculate them. And once you do you go all the way up forward to the unconscious competence section where you don't even where you don't even know that you know these things and you go to the exam and you feel so natural and you feel that it's so easy. Why why do some people leave the exam room and they feel like Oh my God like this has been the easiest thing I've ever done. And other people they go out of the exam and they said wow that was really difficult is because the people who did well they went through all the different learning are different learning stages effectively until they got to the unconscious competence. However in the other people who did not do as good they stumbled upon of course they went through the learning stages but they stopped at one of these learning stages maybe they got to conscious competence which they know what they have to do and they're still working on them. But they did not get to the point where they have unconscious competence. Some people maybe they were they were stuck at unconscious incompetence maybe you never talk to your friend and he never knew that there are some things that you don't know a lot of things. A lot of times it happens you go to an exam and and you see some information that you don't know and you're like wow I did not know we had this right. And this is you failing at the four stages of learning failing and the first step or even failing at the second step. Conscious incompetence you know that you don't know you might fall there or you might fall third stage or you might even get to the fourth stage but don't master it effectively and not really attain this national stage. And also it will it will cause you some problems eventually. But this these four learning stages are also linked to mind mapping and that's how it works. So first when you have a certain idea which we said your diet for example this is the main idea you're starting with the unconscious incompetence you have the you had the idea but you don't know what you really don't know about this. OK. These are the these are the branches. So once you know once you get to the conscious incompetence you'll be able to build the branches which which are the things that that are complementary the things that are essential for you to be able to attain this goal which is your diet. Right. So you know you learn these things. And at first you didn't know them. You went from unconscious incompetence to conscious conscious incompetence that you don't know these things and now you figured out that you need to do certain things in order for you to achieve each and every each and every dietitian every circle each for every branch in this and the conscious incompetence section. And so you got to the conscious competence section and you starting to work on each and every one of these in order for you to eventually finish the goals that you had and the conscious incompetence the three goals for you to eventually achieve whatever goal you had but that would eventually move you all the way to the unconscious incompetence where you are so natural at whatever you want to do when when you're so natural at die you know how it works. You don't even have to follow a plan and track your macros. It just becomes natural. You know what to eat you know what to do. It's natural. You don't have to think about it. And this is exactly you mind planning it when you go through the four learning stages. You are not aware of it but in some way or another you are going through mind planning you are starting with the principal. There are certain ideas that are branching out. There are some branches that would help you figure out each and every one of these ideas. And once you figure out each and every one of these ideas you become so natural at it that you conquer the main idea. The main goal which is your diet. So whenever you want to learn something try to remember the four stages of learning. Ask yourself when you're first learning something ask yourself Is there something that I don't know that I don't that I don't even know that I don't know yet. Ask yourself this question. And of course it's possible. That's why you need to do your research properly to make sure that for example you know what you have to do. You know the things that you have to do for you to be able to have a good diet which gets you to just that number two or you need to know everything that you have to study for the exam which also gets you to number two. Then you get to number two. Need to also make sure and the learning process that you know what you have to do to achieve these things that you didn't know in order for you to be able to overcome them. And then once you do you start working on them you start building your conscious competence and you're starting to learn more and more and more more until you master them and you become so natural and you get to the unconscious competence. Make sure that you go through these steps in each and everything that you're learning eventually. And even when you're doing mind mapping when you first put an idea you need to make sure that whatever you're trying to develop there are there are not simply there aren't things that you don't know that are eventually going to be an obstacle. If there might be what can they be do a bit of research. If you don't find anything it's fine. Carry on with the plan. And if anything ever comes up afterwards you'll be able to note it out in the mind map. Now of course you guys don't know I don't really understand mind maps properly yet. That's exactly why there's going to be an entire section that talks about how to build mind maps and go through the process of it. But for now just keep in mind that these four four stages of learning are essential not just for learning but also for our mind mapping. So keep them in mind.