Demo: Prometheus Installation

Edward Viaene
A free video tutorial from Edward Viaene
DevOps, Cloud, Big Data Specialist
4.4 instructor rating • 12 courses • 227,066 students

Lecture description

DigitalOcean coupon: https://m.do.co/c/b71b388ab76f

Learn more from the full course

Monitoring and Alerting with Prometheus

Become a DevOps monitoring expert using Prometheus and Grafana, monitor your infrastructure and applications as a pro.

04:03:51 of on-demand video • Updated January 2021

  • Install, Configure and run Prometheus
  • Setup Alerting in Prometheus
  • Visualizing data in Grafana
  • Implementing Prometheus within your own applications
  • Enable metrics & alerting on throughout your infrastructure
  • Implement instrumentation
English Edward: In this demo, I'll be installing Prometheus and Grafana on a DigitalOcean droplet. When you enter the URL with the reference code right here, you get to this page where you enter your email address and password and sign up. You will then also get the $100 coupon, which is valid for 60 days when you enter a valid payment method. Once logged in, you will see a dashboard, just like mine right here and here you can then create a droplet. You can create an Ubuntu Xenial distribution but I am actually going to use 18.04, which is the latest LTS. I'm going to choose for a two-gigabyte, $10-a-month machine. I'm going to launch it in London but you can launch it in any region that you want. And then you can add an SSH key. If you know what an SSH key is and you already have one, you can create a new one or you can import yours. If you do not know what an SSH key is, you can just use password authentication and you don't have to add an SSH key. I already have one, so I will just use mine. If you don't select this, then DigitalOcean will just email your password. So that works as well. I'm going to call this prometheus and I'll add a tag and the tag will be prometheus. I'm going to create this droplet. And then immediately, I'm gonna go to Networking, Firewalls. I'm going to make sure that my Prometheus is properly protected by adding a firewall. So I'm gonna create a firewall. I'm gonna call it prometheus. And I'm going to say all TCP but not from all IP addresses but only from my IP address. And to know what your IP address is, you can go to ifconfig.co and this will just display your IP address. So if I add this, then you can choose to add this as an address and then All TCP and maybe also All UDP and ICMP. Only to your IP address for now. And this will make sure that only you will be able to access this droplet. So we're going to apply this to prometheus to the droplet or even to the tag. Then everything that you tag with prometheus will get this firewall applied. Firewall created successfully. So now we should be able to log in. First, we need the IP address. Our prometheus server is running. We copy the IP address. And then you can open a terminal. On macOS X, you can just open the program terminal. On Windows, you can use PuTTY. And on Linux, you can also just use SSH in a terminal. So I'm going to ssh to root at this IP address. I'm going to use my key file. But if you didn't set an SSH key, then you just use the password that has been emailed to you. I press yes. And I'm now logged in. So this is the Ubuntu 18.04 LTS that I'm running. First, we need to get our Git repository. So I'm going to git clone, github.com/in4it.prometheus-course. And this will create a directory, prometheus-course and in this directory, prometheus-course, I have the scripts. So to install Prometheus, I'm going to execute one of the scripts. So we have 1-install, which installs Prometheus, 2 installs node-exporter. It's just going to install a piece of software that will export the metrics of this server so that we have some metrics in Prometheus and we will install Grafana, which will be showing visualizations or graphs. So first, we start with install.sh to install Prometheus. Scripts/1-install. And this will download Prometheus and then install it. Prometheus is now installed. Let's have a look whether it's running. Prometheus is running, so we should be able to go to the Prometheus web console. So if you go to the IP address of the droplet, port 9090, then you get to the Prometheus web front end. So if you want to see one of the metrics, then you can click here and here, you have some metrics that are already in Prometheus by default. So for instance, if you just take a look at scrape_samples_scraped, I click Execute, then we see scrape_samples_scraped localhost:9090, job equals prometheus. These are the labels and this is the sample. 682 samples are scraped. And we can also show this in a graph. So here we see the samples that are scraped. Let's have a look at Prometheus install script that we executed. So the PROMETHEUS_VERSION is 2.2.1. You can change this version once newer version come out. Then you can also use newer versions using these scripts. First, what the script does is it's going to get from the releases the correct version. It's going to extract it. It's going to cd in this directory and actually, at this point, you could already start Prometheus using the config file. But first, what we are going to do is we're going to create a user so that Prometheus doesn't start as root but as a user. So we're going to add the Prometheus user, create the directories for the configuration files and for the data. Change ownership, copy the binaries, change ownership after we copy the binaries as well. Copy the config right here. So we do a few copies and a few ownership changes and then we have the systemd script. So this is going to write a systemd script to start and stop the daemon. So this is systemd. So use the user prometheus and here's the command that we use to start Prometheus. Then we do systemctl daemon-reload. We enable it at boot time and then we start prometheus. So that is the only thing that this script does. So it's pretty generic. It should work on any modern Linux distribution that uses systemd.