Alexandre Tannous- Sound (De) Mystified

Raghunath Cappo
A free video tutorial from Raghunath Cappo
Yoga teacher, harmonium hugger and detox junkie
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Born to Fly: Study Yoga Philosophy, Inversions, and Kirtan

A 35-hour online study of Bhakti philosophy and practice, as well as teaching and learning inversions and arm balances.

30:55:48 of on-demand video • Updated October 2014

  • Strengthen and improve physical yoga practice
  • Introduce inversions and arm balances
  • Foster understanding of the Bhakti and the philosophy of yoga
  • Revolutionize a yoga practice from a physical, spiritual and philosophical perspective.
English [Auto] Thank you so much. Thank you. I'm honored. Thank you. Very happy to be here excited. And I hope your training is going really well. There's a lot a lot to share with you today. I reduced the stock in shape that in a way that suitable for yoga teachers. This is something that I can talk about for literally 20 straight hours. It's incredibly fascinating. So for the sake of convenience I thought it would be great to put together a presentation because there are a lot of slides that I want to show you would be easier to have some visuals and some sound samples. And this is going to be most of the portion of the stock and then we'll do Q&A and we'll do sample of sound meditation. All right. I would love to give you two hours of each of these segments. The direct experience is the most important one which is the sound meditation. In this research I found that it's really important to know certain things before we receive that direct experience because that makes all the difference. You know very well that when we know things are very different. Your reception your understanding and the way you integrate things in the process will be completely different and the more we know the more our consciousness expands. And this is where the magic is. So this is a research that I've been doing for about six years. I'm a musician composer musicologist. I've been studying music since I was a kid and I did 12 years of training at university doing four degrees in music and by the end I thought I knew something about music and sound where I was wrong and happily wrong. I realized that most of what we studied and most of what musicians spend their life dealing with is important but superfluous compared to what I'm about to talk. Because this is truly the magical stuff and the research that I've taken incorporates a very different perspectives. The shamanic approach the eastern philosophical and western scientific. So I'm going to present some things and talk about this life. First I'd like to mention first the most if not all of you probably have heard of him. I often think current wireless communication the modern electric motor home remote et cetera et cetera. And he said if you want to understand the universe think energy frequencies and vibrations and sound is all three. So we all know that sound has power. But we don't really know what gives it this power. Why music is so powerful and everybody connects to music whether they know so much about it or they know so little. Music is the most accessible art and there are reasons for it. And you got to talk let me just set my clocks back an idea of oh so we're going to address the mathematics in nature because sound is all about mathematics. You've probably heard this but we're going to talk a little bit about what makes it part of mathematics and how do these mathematics function in the realm of sound and music. Is going to get technical. I myself this like mathematics so I'm just going to approach this with talk about fractal geometry. Sure some of you have heard of it. In fact the GMAT is a branch of mathematics concerned with irregular patterns made of parts that are in some way similar to the whole e.g. tweeks brashest the property codes so symmetry or similarity or symmetry and conventional geometry which is consistent with regular shapes and whole number of dimensions such as one dimensional and three dimensional fractal geometry deals with shapes found in nature that have long integer or fractal dimensions fractal geometry developed by the from and then Romine those roads study of complexity and chaos chaos theory basically. And this is what they look like and I'm going to show you a video of yours that you really understand happiness as we zoom in that time years before it becomes a whole universe and in a way similar to the whole. And it goes to infinity smaller and small stuff if you don't want to lose you. This is actually a lot of that is in nature. Follow fractal geometry basically. They manifest in every everything that we find any pattern. Basically nature has a different type of geometry than the Euclidean geometry that we study in schools. This was discovered in the 60s and when bondwoman to discover that mathematicians or scientists around him thought he was crazy. So no no no this is how mathematics manifests in nature. This is the geometry of nature. There's a high level of complexity and it's not a surprise that you know intelligence manifest in mathematics in nature. We talked about fractal geometry and now talk about Fibonacci sequence. So basically these are things found all around us and we don't pay attention to. But when we start to study the proportions and how they come to be we found that there is a system and that system communicates very abstract level intelligence that we're barely breaking the code. And the reason why I mentioning this is that because this is what sound is on a much higher level than. Yes exactly. All patterns follow. Yeah. This is also another common commonly found on Fibonacci sequence. In mathematics a sequence of numbers with surprising really useful applications in botany and other natural sciences beginning with two once each new turn is generated as the sum of the previous two one plus one equals two and then two plus one equals the plastic with four. So this is the century mathematician lay another piece of circuit in 70 and it's somewhere between 40 Adonis and actually discovered the sequence but did not think so explore it uses which have turned out to be white and various. For example the number of apples in most types of flowers and numbers involved in Branson and see the information patterns come from the sequence the ratio of any two successive approaches the value of the golden ratio as a as we come. So the golden ratio. This is an office and the size of the chamber follows the sequence and they get bigger and bigger based on how you add up these numbers. This is also Fibonacci Sequence sunflower. This is basically you can see it more clearly. This is also an option if you look at the Brockley very close up. That's also Fibonacci. It's found everywhere. Also the branches on the tree from big to smaller and smaller and smaller the golden ratio so probably the most magical number for ancient Egyptians used that a lot in building pyramids and find piles and other very important person to mention here because this is a very relevant master to him or Colborne 1940 the Japanese author and entrepreneur best known for his claims that human consciousness has an effect on the molecular structure of water. This hypothesis has evolved over the years of his research. Initially Emoto claim that high quality water forms beautiful and intricate crystals while low quality water has difficult for me crystals according to Emoto an ice crystal distilled water exhibits a basic hexagonal structure with no intricate branches. You know the place that positive changes to watercourses can be achieved through prayer music or by attaching written words to a container of water. So this is basically water from the water that polluted water before Buddhist prayer. And look what happens after the Buddhist So again what's happening here. These are Christo's there are frozen and he looked at them under the microscope and this study prove that water molecules can take a different shape when they're exposed to sound words and even intention. I'm going to show a couple of more examples. And then this is the final word I'll do it. Let's do it. It's remarkably different. Yeah. Yeah. It's a scientific Yeah. He has a whole lab. Yeah it is. So yes. Yes. And it's also more complex. Yeah. So basically what's happening here. If you were to apply this to the human body that we made approximately 80 percent of water. That's basically the average give or take. So if you think about how sounds words intentions tensions in music are affecting the human body every molecule every drop of water and the overall effect it's truly astounding what we are discovering now and how sound is affecting us. This is water music race. Another attribute of sound of what sound can do so briefly mentioning some of the things that you should know about before we delve deeper into sound and the things that I wanted to capture so far is that sound is mathematics. Sound is a manifestation of intelligence and this intelligence manifests in different ways and different complexities in nature and almost always mathematics are involved in it. It's not a surprise. You know when you find that physicist specially quantum physicists theoretical physicists and experimental physicists these are basically the scientists that are that are expanding our concepts as far as understanding how the natural world works around us and in a way kind of tiptoeing to find out how consciousness is involved. You know scientists are still experiencing a lot of trepidation in dealing directly with consciousness. This has been a taboo for a few centuries and there are reasons for that but they're finding that for them to really better understand nature and the world around us and the cosmos is basically to approach in using very sophisticated mathematical formulas and the mathematics that they deal with is on a whole other level than the mathematics that all of us in either high school or college. Right now scientists physicists cannot tell you what reality is but they can show you in mathematical formula how it works. If you want to paralyze a physicist asking what is reality we don't know really what reality is and how. Because I think we are missing the biggest part of it is how the mind is involved in it. And if we come from eastern philosophies we know that it's only mind. It's as if we are living inside a dream. This dream is so real we call reality. And in this dream we can affect the self and others and can be affected by others. What I'm finding is that sound is powerful because it Pampers. It affects the way this mind or the collective mind works and allows resonance to manifest and for things to snap into grid to let go of dissonance and bring more consciousness. I'll talk more in detail about this stuff as we go along. Semantics is the study of physical sound and vibration. Typically the surface of a plate diaphragm or a membrane is vibrated in regions of maximum and minimum displacement are made visible in a thin coating of particles or liquid. Different patterns emerge in the excitatory region depending on the geometry of the plate and the driving frequency. Schematics were discovered by asked me for an 1756 by 18 percent it was a German physicist and a musician. He is sometimes called the father of acoustics. Here are some great examples. This is a video so you have to play and the say the frequency and the powder changes. Based on what kind of frequencies are Mrs. Right. So basically sound has an image. This is 3-D sound. This is basically what sound what these frequencies look like. Yes it's powder could be solved or you can put any fine powder that does not stick or you can also put water or party and it'll change shape geometry given the frequency that you play. And each Hertz has a specific image to it. I'm going to play more examples. This is one pattern. So these basically metallic play and they vibrate it using electronics and you can change frequencies to change to a higher or lower level cycles per second. And this is how we measure sound basically. And you get a specific image based on which hurts you're using or exposing basically you know. Yeah you can see. You can actually yeah you can construct. You can go to Instructables dot com and find instructions how to make me plate. That's what it's called. Any something as long as it vibrates the plate the metallic plates so you want resinous basically to add to that because because the South has to be powerful enough to move the sound or that the powder. So here the reason why you need this Calladine plate. That's because all of the electronics are built right under the plate. So you can change the frequency and certain generators would make that plate vibrate and therefore move the sand or salt around. You need the vibration you need the frequency to be powerful enough or very close to the plate to cause this vibration. You need good speakers. Right. Exactly. But you probably have seen or heard of people breaking wine glasses with. Yeah. So basically the way this happens is that if you grab a specific wine glass and you find the resonant frequency of that glass and if you bring it close your lips and sing loud enough assuming that you're singing loud enough this resonant frequency you can break it. And there are YouTube videos that you can look at every space every object has a resonant frequency vehicle Tesla said that you can split earth in two halves if you can find a resonant frequency sound can also be the most destructive power and actually is being used in military applications right now. I took out that slide in information because we don't want to we have enough to talk about. But more examples about semantics. This is another path. This is also you can see this is 14 Hertz. This is a container with water in it and an orange slide from underneath. And the water is vibrating 14 hurt and a camera on top took a snapshot. So you get such it's like a different similar if it's a water any type of water you would get the same image if it's sand or salt you get something comparable to that. Not exactly the same. Why. Because water because it has looser molecules can move and take different shape. If you're dealing with the matter then it's not going to move in the same way. Keep in mind that sound travels four times more efficient in liquids than in air and it travels slower in matter because of how the molecules are structured. This is why whales can communicate with each other over hundreds of miles because the warmer they like the kids say they are yes you would be slower because it's slightly more viscous. And yeah which party is what I feel I we have an example of. So this is for another example. So I have a theory that I've been studying Mundials for a while and I'm finding correlations between cinematics and mundials. You you know already that models are found in Indian culture in Catholic culture in African in in Haitian Voodoo as well in American Indians everywhere basically ancient civilizations. And of course in Tibetan Buddhism and you know when Tibetan Buddhism in Tibet and Buddhists are working on the Mandela there would be three or four monks working on lodgement that I would find colored pigments and very carefully painting if you want to use them or they're constructing it. They're repeating mantras in their mind. And this mantra is form a holographic image and they basically paint with this pigment the holographic image of what they're feeling. Now I've always thought like how could this be how could that montra trigger that holographic you know that they're out of this consensus reality and they're into another reality manifesting such a beautiful and intricate imagery. Well it's probably sound and sound also works even when we are repeating it you know silently the suggestion of that mantra can change reality and this is why sound is so powerful has been powerful has been used by old harmonic societies and eastern philosophies and now scientists are perplexed with how sound manifests. I mean we're going to break it down. This is so so much talk about it. You'll see as I go deeper and deeper how sound is involved in almost everything and at the end you will know why sound is powerful and to what extent it can affect our life. I mean we know already that everybody in the world this is the music not everybody goes to museums or you know with art galleries or to watch dance performances or go to poetry really because if it's power there's something that propels us to Earth. And we do get something from it and I talk about in detail how it affects the metabolism and neurochemistry. So so yeah there is a connection between Mandela's inside matics sound makes things manifest in matter and in water. And it seems that it can manifest also in different reality. It's not an accident. It's not a superfluous. I for for Tibetan monk to use Tibetan bowls Gong's think Chozen and Monk. What are mantras and sutras it sounds at the end. It sounds. OK. And a German photographer researcher out of author came up with a fascinating book you find the correlation between patterns found in animal kingdom and in nature comparing them to semantics and can also find them between zebra patterns and Semitics. So these are the notes and this is how each to manifest inside that it was pretty nasty. Also another thing that I've been studying a lot is sound pollution. It's incredibly destructive and the decibel level how loud you can be exposed to certain sounds either by garbage truck or fire truck ambulances or whatever honking or or even the iPod. So really be careful not to boost the music so loud we have twenty five thousand hair cells in each ear and they start dying the day we are born and they don't grow back. It's just criticism here. Yeah. Well that's it is it it affects us yeah it affects us energetically emotionally but not hear it but it's this is going through the here it says Yeah. This this negativity affects us emotionally energetically and spiritually locks the potential of the person because we are quite a bit what people think of us. And this is why it's very important to surround ourselves by people who see the good in us and people who encourage us or support us to become a potential base person. So finding resonance between people is the most important thing. I'm not saying that every time you find something negative to run away from it or some other person try to help the person and be empathetic but it comes at a cost that it's important to be in residence with yourself and be in residence with other people. This is basically at the end what I learned from my studies and my my practice of South that it's incredibly important to be in residence with a spirit mind and body and to do this work in a meditative state which I'll talk about there and we'll get the sample. Right. Someone had his or her hand up. Yes. I read before that digital digitized sounds like crap. Yeah. And they're not good for you or the whole truth. And I wonder you know we hear about classical music in different music being that you are still beneficial. Me. Yeah. Well I can talk for five hours about this but I will talk a little bit about what digital music. Basically digital music is compressed music. So when we talk about digital and analog There are two different formats of recording music analog LPs basically when you digitize something you shave off a certain level of the information contained in sound in the recording process. The best thing is acoustics. Why. Because you're getting not only the sound but also the vibration you'll be exposed to the physical kinetic aspect of the sound. Second no microphones can compare to the human ears. They're the most sophisticated microphones on many levels and in different ways even the most expensive mikes for some mics can go up to ten fifteen thousand dollars for one microphone. Why. Because you're changing format when you record something you change the format it's going for the microphone. All this vibration is being translated to signals etc.. Get a recording of it. All right. Now this recording can be put out in public in form of a lot like or in cities which are basically digitized when you digitize something. You're taking a certain amount of the information. Incompetent sound and there are different sampling rates which would decide on how much of the overall data that's in the sound is encapsulated in there. This is why some people might rip their CD on iTunes using certain 320 versus 256 or you know give you the higher you go the more information you can do. Now some people might not find a difference between three 20 or 256 or maybe even more than that because the ear is not sensitive enough to pick it up but it doesn't mean that your nervous system is not picking it up or your body's lap it up. Some people can hear it but still to now you know audio files tell you there's nothing like LPs you know even the best CD recording City recording is way format or F F which is generally agreed on the maximum fidelity sound but there is a lot more. But it does not come close to an analog sound. Why. Because some of the upper harmonic overtones are shaved off. And I'll talk about this in a bit. So yeah digitizing music is really depriving us from what is encapsulated in sound tremendously. You know music has been empowered in many different ways. Castrated even if I can say literally the equal temperament which I spent time talking about digital music is another. And changing the standard frequency from a four thirty two Hearst's to 440 heroes which is the standard A everywhere in the world orchestras tuned to 440. If you have a tuner and you play guitar you tune your guitar. That's going to give you a 440. So yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Right. Yeah. Well it's a very complex thing. But if I were to just give you a short answer I would say that our tastes change just based on what we know. The more we know how things work the more that our taste is going to change. And yeah I know very well what you're referring to because I'm I'm classically trained but I play a wide variety of different musical styles from Gosh when I was a teenager I played heavy metal and hard rock. I played bluegrass and blues later on this pop rock for you know world music that I was and I played it on different instruments. And but I didn't like jazz in the beginning because I really couldn't understand how to appreciate it. I couldn't understand how something like this can be coherent can be appealing to someone. But the more I knew about jazz and how it works the more I might hear it in my tastes change and it's very important to take the time and learn about how to listen how to appreciate something that it's not part of your repertoire because when you know what you don't know your opinion might be different. It might not you might still dislike jazz when you know about it but now you know why you don't like it. You can articulate this. What I do and I pitch in and I always recommend to my students to be exposed to new things to really take the time and understand how this new style or new musical culture works. And to be patient with that and because it's important to expand one's awareness through being exposed to different vocabulary different from different things outside of the realm that we're used to knowing about what we don't know is McAnuff important for our consciousness to expand. They say what's the saying. Knowledge frees you or something you know. Yeah. So it's all conditioning. It's all conditioning. We're we're born with the ability to develop perfect pitch. But if the person did not receive musical training of your mom received physical training where there. Yeah right. So this is this is something that was Nathan her but because of her musical training she developed the perfect pitch. And people who are who don't have perfect pitch with training they can develop. It's just exposure. So also taste is connected to exposure. And this is where the commercial aspect of music comes bombarding yoga teachers by the same kind of music you know you see it everywhere and in places where they sell stuff for Yogis and yogini And you know you always see the same recordings. They want to go there. Now is this really the best. Makes you wonder who is making the decision who makes the decision on which artist Justin Bieber or whatnot is going to be the next big thing. To whom. Who decides. Is it really the best this is. I mean when you find you know I'm not looking valid pop some pop is really great but some pop is really crappy is a question of taste. Well maybe yes but when we know more about what's available within the realm of pop then we find that there are many stratas of good pop in that Pop Yeah yeah yeah. Yeah. If you if. I mean I'm happy to answer as many questions as you offer. This is a lot of information and a lot of the things I'm going to tell me asked with the question if you have a please write it down and you can ask it at the end. I want to give you the maximum this so much information. I can spend on each flight at least 10 minutes. But really I want to give you a lot of new things to make a big difference in you because people like you make big difference in society. You are teaching about teaching something very important but sound is immaculately important to everyone you know especially people like you. So now we're finding similarities between crop circles and semantics and we still don't know what is causing crop circles to fall. Some people say our people are doing them well. Yet a few people attempt at doing them but they're pretty ugly looking and they're not sophisticated sophisticated or crop circles. Some of them are just astoundingly complex. Look at the similarity between one pattern and we saw this pattern earlier and another to create an image like this is dropsical you need so much mathematical calculation you have no idea how difficult it is. I mean try to sit down and draw it drawing it is just hard enough let alone doing it over several hundred yards. And all these things up here overnight. Yeah. You know we don't know. We didn't know some people say well maybe into dimensional beings find communicate something or maybe something is manifestly in causing these strange looking patterns to come out of nowhere. And some of them are very enigmatic in wheat fields in England but now they're starting to appear in other places in the world. So sound can cause levitation. This is an example of acoustic levitation So these are little tiny tiny beads. Right. And they are using low frequency two different parts controlling and notice how by manipulating the amplitude you can move them up and down. Yeah I had another video where I took her out where you can hear and see Starfall carved and ping pong balls moving. Yeah. You can barely hear the difference between one side and another as the objects start to move because are low frequencies and this slight manipulation of how the sound is being projected. So yeah. All right synesthesia another very important aspect of the theme of the word is from ancient Greek seam which means together and SAAC which means sensation is a neurological logically base condition which is stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic involuntary experiences. The second sensory public bathroom some people see colors when they hear certain pieces of music in a specific key signature and specific key. Some people hear numbers and they see shapes. This is called synesthesia. Anytime the senses cross we get a synaesthetic experience one in every ten people is born with and put it to to experience synesthesia. This is how people basically see things when they take black teachers and psychedelics and almost everybody becomes. Basically when they take certain plants because the brain is having to deal with different chemicals and a lot of things change in the auditory system gets affected by it. So it's quite likely that a lot of the visionary experience in in taking in Harrison shamanic ceremonies using hallucinogens and plot features might be connected to sound harmonic overtones this is a very important section and overtone is any frequency higher than the fundamental frequency of a sound. The fundamental and the overtones together are called partials harmonics are partials whose frequencies are integer multiples of the fundamental. These overlapping tones are variously used when discussing the caustic behavior of musical instruments when the resonance system such as a blown pipe or plucked string is excited in number of overtones may be produced along with the fundamental. In simple cases such as the most musical instruments the frequencies of these tones are the same as close to the harmonics. The human vocal track is able to produce a highly variable structure of overtones or moments which define different vowels. The harmonic series is what's called what they called by mathematician. Musicians call the overtone series partials by aquisitions or physicists specialize in the study of sound. So here is an example of how they manifest. This is history and let's say you pluck the stream. And it starts to vibrate and it gives you a c it the string is vibrating also into at the same time. But you don't see that this is the physics of vibrations. When it vibrates into equal parts it gives you the octave higher from C eight notes apart. And as it's vibrating it's vibrating three equal parts and it gives you the next overtone and it goes on to infinity. This is basically the same thing the fundamental frequency string vibrating as a whole it's given you in a way it vibrates in two equal parts octave higher. And that in three is a fifth above these are the harmonics. Now this is basically how a string vibrates when in hole in three and it goes on and on infinitum. Kind of like fractals. The smaller you get the more subdivisions you find. Here once again visions of three woodenness to worry about the and if you can't read they're right here for you. So this is the string This is the fundamental frequency. This is the first overtone overtone. And this is the next overtone which is a fifth higher from C so low C octave higher C is the first over to the next overtone is a G. And the next one is a C two octaves higher from the fundamental frequency and then E G and it goes on. Notice that the intervals shrink they start with an octave to a fifth or fourth the third smaller. It goes on and they get smaller and smaller and smaller and they go into infinity. So what are overtones overtones are found in any sound that we hear. Let me go back. I want to finish talking about this first. Any sound that you hear has overtones for example far too late to you hear a sound but how many of you hear two or more notes. Simultaneous same thing with the whole low and high right now overtones are found in any sound that we hear except we don't always hear them. But if you were to analyze the sound whether it's a human voice and bird singing or rustling of leaves or plucked note them guitar violin playing. Well no you'd find that when you analyze the sound using electronic equipment or computers that this is the harmonic series is always there even when we are not aware of it we can start to become aware of them when we play an instrument that is made of a specific alloy of different metals like this thing cha Tibetan balls or gongs for example. Then these latter elements that constitute the sound become audible and we call these harmonic overtones. So they found everywhere except we don't always hear them directly except when we use instruments that are made from metal or you pluck a string gauge like the thumb poorhouse string. And this is where the magic is now. First why would overtones be in nature as we know that everything has a function nature and if it doesn't have function it's not. Well and note on a flute let's say in a on a flute and same register a play on a clarinet are going to sound different. Try what causes this difference is the tone color or the tan timbre of time French word used in English or color. Basically sound has a color tab. There are basically different overtones that are pronounced two different levels. For example if you have a fundamental frequency that's C and if you're playing that note on a flute these overtones that you follow up and remember that this is just 16 of them. They go to infinity. These overtones are found two different strengths and weaknesses that would give you a specific image to the sound and that image is what we call the tanh specific combination which would allow you to differentiate in note played on a flute from a note played on a violin or oboe. My voice is different from ruggedized voice because my overtones are different than hers. So if you're not looking directly at us and one of us says a word or a sentence you're going to recognize that this is this person or the other because of the overtone. So this is a very important element too for recognition. Basically you know we recognize Well first of all the brain deals with data of the senses and mass information through the five senses and they send this information to the brain the brain decodes it and tells you this is what your environment is about. This is what you're witnessing. OK. With a visual sense we see shapes we see light we see colors the tactile sense we can feel texture and temperature with the auditory sense. The data that we gather is pitch high and low dynamics soft and loud and tone color. There are other things that we address here. Rhythm is tempo and this is where the elements of music come. But the one that we're concerned about right now is the tone color. Basically on a microscopic level if we can use this here what composes a sound why the sound sounds like this. And the reason why the sound of an instrument sounds so because the overtones are found in different levels of strength or weaknesses that would give you a specific color to the instrument this is a harmonic series you're only getting 15. So when we start to look at the harmonic overtones this is the fundamental frequency again and these are all of the notes that are contained in it. Well not all of them up to the 20th but we find that there are numbers here that are different. What are these numbers. OK. Now if you take a perfectly tuned piano and try to match the tuning of these overtones to the piano you find that certain notes will be more flat or sharp than the perfectly Choon with notes on the piano. These notes are the ones with fluctuating integer numbers and you see that most of them are out of tune. For example this G is going to be plus two cents what are cents a half step on a keyboard. The distance between I'm going to assume that there might be some non-musicians here or people so pardon me if I talk about some things that you know the half step is the smallest division and sound in the western world. Other cultures have smaller divisions chord tones even these are notes that fall in the cracks between the black and white. He's on the piano and the scale is divided into 12 1/2 steps in the Western where they get the equal temperament which I'll talk about later divided this octave into 12 equidistant half steps which means that this distance between C and C sharp is the same as C-Sharp to d d at the shop and so on giving you a total of 12 equidistant half steps when in fact if you were to observe the harmonic overtones you'd find that a lot of these thoughts are not going to fall directly in the tuning of a keyboard. They are a little flat or sharp. And we consider this to be out of tune. No. We are now out of tune. We are dealing with equal tempered scales. This is what basic stuff. Now this is the act of castration basically of music when you take and this is something that has been a great concern to ancient scholars even going back to my fathers in Harlem. You know pathologist's was the father of geometry and he experimented a lot with divisions of strings and vibration and ratios. Sound is about ratios it's musical mathematical ratios and you can fluctuate a little bit up and down and it gives you a different tuning just like on a violin fretless instruments violins violas cellos and basses there are no frets there right. So if you place your finger in a certain part on the string and you pluck it it's going to give you one note if you move it just a hair is going to give you that same not let a Shakuri fluctuate it down it's going to be flat on like playing a guitar where you have frets the frets are fixed divisions of the string. You cannot go between half steps. You can only move half step up or down or more. But on a fretless instruments you can use just a hair up and her down. This is that the nuance that I'm talking about here. This is where the mathematics are so before the equal temperament which started taking place around 60 hundreds which basically gave us certain functions that is the ability to transpose a piece of music from one key to another transposition is the act of moving a key from let's say it moving a piece from one key a C major to the Major to make it easier to sing or easier to play. Right. Well before the equal temperament you couldn't transpose piece of music from one key to another. This is key. You can transpose it to a neighboring key up or down but not to a distant one because it would start to sound out of tune. Why. Because you're changing mathematics. It'll take me a couple of hours to tell you in great detail. Why in the interest of time you have to trust me. So they introduced the equal temperament as a way to make things snap to grid and make it easier let's forget about this fluctuation and just different nuances. Let's make all have steps equal and all have to be equal to 100 cents. What you saw earlier in that this is basically these differences. This is plus two cents minus 14 cents plus to minus one sentence and so on Siri you're dealing with nature's harmonic system. Now we consider a system that's out of tune because we've been conditioned to accept equal temperament but this is only in the West if you deal with Indian music. They didn't it the equal temperament. Why. Because you will be taken away the most magical thing. All Indian music is based on what I'm talking about right here. Mathematics mathematical ratios the tuning of the instruments the structure the way their instruments are built with sympathetic strings that you don't play but they vibrate as you play like the sitar the you know numerous instruments use vibrational strings that are not plucked they're not played but they vibrate and cause resonance and natural amplification when you play in them because everything all the ragas the ragas army and the difference between the mode and the scale. They're both basically set of features that are grouped together. Scale is C actually a b c going up and down. So so the number of pitches ascending and descending. Well a rock can be thought the same thing. There are also set of pitches that can ascend in the sense that it's the way they're perceived. That would make modes different and scales. What do I mean by this when you ask a person from India or from some culture that use modes to sing a specific mode they're not going to Singu the mode up and down like we do with scales here B-flat major G minor. No. They kind of sing humanity. With that mode because what they're more interested is they're interested in the ethos in the spirit in the character of what this group of notes can give you when put together. What am I mean by this. C Major sounds happy right to most of us. It's how we recognize major from minor major happy minor sad or romantic or spooky to some try but it's this kind of difference what causes the difference is that this interval structure this group of note that it found in a major scale C major or the major or others that's going to give you an uplifting happy gay feeling you know. Whereas in minor it's going to be more sad to some romantic or lamenting or inducing a sense if you're Annie this is the new answer I'm talking about. These are modes and sound when you group certain notes together like in a mode in a rag rug or in Mark Ahmad's. These are the Arabic scales and others you're talking about a mode you're talking about spirit you're talking about changing your attitude. This group of note if you will be exposed these notes for a certain length of time your body mind and energy is can get adjusted to that scale or mode that you've been exposed to. This is why Indian musicians when they perform they don't switch from one rock to another to another to another within you know half hour you have three or four different rocks. No they stay with one and they play for a certain length of time because the more they play the more you are going to get adjusted assuming that you're hearing listening in a specific way how paying attention to what's happening in your mind while listening just being present and just listening which is really hard. Most of us when we listen we don't really listen all the time. The mind is always bringing stuff from the past from projecting to the future. So if you want to get the most out of the music you're listening to just be present. Meditate basically. And this is how you can go into altered states of consciousness just by listening especially if you're dealing with non equal tempered scale and especially if it's not because it's heady magic happens if you know how to listen. The tempura basically is the instrument has four or five strings and the plugs just don't open. This is the most important instrument in the performance and it's usually played by the disciple playing for the master playing sitar or you know our other instrument or singing. Why it's important because it's giving the harmonic overtones. It's causing all this ringing. And you hear the plucked string but you have many notes emerging out of it when you play harmonium or you play the Sruthi box. There are a lot of overtones that I heard in one note in the whole Indian musical system is based on the musical ratios that are naturally found in the harmonic series. This is where the magic is. What we did in the West we castrated that we snap out of the harmony that nature gave us by inducing the equal temperament. And we kept on modifying things more and more and more and more and we disempowering more and more sound and it's affecting us more and more. And in a negative way or it's affecting us less and everything is becoming more and more watered down look at pop music how crappy it can be. You know we lost the essence we lost the value and now it's becoming part of the common musical taste of a teenager to find that Britney Spears is great and you know I'm not putting down because everybody has a right to sing and play and perform. Right. But come on. Please don't push salad. People who are you know not not as great musicians as others who are less famous because it's about making money. They don't care about this they don't. And that's changing people's lives. This is why I said earlier our taste can be as good as how much we know it was there a hand up or. So anyway. Overtone singing. Well these overtones can be produced in singing. So basically I'm going to harm the fundamental frequency just so that I allow you to hear these overtones on their own. I'm going to have the fundamental frequency and I'm going to change the buccal cavity and the muscles inside my mouth in a way to project these overtones and I'll move my hand up and down so that you hear these frequencies don't pay so much attention to the constant note pay attention to the note that's fluctuating with my hand it's going to be a little weaker. I mean so when you hear vacuum cleaner it's overtones or you hear when you hear AC it's overtones they're everywhere except not all the time we hear them and overtones overtones and it's been used in different cultures many different cultures to go to bat Buddhist chants basically. And this is an example could use a larger. But here I think this would be more or all of these all of these notes and more are contained in this in the note in this person's voice. Thus there are universes in one of it's just knowing how to access it. OK I'm going to skip this is a great book introductory book about some of the things that I'm talking about. Fantastic. You have to you MUST read his book of books if you're not familiar with them. Yeah. We really don't know what this sentence is about. What are you talking about. It's about sound. If you talk about right ohm is the frequency as well it's the Earth frequency the Globe's frequency is one thirty six point one Hertz. This is what on that frequency 130 6.1 Hertz. Yeah I wish I had time to talk in great length about this again. It's a lot of things that I can talk about. I I do give talks specifically tailored to yoga teachers about sound but longer than two hours. And with lengthy sound meditation to experience all these things. If you'd like I can notify you of here I brought the sign up sheet if you're interested next time I don't do them so frequently because I I just everything I teach a lot and I continue doing my research and I lecture. But the next time I'll do it I'll be happy to notify you. I'm starting to work more and more with yoga teacher because you guys deal with sound all the time and you don't know about it you know bit about it but you don't know to what extent you deal with time. And I I am interested in spreading this knowledge to not only musicians because I as a musician didn't know about so many of the things that I talked about and I spent almost all my life studying sound and studying instruments and different aspects of music making. And this is the ancient knowledge that we forgot that it's been sifted out of the education system. But I'm also spreading it to everyone because everybody listens to music but especially facilitators sound healers as well who work with these things. Unfortunately not all sound healers know deep specifics about these things because even the transmission of this stuff when you go and get a certificate in sound healing. They don't talk about scientific things. They just go by you know feelings and sit and think well these these are things that can be biased based on how much or how little we know. So it's really important too to be exposed to more musical cultures and to scrutinize things. It is the sound of music. I really feel it is. And that's what I'm finding. OK. We're going to skip certain aspects here of ancient sites where sound was very very important tool to alter human consciousness. And this is a time for us. So this ringing has overtones marriage it sorry to interrupt it. You know the book goes on. I want to play a little bit of this video some of it a chance and you can see how they affect the brain and how different areas in the brain lights up with activities. And you know the brain works on chemicals and electricity. Basically the human experience is a human trick. We're tripping all the time on the Valium of chemicals. People are not aware of that and these chemicals can be so much affected by our emotions. Right. If you're angry you're tripping in a different way if you're happy if you're in love with you're sad and so on. And the mental affects the emotional affects the mental the mental affects the physical. So it's very important to know. Be careful how you're feeling. So the consonants the vowels and the notes and the tone color of the voices are affecting what each color represents. Yeah we wouldn't know only the scientists involved there with no because the chemical and the area in the brain and you know each from the brain both hemispheres have different parts and these parts are involved in different faculties and things we do senses and language and art and so forth. I hope so. OK OK OK OK OK OK. Yeah yeah well it's a system of mine is chanting and it's also just going a step further and chanting. It's I mean I wish I really wish I have some talent to dress every comment in question in great class that chapter is about modifying reality. And you can you can modify it dramatically. Most important thing that emerged in this study that I have right now I'm doing is teaching me a lot about how consciousness is involved in making up the reality and how many people the reality is. It's very esoteric and if you dig deep into Buddhist literature Hindu Brahman and seek in and burn and even in shamanic societies you find that sound is always tantric philosophy it's all about idea. So I'd like to mention something. This is something that's quite far out. It's an altar of a state of consciousness state of euphoria over a chat with a chief or musical ecstasy that is achieved through the artistic musical expression of the performer or performers and which is about a performer and the audience the judicious and participatory listening by the audience is a very important element at this stage. So basically it's not just about being in a room and being exposed to this music. Arabic classical Arabic music is microtonal that means it has divisions smaller than half that. It's about knowing how to listen what is happening in your mind as you're receiving that music. And this is where you can empower or empower that sound source or the performers. The mind is the gate. So I'm going to skip a few things. I'm just going to mention this is a study that I've been doing and actually in the study that I've been conducting and research I found a lot of quite astounding rebel revealing data that I've put together in a format that I call sound meditation and it's this form that I use reading exercises got visualizations toning vocalization working with intentions and working with over time and meeting instruments like some of the instruments that are brought in essentially say a few months of this but also practicing judicious economist's intentional listening. This is a journey through sound and I'm mentioning this because you guys do similar things using the human body postures this is an active meditation as well. So it's very important to be aware of this basically before I go on some scientific studies that I've done with she's showing how sound certain sounds with certain harmonic spectrum can modify the brain wave cycles brain wave cycles are the five years that we have in our brain when we're sleeping our brain is using the finger here when we're awake. But in deep meditation it uses different levels of Hertz cycles per second. If you're concentrating on some task again and you're in the frame here. So basically this is our subject's brain left hemisphere right hemisphere this time. This is a stretch about 10 seconds. These are the brain wave cycles calculated in her. It's on the bottom. Blue is no activity. Green is more activity electrical activity again and so on the highest peaks the white is the highest level of activity. So this is the baseline without knowing so much about it. You can get an idea that wow it's pretty busy mind right. A lot of beats the highs and lows. It plays a large gong quieting the mind. This is why you'll get back on the person who brought Kundalini Yoga to the west side using Gong's and she Vasselot because you knew that sound as Pat. It's not just any sound. The gong is one of the few instruments that can exhibit a large wide spectrum of harmonic overtones. Again every sound has overtones but the value to us is when we can clearly hear them because not only your auditory system is being exposed to your body your whole entire body is vibrating like a string. It's affecting your brain recycle. It's affecting the neurochemistry is affecting every drop of water every south your bone marrow. Nothing is escaping this influence. And if you know how to listen becomes even more magical in a normal and her normal mind she's laying down on the floor wearing a mask not doing anything. So I don't know what's happening in her mind you know but usually there's all sorts of chattering you know the monkey mind is always running around. So you see how. Yeah. It wouldn't be exactly like this. Certain areas would be like that because seizures happen in certain parts of the brain and it would reflect on the activity. So. So just explain a little bit about this here. Basically this is now we're zooming in. This is zero to four Hertz. This is the data state the state is four to eight deep state of introspective meditation. How fast if you're awake but you're relaxed and say instead of concentration 12 to 18 18 to 130 Harris is gone my state Eureka state hostage. This is the state that artists inventors scientists tend to want to go there because this is where we bring information from we don't know where. So this is a small gong that I use. You see that there's a lot of synchrony is pretty similar in left here resuming out. Now you can see up to 120 hertz Sruthi box wide from mine very wide. Why. Because a lot of overtones you can hear actually. Here I show you what's in the sruti box. This is a harmonic spectrum using isotope Arek software. This is the fundamental frequency. All of these lines are all over time. And this is the lever of Herods. This is why it shoot the box new is a magical instrument because it has a lot of overtones. Yeah. Yeah. And if. All right. So I don't want to open another can of one of this or any. Yes. Actually this is I'm going to forward to one important thing. All right well benefits of meditation very briefly but this is what you can promote to get some of these benefits happening in your yoga sessions by the way you're addressing incorporating sound and promoting its use and its reception. OK. Yeah. If you don't mind taking photos into that. Yes I can I can yeah I can. Please. If you if you're writing your e-mails on this. I fast I can read. I can e-mail you some key information. As I told you there's a lot of information and this is I really had to sift out a lot of it. But another important thing here. Just the last thing the voice it's very important to know about how your voice can affect people and to create I know you are aware of your voice but to increase awareness even greater and greater from the word choice use avoiding you know standard repertoire of phrases and words. And we all have habits. We all have that same kind of lines and words and acts. We are a creature of habit. But it's to try to keep things fresh for yourself and for the people who are working with you. Try not to resort to the same because I am in a lot of people are noticing that there is a specific language now that is used among yoga teachers and yogini isn't and you know it's kind of and getting narrower and narrower to fewer and fewer expressions. So it's very important to keep things fresh and to keep you find your own expressions in your own words and things that would describe the moment that you're experiencing in the most unique way and not to resort to plugging in you know things and enunciation is very important articulation. Becoming aware of how you use stress in words and the flow between the consonants and the vowels and also what the range of your voice use. Are you always in certain range lower mid or high. How do fluctuate between the highs and lows and how much inflections you have in your voice. Basically to what extent you sing when you're talking normally these are very important aspects of the voice to keep the receiver captivated attentive because the mind of the receiver is waiting for any opportunity to drift. So you want to keep them here and this is why I'm bringing even more awareness than awareness that you really have of how your voice is being used because the voice is the carrier of our intention our feelings. Part of my experience that you know the person is being therefore is to get out of their mind get out of the South the normal mode not only through physical postures but different ways of being. This is where the therapy is snapping someone are great at the end healing is snapping someone out of great art if they are off the grid. Yeah. Or if their baseline because habits can construct a dangerous space Don. All right. Playing recording music is something I can discuss for a great length of time. But now that you know about overtones and about what instruments regenerate them I think it would be great to use a recording of Tibetan singing bowls of phonic singing classical indie music if you don't know what to do or just get good classical Indian music. Try not to go with the normal stick and potato yoga music. Really it's it's not the best. I'm not I don't want to put it down. But again you're in a place where therapy is being used trying to give them what you're being given what is being pushed on you because of consumeristic ideas and so promoting how to listen and I'll send you that sheet of paper how to listen to one paper that I skipped. OK. And how can you silence. It's great to you to include in your sessions Tibetan bowl or small gong just a live instrument just you don't have to spend so much money but having few students in your collection is very important. This is my email if you like to get in touch if you have some clarification that's best received. If you're laying down make sure you're comfortable in your head your neck your head lights off and just be comfortable. Put something under your knees if you need to. It's only in the beginning. This is an experience you're getting now. The short version of this is an experience that I give over five to six hours. So yeah I actually say it can go up to five to six hours. I have three different formats an hour and a half long the three hour and five to six hours. But it has very different sections a lot of more breathing exercises guided physicians and working with more instruments. This is just a few instruments. Well it's been a few Let's do some surgery. How can we consolidate. Because the closer you are. Yes. If you can be around me and leave me just a little room for me to walk around because I'm going to be walking around. Yeah. Letter you know the kid you can know if you can just walk around a little bit I guess that's fine. I hope this is OK because I like to walk around between people and give you the sound of gravity the closer I am to you the more you receive and that's why I wanted you to be close. All right. Are you ready. We have. It's 4:44. So we'll play for 15 minutes. Make sure you're laying down constantly no tension in your body anywhere. We're going to do some breathing exercises. I'd like you to use their free magic breathing to head the lungs expand and don't open up the rib cage that the lungs push against the diaphragm. So take a slow deep breath for your inhere and make a noise that you use as your ex-head and then to stop playing the instruments. I like you to just listen. You didn't the. Make sure that you're not pursuing any discursive thinking. It's present as it can be. The mind pulls you away. Just keep bringing you back to this kind of emotions. The notes continued ever since she went to suggest those you do you only play come back to say well you know if it takes me half an hour to get one done this is the question somebody should have give it. But this is just an example of where it can go. Just keep in mind and imagine that you've done a lot of deep breathing exercises and I conduct them in a certain way and there are different breathing exercises that I had to do and guided visualization and also working with various instruments close to the body because as you have felt it the sound has a gravity when it's closer to us. It can affect the mind more effectively and also allow us to snap out of the habitual patterns. Basically again as I said earlier sound worse because it's magical. Right. We're trying to understand what's magical. What I'm discovering is are these very revealing. But I know that this is just the beginning of where it can go but we don't have the science yet to really explain things. But definitely the magic lays on the levels of the micro tonality the different tuning mathematical ratios and the overtones dealing with not equal tempered scales or instrument instruments imitate harmonic overtones is another aspect also promoting how to listen we don't all that many different ways of listening. And most important one is knowing what's happening in your mind and always keep bringing your mind back to the sound. Eventually you'll win over your mind or at least you diminish this wandering around until you become more present. And then this is where the magic happens. And it's not being integrated and it's disengaging from habitual patterns of mental intellectual physical emotional. Thank you so much. Thank you so much. Thank you. Great pleasure.