This is a subset Course that is an extract of the first 2 lectures in Section 1and 2 lectures in Section 4 of Module 1: Enterprise Architecture for Managers and IT.
It examines the reasons for the high level of redundant data in today’s legacy databases and systems and the solution to this problem. It discusses the impact of the Internet on the pace of change that we are experiencing today in every industry and enterprise: whether Commercial; Government or Defense. It demonstrates the need for rapid business transformation: to compete; and even to survive, in today’s rapid-change environment.
The subset Course shows how the systems development methods that we have traditionally used must change, to be able to support the rapid business changes that are occurring today. The lectures of this subset Course show why the systems development methods that are needed to support the business for the future must be based on Strategic Business Plans that management define for that future.
These new systems development methods are based on the use of Enterprise Architecture (EA). EA is NOT just an IT responsibility; it is – above all – a business responsibility. For success in today’s rapid-change environment, EA requires the active participation of senior and middle-level business managers (as the true architects of the business) and the business experts who report to them, along with IT experts – all working together in a design partnership.
To illustrate these methods in action, a real-world Enterprise Architecture project for a Medium–sized Regional Bank is discussed in some detail, with the final report to the Bank able to be downloaded for your review, This project has been extracted from Section 4 of Module 1 of the “Rapid Delivery Workshop for Enterprise Architecture”.
Enterprise Architecture typically uses for implementation the Rapid Delivery Technologies of Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) with Process Models and Workflow Models, diagrammed using Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN); to automatically generate XML-based Business Process Execution Language (BPEL) executable code. When the business changes the BPMN process models and workflow models can be changed rapidly to then regenerate changed BPEL executable code. This subset course leads into the Rapid Delivery Workshop for Enterprise Architecture.
After completing this subset course, you should next complete the Udemy Course - "MODULE 1: ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE FOR MANAGERS AND IT", from which the subset course was extracted. The methods referred to in the subset course are presented in the Module 1 Course.
The Rapid Delivery Workshop for Enterprise Architecture comprises three Modules. Each Module is a separate Udemy Course. The training delivered in this workshop represents a full University year of training in the discipline of Enterprise Architecture. These Modules (courses) correspond to days in the workshop (or University semesters) as follows:
Through the use of Exercises and Case Study hands-on, skills-transfer Problems, with Sample Solutions, the Workshop teaches the methods for transforming business plans into integrated strategic data models that eliminate redundant data and that can deliver into production priority, reusable, standardized processes comprising integrated databases and systems: rapidly, in 3-month increments of increasing functionality. These reusable processes, when implemented, can save large organisations millions of dollars of development cost through the elimination of redundant database silos and also hundreds of millions of dollars in annual operating costs arising from the integrated databases and reusable processes result in the elimination of redundant data maintenance processes.
This subset Course is directed to an audience of: senior-level business managers (CEOs, COOs, CFOs); Government Program managers; middle-level business managers; operational business managers; business experts; IT experts (CIOs, CTOs,CDOs); IT managers; data modellers; systems analysts or developers.
This subset Course does not require any prior knowledge of business planning or computers. It leads into the Module 1 Course of the “Rapid Delivery Workshop for Enterprise Architecture”, which is a prerequisite for the Module 2 and Module 3 Courses of the Workshop.
These are the handouts for the narrated Introduction to this course. They are followed by the Course Roadmap for Students and both precede the cover page for Section 1 Lecture 1.
Lecture 1 starts with a non-technical discussion of the problems of computer application systems development, using traditional methods that have been used since the 18###sup/sup### Century. These methods have lead us to build systems in the 20###sup/sup### Century that have much redundant data, with high annual operating costs to keep redundant data versions up-to-date when changes to the data occur. Furthermore, these systems are dangerous: as they are unable to change rapidly when the business changes and so cannot continue to support that changed business.
Section 1 Lecture 1 contains “Fully-Assembled Course Handouts.pdf” and “Course Handout for Students.pdf” documents that can be downloaded by clicking the Resources Available button. Save both PDF files. Open the Course Handouts and Print: double-sided or single-sided; and in colour or black-and-white and use for reference when viewing Lecture 1. The Handouts are printed 3 slides per page and show the full content of each slide.
In the 21st Century we have an urgent need for rapid business change; in fact, the only thing constant today … is Change itself. When the business changes, it must be supported by computer systems that also can change rapidly, in lockstep with the business. The lecture concludes by demonstrating why the systems that are needed for tomorrow should be based on the strategic business plans defined for that tomorrow.
This real-world project was for a medium-sized Regional Bank in a South-East Asian country. This Bank had implemented a Client/Server Banking System in the early 1990s. It was very innovative: but with the advent of the Internet from 1995 the Bank became concerned that overseas banks could use the Internet to acquire their regional customers. However, they found that their recently - implemented Client/Server Banking System was unable to change: it had become a Legacy System!
In 1997 they initiated an Internet Banking project – using Strategic Modeling – to transform the Bank to compete more effectively with other Banks. This ran over 4 weeks: there were two facilitated sessions that were scheduled to develop the Strategic Model. The first was a 1-day Preliminary Facilitated Session with the Bank’s Management Project Team of senior managers and IT experts; the second was a 2-day Review Facilitated Session with the Management Project Team, together with Bank Managers as business experts. The second session expanded on the Preliminary Strategic Model. This was then analysed and documented to derive the Enterprise Architecture Portfolio Plan (EAPP) – which they called their Strategic Information Systems Plan (SISP) in the remainder of the 4-week period. The SISP was reviewed on the last day by all who participated in the two facilitated sessions.
The SISP identified a number of dynamic reusable processes that the Bank could develop to manage and service the needs of its regional customers. Lecture 4 discusses that during review of the results of the SISP, the managers identified inter-communication deficiencies in their Strategic Plan and organization structure. These were highlighted by the competitive threats imposed by overseas banks using the Internet. This review lead to these communication deficiencies being corrected. But then a complete transformation occurred: the project changed from a reactive, defensive project to avoid threats posed by the Internet into a proactive, offensive project that enabled the Bank to use the Internet as a competitive weapon.
The Bank’s managers realized that they could instead use the Internet to attract the regional customers of the overseas banks at very low incremental cost for the Bank, by using the same reusable processes that they were going to develop to manage and service the needs of their own regional customers. Several anecdotes in the lecture demonstrate the power of the Strategic Model: the two facilitated sessions were NOT conducted in English, yet the Strategic Model clearly showed the managers a “picture of the business” that enabled them to see the competitive opportunities that the Internet and the strengths of their reusable processes presented. This Internet Banking project progressed through Tactical Modeling, then Process Modeling and was subsequently implemented in 1999 in Java.
The Bank’s SISP Report and the News Release on this project can be downloaded in PDF from Section 1 Lecture 1. Click the Resources Available icon, then select kjb-News.pdf for the News Release and it will download. Save the PDF, then Open and Print. Next select kjb-SISP.pdf for the SISP Report and it will download. Save the PDF, then Open and Print.
Test your understanding of the main messages from this course and earn $100 OFF the price of the follow-on Course: "Introduction to Enterprise Architecture for Managers and IT".
This Bonus Lecture 6 allows you to download, again, the “Course Roadmap for Students.pdf” that you downloaded and saved in Section 1 Lecture 1.
Open the Course Roadmap and - based on your EA training focus - click on the next course in the sequence of courses listed for you. Click on the link for your next course: 2) Module 1 : Enterprise Architecture for Managers and IT.
Clive Finkelstein has now retired after more than 50 years in the IT Industry, in Australia and the USA. From 1976 - 1980 he developed, in Australia with his company IInformation Engineering Services Pty Ltd)IES), the Information Engineering (IE) methodology. IE was popularised worldwide in the 1980s following publication of the co-authored book by: James Martin and Clive Finkelstein, Information Engineering, Savant Institute, Carnforth: Lancs (Nov 1981). This is the book that started the IE Revolution of the 1980s.
From 1995 – 2000, Clive Finkelstein developed an enhanced version of IE, called: Enterprise Engineering. He developed this methodology for the rapid delivery of Enterprise Architecture (EA) into production as databases and systems, in 3-month increments of increasing functionality. Enterprise Engineering is based on the Zachman Framework for Enterprise Architecture that was earlier developed by John Zachman. Clive teaches the rapid EA delivery Enterprise Engineering discipline personally in his Udemy Courses and Workshops:
Rapid Delivery Workshop for Enterprise Architecture
* Module 1: Introduction to Enterprise Architecture for Managers and IT
- Rapid Systems Development for Business Transformation
* Module 2: Rapid Delivery Methods for Enterprise Architecture
* Module 3: Rapid Delivery Technologies for Enterprise Architecture