Evolutionary biology for the enquiring mind

A predictive mathematical model of the evolution of human form, by the physics of circulating, redoxing blood
4.4 (12 ratings)
Instead of using a simple lifetime average, Udemy calculates a
course's star rating by considering a number of different factors
such as the number of ratings, the age of ratings, and the
likelihood of fraudulent ratings.
814 students enrolled
Free
Start Learning Now
  • Lectures 22
  • Length 1 hour
  • Skill Level All Levels
  • Languages English
  • Includes Lifetime access
    30 day money back guarantee!
    Available on iOS and Android
    Certificate of Completion
Wishlisted Wishlist

How taking a course works

Discover

Find online courses made by experts from around the world.

Learn

Take your courses with you and learn anywhere, anytime.

Master

Learn and practice real-world skills and achieve your goals.

About This Course

Published 9/2016 English

Course Description

Welcome! This lecture series tells the remarkable story of evolution, from fish to man, through the physics of the one-way circulation of redoxing blood.

If you have an interest in biology, then in taking this course, you will gain an insight into a biophysical model that maps both vertebrate embryology and evolution and that you can use for your own further observation and discovery

This course addresses the evolution of form, from fish to man, through the redoxing blood circuit

There are 22 lectures, split into four sections, that step through the logical development of the model and its application. Each lecture is only a few minutes long, the entire course approximately 60 minutes. It can be taken in one sitting or at your own pace.

In the course, animated and physical models are used to demonstrate key mechanisms in the translation of form and these can be easily reproduced  after the course if desired

In the first section, the circulations of blood in humans and fish are represented as double and single-looped polar-switching electron delivery circuits 

In section two, we see how an oxygenated shunt in the single-looped circuit of fish sets up a loop-in-loop, reptilian transition to a double-looped human circuit

In section three, a polar co-ordinate algorithm that describes the loop-in-loop relationship of the adaptive, closed circulation model is noted

In the final section, we review how this geometric model tracks embryological, anatomical and evolutionary form, from fish to man, and what drives the change.

There are some details in the latter part of the course for those with knowledge of human embryology and anatomy, but this level of knowledge is not a pre-requisite for taking this course or understanding its general content. All that is really required is an enquiring and open mind!

Taking this course will allow you a new view of what it is to be human and how we fit within the world around us. Please feel free to take a look.

William


What are the requirements?

  • ● The course builds up the geometric model and its relationship to form from the basics of the blood as a one-way, polar-switching circuit.
  • ● There are 22 lectures, split into four sections, that step through the logical development the model and its application. Each lecture is only a few minutes long. The total course length is approximately 60 minutes. It can be taken in one sitting or at your own pace.
  • ● In the course, animated and physical models are used to demonstrate key mechanisms in the translation of form and these can be easily reproduced by students after the course if desired

What am I going to get from this course?

  • Understand the mechanism of action and geometrically model the translation of form, from fish to man, through the physics of the closed, redoxing blood circuit that is common to all vertebrates

What is the target audience?

  • ● This course addresses the evolution of form, from fish to man, through the redoxing blood circuit
  • ● This course is best suited to those with an interest in biology in general or in evolution or embryology particularly
  • ● This course is not well suited to didactic learners or those without any knowledge of basic sciences

What you get with this course?

Not for you? No problem.
30 day money back guarantee.

Forever yours.
Lifetime access.

Learn on the go.
Desktop, iOS and Android.

Get rewarded.
Certificate of completion.

Curriculum

Section 1: Course introduction
02:53

Introduction to blood as a deeply retained feature and with unique physical forces used elsewhere in medical science but not accounted for in describing the circulation. Overview of four-part curriculum.

Section 2: Closed circulation of blood in vertebrates
01:15

Introduction to the circulation of blood in vertebrates as a closed one-way redoxing circuit 

03:02

The human blood circuit is represented by a double-looped continuous tube. Unique physical properties relating to the convoulted, spatially complex redoxing circuit are highlighted through a model demonstration.

01:15

The fish blood circuit is represented by a single-looped continuous tube and comparisons are made to the redoxing, double-looped circuit

02:11

In this lecture, we will see how the continuously flowing, polar-switching blood creates opposed magnetic moments in the single and double-looped circuitries

00:34

Review the theory of evolution, from fish to man and question how a double-looped circuit can arise from a single looped circuit

Section 3: Establishing an oxy-haemoglobin shunt
02:20

We start with the single-looped circuit, identifying how a shunt can exist and the path it takes

02:45

The establishment of a pulmonary passage is key in the transition to a double-looped human circuit. This lecture establishes the mechanism of translation of the pharyngeal capillary bed from gill filaments to alveoli as the double-looped circuit develops. 

01:58

In this lecture, the conceptual single-looped, axially rotated circuit is translated to the structural anatomy of the fish circulation. 

02:16

Relating the loop-in-loop to extant anatomic arrangements, we see how an anatomic shunt arises and how the transitionary polar-switching circuit maintains a homeostatic balance in the geomagnetic field.

Section 4: Developing a geometric algorithm
02:15

The loop-in-loop spatial relationship of the transformative circuit is best understood by first developing a physical model to capture its pivoting and precessing actions

01:18

In this lecture we define a polar co-ordinate algorithm that describes the spatial relationship of the interdependent central loops in translation

Section 5: Embryological and evolutionary constructs
01:49

We start with the loop-in-loop dynamics in the pharyngeal arches and expose the mystery of the disappearing 5th arch...

01:40

In polar translation, as the central loops pivot toward perpendicular parity, the aortic arch and great vessels are derived.

01:21

This lecture highlights how the pulmonary passage develops in polar co-ordination with the involuting pharyngeal filaments.

02:46

The separate atrio-ventricular trajectories of the double-looped human heart are derived geometrically from the single-looped fish heart and the balance of flows between the serialiised loops is considered

02:49

In this lecture, we equate spiralled dynamic flows into the dorsal aorta with maintaining a bi-segmental  somatomeric perfusion pattern and use the clinical condition of dextrocardia as a case-in-point

01:23

In the geometrical transformation we see how the dorsaly-located cardinal veins are levered apart and re-purposed as the spiralled aortic line develops

02:43

In this lecture we will see how the atrio-ventricular angle is retained in translation from a single to a double-looped-circuit and also ponder why the angle of ejection is this sharp reflection on itself. 

03:06

Here we put the entire sequence together, tracing the transition from fish to human, through our blood, and see how the allantoic vein is an accelerated source of the oxygenated loop-in-loop shunt in gastrulation 

02:40

The loop-in-loop is an oxygen-driven system and here we review animal evolution against environmental oxygen levels the past 500 million years

Section 6: Summary
01:40

As an observation, the polar-switching haem electron-carrier circuit mirrors vertebrate evolutionary progression and cardio-morpho-genesis.  

Students Who Viewed This Course Also Viewed

  • Loading
  • Loading
  • Loading

Instructor Biography

William S. Peters MD, Human evolution

Dr Peters has a Doctorate of Medicine (Monash) and  over 25 years of clinical experience and preclinical research, covering surgical correction of congenital and acquired heart disease, heart and lung transplantation and mechanical cardiac assist device surgery.  He is currently an honorary senior lecturer in surgery at Auckland University, NZ.  Dr Peters was the inaugural clinical research fellow in minimally-invasive cardiac surgery at Stanford University (1994-95). and has many published manuscripts and issued patents regarding key-hole heart surgical devices and methods  as well as regarding an implantable, bloodless mechanical circulatory support device. Dr Peters has mentored surgeons through related first-in-man surgeries in the USA, Canada, Germany, England, Australia and NZ. He published his first book, 'Per sanguinem nostrum', on the circulation of blood, in 2016. Research interests include the physics of the redoxing blood circuit and its relationship to vertebrate evolution. 

Ready to start learning?
Start Learning Now