These lectures and study materials will help you get to the finish line of the venerable Wheelock Latin text, the standard in American colleges and universities. We pick up at chapter 31, continuing the series of classes that started with Wheelocks chapters 1-15, also available on Udemy.
Cum clauses indicate temporal, causal or adversative relationship to the main clause of the sentence, and can be translated with our English "since," "because," "after," "when," or even "although." The mood of the verb in a cum clause is indicative when it is strictly temporal, but it is subjunctive everywhere else.
The verb fero has some irregular features in the present system. It is a third conjugation verb, but the short -e- of the conjugation drops out completely before an ending that begins with an -r, -s or -t. The principal parts are suppletive, meaning they come from a different verb, and can be difficult to identify when the verb has a prefix.
Dr. Lugosch taught all areas of classical studies at the undergraduate and graduate level, and published scholarly articles on Sophocles, Plato, Aristotle, and Homer. Recently retired, Dr. Lugosch still leads small private tours to Italy, Greece, Turkey and France that explore artifacts of classical antiquity.
These lectures help support his money-losing hobby farm in Kentucky where he raises organic pigs, grass fed beef, pastured chickens, Californian rabbits, and all manner of vegetables.