Lectures to Accompany Wheelock's Latin Chapters 1-15

Help for beginning students using the venerable Wheelock grammar book.
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Instructed by Ben Lugosch Language / Latin
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  • Lectures 91
  • Length 18 hours
  • Skill Level Beginner Level
  • Languages English
  • Includes Lifetime access
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    Available on iOS and Android
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About This Course

Published 3/2013 English

Course Description

Over the years of teaching Latin from the excellent and justly renowned textbook "Wheelock's Latin," I have created a series of lectures designed to help students to learn Latin online and get the most of this magnificent book. In them you will find guidance to some of the more perplexing concepts of grammar -- English and Latin -- that often comprise an insuperable barrier to progressing in Latin for modern-day students. The lectures will not replace the Wheelock text. They will only, I hope, make your on-ramp smoother. To that end, the lectures track exactly with the chapters of the textbook. This will give you "context sensitive" help when you need it. 

You will not find answers to the exercises or anything that is copyright protected by the publisher of the Wheelock book. To get any benefit from these lectures, you must have the Wheelock text.

A typical college-level class will cover the first 15 chapters in the first semester; a high school class will cover them in the first year.

Take this Learn Latin Online course now and learn Latin with Wheelock’s Latin chapters 1-15

Best of luck to you!


What are the requirements?

  • The Wheelock textbook (6th or 7th edition)

What am I going to get from this course?

  • A thorough mastery of elementary Latin grammar
  • Additional insight into English grammar and vocabulary

Who is the target audience?

  • Autodidacts and/or homeschoolers
  • College or high school students in a traditional academic setting who need a little extra help.

What you get with this course?

Not for you? No problem.
30 day money back guarantee.

Forever yours.
Lifetime access.

Learn on the go.
Desktop, iOS and Android.

Get rewarded.
Certificate of completion.


Section 1: First Things

We don't know exactly how classical Latin would have been pronounced, but some conjectures are better than others. In this lecture, I quickly go over the basic agreements of reconstructed classical Latin. You may wonder why we should bother. It's a dead language. True, but trying to pronounce the Latin in front of you really does speed up your mastery. And conversely, over the years I've discovered the truism that those who don't pronounce Latin out loud don't learn it. Fact.

Tips on establishing a healthy study routine (i.e. how not to waste time). Sorry about the noise at the beginning. I was adjusting the mic. 
Section 2: Chapter 1: The Basics of Verbs; The First Conjugation

Latin verbs change their person and number by adding suffixes to the stem. These suffixes correspond to English personal pronouns. Verbs can also show commands and infinitives by changing the ending. 

Latin verbs are divided into conjugations depending on the vowel that ends the verbal stem. A verb whose stem ends in ā is a first conjugation verb; a verb whose stem ends in ē is a second conjugation verb.

The lecture focuses on the issue of translation. We have three ways to translate a present tense from Latin: the simple present, present emphatic, and present progressive. You'll be able to tell me what each of these means and how they're constructed in English.
We review the new concepts and forms in this lecture.
3 pages
The "Forms and Concepts" file for each chapter helps you get a clear idea of what's been covered in the chapter: new forms and new concepts. As you record your new forms, be sure that you include all long marks. Express the new concepts and terms in your own words. These two together -- forms and concepts -- will provide you an invaluable resource for drilling and for reviewing.
3 pages
The "vocabulary list" file for each chapter gives you a convenient place to record new words and to review them later on. Each word has three columns: dictionary entry, translation, and English derivatives (if any). To review, you can cover up any one or two of the columns and try to produce them from what you can see.

I've add links to two websites: one to the Quia site for drills, and another to the official website for the Wheelock books, where you can hear the chapter vocabulary pronounced correctly.
Please note that after you click on the link, you also have to click on the far upper right on the little box with the arrow to go to the site: 

There is a comprehensive, chapter-by-chapter set of exercises at the end of the book called "Self-Help Tutorials." These excellent drills give you the chance to review and test your knowledge of the chapter material, and yet many student skip over them. 

In my lectures on the Self-Tutorials, I help you get started in the exercises my reviewing the major concepts of the chapter and doing a couple of the sentences for you. Please don't hurry through these chapter reviews or pass them by altogether. They are time very well spent.

Class 7: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read for You
Section 3: Chapter 2: Nouns, Cases, and the First Declension

3 pages
A review sheet for the new vocabulary.
3 pages
Review of the first declension nouns and the concept of cases.
Class 4: Self-Tutorial Exercises Discussed
Class 5: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read for You
Section 4: Chapter 3: The Second Declension; More about Adjectives; Apposition; a Note about Word Order

More about nouns and adjectives: agreement.

Case endings give Latin a very flexible word order by our standards. Generally, however, a Latin sentence will be constructed thus: Subject -- Object -- Verb. 
2 pages
Review of second declension nouns and endings.
3 pages
Review sheet for the new vocabulary.
Class 6: Discussion of Self-Tutorial Exercises
Class 7: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read
Section 5: Chapter 4: Second Declension Neuters; Adjectives; Present of Sum; Predicate Nominatives; Substantives





A word in the nominative case need not be the subject of a verb. It may be linked to the subject via a linking (aka, copulative) verb, such as "to be." A nominative thus used is called a "predicate nominative." 

As in English, an adjective in Latin may be used as a noun: the wealthy, the poor, etc. When used thus, the syntax is called a "substantive" use of an adjective, or we may say that the adjective is being used as a substantive.
3 pages
Review of neuters, "sum, esse," predicate nominatives, and substantival use of adjectives.
3 pages
Review of new vocabulary.
Chapter 04: Self-Tutorial Discussion
Chapter 04: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read
Section 6: Chapter 5: First and Second Conjugations: Future and Imperfect; Adjectives in - er
The Imperfect and Future Tenses

Just as there are nouns belonging to the second declension whose nominative ends in -er, so also there are first and second declension adjectives that use the -er termination in the masculine nominative singular.
3 pages
Review of future, imperfect, adjectives in -er, -a, -um
3 pages
Review of new vocabulary
Chapter 05: Self-Tutorial Discussion
Chapter 05: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read
Section 7: Chapter 6: Sum and Possum; Complementary Infinitive

3 pages
Review sheet for sum, possum, and concepts
3 pages
Vocabulary sheet
Chapter 06: Self-Tutorial Discussion
Chapter 06: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read
Section 8: Chapter 7: Third Declension Nouns
Third declension nouns
2 pages
Review sheet for third declension nouns and new concepts
3 pages
Review sheet for new vocabulary
Chapter 07: Self-Tutorial Discussion
Chapter 07: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read
Section 9: Chapter 8: Third Conjugation: Present System
Present system of the third conjugation
2 pages
Review sheet for the present system of third conjugation verbs
3 pages
Review sheet for third conjugation verbs in the present system
Chapter 08: Self-Tutorial Discussion
Chapter 08: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read
Section 10: Chapter 9: Demonstratives Hic, Ille, Iste; Special - īus Adjectives
Demonstratives; mixed declension; UNUS NAUTA
4 pages
Review sheet for demonstratives and new concepts
3 pages
Review sheet for new vocabulary
Chapter 09: Self-Tutorial Discussion
Chapter 09: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read
Section 11: Chapter 10: Fourth Conjugation and - iō Verbs of the Third
Lecture on fourth and third i-stem conjugation verbs
2 pages
Downloadable review sheet to help you review 3rd -stem and 4th conjugation verbs
3 pages
Downloadable sheet for new vocabulary
Chapter 10: Self-Tutorial Discussion
Chapter 10: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read
Section 12: Chapter 11: Personal Pronouns and idem, eadem, idem
Discussion of personal pronouns and the demonstrative is, ea, id
2 pages
Downloadable review sheet for pronouns and new concepts
3 pages
Review sheet for new vocabulary
Chapter 11: Self-Tutorial Discussion
Chapter 11: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read
Section 13: Chapter 12: Perfect System (Active)
The perfect system (active) for all verbs
Instructions how to use a synopsis for review
4 pages
Download form to help you review the new ideas and forms
3 pages
Downloadable form for the new vocabulary
3 pages
Downloadable synopsis sheet for your practice
Chapter 12: Self-Tutorial Discussion
Chapter 12: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read
Section 14: Chapter 13: Reflexive Pronouns and Reflexive Possessive Adjectives
Lecture on reflexives: pronouns and possessive adjective suus, -a, -um
5 pages
Downloadable form to help you review the new forms and concepts
3 pages
Form for new vocabulary
Chapter 13: Self-Tutorial Discussion
Chapter 13: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read
Section 15: Chapter 14: Third Declension i-stem Nouns; Ablative of Manner and Means
Lecture on third declension i-stems and a couple special uses of the ablative case
2 pages
Downloadable form to help you review the new forms and concepts from this chapter
3 pages
New vocabulary
Chapter 14: Self-Tutorial Discussion
Chapter 14: Self-Tutorial Sentences Read
Section 16: Chapter 15: Ordinal and Cardinal Numbers; Genitive of the Whole; Ablative of Time
Lecture on the new forms and material from this chapter

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Instructor Biography

Ben Lugosch, Retired Classics Professor

Dr. Lugosch taught all areas of classical studies at the undergraduate and graduate level, and published scholarly articles on Sophocles, Plato, Aristotle, and Homer. Recently retired, Dr. Lugosch still leads small private tours to Italy, Greece, Turkey and France that explore artifacts of classical antiquity.

These lectures help support his money-losing hobby farm in Kentucky where he raises organic pigs, grass fed beef, pastured chickens, Californian rabbits, and all manner of vegetables.

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