Drawing the skull - front view

Jaysen Batchelor
A free video tutorial from Jaysen Batchelor
Illustrator & Designer
4.5 instructor rating • 13 courses • 652,678 students

Lecture description

Understanding how to draw the skull is pertinent in drawing the human face. The skull plays a big part in the size and shape of each facial feature. In this lecture we will be drawing the skull in front view.

Learn more from the full course

The Ultimate Face & Head Drawing Course - for beginners

Drawing the human face made simple!

08:37:48 of on-demand video • Updated March 2020

  • Draw human faces out of your head
  • Draw realistic light and shadow
  • Understand the fundamentals of drawing the human head
  • Draw the human skull
  • Draw expressions
English [Auto] In this lecture we're going to be learning how to draw the human skull and learn how to draw from the front view the side view and the three quarters view. Now understanding how to draw the human skull and knowing what it looks like underneath the skin is really important when it comes to drawing the human face because the skull actually shows through a lot in the form of the face so such as that the brows the jaw line the bridge of the nose. Those areas show the definition or the form of the actual skull. So it's really important understand how the skull works because it's going to help you understand how the rest of the face works and how to turn the human face and human head in 3-D in your head. So like if you want to draw to three quarters you you can just turn it into a three quarter view but you need to have an understanding of school. So let's go out and get started. We're going to start by drawing the front view of the human skull. So what you need to do is you need to first draw a circle like this and then we'll go ahead and move on from there. Now I'm using a blue colored pencil for all of my guidelines that will be underneath the actual drawing of the skull. This is just to help differentiate them. You don't have to use a blue color pencil you can just use a normal pencil to do your guidelines and just make sure you draw lightly with it. So the first thing we want to do is want to go ahead and we want to mark out the hairline in the nose line. So this is very similar to drawing a Loomis head starting now. So we'll go ahead and let's say that the hairline is going to be right about there and then the nose line will be basically the same thing but on the bottom. And then we want to go ahead and we want to slice off the sides of the cylinder or the sphere I mean. So what we want to do is we want to connect from here to here like that and we're basically just making a box within this circle. So now we sliced off the edges for a cranium and we have our hairline and we have our nose line. Next we want to go ahead and mark the center of this square so to turn it this way just to make it a little bit easier to see I'm going to market like that. So that's about in the center of these two lines. And then we want to go ahead and mark the center of the skull so the center of the school is basically going to be right in the center. So should break this up into four squares or four quarters and go all the way down just like that. Now let's go ahead and mark the bottom of the chin so we're gonna go ahead of market so the same distance from here to here. We're gonna mark the same thing so I would say right about there looks good. And now we have the bottom of our chin. And that's all we really need to get started with drawing the skull. So I'm gonna go ahead and switch over to my graphite pencil and I want to start with the bridge of the nose. I usually like to start here and the eye area just because that's kind of the focal point of the skull. So first we want to do is want to kind of draw this trapezoid type shape like this. And we've seen this before when we're drawing the simple plains of the head we had a trapezoid shape right there for the upper bridge or the brow area of the nose. And we have the same thing kind of going on here in the skull. So just gonna draw it in. Nice and simple and then we want to do is we want to draw a curved shape like this. Just keeping it very simple. And then we're gonna go ahead and bring that down almost with straight lines they're angled outwards this way and that way just the tiniest bit going to bring that down to about there. Now this is going to be the upper part of the bridge of the nose. And then what we get is we get basically a hole in the skull for the nose and for the for the cavities for the nostril holes and all of that. So we're gonna do another curved line like that. Now we're gonna go ahead. We're going to bring this all the way down and it's gonna get a little bit wider down towards the bottom. We'll do the same thing on the other side. Just like that. Now this is getting a little bit off of our center line. That'll probably be OK. It's not too bad and our center line isn't always necessarily gonna be perfect so if it's off by a tiny bit don't worry about it too much. We're gonna go ahead and curve these bottom parts up like this all right. So there we go we have the nostril hole now in the skull it's going to smooth these shapes into each other a little bit more next. Let's go ahead and draw the eye sockets. So in the skull we have eye sockets which are basically basically scooped out holes where the eye should be. So we're not just doing a flat plane that's angled backwards it's actually going to be kind of a scooped out hole and they're gonna kind of be shaped a little bit like aviator sunglasses everybody has slightly different shape eye sockets so they don't all have to be exactly the same but for the most part they're kind of a rectangular shape with very rounded edges or corners all right. So I accidentally drew that too close to the nose so I went ahead and I raised that. So let's go ahead and try drawing that again. But what we want to do is we want to bring a line coming out like this and then we want to go ahead and start the eye socket out here. So just like that we want to bring it down basically to about right here so maybe about in the middle of this nose let's go ahead and bring that back up and attach it just like that. Go ahead and do the other side you're gonna draw a line coming off like that and then we'll just draw our eye socket shape and you don't want this eye socket to go clear out to this edge you want it to stop just shy of it. Let's make sure that we have the bottom of these eyes kind of on the same line. So one is not bigger than the other I think this actually needs to come down just a little bit more that I can just go ahead and erase the first line I drew. Now I'm drawing pretty dark right now but it's important remember that you usually want to draw a pretty light just in case stuff like that happens. It's easy to erase it. You can always go back and dark news line. So go ahead make a better effort to draw lightly so I don't do that again. All right. Next we want to do is let's go ahead and move on to the cranium area. So on the side of the skull right here we're gonna just go ahead and put a line like this. And then right before we get up here to this brow line we're gonna go head an angle that in just like so which then we can curve that out up here like that. And that will just basically become our cranium area of the skull do the same thing on the other side. Great. Now let's go ahead and draw the cheekbones. So on the side of the face we get these protruding cheekbones and you'll see when we draw from the side you'll see what these look like in profile. But for now they just look like this when we're looking at it from the front we're just curved out like this and then we curve it back down like this. We're basically going to curve it right to this nose line just like that and as you can see we're using all these guidelines to really help us out. Now this blue line over here actually probably needs to move out just a little tiny bit more something more like that. Now we can go ahead and draw this out to it and actually that needs to be a little bit higher. It's important to make sure that you're always checking both sides of your skull to make sure that everything is about on the same level. So this seemed to start a little bit higher than the bottom of the eye socket just something like that bring it down like this right down to that news line. All right great. Then let's go ahead and let's start doing the upper part of the mouth. So with the skull what we get is we get kind of this curving down shape so it comes down right about from the center of the eye socket. So right about there is where it's going to start. Same with right here. So started about right there we can kind of have these lines curve over like this because you'll see when we see the skull in profile that this part of the mouth or the teeth are at it's actually a very round curved cylinder like shape. And so it's basically curving back in around like this to the back of the mouth or the molars are next. Let's go out to mark out where our teeth are going to be. So the middle of our teeth are basically going to land right in the middle of where our lips would be. So we're going to mark it just like we do with our lips so we have the bottom and then we have the top and then we have to break this up into thirds. Something like that looks pretty good. So our teeth they're gonna land the middle of them are going to land right about there and in some cases it might be just the slightest bit lower. So go ahead maybe move that line down just the tiniest bit and then I'm just gonna draw a straight line across like this might actually curve up a little bit at the ends just the tiniest bit. Now we can go ahead and bring this line down into it. Then let's go ahead and mark the top of where our teeth are going to be. So go ahead Mark my teeth right about here. That'll be the top. And then the bottoms will be right about here and we can go ahead and mark these teeth coming down like this with the tiniest curve at the end. Go ahead Mark this up here as well. All right. Great. So now let's go ahead and draw the teeth in. We're gonna learn more about how to draw teeth and how to draw smiles and stuff like that but for now just try to follow what I'm doing as best you can. Basically what we want to do is we want to just go ahead and draw one of the front teeth right there on that side of the center line the other front tooth will be on the other side the center line and just kind of make sort of a McDonald's logo in a way just a big bouncy em and then we'll go ahead and continue. So the next teeth are going to look pretty similar maybe just a little bit skinnier than the next ones are going to be molars so we'll get the same sort of shape up here but then up here it's to kind of point out a little bit more. Same with that. So the top and the bottom are kind of more pointy on those. Now we're gonna start to get into our molars so molars tend to be a little bit pointer as well until we get to the very back ones they get a lot more flat. And as you can see as I get around to the outside edge of these teeth and it starts to curve around because of perspective just like you can see it's my hand it starts to get thinner and thinner and smaller and smaller. So that's why the teeth aren't as wide back here. That's gonna help create the illusion of distance. Let's go ahead and do the rest of the teeth slight that perfect to go to the bottom teeth. So the bottom teeth are going to be basically the same. We can add some sort of a more round shape to the bottom of these like that. Let's go ahead and do the bottom teeth now. So the bottom teeth tend to be a little bit skinnier. Those probably co-dependent little bit closer together but that's all right. I'll go ahead and continue on. And as you can see that just kind of line up with the teeth above then we'll do this canine right here. We'll do this canine two three. Here we'll go ahead and continue on to the back molars just something like that. There might be a few extra teeth in there but that's OK as long as it looks correct. When you draw on the human face you're usually not even gonna see the teeth clear back there. This is just so you get an understanding of how the skull is working underneath the skin. So then we have the bottom of the chin right here. And so let's go ahead and draw that Jordan. So we're gonna do is are going to draw a line straight like this just to get the base of our chin and I'm gonna go ahead and we're going to angle that upwards starting right about here. So if we're to draw a line straight up it's before we even get to the edge of the teeth is when that's that chin is gonna start angling up and then it's going to angle up like this and let's do the same thing on the other side and actually we can probably bring this in just a slight bit more on the edge of this jaw. So let's bring it up. So the line kind of angles up and lines up so would land right in the center up here in that part of the eye. It's just like that. That looks better. Then we can go ahead and draw the inside part of the jaw. So we're gonna basically just get a line that comes down like that. And when that comes down like this that's going to see it kind of comes down to the top part or the middle line of the teeth that we're gonna draw another line to create the top surface of that. So that way it kind of creates some thickness with that jaw do the same thing with the other side just like that we can kind of round some of these shapes out a little bit more and add a little bit more curve to them. And again to paint on the person the jaw will be shape completely different or might be longer or shorter. So all these proportions can be changed depending on who the person is the skull definitely determines the proportions of somebodies face. That's where it all begins. Let's go ahead and draw the side of the cranium. It's just like that he's doing on this side as well. Now let's go ahead and do the top of the head. So we're going to let this kind of curve around like that. Sometimes you have to turn your paper to be able to draw a line or curve a little bit better then we can draw or a race where we overshot the line right there we can document any of these lines that we see fit right. Perfect. And if we wanted to we could add in some detail sometimes to get these things that look kind of like cracks on the face. But I believe they're actually just for things to pump blood. And it just kind of either your skull grows around it or something like that. I'm not sure exactly. I think that therefore the veins and blood vessels and stuff like that and you get some back here inside your skull as well do something here. And they tend to be pretty random. They don't usually match on both sides or anything like that something like that. But there you go there's a skull in front of you so you're probably noticing a lot of similarities between this and the Loomis head and the planes had everything lines up in the same area. Everything has the same proportions we use a lot of the same lines to decide where things are going to go. And so these sockets like I said eyeballs are going to go in them and then eyelids are going to go on top of that and you can have muscle on top of the skull. So that's hence the reason why the face looks a lot different than the skulls because it has all that skin all that muscle all that fat the eyeballs are in the eye sockets all of that. But this is the base of the human face. So understanding this is going to really help you understand how the rest of drawing the human face works. Thanks for watching this lecture. And I look forward to seeing you in the next one.