Adding highlights and shadows to the planes head

Jaysen Batchelor
A free video tutorial from Jaysen Batchelor
Illustrator & Designer
4.5 instructor rating • 13 courses • 606,559 students

Lecture description

An important part of the planes head is to understand the highlights and shadows on it. In this lecture I will teach you how to shade both the planes heads we've drawn. The first step is figuring out where your light source is.

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The Ultimate Face & Head Drawing Course - for beginners

Drawing the human face made simple!

08:50:58 of on-demand video • Updated March 2020

  • Draw human faces out of your head
  • Draw realistic light and shadow
  • Understand the fundamentals of drawing the human head
  • Draw the human skull
  • Draw expressions
English [Auto] In this lecture we're going to go ahead and shade these in so the first thing we need to do is figure out where a light source is coming from. So in this case we're gonna offer a light source coming from basically up top and a little bit from in front of it just slightly so I'll draw this as a cone arrow so you get a better idea of the direction of it but for the most part it's basically coming from up top not coming from straight in front of it. It's kind of more angled down like that. So what this means is things like this area right here the eye areas those are angled backwards so those aren't gonna be getting hit by as much light. So if we know that already we can go ahead and just start shading that in. So going to go ahead and shade this in. Great. Next we can go ahead and shade in this part of the nose. This brow part just because we know that that's angle back to now this part is an angled back as much so we don't have to shade it in as dark. We can keep that a little bit lighter. And because these are touching. That means that if these aren't at the same angle so if we're looking at these from the side this bridge nose part is angled like that and then the eye part is angled back even further and that's why it's even an even more shadow. Which means that if they're touching and connecting and we don't have another surface in there that means that the eye part has to kind of be curving up into that. So what we need to do is we need to take that into account and kind of shape that end just slightly. So something like this just kind of helps you understand what's going on there. We can go and darken these lines back and just to see what's going on again because as you start to shade these you'll overshoot the lines just a slight bit and that's all right. Just want to go back and erase any of it. And also just kind of clean it up a little bit and redraw those lines in there. All right next. Let's go ahead and let's do the sides of the head. So over here in the cranium area this is gonna be in a little bit of shadow because not been directly hit like the top of the head by the light. So that means we're just going to get a little bit of shadow on it. So let's go ahead and just added some light shadow. It won't be as dark as areas that are facing under words or on you know what I mean the things that are facing under the light source they're facing away from the light source slightly. But they're not necessarily going to be as dark as the eye sockets. For example. All right. Perfect. Next. Let's go ahead and we can start shading in the nose so the nose is on the side as well so we can go ahead and lightly shave that and just a slight bit not too much. Now let's go ahead and shade in the bottom of the nose to the bottom of the nose is basically angled the same way as the eye area. So we can go ahead and shave that and just about as dark as those and we'll do the sides just a slight bit lighter. Great. Now when we have a light source coming down like that we get what's called cast shadows. So we need to include some cash shadows in here. So for example we might be getting a little bit of some soft shadow just slowly fading out from underneath the eye being cast from this brow area. Do the same thing over here and we'll also be getting a little bit of that being cast from the nose. Anywhere where you see this really dark shadow it usually means that there's gonna be a little bit of cash shadow underneath it. In some cases if you have a really harsh light then you might actually just see an exact hard edged shadow that's shaped like the nose being cast on the upper lip. But in this case we're just assuming that we have kind of a soft light so we can kind of just fill that in softly. All right. Now all these surfaces on the top lip are facing upwards so they're going to be getting hit by light. Then when we get over here to this lip area all this is going to be in shadow. So this area isn't angled as much so we can see shaded in about that dark and then these areas are angled back a little bit more kind of like the eye area so we can go ahead and really shade that and dark you can see there that I overshot the line. So just go ahead and take my razor and voice that back out then on these lips. There are also a surface that's been hit by the light because they're facing upwards. But we will get a little bit of cash shadow on them. So even though they're not going to be fully shaded in the upper level cast just a little bit a shadow on them like that next. Let's go ahead and do the surface. So right underneath the chin or right underneath the bottom lip it starts to curve back. And if we're looking at this from the side and this is the upper lip or the bottom lip then it goes back in like this which will be that part right there. Then it comes back out like this to be the top part of the chin which is that part right there. And then it will start to curve back and into the jaw which is this part right here. So let's go ahead and shoot this in dark that this part will be light. And then this part will be shaded in as well but since it's kind of more flat like that and this part is angled back a little bit more that just means it's going to be getting a little bit more light on it. So we can go ahead and show that in a little bit lighter than up here. We can actually even darken that in a little bit more next. Let's go ahead and do these side parts. So these cheekbones areas are facing upwards so they're going to be getting hit by light but these areas right here. This is gonna be in shadow. So let's go ahead and let's start to fill this in. So this isn't going to be as angled as the eye area. So it can be a little bit lighter. But we do want it to be relatively dark do the same thing on the other side. Perfect. And then we can go ahead and shoot in the side a little bit darker to just like that. Awesome. Now let's go ahead and move on to the ears so these top parts of the ears are gonna be getting hit by the light. But underneath here we're gonna get some cash out from this upper part of the year. He's gonna cast onto the inside of the ear so we'll start dark up here and we'll slowly let that fade out like that. Do the same thing on the other side. Perfect. Now let's go ahead and move on down here to the neck so the neck is just basically a simple cylinder. So let's go ahead and let's just shade it in with a cast shadow so I'm gonna go ahead and start kind of dark around the jaw line and slowly let that fade out. And if you need to you can turn your paper just to get a better angle. That often helps drawing and making it easier. And as you can see the shadows just kind of following the shape of the jaw line and also just kind of curving around the cylinder shape for the cylinder form of the neck. All right great. Let's go ahead and go back and darken any lines that need to if they look a little bit light just so you can kind of see that defining line between each plane but that looks pretty good. So let's go ahead and let's move on to the other drawing that we did from the three quarters view. So we're going to show this. And in the same way. So in this case this is lined up with that center line. But if we're looking at it from a three quarters view that this arrow that cute the cone arrow is going to actually move out kind of more like that. So it's actually going to be something more like something more like that. So we're still going to have all the lighting the same way but just so you understand the light has kind of swung around from the front and still hitting the face from the front but it's swung around to a three quarters view. So let's go ahead and get started. So we'll start with the same thing again. Let's start with the eye. Planes are going to go ahead. Sure from my pencil just so stays nice and sharp. We'll go ahead and shoot this in and then we want to go ahead and shade that area and a little bit darker. We'll do the same thing on the other side. No go ahead and shoot it in right here perfect. Go ahead and your race where we overshot the line where I overshot the line. I don't know if you did. And then let's go ahead and shade in this brow part of the nose up here just a little bit lighter than the IPART. I'm going to fill some of that back and then we'll go ahead and move on to the nose. So for the nose we're just gonna get some very light shading out here on this side. Part and then we'll get darker shading right here. This part of the nose because it matches the same plane up here with the eyes. We'll go ahead and show the side part in but just a little bit lighter. It's not as dark but still pretty dark. Next let's go ahead and let's add in these cast shadows so we're gonna get a little bit of cash shadow coming from the brow area casting down onto our cheekbone surface. Same with on this side. Let's go ahead and shade in this side. So because the light source is coming from there this side of the head won't be getting as much light and seen it from this angle actually really helps a lot more understanding why there's a shadow on the side of the head. Then when you're looking at it straight on you're looking at it from the side you can see you like oh yeah the light is hitting over here on this top and front surface but over here on the side it's not going to be getting as much light. So we want to go ahead and shade that in right now let's go ahead and move on to this part. So this part is going to be angled back a little bit more so let's go ahead and fill it in a little bit darker. Now let's go ahead and let's move down to the lip area. So first off let's start with the cast shadow from the nose so just a really light and soft cash shadow coming off that something like that and then let's go ahead and shoot in this middle part of the lip that's gonna be a little bit lighter because it's not gonna be as angled back as these other two parts. So we'll go ahead and shade those in just a little bit darker they also want to keep in mind that the way we're shooting these simple plain heads in it's a little bit exaggerated. So this is a even though it's a soft light it's a bright light and the shadow areas are really dark but usually when you're drawing somebody you actually don't want to make the shadows this dark so you don't want their eye to be in this really dark shadow or their upper lip in this really dark shadow. It's not going to look as good. It's going to look like there the picture was taken out in the sun or it's really bright and you have all these cash shadows all over their face. So I'm just want to let you know that you don't always have to shade in the shadows of the stark. We're just doing it this dark right now just for demonstration purposes so we can really see the different planes and the different forms based off there highlights and shadows. Let's go ahead and shoot in this cash shadow right here on the slip and we'll go ahead and move on to the surface right here. Go and shape that in the surface rate here will be getting hit by light so we'll have to shape that in. Now let's go ahead and shoot this part in now looking back at it on this guy think that this area should actually be a little bit darker just slightly. Now we can go ahead and shake this whole area and starting from up here shaded in on this other side as well let's go ahead and get the ear. So all this area will be getting hit by light but right here we're going to have this cash shadow being cast onto the inside of our ears. We'll go ahead and draw that in perfect. And then lastly let's just go ahead and add the cast shadow for the neck. We also want to cast shadow be coming from the ear as well. All right. Perfect. So this is basically done in so at this point. I strongly advise that you look at your two head drawings with their simple planes and you really kind of study it. Look at it for a while maybe draw another time or see if you can draw a simple plain head from the side or maybe tilt their head upwards and have a little bit of fun with it. You can even try things like laying a piece of paper over an actual image of a real person's head and then tracing that and trying to turn that into a simple plain head. So that way you can start to really understand the different planes on people's faces because this is really important understand if you want to start adding highlights and shadows to people's faces. Thanks for watching this lecture and I'll see you in the next one.