Adding highlights and shadows to the ear

Jaysen Batchelor
A free video tutorial from Jaysen Batchelor
Illustrator & Designer
4.5 instructor rating • 13 courses • 653,264 students

Lecture description

In this lecture you will be learning how to detail out the ear drawing by adding highlights and shadows. The first step is to determine where the light source is. Once we know that we can determine where our midtowns, core shadow, and highlights will be.

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08:37:48 of on-demand video • Updated March 2020

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English [Auto] In this lecture we're gonna be learning how to add the highlights and the shadows to art your drawing. So what you need to do is you just need to draw either a side view of an era or three quarters view that pretty much similar. And then from there we can go ahead and start adding in these highlights and shadows. Now with an ear highlights and shadows are incredibly important they're important to all parts of the face. But especially with the ear because that's what adds dimension to it. And it kind of tells us a little bit more about all these different shapes here. So for example if we have a cash shadow coming down from this top ledge of the year and it comes down onto this Y shape if we make a cash shadow kind of curved that helps us understand that this is sort of a curved shape it's not just a flat shape. So let's go ahead and get started. So the first thing I want to do is I want to start by adding in my mid tone shadows. So I'll start doing that by kind of marking out where the shadows should be. So if the light source is coming from up here I'm just gonna start drawing a line. You can just follow along where you're where the line should be. And this is going to be marking out where my mid-term shadows are going to be sorting drew this line right here for that part. Let's go have hadn't have this part of the year kind of wrapping like that. All right great. So now based off of those lines we can go ahead and start adding in some more shadow somewhere. Go ahead and start shading this area in right here so just follow along based off the lines that we just drew. Follow along with me and add the shading in the same areas. You might not know exactly where they're supposed to go yet. So just add them in where I'm adding them in. Go ahead put basically all this area in shadow and the shadow right about there and shadow down here. You're also gonna get shadow on this underside of the your lobe never to add shadow on this side of this Y shape. And I'll continue all the way down like this then we're also gonna get some shadow in here because like I said this is kind of a deep crevice. This is where the ear canal begins. Then we can just do the same thing right down in here get darker value in there and we can just shade in this whole area right here in all of this is gonna be in shadow as well. And we can kind of soften this edge up right here and put all this in shadow as well. Now over here we can put that in shadow too. Let's go ahead and using some more pressure darken in some of these lines just so we don't lose the definition of our shapes and form. All right great. Next let's go ahead and add in some lighter shadows in there so some of these areas need some very light shadows. So first let's actually bring this here lobe up like this and now we're just gonna start lightly shading in some shadows. Because our skin tone isn't completely white and depending on how dark the skin tone is we'll also determine this but there aren't really any skin tones that are completely white. So we want to make sure that we are adding in some darker value in here and some of the highlighted areas such as right here and up here. We can leave that pretty white but for the most part we want to make sure that everything has a little bit of value added to it. All right. Perfect. Now at this point if you wanted to you could go ahead and kind of blend all this and a little bit. So I'll just go ahead and take my cue tip this very lightly blend this in I'm going to try to avoid the highlighted areas. And actually we want a little bit of shadow on this Y shape as well so that we'll have a little bit of shadow on it. Get a little bit of shadow on this side moving all the way up into here and we can actually darken the shadow up here as well. Just to help differentiate that. All right then I'll continue to blend all of this in. All right. Great. Now let's go ahead and let's really start adding in some darker shadows or core shadow. And also the shadows that appear in really dark holes and crevices on the features of the human face. So I want to start with up here. Somebody go ahead and just kind of redefine these lines a little bit more press a little bit harder to make them darker and thicker. I'm going to start by adding the darker shadow right here. Let that slowly fade out. Just like that and this shape will get a little bit more defined as well by adding a dark line like this next. Let's go ahead and add some shadow on the underside of this Y shape because as it curves around it creates kind of a crevice and adding this dark shadow that fades out helps tell the story of that form tells us that it curves around and back under so deep that it actually creates this really dark shadow right over up on this part we want to have a harder edge were shadow so it kind of gives it a hard edged cast shadow all the way across this form will come down like this and then straight across like that and we can go ahead and shade in this middle area of this Y shape the darkest and then we just kind of let that fade out just to soften that form out can darken all this a little bit more let's go ahead and add a little bit more of a dark edge to these edges that perfect. All right now let's go ahead and move on down to here. So I'm just going to darken some of this shadow in on that side and on this side a little bit more. We can add a little bit more of a coarse shadow right through the center area right here. As you can see we kind of get a little bit of a bounce light on that bottom edge. So by adding this darker shadow right there it creates that bounce light automatically do the same thing up here then in here we want to really make it nice and dark because if you remember this part is a really dark crevice. This is where that you're basically forms into the ear canal which goes into the head which is a very dark hole. So want to make sure that inside of here we get it in very very nice and dark and we'll just kind of let this dark shadow just sort of blend into the form of this guy right here. We can actually put him in a little bit more shadow. All right great. Next. Go ahead and move over here to this little flap that hangs off the ear right here. I'm going to add a little bit of course shadow to create that bounce light just like that. Then I'll go ahead and come right down into here and add another core shadow to create some bounce light on the bottom of the ear and just adding that bounce light even if you don't see it in your picture if you're using a reference you're drawing a portrait of somebody. It really just helps really make it look more dramatic and more interesting more dynamic. So don't be afraid to just add that bounce light in there even if you don't see it a little bit of shadow right there. I'm going to go ahead and add some darker shadow on this bottom edge of this Y shape. And I can add some darker core shadow just to make that bounce light so that the course shadow is always just going to be right on that edge between the highlight and the shadow side of whatever the form is that you're drawing they don't add a little bit more core shadow right there just create more bounce light maybe darken in this shadow over they're And lastly if you want you can go ahead and take a darker pencil and then we can just go ahead and really darken in these areas that need to be very very dark. All right great. So there you go. The ear is basically done. We can also erase out some highlights if we wanted the ear to look a little bit waxy because ears tend to have a little bit of wax on them and so by erasing out some highlights in here it just kind of creates that look we can go ahead and take a pencil kind of darken around that highlight just to make it pop out a little bit more like that scene with over here and actually that highlight wouldn't be coming into the shadows. I'm going to go ahead and go back over that. But out here in the highlighted area good and dark and around that just to make it stand out a little bit more could even a race right down here but anywhere that you feel that it needs to be a little bit lighter. We can go ahead and erase some of those parts out. All right. Perfect. So there you go. There is how we highlight and shadow an ear. Thanks for watching this lecture and I'll see you in the next one.