Linux distributions explained
A free video tutorial from Joseph Delgadillo
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Learn more from the full courseLinux for Absolute Beginners!
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07:22:07 of on-demand video • Updated November 2020
- Install Linux on their system
- Feel comfortable using the command line interface
- Setup an integrated development an environment
- Install GitHub and setup a repository
- Develop a web application using Meteor.js
- Setup a LAMP stack and deploy a web app
- Manage users on a Linux system
- Get started as a Linux system administrator!
English Hey guys, thanks for joining me again. Before we actually get into the installation and use of Ubuntu, we are first going to talk about distributions and what exactly that means. So, to explain what a distribution is we're gonna load up this image here, and this image presented this way, and in the slideshow in the previous video, is so large it's entirely illegible. So, we actually have to zoom in quite a bit here. Now in the previous video I mentioned Debian and how Debian was one of the first major Linux distributions along with Slackware, Red Hat, and openSUSE they're the four different types of Linux distributions, and a type is categorized based on the package manager. Now, there are different Linux distributions that are not based on these four. For, instance Gen2 and Arch Linux, however we are not going to focus on those at this time. So, Debian starts here in the early 90's, and as time goes on it begins to get forked, which means that other people come along and use the source code base of Debian to create their own Linux distribution. Now, if we look for Ubuntu, I its believe this brown line right here, we'll see how much forking of Ubuntu there's been. as well. So, here is Ubuntu and immediately we've got all sorts of forks happening. Now there are two different types of Ubuntu derivatives, and that is officially recognized, and not officially recognized. So, a few examples of officially recognized Ubuntu distributions are Kubuntu, Ubuntu Studio, and Lubuntu, Xubuntu and basically Kubuntu is Ubuntu with KDE pre-installed instead of Unity. So, Unity, is the desktop environment of Ubuntu, and a desktop environment, we're gonna go more in depth into desktop environments in future videos, however to give a little bit of an idea about what it is we're going to just have a look at some images here. So, this is Unity. It's got a panel across the top of the screen with different indicators, a clock, and this user menu that you can access user accounts, system settings, etc. On the left hand side it's quite another panel that acts as a dock, so opened applications and applications that you pin to the dock will appear here. The top button here is to launch the dash, and now the Ubuntu dash is incredible, I absolutely love it. While I don't like much anything else about Ubuntu, the dash is really awesome. So, you can actually search for files programs, etc., and you can even use the Ubuntu to dash to find things online. So, it's actually a pretty neat concept. Now Kubuntu has KDE pre-install which is a different environment, and so it's gonna look and act differently. Now, this is KDE5 Plasma, they call the desktop environment, so KDE Plasma 5 and obviously you can see the differences. It's got a window list here of open windows, it's got the indicators time over here, and the main menu right there, which looks like this. Now, Kubuntu, Ubuntu Studio, and others are officially recognized derivatives of Ubuntu, but Linux Mint is not. If we go to Linuxmint.com you'll see that they did in fact develop their own desktop environment called Cinnamon, and Cinnamon desktop environment is absolutely beautiful, it's one of my favorites. Here we go, we should be able to just click on this. This is Linux Mint with the Cinnamon desktop environment. It's similar to a classic desktop environment in that it has a panel at the bottom with the main menu, and a window list to open windows. Elementary OS, it's right here, that's another one that I want to talk about. I've used elementary in the past and it is well, in very different ways, is very beautiful, very fun to use. The aesthetics alone are just absolutely mindblowing. They've got the cleanest interface that I've seen. This is a transparent panel at the top with an applications menu, the clock, the indicators, and it's got a dock for those. Now, aside from this, their own desktop environment, they've also created other software specifically for use with Elementary OS, such as the Pantheon file manager, and that's one of my favorite file managers because it does a lot of different things in a really neat way. Now, with a Ubuntu based distributions, installation is practically the same, with a few exceptions. So, feel free to explore the different Linux distributions if you don't think you'll have problems following along with things look a bit different. Now, when I get Ubuntu set up, I'm going to make some configurations, changes and show you guys how to do that stuff, but feel free to you know explore the ocean of Linux distributions. So, in the next video we're actually going to be installing VirtualBox and Ubuntu, and we're going to be playing around with that a little bit, and explaining the installation steps. So, thanks for watching and I'll see you guys again soon.