Structure

Ed Foychuk
A free video tutorial from Ed Foychuk
Illustrator and Instructor at How To Draw Comics . net
4.7 instructor rating • 13 courses • 8,003 students

Learn more from the full course

Drawing Faces - Structures, Features, and Comic book Styles.

A Streamlined Approach To Drawing Faces

04:10:14 of on-demand video • Updated April 2020

  • The face structure
  • Important features of the face
  • What to emphasize, and what not to
  • The face at different angles
  • Different types of faces
English [Auto] Nice Hey guys it's said and here's the first video in our series of How to draw faces. Well maybe it's not the first video. Hopefully before this Uvalde been going through the warm ups and stuff like that. So technically this is the second video but this is the first one where you might actually learn something. We'll see. We'll see. Wilson close enough. I've got some basketballs in front of me here. Why. Well same with what our warm up was doing. We're going to start drawing some balls here. OK. So what I want you to do is you draw overtop of these basketballs draw some circles OK it doesn't have to be perfect but you get the idea. You know rough it out a few times and then I want you to bisected. I want to do a center line cut down the middle then you can do vertical ones on both of them if you like and go past the ball if you want. And you know obviously the horizontal one. Somebody did this for us. Mr. Wilson was nice enough to fill in the horizontal by section here. OK. So why are we doing this. Well the more we get into faces we're going to realize that using a spear is a nice easy way to progress through the face. OK. This structure that we're using here is going to help us tons as we move forward looking at faces and you know what you're going to see how this bisection if we understand it correctly we could start to turn it turn it turn it as we're were rotating the face. Right. So let's take a look at the skull. I was I kind of threw the circle in here. Lower down there Pasotti a little bit. We're going to bisect it down down this way get this first section here we're going to learn about the structures First the structure of the skull then moving onto the structure of the face we're looking at the structure of the skull here. We've got the top people at the bottom and approximately Midway we've got the eyeline because of the way the skull was designed with these I saw kits and everything. The eyeliners can look a little hinky right now but it did look a lot made all rather it will make a lot more sense once we really get into it. OK. So we've got the we've got the circle. If we cut this circle on half right about here well this is our halfway point of the circle we've got from here to here. We've got our so called the bottom here. From here to here. And then we've got from the bottom of the circle to the jaw so I'm not a math whiz but basically we've got we can cut it into thirds. So if we initially lay out a circle and we cut it in half we know that we can drop the jaw about one third the way down. This is going to change of course depending on dimensions of the head. But for basic dimensions what we're looking at right now let's go with this rule of ONE-THIRD. Am I going to do the same thing with the ball here we're going to circle it in we're going to drop it down. And even we can cut this ball and asked tilted Wilson here so he's getting skewed so don't mind that. But we do see this is the halfway mark for the ball right. This is the top of the ball is halfway here's the bottom with the ball. We've got this this third and then we can drop it down and have this third for the bottom of the score. And the line is if I do this correctly should be about half way and the line will be about half way. And then we're going to get into as we look on the face and give more details where the mouth is and where the nose is. OK. So right now what I want you to really cement in your brain is the circle. We can cut the circle in half. We can use one half second half and drop it down to at the bottom of the jaw and then we get these ones through it. OK. So onto the next one we're going to look in an actual face here. And what a face it is. This is Ryan Reynolds handsome devil and Deadpool. So that makes him cooler. I'm Canadian so I'm going to say he's even cooler. But Canadians are humble. Right so when not to was that. OK. So we're going to do a circle starting at the top here. Roughly comes in about here. We'll go down the center line down the middle here we'll cut the circle in half right. A circle is bisected here. We can see here's one half. Here's the other half drops down here. Hey Ryan Reynolds has a perfect face. Who knew. OK. And what we're going to do is start to look at the dimensions of the policing of other other things on line. OK. So we've got a top to bottom here Half-Way top to bottom proximately has is his eye level. Right. So it got the eye level and it's the second thing. And it also starts within the right here is also the ear. This is where it starts for the ear. OK. So both the ice and the ears start at about the same line here start to come up. The eyes we're going to throw into another unit here. Same with the ears they're all going to be gone into in great detail. What I want to focus on this first one here is just the structure of the face the measurements of it all right. So when we're looking at it we're looking at just the basic structures. The nose will be at the bottom of this the bottom of the circle. I'd like to draw a little button nose for now if we if we look at the let's say the eye level here. Right. And we cut it down to about two thirds. Now this is where it's going to get hinky because you're going to see that Ryan doesn't actually shift this. Ryan's got a big old jaw here. So his bottom third is quite quite a lot bigger. Right. A lot of people it's really easy to just say one third one third one third. Ryan's got a big jaw so or rather chin. And so it bumps that bottom third into a larger space. His nose to mouth gets a little bit tighter. So you can think of it as one thirds or as we're going to see as we go along there's a lot of individual variance with me. OK. So let's keep on moving. Actually why don't we skim on over to the side. Are. Let's do our soccer or basketball type thing right. We're going to drop it down. Why don't we cut this basketball in half. Bisect it this way. OK. So we know that approximately one third one third one third. Right. Here we know that if we cut it in half over all this is both the I and the starting line can we know that his nose is one third in his mouth. We know Ryan's chin it's a little famous right. OK. So we've got this basketball coming down his chin actually comes in here and cuts up towards the year comes around this way. He's got a nice shape head. I've got to say once again Ryan is kind of perfect. But if we come up to this goal what's happening back here we got this alien thing going on in the background. What happened to our little perfect little Wilson ball. Well some people got this nice alien head in the back like me. Unfortunately I'd like to see it's because I got extra brain power back there but I know it seems like a pretty smart cookie too. So maybe it's just because I'm different. Just realize that we're kind of doing a little bit of a nice little standard here but always there's going to be variations on that standard. OK. So we're going to go back and take a look at Ryan here. See how we can sketch into it a little bit. What's happening with Ryan's face here. Not only am I drawing ridiculous circles over it but I've now got a little bit of a bend to it. Right. He's he's turned slightly. I wouldn't say it's turned down but it's definitely turned this way. Just just a little bit. Right. So it's got to slip into the ball and then it's going to come down from there. OK. So you can see this this face has a slight bend. Not much just enough to give it give it that extra little bit. We're going to follow the face down comes up and we can see he's looking pretty straight at us this halfway mark all matches up. And when that halfway mark is the mark here is the nose and the mouth. So once again we want to focus on just the outline just the dimensions. The eyes are here and we could see let's do Ryan again turned a little bit more. Yeah. We've got much more of a turn here and this is going to come down street down to the chin. We can see how it comes out from the eyeline roughly comes up to the skull comes back in. Right. This chin comes over into the jaw comes up into the year and falls over. His nose is still kind of at this ball level but it's more centered going here even though it's at the bottom of the Wilson ball. And then we've got the middle or at the mouth. So you've got this eye level eyes and ears. Right to. And the military here. This is Chen up here. So what do we think of Ryan. Does this make sense. Yeah. Not bad. He kind of looks like we'd kind of expect him to look great. So I mean perfect movie star type. Let's see if we draw this in 50 years. I don't want to put too much detail into it. We'll put a circle in here for now. Starting it you know that insertion of his eyes. Wow. Maybe doesn't look like the perfect Hollywood star but structurally it makes a lot of sense. Right. OK. So structurally Let's move on down. Who do we got next. Hey Scott. Also kind of a perfect Hollywood starlet. So listen we're working on almost ideal faces here. I don't know ideals obviously in the eye of the beholder right. But I'm going to do is bisect my my Wilson ball. So cut one two three one two three. I've gone down to the chip seems all right. I also measure this whole thing. If I cut it in half that would be the eye insertion. OK. This makes a lot of sense. Bend down the center line down to the chin. Here I can bring the jaw down this way. I know that if this is the eyeline I can't see her ear here but I know what's going to come up. And here's another little hint. Yes this is the eyeline right. Eyes and ears but usually ears also come down. They roughly finish right around the nose so her ear might come up a little bit. And then finish right around the nose. Obviously there's different types of ear lobes and we'll get into that and your unit. But for right now this is good. And we're going to round out her eyes just a little bit. Realizing that you know the inner part of her I usually just see you guys know a structural thing. Usually this insertion part of the eye here lines up with the outside of the nostril. Not always perfectly but for a lot of people and the outside of the mouth often lines up with the senator in hers it does not. She's got a little bit of a narrow mouth here. That's OK. You know we're going to talk a lot about individual variance as we go through the different units. But what do we think. Do we have the perfect Hollywood starlet. I can't say she looks perfect here or anything but structurally she makes a lot of sense. Right. We've got one third one third one third we've got one half one half year to here. OK. So why don't we go all the way over again. Scarves turned around a little bit. We're going to draw in our rough ball. You can bisect it. We know this is one third one third one third down here. Two perfectly. Actually she's not fully profiled but close enough for it will bring this down here Brianna to her year. We know that. Also if I was to take top to bottom cut at approximately middle then that would be here I think actually she's looking down just slightly. So that's why her eyes her are it's down just a millimeter just a hair from top to bottom. Yes this looks pretty good. We know that the nose is approximately here. Her nose starts here and it turns up just a little bit in the nose unit. What is that about five minutes from now you'll see the different structures of noses and stuff. But for now we're just going to rough it in. At its base at start we've got her mouth here starting here. Her lip has turned up just a little bit but this makes sense one third one third one third do we do that over here. Tara That's a scar. Joel this one's going to get a little funky. We can do our our normal little ball. Here's the difference with this ball. She's turning right. We know that. You can see that what's happening there but she's also turning this way so that you can see what's happening here. So we're going to see her her ears actually going to be down here because this Everything's arched over just slightly. And so this is where we start to get into angles and everything let's see if I take this off makes it less reinsertion her eyes. This one's actually hidden here riser here here. So if I was to follow these lines down the nostril goes this way I'm lost from this side. This can this will into our eye is going to be some puffiness right here. OK. Yeah. The an angle let's see if we can do again start. This one's a little bit more straight away right. We've cut this bend but now it comes to the the eyebrow line starts to drop straight down. This one started to drop straight down right about here. It usually starts at about this I don't her eyes are more straight on can drop down to the chin she opened to the basketball and she's got a a normal non-mentally and head basketball type somewhat round the eyes and see how they line up. And comes into the year and down into hospitals. Her ears seem to hang a little bit more. That's cool too. OK so what if we were to practice this one look at Ryan Reynolds here we want to have a circle below the center line. We want to cut this circle when we know that we're going to cut it in thirds. Right. So we know that the center line would come to a ball here zoom in just a little bit. We know that his shin at the bottom here is relatively wide because he's got that Hollywood masculinity right. Yeah we know that the jaw will come up here. We know that if we cut this whole thing ultimately in that this is the eye line and the ear line. We can send it to you guys somewhere in here for now. Obviously adding more detail we're just kind of lining up. We know that the nose is here and we remember with Ryan that his mouth was maybe gave a little bit more room for that extra much Chip. Is it come down just below most that we know when we're looking at the top of the skull. You know maybe our basketball was malformed. That can happen. So you can come up kind of round it out of it a little bit more legit. Looking we've got the face. So whether we do it we want to do one more yeah. I don't know why not. Let's try practicing together and all leave room for you to practice obviously tons of room for your practice along with me here. We've got the big basketball right we've got the drop coming down. Sorry. We should probably mention this for some of us to just kind of doing it on instinct. But it's good to start off measuring. We've got one two three proximately here. We know that this is going to come it will actually come just past the center line here. We know that the eye line is going to be 50 percent of this whole thing. All right. So his eyes will be somewhere around there and that is going to start somewhere around there. You will usually come down to this nose point and that's where the nose is going to start as well. Different noses while different designs of the mouth depending. We know that Ryan's got that nice big jaw her chin rather. So we'll move the mouth up just to prove it. And there's Ryan Reynolds. OK so if I can review anything with you and make sure it sinks. So this unit is we have a basketball. We have the cutline. We when we bisect a basketball we can use that by section to measure thirds. And then bringing one more third down. The jaw can start here. Or rather the chin depending on the shape of the face it can be nice and smooth coming up to the side we know that the eye line is midway of this entire thing. So actually maybe here would be a better line. We know that the nose is generally at the bottom of the ball. We know that the mouth can either be halfway or a little bit up depending on each facial characteristic so that the eyes here and we know that the ear is starting hearing comes down to approximately with noses. And that is the simplified structure of the face using a basketball and then bisecting and carrying it down. You're going to see the skull and then you're going to see we're going to add flesh to it. Listen this is only the structure. So it might seem a little simple as we're looking at it right now at this but we know there's a lot of other units coming. Right. And so what we'll do is in each of the following units all look all deconstruct and then reconstruct the eyes the eyebrows the nose and every other piece that goes into making up the face and then by the end unit we're going to piece it all together and it all makes sense. But this structural unit you've got to have this one down. OK. So just like I said in the warm ups practice drawing these circles. Practice drawing these different balls and everything and then bisecting them that help tons I added in a worksheet for you. Let's see if I can find it here. There we go. Aha. I had it in a worksheet of balls and skulls. I didn't think it would be safe to combine in a sentence here. But yeah balls and skulls and I want you to practice doing your outlines over top of them and stuff them doing your bisection filling in all the little you know to cut lines and everything like that. And if you follow along with me on the worksheet and you do this secondary worksheet I think you'll be ready for the next unit. OK. I hope you learned a lot and I hope you enjoyed our first unit of the face.