The Spanish Secret

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Lecture description

Understanding Spanish verbs is perhaps the most important skill a new student should learn. Verbs are extremely common and appear in practically everything we say. This Spanish lesson is an introduction to Spanish verbs and verb conjugation. How to conjugate verbs, form simple sentences, and form simple questions using Spanish verbs will be taught in a future lesson. 

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Beginner Spanish Course: Learn to Speak Spanish Like a Pro!

Complete Spanish Course Where Concepts are Broken Down to their Simplest Components, Informative InfoGraphics & Visuals

07:54:33 of on-demand video • Updated July 2018

  • Speak a beginner level of Spanish, forming simple sentences and questions using principles taught in this course
  • Recognize the importance of agreement between articles, nouns, and adjectives and use this principle in Spanish communication
  • Understand how to conjugate verbs by exploring the relationship between subjects and verbs
  • Deferentiate and Use the most common Spanish verbs--"Ser" and "Estar" to communicate in basic but important ways
  • Master proper pronunciation of words in Spanish
  • Communicate possession and ownership
  • Learn and use words to communicate time, travel, weather, days, months, and more
English [Auto] I promised we would speak more Spanish in Lesson 2. So let's jump in to some relevant examples to this lesson. And remember say these examples right along with me loud because not only will that help you get more familiar with Spanish but it will start to train the muscles in your mouth to speak and pronounce Spanish properly. Here we go. Joe Joe Joe abro Joe Armato Joe Amaro LA Puerta euro Abra LA Puerta du du du ominous du arbitrates do Andres La do Amadis luck haha. Ajam a ajor Abra Ada Abita Ada Abati il Rogallo Ada Abra l perai Galo agents agents aid Joh's Auburn Agios Auburn Agios Auburn LA tienda Agios Auburn LA dn the in less than two I get the pleasure of sharing with you the secret to learning Spanish. This is a powerful tool that will not only help you in your early days learning the language but through out your life speaking Spanish. The learning outline is as follows. First I'm going to share the secret with you. So get ready then we're going to take a closer look at verb's vocabulary. We're going to go deeper on subjects we're going to talk about how to conjugate verbs in the Spanish present tense and a little bit on objects although objects are a lesson for a a different course. And then I'm going to show you some of the books and resources that I recommend for new Spanish speakers followed by some comprehension. Get ready to have your mind blown because you're about to learn the secret to learning Spanish. Really the secret is best represented by a simple formula. This formula will go a long way in helping you connect to the Spanish language and will be a great tool to leverage especially during these early days of learning the language. Here is the formula. Now these are components that you learned about in Lesson one which is why lesson one is so important. So first you have a subject then you have a verb and then an object. And together these three components they bring about Spanish success they can they bring about cognitive language or effective Spanish communication. These are the three basic foundational components that you need to understand in order to communicate in Spanish. In other words. So if you can understand subjects verbs and objects you will be a very effective Spanish speaker in virtually everything we say. We use some version of this formula. So the subject verb object formula is critical to our learning but we're going to take a step back and we're going to do a simpler version of this formula which is best demonstrated by this formula. Subject plus verb equals success. So during lesson 1. For the most part we will be focused on this relationship between subjects and verbs and how these two parts of speech come together to form effective Spanish communication. And if you can get this down this will help you. Like I said many times already this will really really help you be a better Spanish speaker. Now contrast this approach to what many other Spanish courses would have you do which is memorizing lists of words and phrases and hoping that you're happy doing that. That approach where you memorize lists of words and phrases is somewhat short sighted in my opinion because while yes you may be able to memorize a hundred words and phrases and perhaps you could even navigate a foreign country for a day or two. It's really not going to help you be an effective Spanish speaker. So the approach that I take is to really get you help you build that foundation in the language so that your vocabulary can essentially be limitless and you'll see why I say that in just a minute. Let's look at some examples of real Spanish language where we use the subject verb combination and again say these right along with me. Joe Joe Joe ascribable Joe Grebo. Now this is a similar example. But this time I've added the object. Joe Joe Joe Esquibel. You're a screamer. No scribble. When men saké that text don't ask Escriva Moonman saké that Dexter. I write a text message I'm not going to get into the mechanics of this example I'm just exposing you to the principle we're talking about. N l l quagga l Puea l quagga OK that's an example with just subject and verb. Now let's add the object to two do us to us. To plague us Cornelius niños. To Quag us corn loss niños. Here's another example with just subject and verb a young aid to a jet. As to the age as to the end adding the object age us age us age us as do the one a just study on a just Asturian in Los Libra's a just as do the on in Los liberals. OK so the Spanish formula that foundational secret formula really could be looked at as the pillars of the Spanish language. These are the pillars that the language is built on. So let's look at each one a little bit closer. First a subject and this is a review from the previous lesson. But now that you know that they are the pillars of the Spanish language it may resonate a little bit stronger with you. So a subject is a noun that partners with a verb and determines how the verb is conjugated. So some examples of subjects are and you can say these with me go a do and no salt throws Joe a do and no sotto voce Sotos the second pillar are verbs. Verbs are words of action. They're conjugated when you pair them with a subject some examples of verbs are gone rather say these with me for an air VFR VFR and as scary as Ribiera. And finally the third pillar is an object. Objects are nouns that receive the action of the verb. So in those previous examples things like text message or books they study in the books. All right. Those are objects. Let's look at some examples. And you can say these right along with me. Joe Joe Golm pro law got me the subject verb object. Joe Golm pro la COMIDA. I buy food. Next example do gave us la moon yet the do gave us a lot of money. You bring Vidal subject verb object next. No salt throws. As to the Yamas well are they no salt at us as do the Yamas are they. We study art next a jus Goleman l Bon a jus man l bun. They eat bread. Subject verb object. I like to think about verbs the same way I think about one of my favorite foods. Potatoes. That's right. Just like there are a lot of ways to prepare and consume potatoes. There are just as many ways to use verbs in the Spanish language. And there's all sorts of different conjugations and uses of the verbs. Don't be overwhelmed by that. You should be motivated and inspired by it because it means that much of your learning in these early stages will be focused on verbs and verb conjugation. So let's look at a few of the characteristics of a verb. So first a verb is an action word like the word run or eat or speak or jump. Verbs are usually easy to visualize. It's easy to visualize in your mind somebody's running or somebody's eating or somebody's playing or a person speaking or somebody cooking food. Those are easy to imagine. Verbs are often paired with subjects. So instead of just saying like run eat work well say things like I run you eat. She works. We play verbs come in two forms. The infinitive form in the conjugated form the infinitive form is like it's. It's untouched form. So we don't parrot yet with a subject to run to eat to speak conjugating verbs on the other hand are paired with subjects like we run. She eats and you guys speak. Verbs come in different tenses. What does that mean. Well it means you use verbs to express the past tense or the future tense or a conditional tense you would say things like I studied you study study so I study the as past tense you study is present tense. We will study that's Future Tense and she would study that's conditional tense. Now these last two characteristics are really interesting because they can. They do tend to trip people up. Many many many verbs are concrete. That means they're really easy to visualize and think about to eat to run to speak to play to work to walk to drive to make to bake to open. Right. All of those things are pretty easy to visualize. But then there are some vague verbs that are a little bit more challenging to comprehend. These are words I like to have. Think about that for a minute. The verb to have that is a verb. I have she has. We have. OK that's over. The verb to be. That's a pretty vague like that one's hard to visualize. But these are things like I am we are they are she is he is that type of thing verb tenses are really just spots on a timeline. So for example there are present tense verbs that are happening now. She studies every day. There are past tense verbs. She studied every day. And those we cover in the intermediate course and in future she will study every day. That's covered in the advanced as well as conditional. She would study every day the command tents study every day and that the subjunctive tense. I wish she would study every day. Right so you can see where it where in the Spanish teacher program we cover each of these tenses. Now more important than that though is this point around every time that you master one of these tenses your vocabulary automatically increases quite a bit and you'll see you'll start to see this as we go through the course because when you learn the present tense for a given verb like the verb to drive when you learn the present tense it's usually pretty easy to learn the past tense and then it's easy to learn the future tense and then it's easy to pair those with all the different subjects that you've already been pairing them with. So instead of memorizing a long list of words which does have its place focus on the the the verb based approach to learning Spanish. So I hope you can see how this focus on verb based learning is going to be more effective than simply memorizing vocabulary. Now let's talk about verb infinitives or what I call Mother verbs are these verbs. Are there verbs in the purest unconsummated form. They have not been paired with a subject so these are things like Gunnedah go mad to see it say those with me can die or go mad. Going to see her and notice a characteristic about these three words you are not going to get into now. But I wanted more want to see if you pick up on the one similarity between these three verb infinitives. K. Like I said verbs verb infinitives are not paired with a subject so you don't say something like. No Sotos can. That doesn't make sense. Verbs are a verb infinitives are preceded by the word two in English. So to eat to sing. To drive. For example we want to sing. That's a that's a practical example of how you would use a verb infinitive in everyday Spanish language. We want to sing I want to leave Cape. I'm going to show you three Spanish verb infinitives. Balade go mad and SATB. Now I asked you previously Do you notice anything similar about these three words the similarity that I wanted you to pick up on was this part of the end of each word. Verb infinitives will always end in a r b r or I are ending so every verb an infinitive in Spanish is either an adverb and a verb or and I r verb. This is really helpful when we start to learn conjugations. Now let me show you the vocabulary for this lesson. This time I'm going to show you the ten top ten concrete verbs. These are those verbs that are easy to visualize. Easy to think about and say these please say these right along with me are Balade not hotbar. Come away from the English language that English pronunciation and start to think in terms of Spanish and will get into a Spanish pronunciation lesson later on. But it's Balade that h is silent in the are almost sounds like a d Alata ABA laad. If you could say Balade that's pretty close it's not quite what we're saying but it's better than Hobb ilar allowed gotta go mad. Mad Gamera not Cole Mayre gone Ed like comb Ed go mad go mad. Go mad as scary we're not as Ghareeb here as scary beer. Not that s good TV ad that B I R is almost like you're saying the word breed as scary as scary as scary read as good job school job not escuchar as good job. Good job bedhead member bad and they're bad they're bad. But I have a heart that I a heart that Jay is not a rabbi. It's a fact that ABA hard that ABA and then there are 10 dead and 10 dead opera in their opera and that opera ended going on said going on said going on said that CPR on this word it is almost like the word said. On said Bibi-Ri Bibi. This is a hard word to pronounce the Vee's sound a little bit like English a b b b b b b b. Right. Here are some other verbs that are common and important to know Insania are insane yaad their school buddy at their school. But here their school here. And our andar and the guy who got who got here some phrases. Joe. Go go go go go. I've highlighted the verb in both Spanish and English in green Oblast to Cornell on break I'm last to point out on break. Do you speak with the man. No salt gross as TV most Las PALABRAS no soap grows as creamy most Las PALABRAS. We write the words let me take one quick second to talk about pronunciation. By no means are you expected to be able to pronounce the Spanish language properly right now. Not even in five lessons from now. OK this is something that comes with time. You have to train the muscles in your mouth to speak Spanish language. It's different than English and so if we're going through this vocabulary and you're frustrated or discouraged that you're not pronouncing it properly. Do not worry. This is something that we'll work on together. We'll get better at and just know that sometimes I actually show my face as I this lesson is going on. I do that with a purpose because it means that we will be pronouncing words and sometimes it can help you to actually look at my mouth and look at the shapes that I'm making with my mouth essentially and in Spanish they tend to really like emphasize their pronunciation and so you have to put some energy and effort into pronouncing Spanish there are a lot of English speakers that I know that are really monotone and they just kind of keep their mouth stiff. So some of them will talk like this. They'll talk fast they don't move their mouth very much and they don't have any emotion or voice inflection and it's hard to follow what they're saying in Spanish. It's much different. They use a lot of voice inflection. They speak with their hand and their face and so you do have to learn a little bit of that. OK so here here's that formula. You've seen it before. Technically a subject and a verb together equal a clause. But I take that one step further and I say a subject and a verb. Hey that is legit Spanish communication. Here are some examples. OK we start with the subject and the and conjugated verb here. The subject is you the uncontracted verb is to eat. Now when you pair these two words together you have to drop the two. And in English it's pretty easy. You just drop two and it becomes you eat and then the next example is you have Xi and to eat as the conjugated verb she is the subject. But if you want to conjugate those two and pair them together you've got to drop the two and it becomes She eats so conjugating verbs in English is actually a pretty simple exercise. All right so that's one thing that when Spanish speakers learn English it's it's kind of a benefit or it's a it's a pleasant surprise for them. Now when we learn to conjugate verbs in Spanish it is a little more complicated but it's not overly complicated so don't worry too much. Here is the subject pronoun chart. OK so these subject pronouns are common subjects that we'll use in Spanish we'll use these all the time we use them all the time in English. Here they are in English. I you he she it we you guys in they. These are kind of like the base level pronouns. But keep in mind that these can be replaced with words like instead of saying he you could say the teacher instead of saying she could say the the attorney. OK. So sometimes we replace these subject pronouns with other words. Here they are in Spanish we call them all known as Souad Dios let's say these together. Joe do. And a -- who is dead. No slaughterhouse. Bosso to us a a just who's dead is. Maybe we'll do that one more time. Joe do l a -- oost death. Nosotros bosal gross. Or you could say no us or both sulfurous a Joh's a just status. If the Spanish language had a capital city verb conjugation would be that capital city. So what does it mean to conjugate a verb. Generally what it means is you change it from that verb infinitive that we talked about that untouched mother verb. You change it to a more specialized or specific meaning. The steps are that you first. In English you drop that too. OK you dropped that too. You pair the verb with a subject and then you change the verbs ending slightly. Remember we did that with she eats. We had the subject she and the verb to eat. We had to drop the two from to eat then we paired those two words together and we changed the verbs ending slightly from eat to eats she eats. So here's another example to seeing becomes when you conjugate it. She sings conjugating verbs in the present tense in Spanish. First you identify the subject. This is. Who are you talking about. Are you talking about. She I. No salt throws we them they. They must Agios a just and then you drop that A R E R or I are ending from the verb infinitive. You drop it. You just take it right off and then finally you add the appropriate conjugation from the standard conjugation chart that I'm about to show you to get ready. OK so on the left the these are the conjugations for A-R verbs and on the right. These are the conjugations in the present tense. For each R and I are verbs. Right so what you would do is you'd look at your subject and say OK my subject is maybe your subject is a. Then you drop the A are ending from the verb. And you would come down here to these charts and you say OK I need present tense a are for a which is just the letter A. Here you see that in the bottom left corner of the A-R verb conjugation chart. And that would be the word the. The conjugation that you add to the end of the verb. So if your subject is yo and your verb is an A are verb you know that you have to conjugate it with the letter O K so you do those steps that we just talked about. You identify your subject. You drop the A-R ending and you add an o to the end of the verb. Likewise if your subject is do you do the same steps you identify your subject which we know is true. Then you drop the e r or I are ending this time from that verb and you add an E S. So like the verb SATB it would be to ask Greivis similar for l age a step and for Agios just Newstead us with the A-R So it just kind of showing you how these charts correspond with each other. Remember the rule here that's important is that the conjugation or the ending that you choose must agree with your subject. So it's really the subject that dictates the ending that you choose. OK so those two have to agree. You can't conjugate something in the yo form and use to as your subject. All right let's talk about objects a little bit because they are an important component of this foundational formula or this secret to the Spanish language. The objects receive the action of the verb. They usually come at the end of the sentence so they complete the clause that we talked about. You've got the subject plus the verb which is the clause and the object really kind of ties a nice little bow around that clause and completes the sentence. Like I said the objects are typically placed at the end of the sentence after the subject Inver. Here are some examples. Joe Stoeckle That's the subject and verb Kotoko El B.A. is the subject. Joe Daco B.A. I play the piano. Ada may Insania. She teaches me. All right so this one is a little bit tricky. The reason I'm showing it to you here this early in the course is that at some point you will see this and I don't want it to confuse you. A The May Insania could also be said Asia Insania. Ah me. She teaches me. But this is such a common practice in Spanish that if you've had any exposure to Spanish if you've watched Spanish television or read Spanish literature you're going to see this all the time and I don't want it to get. I wanted to get out in front of. I wanted to get this out in front of you now so that it didn't surprise you as we see more and more of this type of thing cure is a pop quiz for some extra points. What does age bracket the gun mean. I know you probably don't know what practical means and you may or may not know what a just means but just kind of looking at this term or this phrase what would you guess that it means. If you said they practice you're correct Agios means they and the gun kind of looks like it comes from the verb to practice which it does. So they practice let's do another one. If the chair is the subject of the sentence to which area of the subject chart would it be along. All right. This is a tricky question I admit. So think about that subject chart we looked at and if chair were the subject where would it fall. Here's the chart would it fall in the top right bottom right bottom middle left. It would fit right there. It's considered an an L or an age where a new. OK that's where kind of the the chair. It's like an object. So that's where objects that are singular would would fall. I get asked a lot like a lot of students ask me what types of books or resources I would recommend. They have to properly learn Spanish. The first resource of course is the Spanish teacher beginner Spanish course. But after that there are some really important books that will help you along the way. So the first book is called 501 Spanish verbs. This is a reference book. It's not meant to be read cover to cover. It's it's it's almost like it us a Spanish dictionary but it's focused on verbs instead of vocabulary words. So you can look up any any verb and you can look up the verb to to walk you would look it up and it wouldn't just show you what the verb to walk is translated to in Spanish. No no it shows much much more than this. It gives you the entire breakdown of the verb Ondar on DOD which means to walk. It gives you that past tense both past tense both past tenses the present tense the future tense. It gives you all of the different subjunctive tenses in Spanish and it breaks down the verb into each of those. So it actually takes up a whole page of the book to break down one simple verb. And this is an amazing resource because at any time your question about gosh how do I conjugate that or was there an irregular conjugation on one of these words that I'm not familiar with. This book is that resource for you the next one that I highly recommend is called 101 pitfalls in Spanish and it looks like this. What this does is it gives you practical examples so real Spanish language and the the areas where new students tend to get tripped up and you know I don't want you to just know about these so that you don't get tripped up. This book if you can learn the techniques here and you can avoid the pitfalls here you will sound like you will sound like an authentic Spanish speaker or you will sound like more like an authentic Spanish speaker. There are certain things that native English speakers will say. And while it may make sense to a Spanish speaker as a native Spanish speakers are going to think like oh that's not the authentic way to say. That's not how we would say it. This book helps to clarify what those are. All right let's wrap up Lesson two with some comprehension. Here is the comprehension exercise for less than two. I realize that looks quite a bit different than what we did in less than one but this is more typical of what a comprehension exercise will look like. Again read through the passage on the left hoping to extract some pieces of meaning. I know you're not going to understand at all but you should be able to comprehend a little bit of it. And as we go along through the course you'll up you'll comprehend more and more with each lesson. Then I'm going to show you the English translation and help you connect the dots between the Spanish and English so that you can see how the language is constructed. So pause the lesson at this point. Read through the Spanish passage passage. When you're ready press play and I'll come back on and go through it together. OK are you ready. Let's go through it together. Here is the English translation. Let's start in this on the Spanish side. Joe Gomo e Bebel I eat and drink do Dante lot by Licola Barrow. But mesons make us no men. You know Beavan nada. All right so Durante lot Likud law means during the movie petto means but Mee's on Migas. My friends know Coleman they don't eat. No comment. You know Beavan nada. They don't eat or drink anything. And then here comes a question. The day they meet at a mano one. And what about my brother one. So E-k means. And what about our AK day means. What about me at a mano means. My brother and one means one L DNA. He has altered us Amigo's alter egos means some other friends. It age us and they see them means always cm3 da man. That means Gibara means to brain. I'll go back to old. Something to eat. Now I have highlighted the subjects and verbs in red so that you could focus on those. And in addition to understanding how the language is constructed and going through and doing this back and forth exercise I hope that you took a moment to pick out some really important vocabulary words because there are some great words in here to remember and I'll just point those out for you really quickly. Do Dante That means DUHRING. That's a great word. Licola movie. That's another great word Bero means but not means nothing or an error. No Baban neither means they don't eat or drink anything. So neither is a great word at a mano Oteros means others or other CM means always also means something but a command means to eat. So those are some great vocabulary words in addition to the comprehension that we're doing. That does it for lesson too. We did speak some more Spanish right. I hope you're progressing and really enjoying what you're learning. Let's move on to Lesson 3.