A free video tutorial from Timothy Kenny
Author of "Accelerated Learning for Entrepreneurs"
4.1 instructor rating • 82 courses • 120,462 students
Learn more from the full courseMastering Thinking Skills Vol 2: Become a Creative Genius
Reverse Engineering the mental frameworks that geniuses from Jobs to Da Vinci used to dominate their fields.
06:18:54 of on-demand video • Updated May 2014
- Learn the Language of Metaphors
- Develop Industry-Shifting Innovation Skills
- Deconstruct the Strategies of the Most Successful Geniuses of History
- Build a Creative "Interstate System" to Connect the Different Parts of Your Brain
English [Auto] Perceptual positions goes back to a time you're learning a new language you learn that Wolf I'm seeing something from my perspective. It's the first person singular. It's we it's the first person plural. It's you it's the second person if it's day or if it's it or if it's he or she it's the third person. So you break things out into those three different ways of looking at it. And the best way to visualize this is visualize just two people staying in a room facing each other and you're one of those people. So from your perspective you're the first person second person and then somebody watching through a camera in the room or watching groups or whatever or looking through a window that's a third person perspective. And so a lot of times people have problems because they're not seeing things from another perspective beyond their own. And so they tend to get very limited. And so our biology actually gives us a way of looking at things from another person's point of view. This is why near mirror neurons exist. I was talking about role models a couple of billions back. And the reason why role models are so important is because your mirror neurons cause you to unconsciously model whoever you spend time around the SWI your family so forth. This is why your peer group is so poor because anyone you're spending time with. You're unconsciously pick up pick up on all their patterns. So if you're spending time watching videos or listening to certain types of music or listening people that move around a certain way or think in a certain way or feel in a certain way that start going to start affecting you you notice your you're your body gets a new girlfriend. And over time like he starts becoming this other person or like you know you're talking with him and he got to follow him and he starts talking in a different voice and it's like Who is that guy. So as somebody who spends time with other person especially if they want to make that person like them or get that person to behave in a certain way. Same thing I was talking about earlier when you're a child and you need to get approval for your survival that's a survival mechanism and everybody is going to learn to play certain roles do certain things get approval. And if you don't evolve over the course of your life you can get stuck in patterns and habits habits as well as physical habits emotional habits that aren't necessarily going to serve you down the road. So it's really important to understand that because you're your own neurons are picking up on things even if you're not paying attention to. So that's what's going to affect your body with which How do you move around how you walk or run and how you talk. So if you roll up in the ghetto you're not going to talk the same way somebody who grows up on a cowboy ranch you're not going to talk the same way somebody from Britain you're not going to talk the same way for somebody from South Africa. So that's why people talk with different dialects different accents and move around different ways because they grow up in a different group of people. They to get approval or disapproval from a different. Different ways of talking and different ways of behaving. And so if you want to become a certain type of person or you want to learn a certain role one of the best things you can do is spend time around people like that. And if you're spending time around people that are really pulling you back. You may be thinking well I'm a stronger person than that and I hope I'm not just going to follow whatever other people do. Well that's great. And that's something that makes sense to your logical mind but at the deeper levels of your emotional mind your limbic system in your brainstem your body your neurons are active and they're copying stuff down from other people whether you're aware of it or you're saying yes or no we're not. So mirror neurons are very important and you're going to unconsciously model people. And that's why it's very important to choose who you spend time with and what you're inputting into your brain. Leadership really wants to be a leader now. So what is leadership leadership is going from your own first person singular to a first person plural meaning you now represent a group you're thinking in terms of what's best for the group not just what's best for me. And that's a really important shift that you have to make and a lot of people don't always make that as leaders they want to be the leader because they want to be in charge of the people they want to tell other people what to do. They want to get the praise they want me to aware but and they want to get the fame they want to get all these different things that they don't actually want to make the sacrifice that it's not all about me anymore and it's about taking that group perspective. So that's one of the biggest and most important examples of how do you change perspectives. Another thing is this theory of mine. So if you want to get a little bit more philosophical How do you hunt an animal if you're a Neanderthal and you run across any animal. How do you do it. You've got to be able to predict how that animal is going to behave. So it's human you can still predict what they're going to do. The Predator does this any prey is trying to model the mind of a predator. So there's this constant evolution between predator and prey. And they're each trying to model the mind. The other one. So that's what theory of mind is and that's what you see in some of the games that shelter in place so there whether it's human children or chimpanzees or any man will be chasing each other around they're going to eat fight play fighting. And the reason why they're fighting so they can prepare for a real fight. So the opponent there is going to be modeling a real enemy. Behind me is I'm the predator and I'm glad. And you pray. I'm going to chase you and see if I can predict your movements so to be able to predict your movements. I've got to have a model of how you think how your brain works. And so if you're if you can catch that person their model is better than yours or they're just slower. So the combination of physical strength and ability. And then what's going on in your mind but also to be able to predict what the other person's going to do or the predators are praise going to do a little cit. off that is you can tell if an animal is a predator prey based on it where their eyes are on their skull on their head. So if their eyes are in front of them that allows them to do is see a head and focus and get a 3-D picture of what's going on. So that's parallax. That's why your eyes are a certain distance apart so that you can see in three dimensions by combining two two dimensional approaches is actually a great metaphor for understanding 3-D and understanding getting multiple perspectives is that it's really that when you combine two pictures you start to get a 3D image. It's kind of like going through the streets. It's that simulation of 3D because these are so many different picture. So you can tell the animals a predator if their eyes are in front of their head because then they can focus on a predator and they can chase after him and focus on him and keep their focus on him and see you from multiple perspectives. Now if you're a Crais what you're looking out for people attacking you. So you want to have your eyes on the sides of your head that way you're going to use close as much to a 360 degree of any potential threats. And then you're just going to want to keep away from that threat. You don't really need three dimensions as much if you're prey. You just need to know how to stay away and avoid. So you really avoid something you know it's much. There's a balance there and your balance is going to be more. I want to make sure I see everything every threat rather than being able to focus two eyes on that threat. And so that's how you can tell that humans are predators and prey and that's how you can tell different animals and their whole way of thinking and feeling and behaving is going to be different based on what they're looking for. And you can also tell with people. So if somebody is always focused on their goal and it's all about the goal they're going to kind of block everything else out some of the best geniuses of the ones that can focus on most. So if you spend time around somebody they're always worried about like all these problems they got this victim mentality. That's because they're taking on that prey mindset where they have no goal that they're heading towards They have nothing that's important that they're really happy after. And so they're just kind of staying static you know like a sheet and they're just they're just kind of stuck there and they're just looking out for all these different things they're attacking them and so they're always going to be looking around from side to side and nervous about it. So you can tell somebody by the way if somebody is very still one senator and they're looking in a certain place then you can tell. OK. Somebody's got a little bit more power in Scotland but more certainty about them. Got a goal that they want to get back to where somebody is looking around they're scared and they're walking from side to side and they're scratching the back of their neck or whatever. That's somebody who's more a victim mentality who doesn't really feel that sense of certainty that I feel I've got something that I'm going after. And that's what I'm all about. So that's that's going to express itself in how somebody evolves and how animal Walzer species evolves. But also how it hurts and how they show her body language. So not just taking perspective now of a person or an animal parts of religions it's taking the perspective of God. So what are God's thoughts. That's what Albert Einstein when he said I want to know God's thoughts. Everything else we care about and really want to know. So going off going to the gods or to God and taking those perspectives is one thing or taking that that perspective an abstract idea for example the Greek and Roman gods and the God of love. What happens when you pray and all those different stories are really just showing how those different abstract ideas can interact by personifying them. That's what makes it so interesting that if you go down a level you go to the point of view really great article that was in the New Yorker recently about the consciousness of animals. So not just an animal's consciousness. Plants you see the Venus whitener up and it seems to have a little bit of consciousness but you've also got trees where they actually communicate ideas or not ideas but lay where resources what's coming in this area there's more water in this area with less water and they actually communicate through that root system. And so trees that are tens or hundreds of miles away are communicating with each other through the root system and they're trading resources so if there's a lot of water in one area they're going to send water to the other area or if they've got a lot of glucose with the energy plants use there to send that over. So just different examples in taking taking different perspectives but even taking that prospective object. This is something that marketers use a lot in order to personify things and make it seem like well it's not just a thing but it's a person coming up from a mascot for a sports team. So all this stuff learning to take these different perspectives could be hugely valuable. What you do.