Limiting

Mitch Houston
A free video tutorial from Mitch Houston
Studio Owner/Music Production Engineer|Pro Guitar Player
4.5 instructor rating • 3 courses • 9,999 students

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Music Production III - Audio Mastering in Logic Pro X!

Music production and mastering using Logic Pro X within your own Music Production home studio!

03:25:45 of on-demand video • Updated September 2019

  • You will be able to master your songs within your own music production studio using Logic Pro X or and other DAW.
  • You will have a better understanding of audio plugins including Mastering EQ, Compression, and Limiters.
  • You will be able to release tracks that compete in the commercial Music Production world!
English [Auto] All right guys welcome back to this lecture we're going to discuss limiting And so this is this is kind of the last plug in the phase of the mastering process and it's something that you know we we have to do we have to get the levels up and so what I'm going to do just kind of to start right off the bat is the limit or that I use and we you know you can see this in the course and you can see it on the plug in chain is the L3 molto in Maximizer by waves. And the reason that I like this plug in is because it does a frequency based limiting. And so basically it doesn't limit the entire track all at once it basically limits the frequencies that are hot. So in your mix you know if you if you've got an inch a specific instrument that might get loud all of a sudden it'll take the frequency of that instrument and limit it and kind of you can use it in such a way that it keeps it from getting too loud. So it's a really effective way of getting your levels up to a master level but not compressing the overall track too much. So basically in this lecture what we're going to do is we're going to use our meters plug in just so we can really watch our meters here and see how hot we are and the mold to maximize or plug in. L-3 multa Maximizer from Wavves So without further ado let's jump right in. Let's go to the middle of the track here the loudest part of the track and what we want to accomplish here is we want to accomplish the loudest volume without clipping. So that's really what we're going for here. And I in this track I'm going for a master that has dynamic range. You can crush the songs so much to where there's no dynamic range that the quiet parts are loud loud parts are loud everything's loud. That's not how I'm going to master this track I want there to be dynamic range so right. Right now we're going is we're just going to take a listen without the plug in doing anything. And let's just see what we get. So you can see that we are averaging around the negatives 6 D-B range. And so we want to do is we want to get that up closer to the zero in fact what I'm going to do. The way that we do that is we actually can set the output ceiling and what this does is this actually basically creates literally like a ceiling it will not go over that to a certain extent. Basically we'll try to keep every peak below the negative point one D-B that's what I do you can leave it at zero if you want but I usually come down negative point 1 to give it just a little headroom on top in case you know the if you send it off to radio station or whatever when they convert it has a little bit of headroom to keep the distortion and noise out. So now you want to do is we want to play the track and then I'm going to lower the threshold knob. And really this plug in sounds the best when you can average and attenuation around the negative 3 mark here that it makes it sound the best it brings out frequencies it limits and at a very even an equal rate. And it just it gets it really loud right around the negative 3 attenuation MARK So let's go ahead and play it and dragged down our threshold and see what we get. And now as I start dragging this down you can see the plug and starts working. You can see certain frequencies that are being limited hear hear low frequencies. And so what we're trying to achieve here is a negative 3 on the loud part. All right. So we've got it set. Now we're kind of getting that average negative three average to up to max really it's kind of like you don't really want it to be an exact average because you don't really want to hit down here in the sticks. A whole lot but it's OK if you do a little bit and you can tell that that plug in is very transparent you're not hearing a lot of breathing and pumping that a lot of limiters compressors can do if you overcompressed So it's a really great plug in and if you notice your watch or meters will go back and listen you can see that our meters in the loud part are really pretty much pegging zero pretty consistently without clipping and that's exactly what we want. Let's go and take a look at that one more time. So I'm going to do now I'm going to bypass the plug in. Watch the meters listen and then I'll read it and see if she made it and you can see how it works. So there it is bypassed. Let's go ahead and put it back in now and watch those meters and listen to the difference in sound. So we can see there that the plug ins working great it sounds great the meters are exactly what we want and we are ready to go we are set. We have got our song mastered and now it's time to to basically move onto the next lecture discuss a little bit more about why we did what we did and then we're ready to start exporting our song. So if you have any questions please feel free to ask. We're going to go ahead and move on in just a bit.