Side view Skeleton

A free video tutorial from Neil Fontaine
Art Instructor, Professional Painter, Writer
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Side view Skeleton

Lecture description

The side skeleton is essential to understand how and why the figure looks the way it does in profile.

Learn more from the full course

Anatomy for Figure Drawing: Mastering the Human Figure

This is what you need to learn in order to draw figures like a pro and land that dream job.

64:56:58 of on-demand video • Updated August 2020

To learn anatomy for the human figure.
Learn the skeleton.
Learn the muscles and where they attach so you can draw the figure from imagination.
Learn all about how to draw breasts and their mechanics, how they squish, attach, etc.
Learn to draw skin and fat, where fat builds up.
Learn to draw, heads, faces, hands, and feet.
Putting it all together. Learning specific parts of the body on motion, to better understand some more difficult muscles.
Right, so in this view or in this lesson, we are gonna cover the side view of this skeleton. I know you are probably thinking, come on Neil, we already done two hours of skeleton. When we gonna get down to the muscles? It's really important to know the skeleton to know the bones, and the, and the, and the major landmarks like the, the [UNKNOWN] where I could stick out you know, in that front view and even side views. When someone has you know, right there the more thinner. It's important to know, you know, how the bones look you know, so you know where the landmarks are in the body Like, oh yeah. This part sticks out, that's why there's that little notch in the body. All this, knowledge is gonna into play, when you learn the muscles and where they attach. Where muscles attach to will help you. Logically figure out things that you never learned from me. You'll be able to go awe, the muscles attach there. This is how the bow looks when the arm twists this way, that muscles gonna have to twist that way. You'll be able to use that logically deduction, based on that information you built up in this course so, it's really important. Don't skip the skeleton stuff. Do it, memorize it. Like I said you don't have to memorize how to draw this exactly from your mind, but just learn it very well. And if you want to take the time to learn how to draw the skeleton structure like this from exactly from your mind, that's fantastic. It's gonna make your figure drawings that much better. You'll be able to draw figures even better than me. Right. So, let's go ahead and get started then, and we'll do a side view of the skeleton. The first thing I wanna do is I just wanna kinda layout the general landmarks of the skeleton. So, we're gonna and use a light color here. I'm just going to pull these out. This just makes it easier for me to draw it for you, and that way I don't have to, you know, if I go thru the same process for the front skeleton, you kind of already know the proportion of the skeleton now. You got that memorized. Like with that same process again. Over here and, and say, well. About this far down is this and that and the other thing. It'll just take that much longer to get through this particular part of the teaching. I don't want it to take that long, so I'm just gonna kinda, do some general landmarks here for the skeleton. Added some basic sizes, of everything. So the jaw comes down about. Half way in. Like, if you make this kinda oval shape. And with the head, is much, longer from the side view, than it is from the front view. And about half way, so the jaw begins to start on the skull. And that's where you have the. Vertebrae being attached to your spine. Now from the side view, the spine actually has an S curve to it. So what happens is, it kinda comes forward just a little bit. Then it, then it kinda curves in like this. Then it's gonna come, back out again in about the hip area. That's where it's gonna kinda disappear. Into the hip area like this, and it's actually gonna come around actually I'm gonna go ahead and redo it, let me redraw that. Sometimes when I get too caught up into thinking. So where it's gonna end up, is where the, where this line is. That's where the end of your coccyx is or your tailbone. And it kinda goes like this, and it kinda comes up like this. So it's, we kinda go like this. I tend to have this problem where if I'm not paying attention what I'm drawing, I tend to draw things bigger than they need to be. And that's my weakest point when. When drawing as I'll be like, I have to really focus on what I'm doing otherwise I can easily draw things to large. It's starts out the vertebra starts out thin. And we are gonna get into a little bit of detail about the vertebrae not to much we're not going to like learn how each vertebrae is shaped and stuff. But we are going to get into a little detail about how the ribs cuz there's certain muscles that attach to ribs and it's important to know that. And so let's kind of draw the, the ribs in some basic way so you can kind of have a general idea of the rib cage. [BLANK_AUDIO] Right, this comes down to that tailbone there. Right, that's the general shape, and you know, this is divided into vertebrae, little individual bones, with cartilage, in between them. And the, the spine doesn't actually have very much movement. So, the spinal chord or excuse me not the spinal chord. The spinal chord, actually goes so you're vertebrae from the top kind of have a hole if you look at it from the top of you. And they have these spikes coming out like this. And they kind of go like that, right? There's a spinal chord, I got a kind of a, spongy material that goes all the, all the way down. The inside the vertebrate, there's like a tunnel inside the vertebrate, and that's, it's being protected inside that vertebrate, and it comes down to about here. Then, it branches out to individual nerves. And that's, that, that whole thing is where all your nervous system is. And then, what these little holes, they serve a purpose. They're not just there for no reason. Your largest nerves, come through these holes, so what happens is, some of the little nerves. Branch off, outside the vertebrae a little, are the holes on the side, and they come out and do their thing and go to their places and a bunch of little nerves come off of that. And then you have the big nerves that come out these holes. I know in the front we didn't draw the holes, but they're there. And the big nerves come out here and then they go to their respective places. So, just thought I'd add that for you, so you know those holes are there for no reason. All right, so, so far we just have like basic understanding here of the side view. And that's all I'm working on right now. Know that all this is gonna transfer across so the measurements stay the same. You have your collar bone, that's gonna be coming here. Now one thing to keep in mind, is, you can, how far the head comes out. Here, you can kinda, draw a line straight down. And that's about, how far your rib cage will come out. And in fact, the rib cage might come out just a little bit farther than that, at its peak, right there. And then it's gonna kinda come back down. And keep in mind, it's gonna still follow into that same, the same line here. It's still gonna come, even from the side view. It's still gonna come down the same amount. It's not gonna come, down further from the side view than it does in other views. And then this is where it really curves up like this. And it attaches to your. Each rib attaches to the spine, to the vertebrae, to the little, spikes that come out. Or kinda, actually, not to the spikes, it kinda goes, there's two different places the ribs attach to, like there's two different notches, anyway, that that's for an actual anatomy class, that's not important for drawing so we're not gonna get into that. But if you're interested in the, in that sort of thing, definitely take an anatomy course. [BLANK_AUDIO] I just wanna make sure, the basic shapes are all proper, so when we come in and add the detail, it'll all be here. [BLANK_AUDIO] The, the proper sizes, that's the main thing I don't want, the main thing I don't wanna do is draw things too large. [BLANK_AUDIO] This is a scapula. Just kind of putting that the basic size of the scapula there. And then your hips are gonna still be in the same area. Now, something interesting does happen from the side view. It's almost like an illusion. So, the rib, because it, from the front view here, what happens is the ribs kind of come at an angle like this, and then they kind of start coming down and wrapping around like this, and what happens is you have this kind of, this kind of indent, right, that kind of comes like this, and then it comes around like that, and comes around. And you'll be able to see that when we get in and draw these individual ribs. Just know that for now, that its there. What happens is the kinda cause an illusion from the side view. You can kinda see that indent from the side view. And It's right about here. And it kind of goes like this. All of this is like this indent here. So the furthest part is over here, and actually starts coming up like this. And coming up, up and around from the side view. Oops, up in to here like that. [BLANK_AUDIO] Just thinking I might even have to pull, nah that, that seems like it's pulled far enough. If anything I might, if only thing I might have to do is pull the face out a little bit further. And if I do, you know, turn. No, this all looks about right. All right, so what happens is when you have the upper part of the, of the hipbone here, from the side view, it kinda goes like this and comes down. And it really starts angling from the side view like this a lot. It doesn't come out as far as the, the, as the ribs, so keep that in mind. And it kinda has a shape like this, and remember the bottom, of it's gonna be not too far down. This is the very bottom, so it's like. So I'll go ahead and draw this bottom part here. [BLANK_AUDIO] And, then let's kind of go like this. Just want to kind of throw this all in there. [BLANK_AUDIO] So, the illusion that happens is that it seems like there's a lot more space, between the ribs and the hips from this, from this angle, but there's really not. Because the point here and the point here, has the same amount of space but because of this angle. Like that, it makes it look like there's more space between the ribs. From the side view. So it's just an illusion, there's not actual more space there. We're gonna zoom in on all this and draw it at greater detail. [BLANK_AUDIO] But for now I'm just adding in the basic shapes. [BLANK_AUDIO] I'm gonna come in here with a more fine eraser. Erase some of this here. [BLANK_AUDIO] The iliac crest right there. The iliac crest is really important part of the spine or the pelvis because the pelvic bones. So just draw along with me and know, erase along with me and everything. When I, when just I'm trying to just get more detail in there, just go ahead and erase with me. It'll help you learn the shapes better. [BLANK_AUDIO] All right, so that's good for now. [BLANK_AUDIO] We'll come back in and clean that up. So, where the leg,. [BLANK_AUDIO] The femur, is gonna be attached right here, there's like, this is where the, I told you there's kind of like a little socket. And the socket is really formed by after, the skeletal structure itself doesn't really have much of a socket. But, after all, the ligaments and stuff are there. It kind of forms a nice socket, for, the bone there to fit into. And so it kinda has your, your, that part of the humerus. And remember, when things get foreshortened, if you haven't gone through my form course, it's really important. But if anything, at least go through some of my free tutorials. On the subject of, for, shortening. What happens is, if you have, it's really quickly over view. If you have two balls, they're side by side, like this. And the camera is here, and it's viewing them. What's, what is, what is it gonna look like from the camera's point of view is, you're gonna have one ball back there. And the other ball is gonna come in front of it, right? And so it's, It's overlapping like this. And so the same thing happens, if is more of a shape like how this bone is, and it kind of has kind of a shape like this to it, and it kind of comes down to a similar shape like that, and you have the camera here, your going to see that and that. Right? So, in the same way. You're going to be seeing an overlapping, like this. [BLANK_AUDIO] Right? Then we'll get into how the bone is going to come up that way. We'll get into that in a second. I wanna make sure that I, capture all the, hip bone shape here. [BLANK_AUDIO] Sometimes it's good to draw it with angles if you need to. Right, so now, this is actually a part of the iliac crest and it shows where, and there's a lot of muscles that will attach along here. And I just wanna show that, that, kinda sticks out. It's like a ridge. [BLANK_AUDIO] Let's zoom in a little bit more here, so I can get more detail. I'm gonna add the detail of, the tailbone, as it comes down like this. The coccyx, I'll just kinda, show the general shape it has, from the side. We're not getting into like super duper detail on everything, cuz it's not important to memorize all that detail unless some of you wan,t like, more like you know, anatomy [UNKNOWN] but just for drawing it's not necessary to know all of those little nuances of details of the bone structure. In fact, honestly you just need to, you just need to memorize the, the major points like the iliac crest of the, you know, the iliac crest is really important to memorize. This point here. This is an important part to memorize. You know, the joints are important to memorize. Scapulae are important to memorize because how they move and how muscles attach to them will logically help you figure out the structure. How the collar bone is and attach to it is important to memorize. Some part, features of the skull are important to memorize. And maybe a little bit of the ribcage in this area here is important to memorize. And adding these bones here other than that, and obviously joints so wrist's joints as well. Other than that there's not, you know,a lot, lot that important about the skeletal structure as all the little details go. So we're starting to flush out this skeletal structure from this side view. One thing I want to is when I come up here and draw the, and actually for now for the lesson, we'll go ahead and call this the exercise, so just go ahead and sketch this out, and do this several times, like five times, like I said it's not really several but do it, you know, a few times, five times or so. Sketch this out here just where you'll have this general shape memorize you'll have this kind of shape, this shape, the still shape of the spine how it kind of comes forward and then you know it comes like that. Has this, it has this S curve to it and in fact I might even push that a little bit further before it start before it starts coming back in over there, like that. [BLANK_AUDIO] The general placement of the scapula, let's just go ahead and place that in there really quick, just kind of have a square here, like this for now. We'll define it in a second, It kind of comes back like that and disappears, then it comes down, you have the shape that comes up and connects to the collarbone. That's above here and we'll just kind of place that there as well and that kind of comes down It also disappears. [BLANK_AUDIO] And like so remember the, the ribs kind of come out a little bit past so I've drawn my basic sacral rib cage a little bit past the, the spine. Right, so the main thing you're memorizing is these basic shapes here, basic form of the spine, the basic shape of the spine and this here. So it's really important from the side view that you get this down because that s curve is really going to help you draw figures when you're drawing them from the side view. Right, so go ahead and memorize this, and, you know, every hip's a little different, so. It, it doesn't have to be, in fact, some hips might come, might be wider like this here that that's something to consider, so it just depends on the hip I'm gonna make mine wider like that okay so for exercise draw this five times and then, draw it from your memory a couple times, and then go back and verify it, and check it against the reference. And go back and forth like that until you feel like you have these basic shapes memorized to a, to a decent degree, those have to be perfectly memorized. Right now we're going to zoom in for the scalpel, before we add the arm I want to show the shape of the scalpel here cause I think it is important to see how exactly the scalpel is shaped. And how the arm attaches in to it, and how the humerus attaches in to the scapula. So you have this kinda shape like this, this is just a bone, without ligaments or anything. And we have this part that comes out, up and above, and this is where it attaches to the collarbone. We're not gonna be using the medical terms all the time, I used them before so if you wanna memorize the medical term, you can, this part comes down here. [BLANK_AUDIO] There's a little bit of a ridge here, kind of, you can see from the side view it kind of comes over like this. This is pretty, kind of a squarish shape here, it's not too, but you can see there's a, there's a thickness in a ridge that comes around here, and then tell that it's shade in a little bit because it's like a little dip It's a dent, It dents in, so it's important to memorize that dent. That's where the socket kinda forms, and it gets even more rounded and even more like a socket after you have the ligaments in there. Right, so that's the shape and then we'll have, we'll draw the arm onto there, so we kinda, you know, we kinda drew this for no reason cuz we're just going to draw over it. But not for no reason because I, it's important I think to memorize how this kinda works. And then after you get the tissues that come up and over here, and the ligaments, and stuff like that. It, it develops and, and it forms more of a socket, and that's where we're gonna fit the bone into, we'll get into that, in just a bit. So, you have the sternum and everything here, and from the side view, it's a very thin. So you can draw it as a very thin, piece here, this is where ribs attach too, and up here, you have a collar bone attaches to here, so from a side view, you can tell, the collar bone kinda comes up first, there's a slight angle too, that it comes up to then, it kinda comes like this and it thins out. And I don't really have the romour detail here to show you how, let's see here, how it has an under ridge to it. So if I draw this larger, say this is the collar bone here, and I draw it larger where it attaches, and it has a thicker shape here, then it kinda comes like this and it kinda comes and gets thinner. What I could show is that there's a little turn over here and you have this kinda under ridge kinda. It can turns, like that will all be shade ins, so it kinda has a shape like this. [BLANK_AUDIO] That attaches over here, to the scapula, so part of, the important part to memorize is that, it comes over and attaches to the scapula. [BLANK_AUDIO] We'll also look at the scapula, from the top down view, separately, just if I can show kinda how it looks, how you can kinda see this turn and bend up here, and kinda how this looks from the top view. [BLANK_AUDIO] Just kinda clean up some of these lines so it's easier to see. [BLANK_AUDIO] And I think I might have actually, I don't want any errors here so, now I'm looking at this, scrap a little bit deeper, I kinda want to bring this down at a slight more angle, not, that come out so far. The, remember the ribbs are only gonna come up to, about here, and they gotta be like this. And they gotta be really close to, scalpel that runs almost along the scalpel only comes out a little bit further than that, so it has an angle about like this. Remember, the scapula also doesn't, it doesn't come down very far, so I might of actually brought it down a little too far, so let's go ahead and erase some of that. Where it comes down to about there, It's very thin like this on this side, and it kinda curves in here. You can kind of see this a little bit, that little part curves up there, and then you can see a little bit of the part right here. Alright so for the most part that's what it's gonna look like from the side view. [BLANK_AUDIO] So next you should, you should memorize this part here, cuz this is pretty important, how this scapula works is gonna make a big difference in how you draw the human figure. So, when you see how the muscles attach to it, you'll know the scapula has this big wide range of movement because, keep in mind, the scapula, It's not attached to anything except this bone right here. This whole bone is free floating off the body, as far as the skeletal structure goes. The only thing that holds this bone to the body, when we're only dealing with the skeleton, is the collarbone. Or if you prefer the clavicle, so the clavicle is the only thing that's holding this bone, so it's been suspended in air not touching the ribs or anything, there is space between the scapula and the ribs and everything and I think I, I think I drew this a little too big, so hold on a second. [BLANK_AUDIO] Just go ahead and reduce that size. [BLANK_AUDIO] Like I said, when you're zoomed in it's really easy to draw things too big. So anyway, yeah, this whole scapula is floating off the body, and it will be attached by muscles, that's what holds it in place is muscles and tendons, and added, added tissues and it's important to know that because that's how the scapula has such a free range, It can come way up here, come down here, it can come in, come out. And so it has a big free range of movement and when you can see all the muscles that attach to it and you know the movement of the scapula then you'll go your logic will be able to figure things out and go well, these muscles are pulling the scapula this way, and these muscles are pulling the scapula this way. You can kind of tell how the muscles should look, based on where the Scapula is and also where the Scapula would end up based on how the muscles are pulling it. So for the next exercise, I want you to draw this part here. So you've already drawn it once with me, cuz you're drawing along with me, right you're following along, and you're actually drawing along with me, you're not just watching it, now it would be kind of pointless to just watch. And so you're drawing along with me so do this once, gonna draw it about five more times and, from reference, and then draw it a few times from memory, and then from reference. And you'll go back and forth a few times til you feel pretty comfortable with this area here. After that, we'll go ahead and continue on with the, I think we'll go down with the leg bone first and then we'll come back up and add the humerus and stuff. Now I do, do things like make something a little to big or make something a little bit to small, or don't curve something as much as I think it should be curved. The reason why I don't edit those things out, is because I think there's something to be learned there. You can learn mistakes and so if you see that oh, wait he just made that mistake right there that can help you learn from that and then go oh, yeah okay I won't make that same mistake or you know, more solidify in your mind how that goes how, how the, how the bone's supposed to look. So this bone is rather thick from the side view, and it kinda comes out like this at an angle so, it doesn't come straight down, It's important to note that if you draw a straight line down, that bone doesn't come straight down. And just like from here it doesn't come straight down, It comes in at an angle It has kind of a bend to it. And sometimes you want to push this bend more in your drawings, because bones can flex a little bit. And you could put weight on it, you know, It's good to kind of show that bone and it shows there's more weight, more massness, that's why the guy is really, really heavy and has a lot of muscle. It's actually a really good technique to use to actually add, the sense of weight to massive comic character, for example. [BLANK_AUDIO] Okay so, and it can be easy to draw this bone too long ,so just keep the proportions in mind and when you're draw, when you're looking at something. It might, like if you're looking at a skeletal reference or something like that, or even looking at my drawing it might appear that this is longer than it is and, and it's easy to kind of make that mistake and draw along and that's why you wanna make sure you look at relative measurements, so you know you don't actually draw on on too long because it's an easy mistake to make. And from the side view, there's a, there's a lot we can learn about the knee. And watch this little dip that happens, this is an important thing to, I think, an important thing to understand about this bone shape here. It's very tine, I might have to zoom in to draw it correctly. And then this bone, it also is not straight, It comes back at an angle like this, has this curve here where it gets thinner, and it's gonna be overlapped by the other bone. So but first I'm gonna draw this bone then we'll draw it overlapping, you can see down there, that's where it connects to the ankle. So remember, we're dealing with the tibia and the fibula. Yeah, tiba, tibia and fibula, sorry those names, I just, that's why I don't like memorizing, It's a bunch of Latin terms like why don't we just call it things that make sense in English, but whatever, we like to, we like to stay old school. So let's go ahead and zoom in on this part here [INAUDIBLE] there's this kinda bump here, that bump right there is important to memorize, cuz if you feel your knee, you're gonna have your, [INAUDIBLE] I should probably double check make sure this is right. The tula it went, remember it's being foreshortened from the side view, so you kinda see more of the side view that we can see little bit of going back like that in 3D space, but it's kinda shaped like that and it kinda comes out. And it's being attached it is a free [INAUDIBLE] If you like relax your knee relax your leg, don't bend it but relax your leg, and pull it out straight, where your leg is straight and relax it. You can take that bone and push it all around, It moves all around, It's just attached by, by tissues and ligaments, you know, skin going over it, and that's why you can move it around like that. And, but when you bend your knee up this way, you know, take this bone, whole, this whole bone structure and bend that that way, to where your knee is bent like this, then it becomes tight and all the ligaments and stuff are tight around it so that it doesn't move anymore. But what I want you to memorize is this point here, this little dip is important to memorize. The reason why that dip support memorize is you'll note that kinda make sure this angle is right here, It should have an angle like that to it. Is when you're drawing the leg, you're gonna see there's a couple points you're gonna see that this little part, this bone comes out toward us a little bit. So, if I were to kinda shade it to make it look like that, just keep in mind it kinda comes out toward us. [BLANK_AUDIO] That's important to know, because you have, I'm gonna draw this in red, you have one point here that sticks out. Another part here that sticks out from the actual cap itself. I believe it's the petula. And then you have this part here that kind of sticks out. Or rather, that's, that's from the front view though. From, from the, from the side view here, you have this other part here that sticks out. So it's kind of a, a triangle. And you can, you can map this triangle if you view it from, this is from the outside of your leg, not the inside of your leg. So when you're drawing a knee and you're drawing a leg, rather, and you have this whole structure of the leg. You have your, your thigh comes up, everything attaches, you have this whole knee part here, and you have the calf muscles and they're all gonna come down. [BLANK_AUDIO] They have, these are the muscles here, meat makes this a little bigger. We have that, knee cap, and then you have the bone, remember you have this bone structure here, that's shaped like that, and it comes out, you know, in the leg. Then you have the other part that's touching here, and it's coming down and pulling. Right? You have, what's important to know is you have this kind of knot here, you have another little knot right here, and you can have this little knot here. You know that's, that kinda dip to the leg when you view it from the side view like that and it kinda comes up like this, and the knee cap kind of comes up a little higher. So just generally you can mark these points, and it'll help you when you're drawing the leg, the outside of the leg from that way. Now that's a little bit sloppy we'll get more detail later. But I just wanted to tell you why it's important when you're memorizing the skeletal structure right now, why you're memorizing that particular portion and why joints are so important to memorize. Right, so next you have the fibula. I do apologize, this bone here's not the pitula, it's the patella. So make sure, it's not too big. [BLANK_AUDIO] It's good to zoom out, and nothing you can't do too in Photoshop. It's kind of a neat little trick. Let's see if I remember how to do it. I think you go to Windows, Arrange, and then go to New Window. What this does is it creates two windows, that you can view for the skeleton. And then if you pull them out. You can pull this one off as well. Then you can see twos, two windows side by side. And you can zoom in one. To, let's say, like this. And you can have this one zoomed in all the way. So, you can, you can see, whether or not you're drawing it how you want it to look. This could be very helpful. So I can go, okay, you know what, I think this knee cap right here. Might be a little bit big. And so I'm just gonna kinda, reduce it in size. You can see it here, make sure it's all matching up. And it's like, yeah it is. And just keep in mind it's important to, to memorize that, just like the front view most of the knee cap or, the patella is with this bone here. Only a little bit, little bit of it comes down here. So it's not, it's not way down here like that. Just keep that in mind, right? So as you draw the fibula. [BLANK_AUDIO] And I think, I kinda like this view here. I might, I might go ahead and, and keep this, so that I can see, and you can see too. I think it might be more helpful, to be able to see that, how it looks long and how it looks from zoomed in. You can see the difference its making. All right. So this bone comes down. And I wanna draw where it attaches to first, cuz it kinda, overlaps from the side view of that bone. And it kinda has a, a spear shape like this. Let's make sure it's not too big. Might be a little bit smaller than that. So even if you know the size of a bone, it's easy to make a mistake by drawing it too big. So it's something that you always want to check as you're drawing anything, whether it's an arm, or a leg, or a bone, or a you know, an ear. Whatever you're drawing, just make sure even if you know the actual size it's supposed to be, just you know check with everything else, relative to everything else. Especially if you're zoomed in when drawing. And that's why having this view, it's just really quickly, you don't have to zoom in and out, you can just kinda look and look. And, I don't know why I didn't do this earlier, just kind of forgot about it. But, it's an important thing to know. All right. So, I'm just gonna kinda clean up some of these sketch lines I had going for this femur bone here. 'Kay, so everything's looking good. So now what I want you to do is I want you to memorize, maybe I can zoom in a little bit more, no. I like to be able to see the whole thing. I want you to memorize everything we've drawn again now, so memorize all these bones here. I know it seems like I'm adding more to memorize at a time. It's because you've, you already know these bones, so it's a slightly different view of the bones, and we're not adding much information. So that's why we can add a little bit more information, more information to add at a time to memorize and it's just a little bit more work. So, go ahead and draw this a few times. The least you wanna do, the least you wanna do is draw, cuz I know people aren't always gonna do what I'm saying to do. So the least work you wanna do here. Is to draw everything we've just drawn three more times. So you've already drawn it once with me, cuz you're drawing along with me. Draw it three more times, from reference, and then, and if you want to go get a medical book out or something, or even a, a photograph of a real, a side view of a real skeleton, you can find one. Draw it two more times, and then draw it at least one time from memory and double check it with the reference and make sure it looks good. If it doesn't, then repeat the process until the one from memory looks pretty -- close. You have to be, at least show the basic idea. And then after you've done that then it's time to move on, and then we can just kind of drop in the feature really quickly the basic shape of them, cuz we're not getting into all the complicated bones and stuff yet of the feet. We'll handle the feet separately we're actually gonna go through the basic shape and form of the foot. Since I haven't actually done a tutorial on hands and feet yet, I'll release a course on it. I figured why, why not just do that course along here. So what we'll learn, as we learn the skeletal structure of the foot, we'll actually just go through with the actual course. I'm, I'm actually as a bonus, I'm gonna be adding the foot hand course that I was anticipating to do as a separate course anyway, and just add it to this course. So this course will have, that'll be a bonus for this course. All right, so that's the basic shape of the foot there. The other foot is gonna be visible too from the side view. It's gonna be, it's gonna be back over here. And it's gonna kind of be like that. So that's about where it would fit out and but I'm not gonna draw it, I'm just gonna draw this, this side only. [BLANK_AUDIO] Okay, so, if you want to go ahead and memorize that basic shape, that, then, you're already you kinda getting. You're kinda moving along with the course. I'm just checking and making sure I have it. I think I should stick it out a little bit further. Sometimes, my thing sticks. So, I want to come up about that far, I'm gonna zoom in a little bit more, so I can get the details right. At this point you don't actually have to memorize the actual shape, just the general shape of the foot, and that comes up and it comes back down. Cuz we're, like I say, we're gonna be going into the, into the foot. Right, the next thing we're gonna memorize, is the, the arm. So what, we'll go into the humerus, and then the ulna, and the radius. Right. So, first let's just do some general measurements. The, the humerus is going to attach here. And it's going to be bigger than, it's to be about the same size as this bone here. Where is that socket? Now I can go ahead and erase, so I can see. [BLANK_AUDIO] This'll be a little bit, a little part of that bone, we will see it sticks out like that. It's part of the humourous bone. It's not just here. [BLANK_AUDIO] The general measurement is that the bone comes down to about the same po, the same part as the rib as you see over here. So about this bottom part, so we know that's about where it's gonna end up at. And we're gonna have it kind of a more coming out as a more, the natural relaxed state. And the bone just kinda comes back here rather than- [BLANK_AUDIO] Rather than straight down. Just kinda erasing some of the under information as I go along. Now from this view, it doesn't quite look the same. It doesn't have this big thing. All we're gonna be able to see, is part of a little notch right here, and this is important to memorize, because when you're drawing the arm the outer, from the outer angle. When you draw the arm from the outer angle, this bone structure is to help you understand, certain marks, and certain points. When you know, when you know how the muscle, when you know how the bones look, and then how the muscles attach here. When you're drawing the arm from the outer view, whether it's bent or out straight, it's gonna help you understand, why they're certain landmarks you'll get finally. And, you, it's going to snap in your brain. And you'll go that's where those landmarks come from. I wanna kind of draw the general measurement coming down. So we're gonna stop at about the point of the leg here, and that's where, that's where the wrist is gonna be. And so the hand sorta kinda come like this. And we know the hand is gonna come down, about this far down or so until not, not halfway down, but a little bit less than halfway. And so I'm just gonna kinda have the fingers come down like this. They might look longer. From a skeleton, because they're thin. Which gives it [INAUDIBLE] look longer. Right like that. Remember the one that's out towards us, the one that connects right here. Is the S curve bone, that's the radius, the one that can actually move and twist around on the other one. And from the side view, it's still, you still kinda see a little bit of that S Curve to it. So, it kinda bubbles out here, just a little bit. Not much, but it does bubble out a little bit, right there. And you can kinda, come in here. If you see me going back and forth like this what I'm not doing, is I'm not like stroking every single time. And notice how smooth my strokes look too, when I do draw and don't lift I don't lift my pencil. I can get a nice smooth stroke and that's different than if you were to do this. You know, and get like that sketchy look, so, don't do like a scribbly look like that, that's not what I'm doing. On, you know on, the movements might look really similar, to if I was scribbling, but I'm actually not scribbling. And you can see by the end results, that it's not scribbley looking. Just gonna clean up that. When ever you see a thick line like that, that's some driver problem I'm having and I haven't figured out how to fix it yet, but then again I also haven't actually called [UNKNOWN] com or anything or got a hold of them, cuz their just hard to get a hold of anyway. I tried once before but I couldn't get a hold of anyone. Right, so you have a little ridge in there. Right, so you can see on this view over here too, everything's looking proper. Right now, this where you can get your elbow. And this, this is the part why it's important [UNKNOWN] from the side view. You have the ulna bone. I might double check, make sure it's not too big, okay? [BLANK_AUDIO] And it's in a kinda, at first it's a kinda be close, but then it's gonna kind of branch away from and add some, some wideness here. And it's gonna come down, so it's gonna stick out a little bit here and come like so. Now I'm gonna take my eraser now, so I can don't mind, don't mind my text phone back there. Hopefully, you know. People don't get annoyed by that and go how unprofessional his phone. I have it turned down all the way the volume is turned down as far as it'll go. I guess I could just turn it, turn it off, turn it to vibrate or something, but hopefully you know, you guys don't get totally annoyed by that and go, oh why does he have his phone, that's so unprofessional. [BLANK_AUDIO] You know, it shows that hey, I'm a real person too. I have a life, I have to make sure, it's not a important business call. Right so, now you have that, you have that slight space, in between the bones there. And you can also make the space a little bit less if you want to and that's fine. I've actually added a lot more space to it so, it doesn't quite match the way the hand is right now. This would be if the hand was kind of turned over this way more, and so, I think for the sake of professionalism here and accuracy. I'm just gonna show the little bit of space that would actually be there from that view, because it's important, the accuracy here I think is important. Kind of like this. This bone is quite thin. I hate the drivers, don't know why they keep doing it. I'll make sure I draw the hips behind there still. [BLANK_AUDIO] Okay. [BLANK_AUDIO] Right, so that's how that bone would look there. Get little bones in here, but we'll get into that later. Okay, so for this next lesson, or the next exercise, what I want you to do is to draw these bones here. Right, so- That pretty much covers the skeleton from the different view, so again, for the lesson, our exercise draw this at least three more times, draw this at least three more times the reason why I say only three now is cuz you're kinda getting the hang of what these bones look like, there's a few little differences you have to memorize from this angle. And this right here, is gonna be really important later from the side view, cuz what happens is, let me go and draw in red on another layer. You, you can have. [BLANK_AUDIO] All right so let's start [BLANK_AUDIO] -- it, come on. [BLANK_AUDIO] No, I should be down a little bit further. As we're drawing in the, the muscles here. This is, you know, not, not the muscles individually, but this is the arm as it appears. As, as it has skin and everything. What's gonna happen is, you're gonna see this kinda. You have a lot of cartilage stuff too, keep that in mind, at the tissues. That bulk up besides muscles. But you have cartilage and muscles, everything, that. Come and add, but it's all connected because of this bone, and it kinda adds this elbow look here. [BLANK_AUDIO] All right and then you have your forearm kinda bulges out a little bit like that, cuz of the muscles, it comes down. Under the hand and everything. So, it's important why it's good to memorize this part of the structure here, is when we memorize how the muscles attach, you're gonna have this kinda dent right here, because of the, because of, you have your [UNKNOWN] that comes up here, between the tricep and bicep. And then you have the muscle [INAUDIBLE] right now, but I'll tell it when, when we get there. It comes around and then end it, there's another muscle. And what you do, is you get this little ridge right here. And there's always a little shading before you get to the actual, you know, part of the elbow right there. And so you kinda get this kinda darker shade part here. And it comes around. I know it's probably kinda hard to see, with all that. But you'll get this kinda That part right there. Anyway, it'll make sense when we get to the muscles and, and the skin and everything. So. [BLANK_AUDIO] Believe me, doing all of these boring exercises, you might find them very boring, is very important because when you, when you have all this in your mind very good, it's gonna really increase your figure drawing, and when you, when we start attaching muscles and stuff, it's gonna make everything that much easier to draw. And it's so important. I can't stress how important it is. So don't skip this step. All right so this lesson was shorter than the last one. And I'm gonna go ahead and, and you know, on the layer behind it, add the white and everything. We'll come back in, and we'll do a three-fourths view. Cuz this will be important to attach muscles from all, from different angles. So we'll do a, a three-fourths view, of the skeletal structure, and maybe even a back three-fourths view. If anything, I'm all, I'll at least draw a back three-fourths view. But I think it'll be, I think you might as well see me draw it and go through real quick. And then we'll start attaching the muscles to the skeleton, and show where they attach and stuff like that. After we attach all the muscles, and we'll work with each muscle individually, we'll be like, okay. We're working with the pec muscle right now, we'll, we'll show this is how the pec muscle looks from the side view, and then we'll draw, this is how the pec muscle looks. From, sorry, this is how the pec muscle looks from the front view, this is how the pec muscle from the three-fourths view, you know, all the views that are applicable to it. We'll do a quick top down view too, coz that's important. And then there's certain bones I kinda want to go through, like the scapula, I think before I do the three-fourths view, I kinda wanna show the scapula from the top down view. The top down view is a view we're gonna do anyway, but I wanna isolate the scapula itself, cuz I sca, wanna show you something that's really important about the scapula, that I've been talking about. It's, it's where, where this kinda u-turn takes shape here. But yeah, so all of this information'll be important. And then after we map all the muscles, all the, the major muscles, we're not gonna map every single muscle, like, that you don't see, and inside of the skeletal structure, like the, the muscles that are, that are attached to the spinal cord and stuff like that. Like all the ones you never see on the outside body at all. But we will go through some of them that we don't see, but it kinda makes an important. Like the three muscles that come underneath your pectoral muscle, that's important to memorize. But we're not gonna memorize all these tiny little muscles that go inside the neck, that are way deep inside the skeletal structure. That, that aren't gonna make any difference to your figure drawing. Right. So we won't, we won't, we won't bore you with that kinda stuff. After we have mapped all the muscles out to the different views of the skeletal structure. Then, what we're gonna do, is we're gonna start going into individual Well actually, then we'll do the basic shading. We'll add the skin over the muscles so you can, you can see oh, that's why you shade the skin that way. That's why it has that dip right there, because of that bone, or because of where that muscle attaches, you know, cuz where that fiber's in that belly, you know, and so forth. So if watched my back tutorial that I offer for free, you'll kinda get an idea what I'm talking about there, and that's all gonna start clicking in your brain, and you're gonna have this new level of understanding. Even if you've gone through my mastering the figure course, this course is gonna bringing your level to a whole, your understanding to a whole new level. It's, it's gonna be like, wow. It's gonna bring your figures to a much more realistic level. And then we're gonna deal with individual body parts and digital, individual poses that will help strengthen what happens when the arm twists around this way, twists around that way, how do these muscles twist what happens when the shoulders are raised, when arm's raised up, when the arms are stretched back, you know, things like that that's gonna be important to memorize as well. And we'll go through as, as much of that as possible. I don't want the course to be too, too long, but it's gonna be a very extensive course, and you're going to learn a lot from it. And it might take you a while to get through it but, at, in the end, the results will pay off and your, your figures will look that much better. All right, so, that's it for here. Again, just for the lesson to, by, by the time you're done with all the lessons, you should be able to draw this right here from memory. So finally, as your last, as your last exercise, what I want you to do. Is draw this entire side figure now a few times. And then also draw the female version of it, knowing that the ribcage is a little bit smaller, a little bit thinner you know, hips are shaped slightly different, things like that. But definitely go through and, and in fact, hold on, let's go ahead and look at how the hip looks from the side view. The, the, the rib is pretty easy, just make it smaller, but the hip might be a little bit more confusing. Right? So, the rib cage of course looks thinner It, it, it comes in here more. It starts here more. Comes out, and around like that. So that's the basic shape that changes. That's easy to memorize. With the hip bone, it has a slightly different shape to it, so it's pretty much the same thing except from the side view it kinda has more of an angle like this, and comes up here. And then you have the iliac crest which comes like this. It comes down, the same way the other one does, but it's a little bit smaller here. Kinda has more of a shape like this. Kinda comes up here, cuz remember that the, female. The whole pelvic area, the pelvis bones, the whole hip, has to be shaped to deliver children, whereas guys don't. Still, the overall shape remains pretty much the same. It's just it kinda changed a little bit, and then this is where you have your leg attaching, your humerus. Oh, excuse me your humerus your femur, sorry. As you can see I, I never really cared to memorize all that crap, in school. And I still don't care to memorize it, I'm only using the names for you guys, for those that might actually care about that kinda stuff. I wanna be as thorough as possible, so it has a basic shape like this, so it, the shape is very almost the same, it just changes very little, so memorize that very basic difference, add these details to it, but that's all that happens, so, you know, drawing the female, from any angle, isn't much different than the guy. So, if you can memorize the guy or memorize the female, then drawing vice versa, isn't much different. All right, so there you go, that's your last little bit of exercise. And again, make sure you can draw this whole figure from your mind a couple times, before you move on to the next lessons, or the next part. Thank you for watching. [BLANK_AUDIO]