Python Interview Questions Preparation Course
3.5 (11 ratings)
Instead of using a simple lifetime average, Udemy calculates a course's star rating by considering a number of different factors such as the number of ratings, the age of ratings, and the likelihood of fraudulent ratings.
649 students enrolled
Wishlisted Wishlist

Please confirm that you want to add Python Interview Questions Preparation Course to your Wishlist.

Add to Wishlist

Python Interview Questions Preparation Course

Get success in Python interview!
3.5 (11 ratings)
Instead of using a simple lifetime average, Udemy calculates a course's star rating by considering a number of different factors such as the number of ratings, the age of ratings, and the likelihood of fraudulent ratings.
649 students enrolled
Last updated 8/2017
English
Current price: $10 Original price: $100 Discount: 90% off
5 hours left at this price!
30-Day Money-Back Guarantee
Includes:
  • 1 hour on-demand video
  • 2 Articles
  • Full lifetime access
  • Access on mobile and TV
  • Certificate of Completion
What Will I Learn?
  • Understand Python concepts
  • Learn Python Interview Questions
  • Best practices of Python
  • Tricky questions on Python
  • Gain deep Python knowledge
  • Demand higher salary or promotion based on the knowledge gained!
View Curriculum
Requirements
  • Basic Software knowledge
  • Familiar with Python
  • Internet access
Description

Python is one of the most popular programming language for enterprise applications and Big Data solutions. Big companies like Amazon, Netflix, Google etc use Python in their Data architecture. This course is designed to help you achieve your goals in Python field. Software Engineers with Python knowledge may get more salary than others with similar qualifications without Python knowledge.

In this course, you will learn how to handle interview questions on Python in Software Design and Development. I will explain you the important concepts of Python language.

You will also learn the benefits and use cases of Python in this course. 

What is the biggest benefit of this course to me?

Finally, the biggest benefit of this course is that you will be able to demand higher salary in your next job interview.

It is good to learn Python for theoretical benefits. But if you do not know how to handle interview questions on Python, you can not convert your Python knowledge into higher salary.

What are the topics covered in this course?

We cover a wide range of topics in this course. We have questions on Python best practices, Security. tricky questions etc.

How will this course help me?

By attending this course, you do not have to spend time searching the Internet for Python interview questions. We have already compiled the list of the most popular and the latest Python Interview questions. 

Are there answers in this course?

Yes, in this course each question is followed by an answer. So you can save time in interview preparation.

What is the best way of viewing this course?

You have to just watch the course from beginning to end. Once you go through all the videos, try to answer the questions in your own words. Also mark the questions that you could not answer by yourself. Then, in second pass go through only the difficult questions. After going through this course 2-3 times, you will be well prepared to face a technical interview in Python language.

What is the level of questions in this course?

This course contains questions that are good for a Fresher to an Architect level. The difficulty level of question varies in the course from a Fresher to an Experienced professional.

What happens if Python technology changes in future?

From time to time, we keep adding more questions to this course. Our aim is to keep you always updated with the latest interview questions on Python.

What are the sample questions covered in this course?

Sample questions covered in this course are as follows:

  1. How will you improve the performance of a program in Python?
  2. What are the benefits of using Python?
  3. How will you specify source code encoding in a Python source file?
  4. What is the use of PEP 8 in Python?
  5. What is Pickling in Python?
  6. How does memory management work in Python?
  7. How will you perform Static Analysis on a Python Script?
  8. What is the difference between a Tuple and List in Python?
  9. What is a Python Decorator?
  10. How are arguments passed in a Python method? By value or by reference?
  11. What is the difference between List and Dictionary data types in Python?
  12. What are the different built-in data types available in Python?
  13. What is a Namespace in Python?
  14. How will you concatenate multiple strings together in Python?
  15. What is the use of Pass statement in Python?
  16. What is the use of Slicing in Python?
  17. What is the difference between Docstring in Python and Javadoc in Java?
  18. How do you perform unit testing for Python code?
  19. What is the difference between an Iterator and Iterable in Python?
  20. What is the use of Generator in Python?
  21. What is the significance of functions that start and end with _ symbol in Python?
  22. What is the difference between xrange and range in Python?
  23. What is lambda expression in Python?
  24. How will you copy an object in Python?
  25. What are the main benefits of using Python?
  26. What is a metaclass in Python?
  27. What is the use of frozenset in Python?
  28. What is Python Flask?
  29. What is None in Python?
  30. What is the use of zip() function in Python?
  31. What is the use of // operator in Python?
  32. What is a Module in Python?
  33. How can we create a dictionary with ordered set of keys in Python?
  34. Python is an Object Oriented programming language or a functional programming language?
  35. How can we retrieve data from a MySQL database in a Python script?
  36. What is the difference between append() and extend() functions of a list in Python?
  37. How will you handle an error condition in Python code?
  38. What is the difference between split() and slicing in Python?
  39. How will you check in Python, if a class is subclass of another class?
  40. How will you debug a piece of code in Python?
  41. How do you profile a Python script?
  42. What is the difference between ‘is’ and ‘==’ in Python?
  43. How will you share variables across modules in Python?
  44. How can we do Functional programming in Python?
  45. What is the improvement in enumerate() function of Python?
  46. How will you execute a Python script in Unix?
  47. What are the popular Python libraries used in Data analysis?
  48. What is the output of following code in Python?
  49. What is the output of following code in Python?
  50. If you have data with name of customers and their location, which data type will you use to store it in Python?


Who is the target audience?
  • Fresher, Software Engineer, Sr. Software Engineer, Member Technical Staff, Expert
  • Software Architect, Development Manager, Director
  • Anyone who wants to appear in Python interview
  • People interested in going up in career!!
Compare to Other Interviewing Skills Courses
Curriculum For This Course
32 Lectures
01:15:51
+
What will you learn in this course?
2 Lectures 03:39

Disclaimer
00:38
+
Python Interview Questions - Part 1
5 Lectures 13:35


Q.    How will you improve the performance of a program in Python?

There are many ways to improve the performance of a Python program. Some of these are as follows:

  1. Data Structure: We have to select the right data structure for our purpose in a Python program.
  2. Standard Library: Wherever possible, we should use methods from standard library. Methods implemented in standard library have much better performance than user implementation.
  3. Abstraction: At times, a lot of abstraction and indirection can cause slow performance of a program. We should remove the redundant abstraction in code.
  4. Algorithm: Use of right algorithm can make a big difference in a program. We have to find and select the suitable algorithm to solve our problem with high performance.
Preview 02:45

Q.    What are the benefits of using Python?

Python is so much powerful that even Google uses it. Some of the benefits of using Python are as follows:

  1. Efficient: Python is very efficient in memory management. For a large data set like Big Data, it is much easier to program in Python.
  2. Faster: Though Python code is interpreted, still Python has very fast performance.
  3. Wide usage: Python is widely used among different organizations for different projects. Due to this wide usage, there are thousands of add-ons available for use with Python.
  4. Easy to learn: Python is quite easy to learn. This is the biggest benefit of using Python. Complex tasks can be very easily implemented in Python.


Preview 02:38


Q.    How will you specify source code encoding in a Python source file?

By default, every source code file in Python is in UTF-8 encoding. But we can also specify our own encoding for source files. This can be done by adding following line after #! line in the source file.

# -*- coding: encoding -*-

In the above line we can replace encoding with the encoding that we want to use.

Q.   What is the use of PEP 8 in Python?

PEP 8 is a style guide for Python code. This document provides the coding conventions for writing code in Python. Coding conventions are about indentation, formatting, tabs, maximum line length, imports organization, line spacing etc. We use PEP 8 to bring consistency in our code. With consistency it is easier for other developers to read the code.

Preview 02:27

Q.    What is Pickling in Python?

Pickling is a process by which a Python object hierarchy can be converted into a byte stream. The reverse operation of Pickling is Unpickling. 

Python has a module named pickle. This module has the implementation of a powerful algorithm for serialization and de-serialization of Python object structure.

Some people also call Pickling as Serialization or Marshalling.  With Serialization we can transfer Python objects over the network. It is also used in persisting the state of a Python object. We can write it to a file or a database.

What is Pickling in Python?
02:52

How will you perform Static Analysis on a Python Script?
02:53
+
Python Interview Questions - Part 2
5 Lectures 12:44

Q.    What is a Python Decorator?

A Python Decorator is a mechanism to wrap a Python function and modify its behavior by adding more functionality to it. We can use @ symbol to call a Python Decorator function.

Q.    How are arguments passed in a Python method? By value or by reference?

Every argument in a Python method is an Object. All the variables in Python have reference to an Object. Therefore arguments in Python method are passed by Reference.

Since some of the objects passed as reference are mutable, we can change those objects in a method. But for an Immutable object like String, any change done within a method is not reflected outside. 


What is a Python Decorator?
02:14


Q.    What is the difference between List and Dictionary data types in Python?

Main differences between List and Dictionary data types in Python are as follows:

  • Syntax: In a List we store objects in a sequence. In a Dictionary we store objects in key-value pairs.
  • Reference: In List we access objects by index number. It starts from 0 index. In a Dictionary we access objects by key specified at the time of Dictionary creation.
  • Ordering: In a List objects are stored in an ordered sequence. In a Dictionary objects are not stored in an ordered sequence.
  • Hashing: In a Dictionary, keys have to be hashable. In a List there is no need for hashing.
What is the difference between List and Dictionary data types in Python?
02:24

What are the different built-in data types available in Python?
03:12

What is a Namespace in Python?
02:44

Q.    What is the use of Pass statement in Python?

The use of Pass statement is to do nothing. It is just a placeholder for a statement that is required for syntax purpose. It does not execute any code or command.

Some of the use cases for pass statement are as follows:

  • Syntax purpose:
  • Minimal Class: It can be used for creating minimal classes:
  • Place-holder for TODO work:

>>> while True:

...     pass  # Wait till user input is received

>>> class MyMinimalClass:

...     pass

We can also use it as a placeholder for TODO work on a function or code that needs to be implemented at a later point of time.

>>> def initialization(): ...     pass   # TODO


What is the use of Pass statement in Python?
02:10
+
Python Interview Questions - Part 3
5 Lectures 12:35
What is the use of Slicing in Python?
02:37


Q.    How do you perform unit testing for Python code?

We can use the unit testing modules unittest or unittest2 to create and run unit tests for Python code.

We can even do automation of tests with these modules. Some of the main components of unittest are as follows:

  • Test fixture: We use test fixture to create preparation methods required to run a test. It can even perform post-test cleanup.
  • Test case: This is main unit test that we run on a piece of code. We can use Testcase base class to create new test cases.
  • Test suite: We can aggregate our unit test cases in a Test suite.
  • Test runner: We use test runner to execute unit tests and produce reports of the test run.
How do you perform unit testing for Python code?
02:13

What is the difference between an Iterator and Iterable in Python?
02:23

What is the significance of functions that start with _ symbol?
02:04

What is lambda expression in Python?
03:18
+
Python Interview Questions - Part 4
5 Lectures 11:54


Q.    What are the main benefits of using Python?

Some of the main benefits of using Python are as follows:

  • Easy to learn: Python is simple language. It is easy to learn for a new programmer.
  • Large library: There is a large library for utilities in Python that can be used for different kinds of applications.
  • Readability: Python has a variety of statements and expressions that are quite readable and very explicit in their use. It increases the readability of overall code.
  • Memory management: In Python, memory management is built into the Interpreter. So a developer does not have to spend effort on managing memory among objects.
  • Complex built-in Data types: Python has built-in Complex data types like list, set, dict etc. These data types give very good performance as well as save time in coding new features.
What are the main benefits of using Python?
02:39


Q.    What is a metaclass in Python?

A metaclass in Python is also known as class of a class. A class defines the behavior of an instance. A metaclass defines the behavior of a class.

One of the most common metaclass in Python is type. We can subclass type to create our own metaclass.

We can use metaclass as a class-factory to create different types of classes.

 

Q.   What is the use of frozenset in Python?

A frozenset is a collection of unique values in Python. In addition to all the properties of set, a frozenset is immutable and hashable.

Once we have set the values in a frozenset, we cannot change. So we cannot use and update methods from set on frozenset. Being hashable, we can use the objects in frozenset as keys in a Dictionary.

What is a metaclass in Python?
02:28

Q.    What is Python Flask?

Python Flask is a micro-framework based on Python to develop a web application.

It is a very simple application framework that has many extensions to build an enterprise level application.

Flask does not provide a data abstraction layer or form validation by default. We can use external libraries on top of Flask to perform such tasks.

Q.   What is None in Python?

None is a reserved keyword used in Python for null objects. It is neither a null value nor a null pointer. It is an actual object in Python. But there is only one instance of None in a Python environment.

We can use None as a default argument in a function. During comparison we have to use “is” operator instead of “==” for None.


What is Python Flask?
02:13

What is the use of zip() function in Python?
02:27


Q.    What is a Module in Python?

A Module is a script written in Python with import statements, classes, functions etc. We can use a module in another Python script by importing it or by giving the complete namespace.

With Modules, we can divide the functionality of our application in smaller chunks that can be easily managed.

Q.   How can we create a dictionary with ordered set of keys in Python?

In a normal dictionary in Python, there is no order maintained between keys. To solve this problem, we can use OrderDict class in Python. This class is available for use since version 2.7. It is similar to a dictionary in Python, but it maintains the insertion order of keys in the dictionary collection.

What is a Module in Python?
02:07
+
Python Interview Questions - Part 5
5 Lectures 10:42

Q.    Python is an Object Oriented programming language or a functional programming language?

Python uses most of the Object Oriented programming concepts. But we can also do functional programming in Python. As per the opinion of experts, Python is a multi-paradigm programming language.

We can do functional, procedural, object-oriented and imperative programming with the help of Python.


Python is an Object Oriented programming language or a functional language?
02:14

What is the difference between append() and extend() functions of a list?
02:11

Q.    How will you handle an error condition in Python code?

We can implement exception handling to handle error conditions in Python code. If we are expecting an error condition that we cannot handle, we can raise an error with appropriate message.

E.g.

>>> if student_score < 0: raise ValueError(“Score can not be negative”) 

If we do not want to stop the program, we can just catch the error condition, print a message and continue with our program.

 E.g. In following code snippet we are catching the error and continuing with the default value of age.

#!/usr/bin/python

try:

        age=18+'duration'

except:

        print("duration has to be a number")

age=18 print(age)


How will you handle an error condition in Python code?
02:07


Q.    How will you check in Python, if a class is subclass of another class?

Python provides a useful method issubclass(a,b) to check whether class a is a subclass of b.

E.g. int is not a subclass of long

>>> issubclass(int,long)

False

bool is a subclass of int

>>> issubclass(bool,int)

True

Q.   How will you debug a piece of code in Python?

In Python, we can use the debugger pdb for debugging the code. To start debugging we have to enter following lines on the top of a Python script.

import pdb

pdb.set_trace()

After adding these lines, our code runs in debug mode. Now we can use commands like breakpoint, step through, step into etc for debugging.

How will you check in Python, if a class is subclass of another class?
02:04

Q.    How do you profile a Python script?

Python provides a profiler called cProfile that can be used for profiling Python code.

We can call it from our code as well as from the interpreter.

It gives use the number of function calls as well as the total time taken to run the script.

We can even write the profile results to a file instead of standard out.

Q.   What is the difference between ‘is’ and ‘==’ in Python?

We use ‘is’ to check an object against its identity.

We use ‘==’ to check equality of two objects.

E.g.

>>> lst = [10,20, 20]

>>> lst == lst[:]

True

>>> lst is lst[:]

False


How do you profile a Python script?
02:06
+
Python Interview Questions - Part 6
5 Lectures 10:53


Q.    How will you share variables across modules in Python?

We can create a common module with variables that we want to share.

This common module can be imported in all the modules in which we want to share the variables.

In this way, all the shared variables will be in one module and available for sharing with any new module as well.

Q.   How can we do Functional programming in Python?

In Functional Programming, we decompose a program into functions. These functions take input and after processing give an output. The function does not maintain any state.

Python provides built-in functions that can be used for Functional programming. Some of these functions are:

  • Map()
  • reduce()
  • filter()

Event iterators and generators can be used for Functional programming in Python.

How will you share variables across modules in Python?
02:11


Q.    What is the improvement in enumerate() function of Python?

In Python, enumerate() function is an improvement over regular iteration. The enumerate() function returns an iterator that gives (0, item[0]).

E.g.

>>> thelist=['a','b']

>>> for i,j in enumerate(thelist):

...    print i,j

...

0 a

1 b

Q.   How will you execute a Python script in Unix?

To execute a Python script in Unix, we need to have Python executor in Unix environment.

In addition to that we have to add following line as the first line in a Python script file.

#!/usr/local/bin/python




This will tell Unix to use Python interpreter to execute the script.
What is the improvement in enumerate() function of Python?
02:06

Q.    What are the popular Python libraries used in Data analysis?

Some of the popular libraries of Python used for Data analysis are:

  • Pandas: Powerful Python Data Analysis Toolkit
  • SciKit: This is a machine learning library in Python.
  • Seaborn: This is a statistical data visualization library in Python. SciPy: This is an open source system for science, mathematics and engineering implemented in Python.


What are the popular Python libraries used in Data analysis?
02:14

What is the output of following code in Python?
02:16

Bonus Lecture: What next?
02:06
About the Instructor
KnowledgePowerhouse !
3.7 Average rating
235 Reviews
3,750 Students
18 Courses
Top most career courses! 18 Courses, 3300+ students!

I am a Software Architect with expertise in Cloud Computing, Amazon Web Services, Microservices, Data Science, Hadoop, Spark, Machine Learning and Java architecture. Learning, using and sharing Technology is my passion.

I have built systems that are running enterprise software of companies across the world. I have gained a lot of knowledge by working hands-on on these large scale software projects.

With these courses I aim to share my knowledge with the future Software Engineers, Developers, Leaders and Architects . 

I am sure the knowledge in these courses can give you extra power to win in life.

All the best!!