This course takes you from knowing nothing about Photoshop to having an incredibly good handle on the program in as little time as possible.
The three legs of Photoshop are:
* Color Correction
If you understand how to manipulate those three elements you can accomplish just about anything with Photoshop. This course starts by going over those concepts and then shows how to combine them for powerful results. Rather than showing you every single feature this course focuses on the features people actually use without boring you to tears on the other tools. The instructor Jeremy Shuback has taught over 150 000 people Photoshop and works as a professional designer. He uses Photoshop every day to create everything from billboards to photorealistic matte paintings for feature films. More importantly he understands that you don't want to spend 14 hours straight trying to learn Photoshop.
When you first open Photoshop, there's an intimidating amount of windows, icons and tools. For now, let's simplify it down to just three.
We'll get more complicated later, but for now let's make things as simple as possible.
If your Photoshop screen looks different then the one in the video, go to Window > Workspace > Essentials (Default) and then Window > Workspace > Reset Essentials and we'll both be on the same page.
In order to use Photoshop well, memorize the following shortcut keys:
Ctrl + : Zoom In
Ctrl - : Zoom Out
Spacebar : Pan Around
Ctrl + 0 : Fit to Screen
Ctrl + Z : Undo
Ctrl + A : Select all
Ctrl + C : Copy
Ctrl + V : Paste
Ctrl + X : Cut
F : Change Screen Mode
Tab : Solo Canvas
While this only deals with the transform tool, almost every tool can be improved and expanded on by using modifiers keys. For the transform tool, Shift constrains the proportions, Alt keeps the center point in the same place, and Control allows you to edit individual corners to create effects such as perspective.
However, no sane person first dipping into Photoshop is going to remember what the three modifier keys do for 40 different tools. It's much easier to just press one, see what happens, and if it's the wrong one just undo that action and try another. With practice, you'll get to know which modifier keys do what in every tool.
While a check box doesn't sound sexy, this is the most important on/off switch in the entire program. Knowing this opens up a world of possibility, and I'm always surprised how few people know about it.
In the option bar of the move tool, this auto select layer option lets you automatically select whatever layer your cursor is on top of.
Layers are one of the fundamental building blocks of Photoshop. To understand Photoshop, you need to understand layers. In short, each individual object in a document is called a layer.
How to do multiple undo's with the History Panel ( Window > History )
Ctrl + T - Free Transform
Ctrl ~ - on a Mac to switch between different canvases
Ctrl Shift Tab - on a PC to switch between different canvases
Ctrl Alt Z - Step Back in History Window (aka Multiple Undo's at once)
What to do if you set up a document and later realize it's the wrong dimensions.
An introduction to: Image > Image Size and Image > Canvas Size
When to use Canvas Size vs. Image Size
Whenever using a tool, play with what happens when you:
Don't bother memorizing what the modifiers do for every tool. Instead, just be aware that all of the modifier keys do something different in every tool. Try one. If it's the wrong one, hit Ctrl Z to undo, and try another one.
In Transform Mode, pressing Ctrl allows you to adjust individual corners. But memorizing that is entirely besides the point.
Shift select multiple layers and then press the link icon (that looks like a chain) on the bottom left of the Layers Palette to link them together.
Hit the folder icon on the bottom of the layers palette to create a group, and then move multiple layers into it.
Good practices when linking layers inside of groups.
You can set the Move tool's Auto Select Check Box to 'Group'.
You can't unmerge layers. Sorry. But this is how to deal with that worst case scenario you put yourself in.
This is meant to reinforce the concept of layers.
When you create an active region, only the pixels within that active region can be edited. If you press delete, only the pixels within the active region are deleted. You can only paint within that active region. If you use the move tool, it won't move the full layer, it will only move the active region. If you copy and paste, it will copy and paste the active region. Not the whole layer.
If something isn't working right, the first place to look is layers. Are you on the right layer? The second place to look is seeing if there's an active region selected.
To remove an active region go to Select > Deselect.
There are three main tools that let you create active regions.
The Rectangular Marquee let's you create active regions in the shape of squares.
The Lasso Tool works like a pair of scissors, letting you cut out an active region.
The Magic Wand creates an active region for everything that's the same color. Its options include Contiguous (is it touching) and Sample all Layers.
The Lasso Tool allows you to cut part of an image out.
To phrase that more technically, with the lasso tool you can create an active region in whatever shape you like.
Setting one layer between the background layer, and a duplicate of part of the background layer to make it appear as that in between layer is behind an object in the image.
While there are multiple ways to do almost anything in Photoshop, some ways are faster and more flexible. By fundamentally understanding active regions, layers, and how to use simple tools, hopefully you can start figuring out the best ways to approach various problems.
How to combine the different selection tools together to get far more powerful and effective results.
It's important to know which tool is right for which job. When the magic wand doesn't work, the polygonal lasso tool is sometimes a good alternative.
This is not one of those times.
The Magnetic Lasso Tool will automatically stick to any clear edge. Sometimes it works. Sometimes it doesn't.
General techniques with the Lasso Tool:
The term 'active region' and 'selection' are interchangeable.
The Quick Selection Tool is the first one to try in almost every selection. It's located in the same place as the magic wand tool, and was a life savor when introduced to Photoshop in CS3.
If you rough in the active region with the Quick Selection Tool, zoom in and use the Lasso Tool to refine all of the little parts that are still not working.
If your layer palette shows a layer named 'Background' with a lock sign, just double click on the layer name to turn it into a normal layer and not a Background Layer.
There are many reasons to create a selection. One might be to change the background. Another might be to move part of one image into another. Here's me doing both of those.
To invert a selection, right click when using a selection tool and pick 'Invert Selection'.
When Quick Select, the Magic Wand, and the Lasso Tool don't work, the next place to turn is Select > Color Range.
When the dialogue box appears, the cursor turns to an eye dropper when you're over the image. Click on the color you want to select and shift select if you want to select a couple. Keep it limited to no more than three colors.
In the dialogue box, everything that's white is part of the active region. Everything that's black is not.
You can adjust the Fuzziness (same as Tolerance when using the Magic Wand) to shift how much the white encompasses.
Using the Lasso Tool and the Eraser tool, I made the selection a bit better.
100% Hardness: Solid edge to the brush
0% Hardness: Soft edge to the brush
When making a difficult selection, often you'll need multiple copies of the same layer to make it work. On the first duplicate of the original layer you might have a rough color range applied. On another you might have a rough lasso tool cut out. On a third you might have a specific section. By combining them together, incredibly complex selections can emerge.
The three dimensions of color are value, chroma, and hue.
If the darks aren't completely black and/or the lights aren't completely white, there's a problem with value.
If the colors aren't vibrant or saturated enough, there's a problem with chroma.
If what's supposed to be red looks orange or there's some other variety of color casting, there's a problem with the hue.
In short, when fixing an image, the goal is to make the darkest point black, the lightest point white, and the mid point a nice neutral grey with no color casting taking place.
What the auto correction feature in Curves does, and why it's not always enough. How to set the white point, black point, and midpoint when auto just isn't cutting it. Also, pressing Alt to find out where the pixels are clipping.
A deeper look into color theory, and showing Curves used on multiple images.
For a reminder of the complimentary hues, create a Color Balance Color Adjustment Layer. They are:
Every color in the Curves drop down at the top allows you to not only increase how prominent the color listed is by moving the midpoint on that color's curve, but also how prominent the complimentary color's prominence is. For instance, if after setting the black point, white point, and midpoint you want to make an image more yellow, you:
If you want to change the color of a single element, such as a shirt, one way to do it is by duplicating the layer and creating a clipping mask as shown. Also, an introduction to the Hue / Saturation tool.
Whenever you create a Color Adjustment Layer, the layer also has a blank white square. It's called a Mask, but don't worry about that. The white square allows you to paint on the canvas to decide where the color should actually be adjusted. Wherever that part of the layer is white, it gets adjusted. Wherever it's black is not.
The various options for a mask, such as Invert, can be found in the Properties panel.
Use X to switch the foreground and background colors.
While mostly serving to reinforce the concepts of the last video, this also shows how an active region can automatically become the mask of a color adjustment layer. Also, an introduction to the Refine Edge option, a powerful way to improve the quality of the active region's edge.
How to turn a section of your image black and white while leaving the rest in full color. Also, how to fix red eye, a review of the selection process with the magnetic lasso and refine selection, and adding in a Black & White Color Adjustment layer.
How to apply these color correction methods to fix the "business card" we've been dead set on creating from the start.
While not covered in this video, here's a run down of the subjects covered in this chapter.
In Curves, we covered:
We discussed painting on the black and white image in the Color Adjustment Layers to make what's being color corrected more targeted.
Also, we spent a bit of time discussing what the goals are when trying to fix an image's color, and how the three dimensions of color work together.
How to get rid of a pimple and other simple objects with the clone stamp.
How to get rid of dust and scratches on an image. Also, an introduction to filters and how to make them only affect part of an image.
A variety of keyboard shortcuts to help you while using any tool with a brush. That includes the clone stamp, the healing brush, the eraser, and the quick select tool, among others.
] to increase the size of a brush
[ to decrease the size of a brush
D to set the background and foreground color to the default, black and white
X to switch the foreground and background color
The healing brush works in a very similar manner to the clone stamp tool, only it takes into account the color underneath what's pasted, and tries to get all of the colors working together.
The most difficult thing to do when using the clone stamp is keeping nice edges. It's also what makes the difference between an image fix that works and one that looks like absolute garbage. Here's how to go about doing great fixes to images.
When working with something like wires, one tool worth trying is the Spot Healing Brush. It works in a very similar way to the regular healing brush, only you don't need to first sample.
When the clone stamp isn't getting the job done, sometimes it's worth it to simply copy and paste from one part of an image to another. For instance, here on a curved edge, the clone stamp is just not enough.
What to do when the clone stamp and healing brush just aren't cutting it. How to copy and paste from what part of the image to another in order to fix nearly anything.
The main types of image formats are
To know how much image information you have, look at the pixel count, not the number of inches. This video tries to explain the difference, and exactly what's menat by 300 dpi vs. 72 dpi for print vs screen respectively.
By strategically using the healing brush, bags under the eye as well as just about anything else can get removed fairly simply.
With simple copy, paste, and transform commands, just about any section of an image can be resized. The trick is getting it to fade in with the rest of the image.
By using Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur on a duplicated layer, and then erasing out all of the parts that aren't skin, the skin can get a smoother look.
As a note, there are far more involved ways to do just about every element of beauty retouching, but this works as a basic starting point.
If you run into a serious problem when doing multiple changes on duplicates of the original layer, sometimes the best choice is to either start over, or to just go back to the original layer and copy and paste it on top of the duplicates and then blend it in.
If a lot of red veins are popping up in the eyes, one way to fix that is by selecting the eyes, and then creating a Hue/Saturation Color Adjustment layer.
In the properties panel set the main drop down of what's getting adjusted to red, and then increase the lightness and possibly decrease the saturation.
The crop tool is a pretty straightforward beast. The one feature that many don't know about is in the options bar where, if desired, you can specify how many pixels wide and tall you want the final image to be.
How to remove specific objects from a photographic. This is meant to reinforce what's been covered so far by combining the tools in complex and interesting manners.
Reiterating the tools and concepts already discussed by using them to combine two objects.
Adding on to the previous video, this continues demonstrating how to combine the tools that were already introduced. Also, it shows how to move the center point when using the transform tool.
The hardest part of taking a person out of an image is figuring out what should go in his or her place. In this instance there was generic foliage to us. That's not always an availble luxury. If there's nothing to put in place of the person it becomes an incredibly advanced thing to try and attempt.
When combining two images getting a great selection is very important. The hardest part, however, is getting the two photograph's colors to match. You do that by first matching their whites, then their blacks, and then their neutral tones.
The goal of this class was to get you up and running in Photoshop as quickly and proficiently as possible. The tools touched on here are the ones most people actually use. This class purposefully left out all of the lesser used tools to not bog you down with needless information.
With that said, there are a couple of concepts that are absolutely worth learning after you master what was covered here. The major one is Masks. Beyond that: Channels, advanced brushes, vectors, and advanced photo retouching all come to mind.
It largely depends on what you need to do with the program. For most, what was covered here will be enough. For some, this will hopefully have been the sure footed grounding you needed to keep moving forward.
Jeremy Shuback is an Animation Director who's directed over a hundred shorts in the last ten years. His shorts have been featured in the WSJ, CNN, NPR, WaPo, and many other places. In 2016 he directed, Shaboom! an animated children's series and currently he's directing an educational series about the basics of the religion Judaism.
On the side, he strives to create absurdly good courses. He's flown to hundreds of cities to teach classes on design and on marketing.
For more about him and his work, head to his website.