This 1 hour and 45 minute short course shares the exciting story of Napoleon's expedition to Egypt beginning in 1798. There are 12 lectures, with an additional oral quiz as lecture 13. This course begins with the background of Napoleon and his idea to invade Egypt in an attempt to hurt British interests, and to bolster his image in France. The course will focus upon Napoleon and his troops, the many scholars he brought with him, the British Admiral Horatio Nelson (in search for Napoleon's fleet), and the Mameluke overlords in Egypt. Several important battles will be covered, including the Battle of the Nile and the Battle of the Pyramids, as well as the Syrian Campaign. I will make extensive use of various primary sources, like diaries and letters, in order to help bring this era close to us. The lectures are recorded on videos, and there are over 200 Powerpoint slides to help illustrate the lectures. Side topics include the intercepted mail of the French by the British, and a love story between a French soldier and a young Egyptian woman. This course is suitable for students high school age and up, though some Junior High School students may find this course profitable. The course includes a bibliography of recommended sources for further study.
The lecture will begin with an introduction to the course, including the overall outline and description of the course. This is followed by background material that will introduce the French Revolution, Napoleon, and how and why he received permission from the French government to lead a French military expedition to Egypt.
This lecture will discuss the preparations for the expedition, including the soldiers, sailors, and the scholars who also were invited on this trip. A major concern on the journey was to avoid the British navy, which was looking to destroy this fleet. On the way to Egypt, Napoleon conquered the small Island of Malta, which added to the wealth they carried.
In this lecture, the Mameluke overlords of Egypt will clash with the French army under Napoleon. The Battle of the Pyramids will be described, and how the French settled into Cairo.
Amidst the clash of two civilizations, there is a love story that developed between Captain Joseph Moiret and an Egyptian woman named Zulima. This lecture will describe how this relationship was able to begin through a captured French woman who had been enslaved 20 years earlier.
This lecture will describe the reasons for the French fleet remaining in the Bay of Aboukir, vulnerable to attack from the British Navy. Admiral Brueys prepared his fleet for a potential attack, but there were weaknesses in his defensive strategy.
British Admiral Horatio Nelson finally found the French fleet in the Bay of Aboukir, and commenced the famous Battle of the Nile. This epoch battle is described, including how the British ships took advantage of weaknesses in the French defensive line.
This lecture discusses the many results from the defeat of the French at the Battle of the Nile, including for Egypt, England, and the French there in Egypt. The lecture will especially focus upon Napoleon's responses to the crisis, which stranded the French there in Egypt.
In this lecture, we will discuss how the British were regularly intercepting French correspondence sent from Egypt to France. The British quickly published these many letters and reports in England, complete with sarcastic footnotes. All of this had a demoralizing effect upon the French in Egypt.
This lecture will describe the interesting work of the French scholars who accompanied the expedition. They did important work, and were able to secure the important artifact now called the Rosetta Stone. The lecture will especially highlight the work of Vivant Denon.
In this lecture, Napoleon marches through the desert to attack Turkish forces in Palestine and Syria. The campaign ended badly though, with defeats and plague, and their march back to Cairo was devastating. This failed campaign precipitated the final collapse, talked about in the next lecture.
In this lecture, Napoleon decides that it is advantageous for him to return to France, and he secretly did so, leaving the French troops in a dismal situation in Egypt. The remaining French were able to defeat British forces at Aboukir, but lost a great battle near Alexandria. The French surrendered, and they were able to secure generous terms that allowed the French troops to return to France.
In this last lecture, I will provide information concerning the future of many persons talked about in this course, as well as provide interpretations concerning the lasting legacy of the Expedition. Current archaeological discoveries concerning the Battle of the Nile will also be discussed.
This is an optional 10-question quiz that I will talk through, asking questions and allowing you time to answer on your own.
Dr. Franz has been teaching history for 32 years in various colleges, and sometimes to high school students. He has written a number of historical dramas for his history students, and after one season's performance, he received a letter of commendation from former president George Bush, Sr. for making history alive to students today. He has also taken history students on a number of field trips to various important historical locations. He hopes to continue putting short history courses on Udemy in order to share his favorite historical events. He currently teaches many online history courses for various universities, along with various live classes in his area.
He has been married for over 33 years to Wendy, and they have a son and daughter, both adults. They also have a few cats and a big German Shepherd dog. In their spare time, they love to walk, jog, swim, and ride their bikes.