Micro Expressions are crucial in Lie Detection and are essential to your Success in Sales, Negotiations, Recruitment, Presentations and Leadership. These very short facial expressions belong to the most reliable signs of what somebody really feels.
This course has been developed by Patryk Wezowski & Kasia Wezowski, the Founders of the Center for Body Language, the World's #1 Body Language Training for Business.
Why should everybody Master Reading Micro Expressions?
What will you learn?
You'll know exactly how to recognise the 26 most common variations of 7 emotions.
The average result people achieve when doing the Micro Expressions Test is 24.09% (based on 2,664 unique tests done between June-November 2012). Less then 12% are able to score above 50%. This means that most people give very little attention to facial expressions, while those tiny movements reliable sources to detect true feelings or lies. Your score can increase easily up to an average of 89.45% after following training.
At their presentation at Harvard University in June 2013, Patryk & Kasia Wezowski showed the results of their research in Emotional Intelligence. Every single person who learned to read facial expressions accurately increased their Emotional Intelligence (measured with the most resilient MSCEIT Test) with an average of 10% after 4 hours of training.
Your facial expressions can also predict your failure or success. Patryk & Kasia Wezowski used facial recognition to predict the outcome of the US presidential election in 2012. They measured the voters’ emotions during the presidential election, by using webcams recognizing facial expressions of people watching the candidates’ speeches. Two weeks before voters voted, they published in the media that the race would be close, but that Obama would win. He did. So the key to improve sales and to be able to detect lies in business conversations starts with being able to read non-verbal communication accurately.
Who created this course?
This course has been developed by Patryk Wezowski & Kasia Wezowski, the Founders of the Center for Body Language, the World's #1 Body Language Training for Business. They developed over a dozen non-verbal communication training programs for Sales, Recruitment, Leadership and Negotiations. Delivered in local languages by 45 international representatives in over 15 countries.
Discover the Power of Micro Expressions and Body Language Live on Stage in front of 2500 people.
During this interactive presentation at Pioneers Festival you will discover how you can predict the success or failure of any Startup or business deal, just by looking at micro expressions (short facial muscle movements that reveal emotions).
During this course you will learn the 26 most common variations of 7 micro expressions. This presentation illustrates one of the possible applications of what you will learn.
Who knows how to read body language has a decisive advantage in negotiations, sales, job interviews, meetings, debates and daily situations. Research in companies led by Patryk and Kasia prove that the best sales people are experts in reading body language. The average score people achieve when doing the micro expressions test is around 24%. The best negotiators achieve is usually around 50%.
This lecture contains a FREE Login to the Pre-Test of your Emotion Recognition skills, based on our Micro Expressions Training Videos program with 300+ Real-Time Videos of Facial Expressions.
Presentation of Patryk & Kasia Wezowski at the campus of Harvard University at NexusEQ conference on June 26th, 2013
We define “Micro Expressions” as subtle muscle movements of the face that last half a second or less. Micro Expressions are involuntary and express emotions that we experience at a particular moment. If you compare a face to a screen the brain is the projector of the emotions on our face by pulling various muscles. Micro Expressions are universally shown in the same way in every culture. Research on blind people from birth confirm that Micro Expressions are not culturally learnt but we are already equipped with that information on the biological level when we are born. This is about the way how our brain translates the emotional impulses. Moreover, most people can’t control these involuntary muscle contractions, which are affected directly by their emotions.
Micro Expressions express most of the basic emotions. Robert Plutchik was first to propose a theory of eight primary emotions – sadness, disgust, anger, anticipation, joy, acceptance, fear and surprise. He also used a special chart with colours related to each emotion to be able then to create blends of emotions, ie. fear + surprise = alarm, joy + fear = guilt. Anticipation and acceptance weren’t proved to be shown on the face in one universal code of facial expressions, so the only positive emotion left from Plutchik theory was joy, later named more commonly as happiness. This term can be a general name for all the family of positive emotions, including acceptance, anticipation, approval, joy, pleasure.
Micro Expressions are generally grouped into seven universal emotions: anger, disgust, fear, sadness, happiness, surprise and contempt.
What we call today “Micro Expressions” were first discovered by Duchenne de Boulogne, the great nineteenth-century French neurologist. He combined his vast knowledge of facial anatomy with his skill in photography, along with his expertise in using electricity to stimulate individual facial muscles to produce a very interesting interpretation of the ways in which the human face portrays emotions. He described his research in the book called “The mechanism of human facial expression”, published in 1862.
The second to write about Micro Expressions was Charles Darwin in the book “The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals”, published in 1872. Darwin noted the universal nature of facial expressions and the muscles used in facial expressions.
Haggard and Isaacs in their 1966 study, revealed how they noted these "micro-momentary" expressions while "scanning motion picture films of psychotherapy hours, searching for indications of non-verbal communication between the therapist and patient". Ekman and Friesen have done a research on facial expressions and confirmed that 7 basic emotions show the same on faces all over the world: anger, disgust, fear, sadness, happiness, surprise and contempt.
In the 1960s, William S. Condon pioneered the study of interactions at a fraction of a second. In his famous research project, he scrutinized a four and a half second film segment frame by frame, where each frame represented 1/25th second. After studying this film segment for a year and a half, he discerned interactional micro-movements, such as the wife moving her shoulder exactly as the husband's hands came up, which combined, yields micro-rhythms.
Paul Ekman’s research in the study of emotions and their relation to facial expressions took Darwin’s work to the next level proving that facial expressions of emotions are not culturally determined, but biological in origin and universal across human cultures. Ekman co-developed the Facial Action Coding System (FACS) with Wallace V. Friesen in 1976. FACS is a system to classify human facial expressions, and is still used today by psychologists, researchers and animators.
In this course you will discover, based on 50 years of research, the most common and useful facial expressions, that appear in daily conversations. If you have previously followed other training in facial expressions, you will see that our aim is to make learning and teaching Micro Expressions simple. This is why we name all facial expressions shorter than half a second: “Micro Expressions”, because this is how most people call them. Some of those Micro Expressions would be scientifically more correctly called as “partial expressions”, “subtle expressions”, “masked expressions”, or another terminology, but these technical terms tends to confuse people who are not deep into science and don’t add an extra value to the content of this book. In our Certification Training we explain the difference between the various types of partial, subtle and masked facial expressions. In this book we keep it simple and focus on how you can apply this knowledge in daily life and business.
Patryk Wezowski and Kasia Wezowski created the worlds’ first Micro Expressions Training program with videos, called METV consisting of more than 300 short videos showing the seven basic Micro Expressions in different configurations. You can click on different buttons on the screen to see whether your assessment is correct. What is useful is that, beside the buttons for each of the Micro Expressions, there is also a neutral button because some of the movies are neutral. In this way you can also learn not to exaggerate in seeing Micro Expressions everywhere. People do not show Micro Expressions constantly and it’s important to distinguish our projections from the reality. The advantage of the program is that our videos show the process of creating a Micro Expressions and in the training area you can at any time stop the movie, slow it down or go back. The movies of Micro-Expressions can be played in slow and fast motion, and there are also videos of people who show Micro Expression during a conversation, while speaking or listening. It also includes videos of children and persons from different cultures in various situations.
You can see happiness on somebody’s face when both sides of their lips go up in a symmetrical way. Both lip corners curl up at the same time, and both to the same height. This is very useful in daily life, for example, if I ask my partner what can we do this evening: “Shall we meet with friends, shall we stay at home or shall we watch a movie?” If I see that both of the lip corners go up when I mention meeting with friends, I know non-verbally what my partner has chosen.
This is not a Micro Expression, but we use this example here to show the difference with a “macro expression”, that stays on the face longer than half a second. Moreover this picture can be useful to notice the difference between a real and a fake smile. When you see the orbicularis oculi muscle (the muscle around the eye) contract, what you see is a real, genuine smile. The contraction of the orbicularis oculi makes the eye cover fold drop to the direction of the middle of the eye and the brows will probably lower. These are both very reliable signs that someone really feels happiness in their prefrontal cortex of the brain and they really enjoy themselves.
How can you recognise a real smile?
How do you recognise contempt?
Disgust is quite easy to identify because when somebody has a Micro Expression of disgust on their face, you will see the wrinkles around the nose. These wrinkles appear in this case because of a slight rising of the upper lip (together with the lower lip pressed against the upper lip).
A clear sign of disgust is the raise of the upper lip. In this variation of disgust, the teeth become visible. Notice also that there are wrinkles around the nose. A very reliable sign of disgust is wrinkling around the nose.
How to recognize Disgust?
A possible sign of anger is the tightening of the lower and upper eyelids. Be careful, because this could be a subtle expression of anger, or could be just a sign of controlled anger, or irritation, or maybe this person is only trying to focus on something. How do you notice the difference? Look at the context, observe the ‘normal’ behavior of this person, and look out for repetitions of this Micro Expression. This will tell you if the person feels Anger, or that it’s just a conversational signal.
When the brows are lowered and both of the eyelids are tightened then this could be a sign of perplexity, but usually it’s a sign of anger or controlled anger.
When the brows are lowered, this could be just a conversational signal but if the brows are lowered together with the tensed eyelids, especially if you notice an angry glare in the eyes, then this is a sign of anger.
Be careful not to confuse this expression with the signals of surprise or fear (because the eyelids are raised in surprise or fear too). But here, while the upper eyelids are raised, the brows are lowered which makes it definitely anger.
During the feeling of anger, some people can move their jaw forward. This is what you often can see during a fight or just before a fight.
Lips pressed together are usually a sign of controlled anger. It could be also controlled sadness. How do you know the difference between those two? Look at the context and the other signals and if there is a glare that is directed to the source or objects that makes this person angry, then this is probably an expression of controlled anger.
How to recognize Anger?
Sadness is evident on someone’s face when the inner corners of the eyebrows are raised. This is a reliable sign of sadness because not many people can fake it without feeling a slight amount of sadness. Be careful not to confuse this with the raised eyebrows of fear. In fear, the whole eyebrow is raised. Here, in Sadness, only the inner corners are raised.
Another sign of Sadness is the pulling down of both of the lip corners. This is a reliable sign, when interpreted correctly in the context, because not many people can fake this movement without raising their chin and without feeling sadness.
Here the lip corners are pulled even more down and the chin goes up.
When the lower lip is pushed up in a pout, this could be the beginning of sadness or a way to ask for attention.
This expression of Sadness is impossible to show clearly on a picture. It’s fairly visible on a video close-up. This expression simply involves a loss of muscle tone in the face. To make it clearer on this picture that this expression belongs to the sadness family, you can see the gaze directed down in sadness. When you have the ability to read this expression in context, this Micro Expression is a lot easier to notice in real life.
Lips, when pressed together, are a sign of controlled anger or controlled sadness. To identify the difference with the controlled anger expression on this picture, you will notice that the gaze is directed downwards in sadness; however this is not always the case. You can also have the lips pressed together while looking at somebody or something. To recognize the difference between controlled anger and this expression of controlled sadness, take the context into account.
How to recognize Sadness?
Fear can be seen in the eyes when the upper eyelids are raised high. In surprise the upper lids will raise also, but in surprise it’s usually shorter than and not quite as high as in fear. When the eyelids are raised very high and held there for some time, then it’s not an expression of surprise. Then it could be a faked surprise, but in most cases it’s an expression of fear.
When the whole brow is raised and drawn together, you can see the tension clearly in the forehead and this means that the person is experiencing fear.
When the brows are raised and the forehead is tense, and at the same time the upper eyelids are raised, then this is a reliable sign of intense fear.
Fear can also be shown by an open and tense mouth. In surprise you see that the mouth can also fall open, but in surprise the mouth is relaxed. In fear, the lips are tense.
When the lips are stretched horizontally, this is a subtle clue of slight fear or controlled fear.
How to recognize Fear?
Surprise is shown by the raising of the upper eyelids. This happens very quickly because Surprise is a short emotion. If the eyelids are raised longer, then it’s probably Fear. A short rising of only the upper eyelids, can be a sign that somebody is just interested in what they are hearing.
There are different ways of raising brows. If they are raised in this way, it can also be a conversational signal. It can be emphasizing something that the person is saying. If it’s longer on the face, it can be a questioning surprise. Keep in mind that when the brows are rising in surprise, they are not tense, but nicely round.
When brows are raised and round but not tense, and the upper eyelids are also lightly raised, this can be an indication of surprise.
Here the mouth drops open in surprise. Notice that the lips are not tensed, they are relaxed. The mouth just falls open.
How to recognize Surprise?
Patryk Wezowski & Kasia Wezowski - Founders of the Center for Body Language, the Worlds #1 Body Language Training for Business: