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In recent years, we've seen a resurgence in AI, or artificial intelligence, and machine learning.
Machine learning has led to some amazing results, like being able to analyze medical images and predict diseases on-par with human experts.
Google's AlphaGo program was able to beat a world champion in the strategy game go using deep reinforcement learning.
Machine learning is even being used to program self driving cars, which is going to change the automotive industry forever. Imagine a world with drastically reduced car accidents, simply by removing the element of human error.
Google famously announced that they are now "machine learning first", and companies like NVIDIA and Amazon have followed suit, and this is what's going to drive innovation in the coming years.
Machine learning is embedded into all sorts of different products, and it's used in many industries, like finance, online advertising, medicine, and robotics.
It is a widely applicable tool that will benefit you no matter what industry you're in, and it will also open up a ton of career opportunities once you get good.
Machine learning also raises some philosophical questions. Are we building a machine that can think? What does it mean to be conscious? Will computers one day take over the world?
This course is all about ensemble methods.
We've already learned some classic machine learning models like k-nearest neighbor and decision tree. We've studied their limitations and drawbacks.
But what if we could combine these models to eliminate those limitations and produce a much more powerful classifier or regressor?
In this course you'll study ways to combine models like decision trees and logistic regression to build models that can reach much higher accuracies than the base models they are made of.
In particular, we will study the Random Forest and AdaBoost algorithms in detail.
To motivate our discussion, we will learn about an important topic in statistical learning, the bias-variance trade-off. We will then study the bootstrap technique and bagging as methods for reducing both bias and variance simultaneously.
We'll do plenty of experiments and use these algorithms on real datasets so you can see first-hand how powerful they are.
Since deep learning is so popular these days, we will study some interesting commonalities between random forests, AdaBoost, and deep learning neural networks.
All the materials for this course are FREE. You can download and install Python, Numpy, and Scipy with simple commands on Windows, Linux, or Mac.
This course focuses on "how to build and understand", not just "how to use". Anyone can learn to use an API in 15 minutes after reading some documentation. It's not about "remembering facts", it's about "seeing for yourself" via experimentation. It will teach you how to visualize what's happening in the model internally. If you want morethan just a superficial look at machine learning models, this course is for you.
All the code for this course can be downloaded from my github: /lazyprogrammer/machine_learning_examples
In the directory: supervised_class2
Make sure you always "git pull" so you have the latest version!
TIPS (for getting through the course):
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|Section 1: Get Started|
Outline and MotivationPreview
Where to get the Code and DataPreview
All Data is the SamePreview
|Section 2: Bias-Variance Trade-Off|
Bias-Variance Key Terms
Polynomial Regression Demo
K-Nearest Neighbor and Decision Tree Demo
Cross-Validation as a Method for Optimizing Model Complexity
|Section 3: Bootstrap Estimates and Bagging|
Bagging Regression Trees
Bagging Classification Trees
|Section 4: Random Forest|
Random Forest Algorithm
Random Forest Regressor
Random Forest Classifier
Random Forest vs Bagging Trees
Implementing a "Not as Random" Forest
Connection to Deep Learning: Dropout
|Section 5: AdaBoost|
AdaBoost Loss Function: Exponential Loss
Comparison to Stacking
Connection to Deep Learning
Summary and What's Next
|Section 6: Appendix|
How to install Numpy, Scipy, Matplotlib, Pandas, IPython, Theano, and TensorFlow
BONUS: Where to get Udemy coupons and FREE deep learning material
I am a data scientist, big data engineer, and full stack software engineer.
For my masters thesis I worked on brain-computer interfaces using machine learning. These assist non-verbal and non-mobile persons communicate with their family and caregivers.
I have worked in online advertising and digital media as both a data scientist and big data engineer, and built various high-throughput web services around said data. I've created new big data pipelines using Hadoop/Pig/MapReduce. I've created machine learning models to predict click-through rate, news feed recommender systems using linear regression, Bayesian Bandits, and collaborative filtering and validated the results using A/B testing.
I have taught undergraduate and graduate students in data science, statistics, machine learning, algorithms, calculus, computer graphics, and physics for students attending universities such as Columbia University, NYU, Humber College, and The New School.