The course is about Indian voice music, where one can learn music of India. Initially, I will be covering Indian Classical Music, which is the root of all Indian Music. One needs to have an Indian drone-instrument called Tanpura and a Tabla, which is an Indian Percussion for creating beats. An iTabla-pro app (in apple products) connected with speakers is also sufficient for self-practices and sessions. The course is seven weeks long.
Classical music is classified into four groups:
There are a plethora of Indian music lovers in all parts of the world. Ample of audience gather for any Indian classical concert, but conceptualizing 'what is Indian Classical' and its proper training is still lacking its persistence. I know many westerner-musicians, who travel to India annually for several months, leaving their jobs, to get guidance from their gurus. Therefore, one should definitely take this course to make Indian music singing and training-steps more accessible and approachable at any time.
Welcome to Indian vocal music course. I'm Shambhavi Das and I'm happy to your companion in this musical journey. Indian music is comprised of many genres like pure classical, semi-classical, light music, folk, bollywood etc., but in this course I will be covering only the pure classical because that's the root of all. Without the basic training and knowledge one cannot head towards various forms properly. So let me provide an overview to make you aware how this coarse works.
This lecture provides you the information regarding the tools you might want to have in order to start the course. Simply, you need an app having an Indian drone-instrument called Taanpura, for stabilizing the base note or tonic, and an Indian percussion called Tabla for beats. You can download any app like iTablaPro, iTanpura, pocketraga (android), etc.. I will be teaching with iTablaPro which has a superb sound like a real one.
Its better to connect your phone or iPad with speakers to build an environment, while you take classes or do regular practices. But that's optional.
The quiz is about the accompanying instruments which are used while singing.<br>
This lecture provides the brief introduction about Indian classical music (ICM) works. It answers the questions like:
This lecture describes the brief basic terminology or nomenclature of music theory, which I will be using throughout the course and which is important to know. For example:
All the nations and regions have their own culture and ethical decorum which encompasses the cultural values also. Indian music too has its unique style of posture, presentation, seating, accompaniment, holding instrument while singing etc.. This lecture demonstrates the exact posture, body-position, how a musician should be seated while reciting Indian music. For example, we have a low-seating, cross-legs, body straight, preferably in any Indian attire, while performing.
OM word has a huge significance in Indian heritage. Indian shlokas, mantras starts with the word, which symbolizes OMNIPOTENT or OMNIPRESENT. Thus, Om rendition is an essential part in the initial practices and warm-ups, as it calms you internally and motivates you to sing more. Its more beneficial if practiced in the morning.
This lecture discusses on how to vocalize OM properly, so that you don't over-strain you throat. After the initial OM rendition, your voice gets oxygenated and makes you all set for singing.
Rendition of different vowels such as AA..., A..., O..., EE..., AY...., U...., HMMMM....., is another beneficial warm-up, which takes your voice to a higher level and activate your vocal chords. This lecture is the description of vowel rendition.
This lecture discusses on how to vocalize vowels properly, so that you don't over-strain you throat. After the initial OM rendition, your voice gets oxygenated and makes you all set for singing.
This lecture involves vocalization of the first note 'SA', which is the tonic/base note. 'Tonic' note or SA holds a special place in Indian music as it initiates the location and feel of rest of the notes. Therefore, SA rendition is important. Seven natural Indian notes are Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni.
What seating arrangement is suppose to be for Indian performance ?
This lecture includes the detailed explanation of seven natural notes; their establishment and location in the 22 shrutis (microtones). Out of 22 sound frequencies, seven specific frequencies which sounded synchronized, were selected and termed as seven natural notes or 'SWARA'. Here is the discription of what we call a major scale or SAAT-SHUDDHA SWARA.
This lecture discusses about how octaves work. Octave (Saptak )means 'interval between a pitch from its half or double frequency, like C to C, or G# to G#. In Indian music, there are three kinds of saptaks, with reference to the base note SA:
This lecture describes the extra five notes apart from the seven natural ones. Apart from the seven natural, there are five more notes which are flatted or sharped notes. There are five notes out of seven which can change its location to one half step lower or higher; therefore, there are total of twelve notes (7+5=12) in 22 micro tones which are used in the ragas. These twelve notes are:
'Alankaras' or patterns means symmetrical designs of notes. Singing organized sequence of notes helps us verbalize the notes with increased tempo which eventually enhances the Taans (fast improvisation). To illustrate alankaras :
S R S G R R G R M G, G M G P M, M P M D P, P D P N D, D N D SA N,
N S N R SA. This sequence follows: 1 2 1 3 2, 23243, 34354, 45465 and so on...
This lecture takes you a step forward helping you vocalize more advanced and harder alankaras or patterns, involving 6-8 notes together.
Quiz is about memorizing the Hindi terms, which are used in the Indian music for tunes, tempo, beats, Notes, phrases, etc..
This section includes the detailed introduction and mechanism of Indian rhythms and beats system. Beats and rhythms are one of the most essential elements in music. This lecture introduces about how rhythms and beats work; what are the talas ? Terminology for Talas are:
This lecture is a further description of how the rhythms work and introduces you with some of the Hindi terminology which is often used in music.
There are more than 700 types of Talas in Indian music. This lecture describes different kinds of popular and often used Talas, their calculation and comparison with western discipline. Different kinds of popular talas are:
'Teentala' is the most accessible, coherent, user-friendly,and prime Tala in the Indian Classical music. Indian musicians, either amateur or veterans, not only know but try to master this Tala even for their advanced recital. Teentala consist of:
The quiz is about memorizing musical terminology for Indian beats and rhythms.
This section contains the core of the Indian classical which is Raga. Classical performances are recited in the form of ragas. Ragas are specific, fixed characteristic tunes made of the permutations and combinations of the 12 notes (described as above). A raga has minimum five and maximum seven notes.
This lecture explains the basic definition and importance of a raga in Indian music. How the ragas are directly connected with moods and emotions; How it relates to the worshiping of God. This lecture also includes how the ragas are classified into time zone or seasons.
This lecture contains the basic terminology used for the elements involved in a Raga. A raga consists of:
Bandish means the SONG or COMPOSITION created in a raga. There are two kinds of bandish : Fast and slow. While learning a bandish or song, it is essential to be familiar with the elements and syntax of bandish, so that you are able to sing the bandish following its overall decorum.
This lecture discusses the elements and sequence involved in a bandish, which is:
There are hundreds and thousands of ragas in Indian music some of them are existing since ancient times, others have been newly created by the musicians. This lecture provide you the brief information and general introduction of different types of popular, pleasant ragas which are sung or played often today, like Bhoopali, malhar, yaman, des etc..
These set of questions are about how ragas and its elements works and about the widely used terms in the raga-improvisation.
This section demonstrates the detailed description and vocalizing raga Bhairav. Out of ten basic ragas, which are responsible for the creation of other numerous ragas, we will be starting a morning raga called RAGA BHAIRAVA.
This lecture contains the general introduction and what to perceive during singing raga Bhairava. For instance, this is a morning raga, which gives a dawn and dull feel when we are awake; our mind is fresh enough to feel and welcome the sunrise. Its a serious raga which inculcates maturity and serenity in our attitude.
This lecture starts with singing basic notes of raga bhairava like aaroh, avroh, pakad:
This raga has all the seven notes with Re and Dha komal. i.e., IInd and VIth notes flat (1/2 step lowered)
This lecture includes the AALAP, a slow improvisation of notes which is helpful for establishing the raga. Aalap is an important element in the raga development as it inspirit a particular raga into the musician's and the listener's mind as well. Raga stabilizes in our mind and we start personifying it as an entity or soul.
Aalap improvisation is a musician's extempore ability and creation which develops through experience, knowledge and aesthetic capability, but I have composed the aalap in order to make singing and understanding easy for the beginners.
'Bandish' is a musical word for song or composition or piece especially created in a specific raga. 'Bandish' means rigidly organized in swar and tala. Bandish has two parts: STHAYEE and ANTARA. Sthyee is the first part which can be referred as rephrase and antara is the next part as in stanza.
This lecture constitutes the sthayee, the first part of a bandish in raga bhairava. Sthayee :
Dhan dhan murat krishna murari
sulakshan giridhari, chhavi sunder laage ati pyari...
This lecture explains the second part of the bandish which is called ANTARA. Antara can be conceptualize as stanza of a song. Antara generally depicts the higher notes of a raga and created for the purpose of returning to the sthayee again.
Antara of theis bandish in raga Bhairava is:
Bansi dhar man mohan suhave
Bali Bali jaaun more man bhave
Sab rang gyan vecharii.....
dhan dhan murat..... (back to sthayee)
There are thousands of bandish in all the several ragas.
This lecture introduces Bol-baant, extempore, innovative, random swaras rendition in moderate tempo (same tala which follows the bandish). Bol-baant is another interesting element in the raga improvisation, which is sung after the bandish is sung once. Bol-baant shows up in order to elaborate the bandish and take it to the faster tempo. Bol-baant is vocalized in aakar, swaras as in sargam-rendition, or with the help of words of the bandish.
Bol-baant is fully extempore and is a tremendous creativity of a musician which develops through practices. Although, I have set the bol-baant for students to know how it works.
This lecture explains and help students vocalize TAAN, fast improvisation of notes. Taanas are sung in super increased tempo (tala), according to the individual's capability and caliber. Taanas require a lot of energy, proper breathing, belly flexibility, as taanas are vocalized through the stomach register. Taanas also help us verbalize the swaras SA re ga ma.... in quick and random manner. One requires a focused brain, raga knowledge, and innovative power to vocalize Taanas. Normally, Taanas can be considered as the eighth notes, sixteen notes or 32 ...
Initially, Taanas should be practiced in a moderate tempo as in two notes/beat. It is written as:
SR GR GM GM PM PM GR SS.....
After having an idea about how various elements in the classical heritage, finally this lecture demonstrates the sequence and decorum once again. The sequence follows:
To get an idea of how the musicians keep the singing format, you can visit the resources and see.
This recital was according to my imagination and potential to show you that Indian music is based on the imagination and improvisational capability of a musician, which comes through time after practices.
This is a final recital in Raga Bhairava - Teentala (Madhya laya)
You are all set. Thanks for choosing this course. Hope you enjoyed the music and would continue to practice. All the best.
Back in India, Music has been the crucial part of my life, since I was five years old.
My mother is a musician too and she groomed me tediously to make me a good singer. Since my childhood, my mother incorporated me to her teacher, Mr.Kashalkar, who has always been my source of guidance, inspiration, and knowledge in this field.
After being mentored by him and clearing all Prayag (prestigious north-Indian classical level) Exams for 10-12 years approximately, I moved to Delhi for my higher studies in music.
Moving to Delhi was my jump start move in music, as I found myself competing among the highly talented students and veteran teachers and maestros. In Delhi, I started my training with my professor's wife, Dr. Soma Singh, who helped me in developing the nuances, improvisations, and minute variations in the raga system.
During my Graduation, Masters, M.Phil and PhD in Indian music, I have been fortunate to achieve the guidance from many great maestros like Pt. Vidyadhar Vyasa, etc..
I fell in love with the tunes and peculiarities of different ragas and perceived them as my mental healer.
Doctorate in music was the time, when I actually perceived music as a source of spiritual, emotional, physical development of my persona. I enjoyed music without any pressure or exam fear. Research field works, meeting eminent musicians, gaining knowledge regarding my thesis rejuvenated me from within and made me feel on the top of the world.
Waking up at four, doing yoga for the voice warm ups, daily practices starting with OM rendition, followed by swarabhyasa, raga rendition, imbibed an overwhelming confidence and contentment in my personality.
Swar practices, Alankaras and different raga development engages our brain and mind, which unleash the brain knots and enhances the brain-mind-soul functionality. Music imparts optimism and mindfulness in our trait and subsides negativity like ego, sorrow.
In my experience, Indian vocal music including raga system helps us in tranquilizing our overall attitude, behavior, and thought process, focus etc.. My advice to all the students, even for those who are not interested in music, is that they should surely give it a try and take this course,
in order to rekindle and transcend their lifestyle.