Knee meniscus ('knee cartilage') injury & surgical options
5.0 (3 ratings)
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Knee meniscus ('knee cartilage') injury & surgical options

Become confident in discussing your knee meniscus injury with your surgeon and therapist - it's your knee!
5.0 (3 ratings)
Instead of using a simple lifetime average, Udemy calculates a course's star rating by considering a number of different factors such as the number of ratings, the age of ratings, and the likelihood of fraudulent ratings.
24 students enrolled
Created by Sheila Strover
Last updated 11/2015
Current price: $10 Original price: $20 Discount: 50% off
5 hours left at this price!
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  • 1 hour on-demand video
  • 1 Article
  • Full lifetime access
  • Access on mobile and TV
  • Certificate of Completion
What Will I Learn?
  • get to grips with the correct medical terminology
  • understand exactly what the meniscus does for your knee, and why it matters
  • understand how the meniscus can become damaged
  • identify the different types of meniscus tears and avulsions
  • have an idea which kinds of tears can heal on their own
  • know what symptoms are experienced with meniscus damage
  • understand the clinical evaluation of a meniscus injury
  • be clear about the surgical options for the damaged meniscus
  • understand the consequences of meniscus removal
  • feel confident about surgical options after meniscus removal
View Curriculum
  • No prior knowledge or preparation is necessary.

Course Description

Learn about how important the knee meniscus is in protecting the knee from stresses and strains that might otherwise damage the joint surfaces and lead to irreparable arthritis. Understand those issues that face both you and the clinical team if you damage your meniscus, and become more confident in making the right decisions about treatment.

Putting anatomy into context

A sympathetic explanation of the anatomy of the menisci and the ligaments that help to support them, lead the student to a clearer understanding of the functional consequences of a meniscus tear or an avulsion. Highlighting the key differences between the medial and lateral meniscus will clarify for you why management decisions may differ in these two structures. The take-home message focuses on how apparently minor injury of a meniscus can lead to major consequences, unless managed appropriately and in a timely fashion.

Richly illustrated, clear explanations

Simple explanations, but never condescending, are supported by unique illustrations. Most of the 23 lectures (in 6 sections) integrate illustration into video via whiteboard animations. Medical publications and online references at an appropriate level offer extra value via the Resources sections of each Lecture.

Who will benefit from this course?

The course is intended for people who have a meniscus problem of their own, and who want to understand the issues and to be able to discuss matters confidently with a doctor in order to allow them make sensible decisions.

It will also benefit members of the medical profession who have a need to understand knee orthopaedics, such as nursing staff, physiotherapy students, and junior doctors.

The course will probably take two hours for a beginner to complete, but the additional reference material in the Resources section will of course add extra value.

Who is the target audience?
  • This course is for anyone who has had a knee problem where the meniscus ('knee cartilage') has become damaged.
  • It will also be of value to students of orthopaedics and orthopaedic rehabilitation
Compare to Other General Health Courses
Curriculum For This Course
24 Lectures
A brief background
4 Lectures 13:52

Meet your instructor, Dr Sheila Strover, and find out why she is passionate about helping people understand about knee problems. Also find out about a confusing terminology issue, so that you can use the correct terminology when searching for information online.

Preview 03:31

Learn how to exploit the extra value in the Resources section, how to take notes and 'timestamp' videos, and also involve yourself in discussions about meniscus problems. Remember that there may be useful downloadables in the Resources.

Study tips for you

Start to grasp the basic meniscus vocabulary, and distinguish the important differences between the medial and lateral meniscus. This will help set the stage to expand on the anatomy concepts a little later in the course.

Elementary anatomy concepts

Learn how the internal structure of the meniscus contributes to its function in terms of cushioning impact and enhancing knee stability and spatial awareness. This will help you to understand the serious consequences when a meniscus tear is not properly managed.

Relating structure to function

Test yourself
2 questions
Anatomy essentials
3 Lectures 07:57

Find out how the blood supply of the meniscus is critical to determining which meniscus tears are likely to heal and which are not. Learn about the red and white zones, and how the surgeon will try to optimise the opportunity for healing.

The blood supply of menisci

Gain an understanding of how the menisci are tethered, allowing some movement but in a restrained way. Learn how the medial and lateral menisci differ in their movement and tethering. The meniscal roots, the coronary ligaments and the popliteus are important but tears here may be missed - an understanding of the anatomy may assist you in seeking the right opinions.

Meniscal mobility and ligament restraints

Find out about this normal variant that often causes meniscus problems in children. This is a very important issue as early arthritis can be an outcome if the discoid meniscus patient is not recognised early and followed through adulthoood.

The discoid meniscus

Test yourself
2 questions
The damaged meniscus
6 Lectures 15:48

Gain awareness of the various kinds of damage inside the knee that can affect the several functions of the meniscus, and how the lack of full competence can lead to instability, arthritis and even deformity.

Overview of meniscus damage

Find out about the different kinds of meniscus tears, and why the differences matter. In this lecture you will learn about circumferential and radial tears, vertical and horizontal tears, and stable and unstable tears of the meniscus. In particular you will learn about how a bucket handle tear can lead to locking and further damage.

Preview 03:34

Learn about the ligamentous supports of the menisci, and how damage to these ligaments can mimic meniscus tears. This is a really important lecture, because these problems may be missed at arthroscopy, and symptoms of instability may continue despite the meniscus appearing intact.

Meniscus avulsions

Understand how important the meniscal roots are to knee stability. Early arthritis is inevitable if a meniscus root tear or avulsion is missed, and patients must not be afraid to ask for second opinions about their MRI scan.

Injuries of the meniscal roots

Find out why popliteus integrity matters, and how tears of the popliteus can easily be missed, with consequences to long term meniscus function. This is a problem specific to the lateral meniscus.

Popliteus tears

Understand how wear-and-tear can weaken meniscus structure and lead to extrusion of the meniscus over the edge of the tibia, leaving the joint surfaces unprotected and vulnerable to arthritic change.

Meniscal degeneration and extrusion

Test yourself
2 questions
Evaluating the injured meniscus
2 Lectures 08:22

Discover those particular activities that may lead to meniscus damage, and make sure that you offer the doctor a good explanation of the exact position of the joint at the time of injury, and any other precipitating factors such as a direct impact on the knee.

Mechanisms of meniscus injury and early symptoms

Find out how the doctor uses stress tests to try and confirm the diagnosis of meniscus injury, and how this is really an inexact science. Learn more about MRI interpretation in cases of meniscus injury.

Clinical signs and special investigations

Test yourself
2 questions
Rehabilitation perspectives
2 Lectures 05:56

Learn the basic exercises to keep things moving while you consider your options. A downloadable sheet is available for you as an extra Resource, containing details of the exercises and the repetitions.

Early rehabilitation considerations

Become informed to better share the decision-making process with your surgeon. See how the type of injury dictates the options for surgery, and the probability of preserving useful meniscus function and preventing arthritis.

Deciding on surgery

Test yourself
2 questions
Available surgical options
7 Lectures 20:49

Understand the surgical options for repairing the meniscus. Learn about meniscus repair with sutures, fixation devices or 'glues', and how the type and situation of the tear will dictate the likely outcome.

Repairing the tear or avulsion

Find out when it is impossible to save the meniscus tissue because of the nature of the tear or its position. Also learn the terminology for the various procedures when meniscus tissue is removed.

Removing damaged tissue

Understand what the long term outcome may be of not having a functioning meniscus. Gain an awareness of knee compartments, and how an incompetent compartment may lead initially to a functional gait abnormality and then later to a true structural deformity of bow legs or knock knees.

Preview 04:09

Find out how unloader braces and osteotomy can help to relieve symptoms or early arthritis relating to meniscus loss. This is a neglected set of options in the treatment armamentarium, and patients really need to press their surgeon for information before considering 'amputative' surgery such as partial knee replacement.

Unloading the joint with braces or an osteotomy

Learn about newer techniques of replacement of the destroyed meniscus, including bio-engineered scaffolds and meniscal transplantation.

Preview 03:45

Learn how partial and total knee replacement are salvage procedures, representing a failure somewhere along the treatment pathway.

Partial (and total) knee replacement

Test yourself
3 questions

Glossary of terms
About the Instructor
Sheila Strover
4.7 Average rating
21 Reviews
95 Students
2 Courses
Medical Doctor

Dr Sheila Strover (BScHons MBBCh MBA) is Director of ftmg Associates Ltd in the UK and responsible for key strategy and the development of the clinical content on the KNEEguru website. She is a medical practitioner (ex anaesthetist), with many years' experience working in a medical managerial capacity with the knee surgeons and physiotherapists at the Droitwich Knee Clinic and The Knee Foundation in the UK, although she left those two organisations in 2003, and no longer has any commercial involvement with them.