How to use question-answer sentences correctly in Mandarin.
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How to use question-answer sentences correctly in Mandarin.

Q&A pattern in mandarin
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Instead of using a simple lifetime average, Udemy calculates a course's star rating by considering a number of different factors such as the number of ratings, the age of ratings, and the likelihood of fraudulent ratings.
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Created by Zhenxia Xing
Last updated 4/2017
Simplified Chinese
Current price: $10 Original price: $45 Discount: 78% off
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Includes:
  • 1 hour on-demand video
  • 1 Article
  • 11 Supplemental Resources
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  • Certificate of Completion
What Will I Learn?
  • students can understand this grammar and make conversation about daily life.
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Requirements
  • It is better for students to know at least 150 Chinese words before taking this course
Description

For most foreigners who start to learn mandarin Chinese,question sentences are one of the difficult points because the usage in mandarin is different from English or other languages.How to express question sentences in mandarin correctly?Here are several structures which can help you to manage this grammar as quickly as possible.

Who is the target audience?
  • The course is for foreign students who are confused of Chinese question sentences.
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Curriculum For This Course
15 Lectures
01:13:41
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15 Lectures 01:13:42

For most foreigners who start to learn mandarin Chinese,question sentences are one of the difficult points because the usage in mandarin is different from English or other languages.How to express question sentences in mandarin correctly?Here are several structures which can help you to manage this grammar as quickly as possible.Follow this course and solve your problems in questions in Mandarin.

Preview 01:04

First ,please keep one idea in mind that is Subject is always put at the begining of sentences in Chinese language ,then predicate ,after that is object or others. The common structure is as follows:

    Subject +predicate+object/others

 

Subject +verb/adj+others

Verb    学习xué  xí     喝水hē shuǐ   

Adj     聪明cōng míng      好hǎo

Noun    星期天xīng qī tiān    4月8号-----date

        五块钱wǔ kuài qián           -------price

        

 

  For example: tiān qì hěn hǎo 天气很好。 Wǒ xué xí hàn yǔ .我学习汉语。

Preview 04:05

(1)   how to use why ----为什么?Wèi shén me  

S+为什么(why)+verb/adj?

A 你为什么学习汉语?Nǐ wèi shén me xué xí hàn yǔ ?

B 今天为什么很冷?Jīn tiān wèi shén me hěn lěng ?

C 今天中国学生为什么不去学校?Jīn tiān zhōng guó xué shēng wèi shén me bú qù xué xiào ?

D 公司老板为什么是他?Gōng sī lǎo bǎn wèi shén me shì tā ?

please note that the verb "to be" (am, is, are, etc) is contained within the verb used in the sentence and is not expressed,

  • (2)how to use why--怎么不/怎么没zěn me bù /zěn me méi =为什么不/为什么没?

In Chinese language ,怎么不/怎么没zěn me bù /zěn me méi  are the same as 为什么不/为什么没Wèi shén me bù /Wèi shén me méi, but 怎么不zěn me bù is used for future tense,and 怎么没zěn me méi  is for past tense.

你怎么没去买菜?Nǐ zěn me méi qù mǎi cài ?

你为什么没去买菜?Nǐ wèi shén me méi qù mǎi cài ?

Change the sentences above

 


Preview 04:38

 asking person--谁shuí   who

  • 谁+verb/adj+others?

 谁是你的汉语老师?Shuí shì nǐ de hàn yǔ lǎo shī  ?

你们家,谁漂亮?Nǐ men jiā ,shuí piào liang ?

谁最高?Shuí zuì gāo ?

谁不高兴?Shuí bù gāo xìng ?

  • S+verb+谁?
  • S+和/跟hé /gēn (with)+谁+verb+others?
  • S+给gěi (to)+谁+verb+others?

   你喜欢谁?Nǐ xǐ huān shuí ?

   他告诉谁去开会?Tā gào sù shuí qù kāi huì ?

你给谁送生日礼物?Nǐ gěi shuí sòng shēng rì lǐ wù ?

你和谁去商场?Nǐ hé shuí qù shāng chǎng ?

他跟谁学习汉语?Tā gēn shuí xué xí hàn yǔ ?

 

Preview 06:00

How to use where ---哪儿/哪里nǎr /nǎ li

  • 哪里有咖啡馆?Nǎ li yǒu kā fēi guǎn ?Nali +verb/adj     

  哪里是书店?Nǎ li shì shū diàn ?

  • S+verb+哪里/哪儿+others?    
  • S+verb+哪里/哪儿+的+noun?
  • S+在/从/往+哪里/哪儿+verb?

你去哪里看电影?Nǐ qù nǎ li kàn diàn yǐng ?

你在哪儿?Nǐ zài nǎr ?

咖啡馆在哪里?Kā fēi guǎn zài nǎ li ?

   你喜欢哪里的水果?Nǐ xǐ huān nǎ li de shuǐ guǒ ?

你是哪里人?Nǐ shì nǎ li rén ?

  在中国,哪里的啤酒最好喝?Zhōng guó rén xǐ huān nǎ li de pí jiǔ ?

      Zài /cóng /wǎng

 你爸爸在哪里工作?  Nǐ bà ba zǎi nǎ li gōng zuò ?

    她从哪儿来?Tā cóng nǎr lái ?

 

asking place---哪里where
08:53

to ask which one or which kind

 哪(一)yi +measure word+noun

        个/种/家/本/件

       Gè /zhǒng /jiā /běn /jiàn

  • S+verb+哪+measure word+noun
  •  哪+measure word+verb/adj.+others?
  • 他 在/从+哪(一)个 +noun+verb    

  你喜欢哪一种水果?  Nǐ xǐ huān nǎ yi zhǒng shuǐ guǒ ?

 老师lǎo shī   水果shuǐ guǒ    书shū     衣服yī fu    

哪一个杯子是你的? Nǎ yí gè bēi zi shì nǐ de ?

哪一种水果好吃?Nǎ yì zhǒng shuǐ guǒ hǎo chī ?

      Zài /cóng /gēn          来 lái  工作gōng zuò  学习 xué xí     买mǎi   

你在哪个学校学习?Nǐ zài nǎ gè xué xiào xué xí ?

他从哪一个国家来 tā cóng nǎ gè guó jiā lái ?

爸爸在哪个公司工作?Bà ba zài nǎ gè gōng sī gōng zuò ?

妈妈跟哪个朋友去买衣服?Mā ma gēn nǎ gè péng yǒu qù mǎi yī fu ?

 

asking kind---哪一()which
07:34

to ask time

In Chinese language,there are two positions for time in a sentence:one is at the begining of the sentence;another is before verb.But if it is time duration ,it is always put after verb,for example ,3年,5小时etc.

  • what time /when  几点/什么时候 jǐ diàn /shén me shí hòu

A  现在几点?Xiàn zài jǐ diǎn ?

2 time duration:多长时间/多久duō cháng shí jiān /duō jiǔ

  Verb+time duration:多长时间/多久

你学了几年汉语?Nǐ xué le jǐ nián hàn yǔ ?

 

asking time
06:09

1 几jǐ +measure word----less than ten ≤10

2 多少duō shǎo (measure word)Or  delete M >10

How many

S+verb+ 几jǐ /多少duō shǎo +measure word  +noun?

几jǐ /多少duō shǎo +measure word  +noun+verb/adj.?

how many times or how often

S+Verb+ji/duoshao +word 次cì  遍biàn    回huí   下xià

asking amount---多少/几
07:04

Date

几号jǐ hào     星期几xīng qī jǐ     几点jǐ diǎn    

How +adj

 多duō +adj   多大duō dà    多长duō cháng   多远duō yuǎn   

 多高duō gāo    多快duō kuài

Age  几岁jǐ suì 多少岁duō shǎo suì  /多大duō dà

Size  几号jǐ hào   多大号duō dà hào

Price   几块钱 jǐ kuài qián    多少钱duō shǎo qián

Asking date/age/size/price问日期/年龄/尺寸/价钱
07:00

1  to ask the method to do something

怎么zěn me +verb

S+怎么+verb+others

2  to ask the attitude or feeling

S+怎么样zěn me yàng

天气怎么样?Tiān qì zěn me yàng ?

 

asking how or how about 怎么/怎么样
03:05

to ask what 什么shén me

S+verb+什么+noun?

 做 zuò  听tīng   说shuō     

  工作gōng zuò    颜色yán sè    歌gē   书shū  

 

你做什么工作?Nǐ zuò shén me gōng zuò ?

什么颜色 shén me yán sè    ?

你喜欢什么颜色nǐ xǐ huān shén me yán sè   ?   

什么+noun +verb/adj?

 什么颜色的花漂亮?Shén me yán sè de huā piào liang ?

asking what---什么
02:45

Yes-no question sentence

Sentence +吗/吧/啊/呀?Ma /ba /a /ya

         Question/discuss/surprise

"yes-no”questions---是非问
05:59

S+verb不bù /没méi verb

S+adj不bù adj

V/A--not--V/A questions正反问
06:26

A 还是hái shì B?

1 A,/B

2 A ,或者huò zhě B

alternative questions选择问
02:47

exercises
00:13
About the Instructor
Zhenxia Xing
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1 Student
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Udemy Chinese mandarin teacher

Hi,everyone .I am from China.I have been teaching Chinese language for many years especially teaching Chinese for foreigners.I can adjust classes or methods according to different student’ level.I have lectures on how to teach Chinese for foreigners every month at one school in my city .With the experience ,I know which part of mandarin is difficult for foreigners and which is important.I know different request from different students so I alway tailor classes for student so that they can reach their language goals quickly and efficiently.I love teaching language.Dont hesitate ,join my class now