German Grammar Explained - Subjunctive Mood
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German Grammar Explained - Subjunctive Mood

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4.6 (4 ratings)
Instead of using a simple lifetime average, Udemy calculates a course's star rating by considering a number of different factors such as the number of ratings, the age of ratings, and the likelihood of fraudulent ratings.
242 students enrolled
Created by Kamil Pakula
Last updated 9/2016
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  • 2.5 hours on-demand video
  • 12 Articles
  • 47 Supplemental Resources
  • Full lifetime access
  • Access on mobile and TV
What Will I Learn?
  • Use full, grammatically correct conditional sentences
  • Talk about conditions that may be fulfilled and ones that can’t
  • Choose whether to use the indicative or the subjunctive mood
  • Choose Konjunktiv I, Konjunktiv II or the ‘würde’-form where appropriate
  • Talk about hypothetical possibilities in the past
  • Use multiple conditional conjunctions
  • Make reported statements
  • Report questions and commands
  • Make instructions
  • Much, much more
View Curriculum
  • As already mentioned before, this is a course for intermediate-level and advanced students, which means you should be familiar with all the basic stuff that is covered in most beginner courses. In particular, I assume you are familiar (at least to some extent) with the following topics: 1) The main conjugation patterns in the indicative mood, 2) Verb forms (the basic form, the past form and the past participle), 3) Regular and irregular verbs, 4) German tenses (present, past and future), 5) Imperatives, 6) Modal verbs, 7) The verb ‘werden’, 8) Syntax (declarative sentences, questions, negations, word order, direct and indirect objects, conjunctions, compound and complex sentences)
  • You do not need any knowledge of the subjunctive mood or reported speech. We’re going to cover these topic from scratch.
  • One thing you do need before you start the course – prepare to learn systematically, preferably schedule your time so that you make sure you can spend enough time studying.

Dive deep into the subjunctive mood. The subjunctive mood is used on a regular basis in German and many learners of German have difficulty mastering it and using it correctly. The subjunctive mood is first of all used in conditional sentences and in reported speech but this list is far from exhaustive. Don’t wait. Learn to use the subjunctive mood the way Germans do.

Discover How Vastly the Subjunctive Mood is Used In German.

·         Conditional Sentences

·         Reported Speech

·         Hypothetical Statements

·         Tone Moderation

·         Wishes

·         Commands

·         Instructions

·         ... and much more

Master the Subjunctive Mood – It’s All Well Within Your Reach.

The subjunctive mood is often considered difficult or vague. There are two reasons. First, it is usually taught towards the end of a course and there’s not enough time devoted to it. Second, the rules that govern the subjunctive mood are not always strict and this makes us uncertain as to how to use it correctly. I think this is a very important topic and deserves a course all of its own. And that’s why this course was created. And, what’s important, it’s not as difficult as it looks. Just give it a chance.

Contents and Overview

This course is pretty comprehensive. It discusses all the types of conditional clauses and all the intricacies of reported speech. It demonstrates how the subjunctive mood is used in multiple areas of the language and when it is preferred over the indicative mood.

This course is divided into 12 sections, each of them covering a broader topic subdivided into lectures. There are 46 lectures altogether. The pace is up to you, you can go through the easier parts faster and then take more time to study the more sophisticated ones.

To help you memorize and practice all the new stuff, there are loads of exercises. Most lectures are accompanied by additional resources. These are downloadable files with exercises (with key). Each lecture is accompanied by the main text file containing the material covered in the video. This written material is much more detailed and extended than what you can find in the video.

After you finish each section, there’s a quiz for you that covers the material discussed in that section.

After you finish this course you will be able to use conditional clauses and reported speech much more comfortably. You will also use the subjunctive mood in other situations, just like Germans do.

Who is the target audience?
  • This course is meant for intermediate-level and advanced students. This course concentrates on one broad topic and dives deep into the details of the subjunctive mood. In order to be able to follow the course you should have some knowledge of German tenses and verbs in general.
  • This course is for students who experience difficulties trying to understand the subjunctive mood in German. This is not a simple topic and that’s why there are lots of exercises for you to practice all throughout the course. Practice is the best way to learn.
  • This course is NOT suitable for students who do not have any knowledge of the language or have never heard about most of the topics described in the section ‘What will students need to know or do before starting the course?’
  • This course is NOT for students who want to improve their general German skills as this course focuses only on one field of the language.
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Curriculum For This Course
46 Lectures
Introduction to the Course
2 Lectures 02:30

Welcome to the German Grammar Explained - Subjunctive Mood. I’m very glad you’re here. I hope you will be glad to be here, too. In the first lecture I’ll just introduce myself and the course. Who is this course best suited for? Is this the right place for you? What are we going to learn?

Preview 01:43

In this lecture I’ll tell how to use this course most effectively. I’ll show you where to find the resources that accompany each lecture. We’ll talk about exercises and quizzes. After this lecture you’ll know how to move around and get the most out of it.

How to Use This Course Most Effectively
Introduction to The Subjunctive Mood
3 Lectures 05:39

In this lecture we’ll revise briefly the three moods in German and see when they are typically used.

The Three Moods

In this lecture we’ll try to explain what the subjunctive mood is.

The Subjunctive Mood

In this lecture we’ll introduce Konjunktiv I and Konjunktiv II and see what they are.

Konjunktiv I and Konjunktiv II

Introduction to The Subjunctive Mood
5 questions
Konjunktiv II Basics
5 Lectures 26:12

The first verb we’re going to see closer to is the verb ‘to be.’ We’ll have a look at the forms of this verb and we’ll see how to use it.

Preview 03:31

The verb ‘to have’ is also pretty common. So let’s see how to use it in Konjunktiv II. 

‘would have’ - Konjunktiv II of the verb ‘to have’

Another very frequent use of Konjunktiv II is with modal verbs. Again, let’s see what the forms are and how modal verbs can be used this way.

‘could, might, should’ - Konjunktiv II of modal verbs

In this lecture we’ll learn how to make the forms of regular and irregular verbs in Konjunktiv II.

Preview 05:06

Most irregular verbs do have Konjunktiv II forms but not all of them are used on a regular basis. Actually the number of verbs that are normally used in Konjunktiv II in everyday language is rather limited. In this lecture we’ll see which forms are most commonly used.

Common Irregular Verbs Used in Konjunktiv II

Konjunktiv II Basics
9 questions
Compound Konjunktiv II Forms
3 Lectures 15:02

The use of simple Konjunktiv II forms is pretty limited. One of the most common constructions that is used instead on many occasions is the one with ‘würde.’

Constructions with ‘würde’

Perfekt forms are forms that use the Konjunktiv II form of the auxiliary verb (‘haben’ or ‘sein’) and the past participle. Let’s see how they are made.

Preview 05:07

Maybe these forms are not among the ones most frequently used, however, you may come across them from time to time. Why not learn to use them?

Konjuktiv II Passive

Compound Konjunktiv II Forms
7 questions
Introduction to Conditional Sentences
4 Lectures 11:28

To have a clear image of what types of conditional clauses there are, let’s a have a look at them for a start. Then we’ll dive into the particular types to discuss them in more detail.

Types of Conditional Sentences

We use zero conditionals to talk about general conditions that may be fulfilled anytime. The subjunctive mood is not used here, so what should be used? Let’s see.

Zero Conditionals

We do not use the subjunctive mood in the first conditional either. This type is very frequently used, let’s see how.

First Conditional

So, when else should or could we use the indicative mood instead of the subjunctive mood in conditional sentences? Well, we’ll find out in this lecture.

Indicative Mood in Conditional Sentences – When Else?

Introduction to Conditional Sentences
5 questions
Second Conditional, Third Conditional, Mixed Conditionals
3 Lectures 15:17

In this lecture we’ll focus on unreal conditions that are not fulfilled in the present. We’ll make use of Konjunktiv II forms.

Unreal Conditions Relating to the Present

In this lecture we’ll see what would have happened if something else had happened. In other words we’ll use the pluperfect subjunctive forms to talk about something we can’t influence anyway.

Hypothetical Possibility in the Past

Sometimes both parts of a conditional sentence refer to two different points in time. In this lecture we’ll see how to handle it in the language.

Different Time References in Conditional Sentences

Second Conditional, Third Conditional, Mixed Conditionals
5 questions
Less Common Issues Concerning Conditional Sentences
3 Lectures 12:04

In this lecture we’ll see what auxiliary verbs can be used for unreal conditions. 

Unreal Conditions with Other Auxiliary Verbs

Conditional sentences may be reduced, which means an element may be omitted. In this lecture we’ll see how to omit the conjunction ‘wenn.’

Reducing Conditional Sentences

Conditional sentences may be extended as well, which means they may use additional words like ‘so’ or ‘dann’. In this lecture we’ll see how it works.

Extending Conditional Sentences

Less Common Issues Concerning Conditional Sentences
4 questions
Conditional Conjunctions
6 Lectures 17:39

The predominant conditional conjunction, ‘wenn,’ has some drawbacks. One of them is that it’s sometimes ambiguous. In this lecture we’ll see why. Fortunately, there are alternatives that bear no ambiguity and we’ll discuss them next.

Preview 01:51

The conjunction ‘falls’ is not so commonly used. However, one advantage it has over ‘wenn’ is that it’s unambiguous. Let’s find out how to use it.

The unambiguous ‘falls’

In this lecture we’ll talk about constructions that mean ‘assuming that’ or ‘provided that.’ 

Assuming that..., Provided that...

In this lecture we’ll get familiar with two more conjunctions that mean ‘provided that,’ and these are ‘sofern’ and ‘soweit.’

Provided that... Again

How to say ‘even if’ in German? Well, actually there are multiple ways to do it. Let’s see how.

Even If...

In this lecture we’ll learn how to say ‘unless’ in German. Again, there’s more than one way to do it.


Conditional Conjunctions
6 questions
Konjunktiv I
3 Lectures 07:44

In this lecture we’ll talk about Konjunktiv I. I will tell you what situations it’s mostly used in and I will also tell you why I decided to talk about it only after introducing Konjunktiv II.

What is Konjunktiv I?

In this lecture we’ll see how easy it is to make the simple Konjunktiv I forms. We’ll talk about the verb ‘to be’, and other verbs, both regular and irregular.

How Do We Make Konjunktiv I Forms?

It’s only slightly more complicated to make the compound forms of Konjunktiv I. You just have to remember a few rules and that’s it.

Compound Forms of Konjunktiv I

Konjunktiv I
5 questions
Reported Speech
7 Lectures 33:58

Let’s start by revising the topic of direct and indirect speech. How does it work in English? How does it work in German?

Direct and Indirect Speech

One of the most important roles Konjunktiv I plays in the language is that of being the means of making reported statements. So, how and when should we use Konjunktiv I in reported speech? 

Reported Speech with Konjunktiv I

We also use Konjunktiv II in reported speech. In this lecture we’ll talk about when it is preferred over Konjunktiv I.

Reported Speech with Konjunktiv II

Apart from the subjunctive forms also indicatives may be used in reported speech, especially in everyday language. Let’s see how. 

Reported Speech with Indicative

Also the verb form ‘würde’ is commonly used in reported speech. This is the topic of this lecture. 

Reported Speech with ‘würde’

We often report questions, both general and specific. In this lecture we’ll talk about how to do it. 

Reported Questions

Apart from statements and questions, also commands may be reported. This is the topic of this lecture. 

Reported Commands

Reported Speech
6 questions
2 More Sections
About the Instructor
Kamil Pakula
4.3 Average rating
128 Reviews
2,194 Students
6 Courses
Here to share what I know.

I studied linguistics and computer science. I have an MA degree in linguistics and I'm also an IT engineer. Since 1999 I've been working as a teacher. I teach languages (English, German, French and Spanish) and also academic and technical subjects like math, science, programming, 3D modeling. I teach 6-year-olds, high-school and university students and adults. I work at a public school and deliver live and online courses. I love this job.