Dive deep into the subjunctive mood. The subjunctive mood is used on a regular basis in German and many learners of German have difficulty mastering it and using it correctly. The subjunctive mood is first of all used in conditional sentences and in reported speech but this list is far from exhaustive. Don’t wait. Learn to use the subjunctive mood the way Germans do.
Discover How Vastly the Subjunctive Mood is Used In German.
· Conditional Sentences
· Reported Speech
· Hypothetical Statements
· Tone Moderation
· ... and much more
Master the Subjunctive Mood – It’s All Well Within Your Reach.
The subjunctive mood is often considered difficult or vague. There are two reasons. First, it is usually taught towards the end of a course and there’s not enough time devoted to it. Second, the rules that govern the subjunctive mood are not always strict and this makes us uncertain as to how to use it correctly. I think this is a very important topic and deserves a course all of its own. And that’s why this course was created. And, what’s important, it’s not as difficult as it looks. Just give it a chance.
Contents and Overview
This course is pretty comprehensive. It discusses all the types of conditional clauses and all the intricacies of reported speech. It demonstrates how the subjunctive mood is used in multiple areas of the language and when it is preferred over the indicative mood.
This course is divided into 12 sections, each of them covering a broader topic subdivided into lectures. There are 46 lectures altogether. The pace is up to you, you can go through the easier parts faster and then take more time to study the more sophisticated ones.
To help you memorize and practice all the new stuff, there are loads of exercises. Most lectures are accompanied by additional resources. These are downloadable files with exercises (with key). Each lecture is accompanied by the main text file containing the material covered in the video. This written material is much more detailed and extended than what you can find in the video.
After you finish each section, there’s a quiz for you that covers the material discussed in that section.
After you finish this course you will be able to use conditional clauses and reported speech much more comfortably. You will also use the subjunctive mood in other situations, just like Germans do.
Welcome to the German Grammar Explained - Subjunctive Mood. I’m very glad you’re here. I hope you will be glad to be here, too. In the first lecture I’ll just introduce myself and the course. Who is this course best suited for? Is this the right place for you? What are we going to learn?
In this lecture I’ll tell how to use this course most effectively. I’ll show you where to find the resources that accompany each lecture. We’ll talk about exercises and quizzes. After this lecture you’ll know how to move around and get the most out of it.
In this lecture we’ll revise briefly the three moods in German and see when they are typically used.
In this lecture we’ll try to explain what the subjunctive mood is.
In this lecture we’ll introduce Konjunktiv I and Konjunktiv II and see what they are.
The first verb we’re going to see closer to is the verb ‘to be.’ We’ll have a look at the forms of this verb and we’ll see how to use it.
The verb ‘to have’ is also pretty common. So let’s see how to use it in Konjunktiv II.
Another very frequent use of Konjunktiv II is with modal verbs. Again, let’s see what the forms are and how modal verbs can be used this way.
In this lecture we’ll learn how to make the forms of regular and irregular verbs in Konjunktiv II.
Most irregular verbs do have Konjunktiv II forms but not all of them are used on a regular basis. Actually the number of verbs that are normally used in Konjunktiv II in everyday language is rather limited. In this lecture we’ll see which forms are most commonly used.
The use of simple Konjunktiv II forms is pretty limited. One of the most common constructions that is used instead on many occasions is the one with ‘würde.’
Perfekt forms are forms that use the Konjunktiv II form of the auxiliary verb (‘haben’ or ‘sein’) and the past participle. Let’s see how they are made.
Maybe these forms are not among the ones most frequently used, however, you may come across them from time to time. Why not learn to use them?
To have a clear image of what types of conditional clauses there are, let’s a have a look at them for a start. Then we’ll dive into the particular types to discuss them in more detail.
We use zero conditionals to talk about general conditions that may be fulfilled anytime. The subjunctive mood is not used here, so what should be used? Let’s see.
We do not use the subjunctive mood in the first conditional either. This type is very frequently used, let’s see how.
So, when else should or could we use the indicative mood instead of the subjunctive mood in conditional sentences? Well, we’ll find out in this lecture.
In this lecture we’ll focus on unreal conditions that are not fulfilled in the present. We’ll make use of Konjunktiv II forms.
In this lecture we’ll see what would have happened if something else had happened. In other words we’ll use the pluperfect subjunctive forms to talk about something we can’t influence anyway.
Sometimes both parts of a conditional sentence refer to two different points in time. In this lecture we’ll see how to handle it in the language.
In this lecture we’ll see what auxiliary verbs can be used for unreal conditions.
Conditional sentences may be reduced, which means an element may be omitted. In this lecture we’ll see how to omit the conjunction ‘wenn.’
Conditional sentences may be extended as well, which means they may use additional words like ‘so’ or ‘dann’. In this lecture we’ll see how it works.
The predominant conditional conjunction, ‘wenn,’ has some drawbacks. One of them is that it’s sometimes ambiguous. In this lecture we’ll see why. Fortunately, there are alternatives that bear no ambiguity and we’ll discuss them next.
The conjunction ‘falls’ is not so commonly used. However, one advantage it has over ‘wenn’ is that it’s unambiguous. Let’s find out how to use it.
In this lecture we’ll talk about constructions that mean ‘assuming that’ or ‘provided that.’
In this lecture we’ll get familiar with two more conjunctions that mean ‘provided that,’ and these are ‘sofern’ and ‘soweit.’
How to say ‘even if’ in German? Well, actually there are multiple ways to do it. Let’s see how.
In this lecture we’ll learn how to say ‘unless’ in German. Again, there’s more than one way to do it.
In this lecture we’ll talk about Konjunktiv I. I will tell you what situations it’s mostly used in and I will also tell you why I decided to talk about it only after introducing Konjunktiv II.
In this lecture we’ll see how easy it is to make the simple Konjunktiv I forms. We’ll talk about the verb ‘to be’, and other verbs, both regular and irregular.
It’s only slightly more complicated to make the compound forms of Konjunktiv I. You just have to remember a few rules and that’s it.
Let’s start by revising the topic of direct and indirect speech. How does it work in English? How does it work in German?
One of the most important roles Konjunktiv I plays in the language is that of being the means of making reported statements. So, how and when should we use Konjunktiv I in reported speech?
We also use Konjunktiv II in reported speech. In this lecture we’ll talk about when it is preferred over Konjunktiv I.
Apart from the subjunctive forms also indicatives may be used in reported speech, especially in everyday language. Let’s see how.
Also the verb form ‘würde’ is commonly used in reported speech. This is the topic of this lecture.
We often report questions, both general and specific. In this lecture we’ll talk about how to do it.
Apart from statements and questions, also commands may be reported. This is the topic of this lecture.
I studied linguistics and computer science. I have an MA degree in linguistics and I'm also an IT engineer. Since 1999 I've been working as a teacher. I teach languages (English, German, French and Spanish) and also academic and technical subjects like math, science, programming, 3D modeling. I teach 6-year-olds, high-school and university students and adults. I work at a public school and deliver live and online courses. I love this job.