How To Design for Accessibility: for UX Designers (WCAG 2.2)
What you'll learn
- How to specifically design for accessibility (the essentials for designers - UX, UI, and Product)
- The top 51 best practices and strategies for designing for accessibility (plus usability & SEO)
- Accessible color contrast & color independence
- Accessible wording - Verb or noun, short or medium labels, are "read more" links bad, and more
- Accessible styling - Border radius, capitalization, fill & color, shadow & elevation, competition, proximity
- Designing accessible error messages, menu items, links, progress trackers
- Designing accessible charts, graphs, and other data visualizations
- Designing amazing signifiers (aka perceived affordances) for accessibility
- Accessible interaction states and the 10 states to design (focus, hover, etc)
- How to combine accessibility tactics
- Accessibility mistakes to avoid
- Accessibility Fundamentals - The who, what, when, where, and why of accessibility
- Section 508, ADA, and WCAG 2.1 and 2.2
Do you want to easily design accessible interfaces for digital products?
But maybe you’ve been overwhelmed by the amount of information out there about accessibility, or don’t know where to start for just the design side of things?
As a seasoned User Experience (UX) designer, experienced with Accessibility, I'm here to solve these issues for you! (Also, if you need to learn about WCAG 2.1 / 2.2 or your country's legal requirements this course has you covered! [e.g. the U.S.'s Section 508 and ADA, India's GIGW and RPD Act, Canada's AODA, Europe's Web Accessibility Directive EN 301 549, Australia's DDA, or any others that are based on/reference the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines])
One of the big problems UX and Product Designers have is that... if we want to design accessible digital products, we have to dig through a HUGE stack of accessibility guidelines, and they tell us things like:
For accessibility compliance, “a mechanism is available to allow the purpose of each link to be identified from link text alone, except where the purpose of the link would be ambiguous to users in general.”
Or “Color is not used as the only visual means of conveying information, indicating an action, prompting a response, or distinguishing a visual element.”
Does that give you clarity on how to specifically design an accessible interface and still look aesthetic? Not so much!
The solution, taught in this course, is a set of 51 essential best practices for designing accessible interfaces. And they are just the aspects of accessibility that apply to a designer’s job, which as a designer you are responsible for and have control over; we won’t get into the code.
This course is based on the latest WCAG 2.1 and latest working 2.2 Guidelines, so you’re getting the freshest information. Whenever new guidelines are released this course is promptly updated. Fresh, fresh, fresh!
(The latest news: The 2.2 Guidelines were scheduled to be officially released in Nov 2020, then expected in fall 2021, and now "WCAG 2.2 is scheduled to be completed and published by December 2022". However, the 2.2 working draft is available now and expected to be adopted without significant change.")
10 things you will get out of this course:
Whether you design digital products yourself, or you oversee their design, with these best practices added to your toolbelt…
You will have a superior design process that enables you to design more accessible (and user-friendly) interfaces from the start.
You will be able to identify accessibility violations just by looking at an interface design!
You will stand out as an impressive, top-tier designer to your boss and clients (since few designers are well-versed in accessible design and accessibility for UX).
You will be loved by your developers for sending them mockups they don’t have to make accessibility changes to.
Your team will save time, and your client will save money, because there will be fewer changes needed at the end to meet accessibility compliance.
Your team and the client will be more safeguarded from lawsuits if and when your team has made a fully accessible digital product (because some groups can be sued for discrimination if their digital products do not meet accessibility and WCAG compliance).
You will receive an Accessibility certification. It certifies your completion of this training. Post your certification to your LinkedIn, list it on your resume or website, hang it next to your desk, and bask in your well-earned professional bragging rights!
You will be able to speak about Design Accessibility with confidence.
You will be prepared for any job that requires knowledge of designing for Accessibility.
You will be able to add this to your CV (put it under Professional Development as "Accessibility for UX Designers, Udemy, <year of completion>"). This will help you land a job!
This course is perfect for beginners!
Before starting, you don’t need any foreknowledge of accessibility (or WCAG, ADA, or usability).
~~~ If you've made up your mind about taking this course, just click the "Buy this course" button at the top. If not, keep reading :) ~~~
By the end of this course you will know:
The 51 best practices that fall within the TOP 3 areas of accessibility.
The first area is about color contrast, where you will learn 4 powerful best practices, including things like:
Do disabled elements need to have a certain level of color contrast (for accessibility compliance)?
How about button borders, logos, or UI controls (like toggle switches, checkboxes, and pagination)?
The second area is color independence which holds 10 best practices. Like:
How to design the display of error messages.
How to make color-coded data visualizations (like charts and graphs) accessible for people who can't see color, or tell the difference between certain colors.
And the third area is all about interactive elements. You’ll learn 37 awesome best practices, along with things like:
Why using links that say “read more” or “details” are a big mistake for accessibility, usability, and SEO; and what wording to use instead.
What’s the best shape for buttons, the optimal corner radius, and whether or not you should use shadows.
How the word “affordances” refers to the visual cues that indicate how to use physical objects, not digital ones. I’ll teach you the term you should be using instead.
Opportunities to apply what you're learning:
There will be activities, quizzes for you to test your own knowledge, downloadable resources, AND you will have me to answer any accessibility or usability questions you have along the way.
What's different about this course:
This course is a compilation of concrete how-tos that you simply will not find in other online accessibility courses. I made the course I wish I had when I was first learning how to design for accessibility (and comply with WCAG, ADA, and Section 508).
It’s highly practical. I’m going to SHOW you exactly how to design for accessibility. With specific UI designs, that come from real-world situations. Not a bunch of theory, or high-level generalizations like “To achieve accessible designs make them: poignant, precise, and simple. Now go forth and good luck!” None of that.
The use cases are from my many years of doing UX design in the world of corporations, governments, small businesses, and nonprofits. And designing Section 508 compliant web applications and websites.
The best practices are backed by expert sources. The design advice has been heavily-researched for accuracy and peer-reviewed by seasoned accessibility specialists.
A lot of work has gone into this course, it was over 10 months in the making (and counting, as enhancements are continually being added), and it’s all because I want you to get the maximum out of it. You’ll be paying hard-earned money for this accessibility course so I want to give you more not less.
Who this course is for:
This course is for people who are responsible for the design of digital interfaces, who want to make them more accessible and user-friendly (and still aesthetic), but struggle with knowing exactly what to do to make their UI designs accessible.
This course comes with a 30-day money-back guarantee. If you are unsatisfied for any reason, you can get your money back, no questions asked.
I invite you to watch some of the free preview videos.
And if you are ready, I'm going to teach you THE 51 essential best practices you need to know to design accessible interfaces!
~~~ If you've made a decision about taking this course, just click the "Buy this course" button at the top. If not, keep reading :) ~~~
What is Accessibility / Digital Accessibility / Web Accessibility?
Accessibility is usability for all.
“Web accessibility means that people with disabilities can equally perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with websites and tools. It also means that they can contribute equally without barriers.” – Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI). Simply put, digital accessibility is when a digital product* is designed to be usable for as many different people as possible, with a focus on those with disabilities.
*And for context, when I say “digital product”, that’s the umbrella term for: websites, mobile apps, web/desktop applications, software, wearable interfaces (like smart watches), Extended Reality experiences (like Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality), voice experiences, touchless experiences, and many others.
When I say “accessibility”...
I’m talking about inclusive design.
I’m talking about learning which design practices could inadvertently lead to discrimination, so we can avoid them.
I’m talking about designing our interfaces in a way that makes them user-friendly for people with disabilities.
Whether those are permanent disabilities, like being born with a vision impairment,
or temporary disabilities, like temporarily having to make do with a glasses prescription that’s slightly off,
or situational disabilities, like being in bright sunlight and not being able to see your screen very well.
As designers, it’s up to us, not the programmers, not our manager, not our clients, but us to design interfaces that can accommodate as many people as possible, of all abilities and disabilities. Accessibility is essential for some, but useful for all.
What is Usability?
When I say “usability”, which is part of UX (User Experience), I'm talking about designing a digital product to be user-friendly. Meaning, intuitive, efficient, delightful, easy to understand, and free of frustrations!
And of course, aesthetic and modern looking! Because an aesthetic, well-laid out, and cohesively branded interface also plays a big role in improving not only usability but also accessibility!
One thing to note here, “Accessibility will not force you to make a product that is ugly, boring, or cluttered. It will give you design constraints that will lead to better products for all of your users.” - Jesse Hausler, Principal Accessibility Specialist at Salesforce
Talking about both accessibility and usability... Usability on its own “often does not sufficiently address the needs of people with disabilities.” – WAI
That’s why we have to focus on it specifically and design for accessibility, not just usability.
Who is the Instructor?
My name is Liz Brown and as a User Experience Designer, I improve the usability, accessibility, and overall glamour of websites, apps, and software. And I do this for a living. My job is to make outdated, ugly, accessibility and usability messes into seamlessly flowing, inclusively-designed, user-friendly beauties.
During my many years of designing digital products for the U.S. government and various official agencies, I was also responsible for designing interfaces that were not just “accessible” but Section 508 compliant. (Section 508 is the part of the U.S. law that legally mandates certain digital products be accessible.)
My team and I worked agile and lean, both of which are ways of working that require the team to be able to move quickly and flexibly. And in those types of fast-paced work environments, there is no time to go back and fix a ton of things.
Accessibility had to become an integrated part of my full-stack design process, not something I left for the end.
I learned how to efficiently bake-in accessibility from the very beginning and all the way through.
And with that, I will teach you how to seamlessly make accessibility part of your design process as well!
From the big company names of today to the household names of tomorrow, they all need successful digital tools that are designed inclusively for people of all abilities, and that's what I offer them, inclusive design as part of a quality UX design process.
I’ve designed countless interfaces for:
Giant agencies like the US Department of Defense, the Centers for Disease Control, and secret groups I wasn’t allowed to know the name of.
Medics needing to be out in the field during war with highly-mobile tech.
Digital tools for The Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard.
As well as private-sector products for small businesses, nonprofits, and entrepreneurs.
Some companies take accessibility seriously, and devote the time and resources to make it happen, and other companies don’t.
We see so many businesses and organizations with websites, apps, or software that unknowingly discriminate against people with disabilities.
This could be because...
...these companies are oblivious to what accessible design is, or
...because at some point someone told them they should make the investment to improve the accessibility (and usability) of their digital product, but they decided not to do it.
No matter the circumstances, what makes some designers able to bring accessibility to their client’s projects or their own companies, and other designers not able to?
I’ll tell you...one huge difference: having an Accessible UX Design process.
This means the designer knows exactly what to do and when during their default UX design process to make interfaces accessible as they’re designing them.
And that is the kind of designer YOU are going to be after completing this course :)
Accessibility won’t be seen as an a la carte option, instead it will be seamlessly integrated into your normal UX process.
Who this course is for:
- UX Designers, Product Designers, UI Designers
- Aspiring Designers
- UX/Product Team Managers
- Developers who design
Technology can’t be better if we don’t make it better. Major kudos to you for taking the steps to become the person who can make that change happen.
As part of the team of Udemy instructors, I work on courses to help you level-up as a professional User Experience (UX) designer.
I’m on a mission to create...
- entertaining learning that you sail through,
- courses that deliver rock-solid strategies and top-tier techniques, and
- how-tos that are specific, actionable, and brimming with real-world examples.
But ultimately… I’m on a mission to turn YOU into an epic UX Designer.
From the trenches:
I work to improve the usability, accessibility, and overall glamour of websites, apps, and software. And I do this for a living. My job is to make outdated, ugly, usability messes into seamlessly flowing, delightful, user-friendly beauties. This has been my UX journey.
For many years I worked as a senior UX designer for a U.S. government contractor. My job was to use “UX magic” to craft beautiful, inclusively-designed, high-performing web applications for various military branches (e.g. Army, Air Force, Marines, Dept of Homeland Security, Dept of Defense, Centers for Disease Control). My team’s “magic tricks” worked. We brought UX to gov agencies that had never heard of it before. UX believers were born.
My UX journey has been full of lessons learned the hard way, real-world on-the-job challenges, and demanding boots-on-the-ground work. But also exciting experiences pitching innovation ideas to executives who were leagues above my rank, winning innovation awards & funding, and working with incredible teams of powerhouses on multi-million dollar projects that impacted millions of users.
What I love about UX is that it never stops developing; as I too am a lifelong student of UX. I believe in the mantra, "To become an expert, you must remain a student”.
The repertoire I’d like to pass to you:
I’m working to create courses that will level-up your expertise across the UX spectrum:
Iterative UX Research –
- UX strategy
- Lean UX, Agile UX
- User & business needs assessment
- User research & usability testing
- Compiling & communicating findings to decision-makers
- Pitching UX ideas, innovation ideas, or just UX in general
Iterative UX & UI Design –
- Information architectures
- Wireframes (sketches and digital)
- Mockups (visual UI design, storytelling, branding)
- Designing for accessibility (WCAG, Section 508, ADA, and others)
- Prototyping, responsive design, interaction design
- Living design systems / style guides
- Writing for the web
- Designer & developer collaboration
Which topic(s) would you like me to put at the top of my list to create a course about?
What’s different about my courses:
1. We redesign existing UIs together so you can see how to do it (I believe in showing not just telling).
2. Many “Ah-ha” moments — We look at existing designs, identify their problems, then you watch as we transform the designs using our best practices.
3. Extremely practical and specific — No high-level generalizations, or “it depends”, or plain theory.
4. Did I mention real-world examples? Yes, practical, from-the-field tricks.
5. Learn from real stories — Nothing sticks to the human brain better than stories. (Yay psychology!)
6. Each section ends with an “action summary” (a summary + checklist of action items) — It’s what I do to make my courses really actionable.
7. Get ready to be encouraged and uplifted the entire way — These courses are all about YOU and transforming you into the stand-out designer you’re destined to be.
How students describe me: “The passion of the instructor is contagious, the examples are on point and the explanations are great. I will definitely recommend this to my colleagues, thank you Liz” —Student, How to Design For Accessibility course
Be proud of yourself for exploring courses; you are taking concrete steps to level-up your expertise, broaden your skillset, and load up your toolbox. You’re going to stand out as a top-tier professional, leagues above others who stopped learning. And I’m delighted to be able to help you on this journey. Now let’s go learn something!
And never forget, the world needs you, go-getter.