Fundametals of Fluid Mechanics
What you'll learn
- Understanding the application areas of fluid mechanics, including aerodynamics, hydrodynamics, and industrial fluid flow systems.
- Learning the fundamental principles of dimensional analysis, including units and dimensions, dimensional homogeneity, and dimensional analysis.
- Understanding the nature of fluids, including the no-slip condition, shear stress, and viscosity, as well as the different types of fluids.
- Learning how to calculate shear stresses and velocity profiles, and understanding the behavior of shear thickening and shear thinning fluids.
- Understanding the concept of pressure and hydrostatic pressure, and learning how to calculate specific gravity.
- Learning how to use different types of manometers, such as the piezometer and U-tube manometer, to measure pressure and calculate buoyancy.
- Understanding the concept of fluid flow rates, including continuity equation, commercial pipe and tubing, and pipe selection.
- Learning how to apply the principles of Bernoulli's equation to calculate volumetric flow rates in different applications,such as tanks, reservoirs and venturi.
- Understanding the general energy equation and its applications to pumps, fluid motors, and valves and fittings.
- Learning how to calculate the mechanical efficiency of pumps and the power delivered to fluid systems, and understanding the various types of energy losses.
- Understanding the concept of Reynolds number and its applications to laminar and turbulent flow, as well as the hydraulic radius for non-circular pipes.
- Learning how to use Moody's chart to calculate friction loss, Darcy's equation, and the effect of friction loss on energy loss.
- Understanding the concept of minor losses and their impact on fluid flow, as well as calculating energy losses due to enlargements and contractions.
- Learning how to calculate all energy losses in moving fluid, including losses through valves and fittings, and understanding the resistant coefficient.
- Understanding the different types of flow meters, including variable head meters, variable area flow meters, and velocity probes, and their selection factors.
- Learning how to measure flow rate and velocity in open channel flow, including weirs, rectangle notches, contracted weirs, and triangle weirs.
- Understanding the different types of positive displacement pumps, including reciprocating, rotary, kinetic, self-priming, and centrifugal pumps.
- Learning about cavitation and vapor pressure, and understanding the importance of NPSH margin and impeller size in pump performance.
- A basic understanding of mathematics and physics, including calculus, algebra, and Newtonian mechanics.
- Familiarity with basic concepts of engineering, such as units and dimensions, as well as some exposure to fluid mechanics and fluid dynamics, either through prior coursework or self-study.
Welcome to our all-encompassing Fluid Mechanics course. In the modern world, understanding the behavior of fluids isn't just academic – it's essential. Fluid Mechanics stands as the backbone of many engineering advancements and solutions that shape our contemporary life, from sustainable water management and advanced transportation systems to energy-efficient designs and beyond. Engineers equipped with this knowledge aren't just advancing their careers; they're crafting the future. With our blend of theoretical insights and practical perspectives, you'll not only grasp the essentials but also appreciate the profound impact of Fluid Mechanics on our world.
Through a combination of theoretical concepts, practical examples, and hands-on exercises, you'll learn about the fundamental principles of fluid mechanics. Beyond the core principles, our course is enriched with numerical challenges, practice problems, and real-world fluid mechanics engineering applications. You'll delve into the myriad applications of fluid mechanics.
Reference books for this course:
Fluid Mechanics by Yunus A. Cengel, John M. Cimbala
Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 6th Edition By Munson
Section 1: Introduction to Fluid Mechanics
Introduction to Fluid Mechanics
Application Area of Fluid Mechanics
Dimensions and Importance of Dimensions and Units
Dimensional Homogeneity and Unity with example problems
Calculation of Dimensional Analysis
Dimensionless Numbers (Reynolds, Bingham & Nusselt Number)
Measures of Fluid Mass and Weight (Density, Specific Weight, Specific Gravity) and the Relation between Density and Specific Weight
Classification of Fluid Flow (Internal and External, Compressible and Incompressible, Laminar and Turbulent, Steady and Unsteady)
Calculation of Reynold, Bingham & Nusselt numbers (Dimensionless Numbers)
Section 2: Nature of Fluids and Viscosity
Nature of Fluids (The no Slip Condition in Fluid Dynamics)
Shear Stress in Moving Fluid, (Derivation Shear stress is directly proportional to strain rate)
Viscosity and Fluid Types (Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluid)
Shear Thickening Fluids and Shear Thinning Fluid
Numericals Related to Newton's Law of Viscosity (Newtonian Fluid)
Calculation of Shear Stresses
Section 3: Pressure and Buoyancy
Pressure (Fluid Pressure and Hydrostatic Pressure)
Calculation of Specific Gravity
Manometry (Piezometer, U tube manometer, Differential Monometer)
Questions related to Monometer for pressure calculation
Buoyancy and Steps for Solving Buoyancy Questions
Numerical related to Buoyancy
Section 4: Fluid Flow Rates and Bernoulli's Equation
Fluid Flow Rates
Calculation of Fluid Flow Rate using Continuity Equation
Commercially Available Pipe and Tubing (Steel Pipe, Steel Tubing, Copper Tubing, Ductile Iron Pipe)
Pipe Selection Aid
Question Calculation of Volume Flow Rate by Pipes and Tubes Table
Determine Pipe Size and Tube Size from Tables
Conservation of Energy (Bernoulli’s Equation),
Derivation of Bernoulli’s Equation
Interpretation of Bernoulli’s Equation
Restriction on Bernoulli’s Equation
Numerical related to Bernoulli’s Equation
Problem related to the calculation of volumetric flow rate through the nozzle using Bernoulli’s Equation
Application of Bernoulli’s Equation (Tanks, Reservoirs, and Nozzles Exposed to the Atmosphere)
Calculation of volumetric flow rate in Venturi Meter
Questions related to Torricelli’s Theorem
Section 5: General Energy Equation and Pump Efficiency
General Energy Equation (Pumps, Fluid Motors, Fluid Friction, Valves, and Fittings)
Mechanical Energy and Efficiency
Nomenclature of Energy Losses and Addition
Questions Related to Energy Equation
Power Required by the Pumps
Mechanical Efficiency of Pumps
Numerical related to Pumps
Calculation of Mechanical Efficiency of the Pump
Power Delivered to Fluid Systems
Mechanical Efficiency of Fluid
Calculation of Power Delivered to Fluid and its Mechanical Efficiency
Section 6: Reynolds Number and Friction Loss
Critical Reynolds Number
Reynolds Number for closed non-circular cross-sections
Hydraulic Radius for non-circular pipes
Solving Problems using Moody’s Chart
Calculation of Reynolds Number for non-circular pipes
Friction Loss in non-circular cross-section
Calculation of Friction loss using Moody’s Chart
Energy Loss due to Friction
Friction Loss in Laminar and Turbulent Flow
Section 7: Energy Losses
Sudden Enlargement and losses due to Sudden Enlargements,
Calculation of energy loss due to sudden enlargement
Exit loss and calculation of energy loss due to exit loss
Gradual Enlargement and calculation of energy loss due to gradual enlargement
Sudden Contraction and calculation of energy loss due to sudden contraction
Entrance Loss and calculation of energy loss due to Entrance
Minor Losses (through Valves and Fittings) with procedure for calculation
Resistant Coefficient for Valves & Fittings
Calculation of all the energy loses in moving fluid
Section 8: Flow Measurement
Flow meters selection factors
Variable head meters, Venturi, Flow Nozzle, Orifice
Variable Area Flow Meters
Flow Rate and Velocity Measurements
Open Channel Flow Measurement (Weirs, Rectangle Notch, Contracted Weir, Triangle Weir)
Section 9: Pumps and Cavitation
Positive Displacement Pumps
Affinity Law for centrifugal pumps
Numerical using Affinity Law
Manufacturer's data for centrifugal pumps
Effect of Impeller Size
Power and Efficiency of Pumps
Join our Fluid Mechanics course and commence a profound exploration into the essentials of fluid mechanics.
Who this course is for:
- Engineering students who are studying mechanical, civil, chemical, or aerospace engineering and need to learn about fluid mechanics as part of their curriculum.
- Professionals who work in industries such as oil and gas, chemical processing, manufacturing, or transportation and need to understand the principles of fluid mechanics to improve their job performance.
- Individuals who are interested in pursuing a career in fluid mechanics or related fields and want to develop their foundational knowledge.
- Hobbyists and enthusiasts who are interested in understanding the science of fluids, such as those who enjoy building model boats, airplanes, or engines.
- Educators and researchers who want to refresh their understanding of fluid mechanics or use the course material as a teaching resource.
OZIS Academy is the platform for struggling university or high school students and professionals who want to improve their skills in the work field as we provide quality and detailed courses. We offer courses from brilliant Ph.D. Professors from prestigious Universities who are experts in their relative fields. We have a team of well-experienced, full-time faculty and dedicated staff including talented retired and working University professors. Our mission is to impart the most qualitative education by the way of systematic methodical and scientific approaches.