StudiGuide 3: Community Policing in California

Study Guide for the California Police Academy (P.O.S.T.) Written Examination
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At the end of this StudiGuide course, students will be able to understand the California Criminal Justice System.
Students will be able to understand the basic concepts of Community Policing in California
Students will, after careful study and review of this course, will be able to have a better understanding for the testing and passing of the State of California’s Commission on Peace Officer Standard and Training (POST) basic police academy written examination.

Requirements

  • Students should have a copy of the state of California’s Commission on Peace Officer Standard and Training (POST) workbook and review it prior to starting a StudiGuide course.

Description

This StudiGuide course provides a practice review-testing resource for police academy cadets (based on the state of California’s Commission on Peace Officer Standard and Training 'POST' requirements) to help understand and pass the POST written examinations.


After review and study of this StudiGuide:


Community Policing in California


DEFINE:

· community policing

· community partnerships

· communication

· facilitation

· community mobilization

· homeland security

· the term “problem”

· problem solving

· crime prevention

· Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)


DEFINE and DISCUSS a problem solving strategy


IDENTIFY the essential components of community policing, including:

· essential components of community policing

· problem solving

· addressing quality of life issues

· partnerships with the community

· partnerships with other agencies

· internal and external resources


IDENTIFY community policing goals, including:

· reducing/preventing crime

· reducing the fear of crime

· improving quality of life

· increasing community Awareness

· increasing community Involvement

· increasing community Ownership

· increasing local government involvement in problem solving


IDENTIFY peace officer responsibilities in the community, including:

· maintaining order

· enforcing the law

· preventing crime

· delivering service

· educating and learning form the community

· working with the community to solve problems


IDENTIFY the elements of area/bead knowledge, including:

· critical sites

· locations requiring special attention, i.e., hot spots

· potential dangerous areas


IDENTIFY:

· the components that comprise communities

· benefits of integrating community mobilization and homeland security

· crime prevention strategies

· methods for recognizing crime problems


IDENTIFY resources which provide opportunities to educate and learn from the community, including:

· community forums

· community advisory groups


IDENTIFY the essential partnering skills, including:

· leadership

· communication

· facilitation

· community mobilization


IDENTIFY the elements of the crime triangle, including: Victim, Offender, Location


IDENTIFY the principles of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)

· natural surveillance

· access control

· territorial reinforcements

· image


RECOGNIZE peace officers’ responsibilities to enforce the law, including:

· adhering to all levels of the law

· fair and impartial enforcement

· knowing the patrol beat or area of responsibility


RECOGNIZE:

· a peace officer’s role in influencing community attitudes

· the potential effects of negative nonverbal signals


RECOGNIZE the components of a message in communications with others, including:

· content (words)

· voice characteristics

· nonverbal signals


DIFFERENTIATE between PROACTIVE and REACTIVE policing


DISCUSS:

· community policing philosophy

· the history of policing models – Traditional

· the history of policing models – Professional

· the history of policing models – Community

· community expectations of peace officers

· current and emerging issues that can impact the delivery of services by peace officers

· opportunities where peace officers educate and learn from community members

· government expectations of law enforcement and peace officers

· the relationship of ethics to the badge of office

· leadership skills in community policing

· communication techniques that can be used for obtaining voluntary compliance

· community mobilization methods

· benefits of maintaining a positive relationship with the news media

· the Broken Windows Theory

· crime prevention programs within the community


DISCUSS the key elements for developing trust between community partners, including:

· Trust

· Respect

· Understanding

· Support

· Teamwork


DISCUSS the components of the facilitation process, including:

· being familiar with the issues

· establishing meeting guidelines

· stating meeting purpose, scope, and need

· stating and clarifying objectives

· prioritizing competing problems and issues

· identifying potential solutions


DISCUSS the elements of the community mobilization process, including:

· getting people involved

· identifying community resources (skills)

· calling for action

· educating the public

· taking responsibility for public safety and quality of life

· sustaining effort


DISCUSS the components of a community inventory, including:

· partners

· stakeholders

· community collaboration


GIVE EXAMPLES of effective communication techniques for:

· active listening

· establishing effective lines of communication

· overcoming barriers to communication


GIVE EXAMPLES of obstacles that officers may encounter when developing community partnerships


GIVE EXAMPLES of crime risk factors


APPLY facilitation techniques reflecting professional behavior, including:

· maintaining the focus on the issues an stimulating discussion

· displaying interest in the issues

· leading the group toward problem resolution

· helping participants learn from the problem solving experience

· dealing calmly and respectfully with unexpected incidents

· maintaining objectivity


APPLY a problem solving strategy


DISTINGUISH BETWEEN Problem Oriented Policing (POP) and Community Policing (CP)


Selected information from this StudiGuide will also appear on your Mid-Course and End-of-Course Proficiency Written Tests.

Who this course is for:

  • Students who want to maximize their study time while attending a police academy in the state of California.
  • Students who want a clearer understanding of the material they will be tested on while attending a police academy.
  • Our StudiGuides are an eLearning experience that short-cuts the normal "study groups" at home with the fundamental, straight forward, no-nonsense knowledge required, in a practical setting; your home, vehicle or other study place.

Course content

7 sections59 lectures1h 5m total length
  • StudiGuide Introduction
    02:02
  • Test Taking Tips
    04:27
  • Discussion Post
    01:53

Instructor

California Police Academy Study Guide Presenter
Michael Rubacha
  • 4.5 Instructor Rating
  • 460 Reviews
  • 7,927 Students
  • 25 Courses

Michael "Andy" Rubacha

I began my career in law enforcement in 1988 and retired from Los Angeles County. Throughout my County law enforcement career, I have taken on collateral tasks as trainer, instructor and mentor to fellow law enforcement personnel of all ranks.

I have attended the LAPD Law Enforcement West Point Leadership Program and numerous other supervisory, management, and instructor training courses in law enforcement. I have obtained my Basic, Intermediate, Advance, Supervisory and Management POST certificates. As a college instructor, I have taught Criminal Justice to students interested in the field of law enforcement. I have a Bachelor of Science degree in Sociology. I have taken a keen interest in newly hired police trainees to mentor them for success. I have also facilitated career / promotional preparation courses for the past fifteen+ years.

Additionally, I was a member of the Air Force (Security Police), a Veteran of Desert Storm, and a life-member of the Veteran of Foreign Wars, Post 9148, having served as Post Commander and Senior Vice-Post Commander.

I have volunteered my time for more than fifteen years to coordinate and teach study groups for police academy (including Module D and re-certification) recruits/students. Over 1000 students attended my study groups. My desire is to continue benefiting the student/recruit in being successful to become the next generation police officer.