StudiGuide 20: Use of Force in California
What you'll learn
- At the end of this StudiGuide course, students will be able to understand the California Criminal Justice System.
- Students will be able to understand the basic concepts of Use of Force.
- Students will be able to have a better understanding for the testing and passing of the (POST) basic police academy written examination.
- Students will have an understanding of California Use of Force / Deescalation
- Students should have a copy of the state of California’s Commission on Peace Officer Standard and Training (POST) workbook and review it prior to starting a StudiGuide course.
This StudiGuide course provides a practice review-testing resource for police academy cadets (based on the state of California’s Commission on Peace Officer Standard and Training 'POST' requirements) to help understand and pass the POST written examinations.
After review and study of this StudiGuide:
DEFINE the term “force option”
• the circumstances set forth in the California Penal Code when a peace officer has the authority to use force
• that the objective of using force is to overcome resistance to gain control of an individual and the situation
• the legal standard for the use of deadly force
• the factors required to establish sufficiency of fear for the use of deadly force
• force options and the amount of force peace officers may use based on the subject’s resistance
• facts an officer should consider when determining whether or not to use deadly force
• the law regarding justifiable homicide by a public officer and the circumstances under which the homicide is considered justifiable
• the legal framework establishing a peace officer’s authority during a legal arrest, including a subject’s requirement to submit to arrest without resistance and a peace officer’s authority to use reasonable force during a detention or arrest
• the importance of training and ongoing practice when responding to potentially dangerous situations that may require the use of force
• the legal and administrative consequences associated with the use of unreasonable force
• an agency’s potential liability associated with the use of unreasonable force
• the consequences of an officer’s failure to intervene when unreasonable force is used by another peace officer
• why complete documentation of the use of force is critical to the peace officer and the peace officer’s agency, to include justification for using force and relevant factors and detail
• the benefits of ongoing physical and mental training for peace officers involving the use of force
• of acceptable techniques for managing anger
• reasonable force as stated by law
• the components of the Fourth Amendment standard for determining objective reasonableness as determined by the U.S. Supreme Court
• the importance of effective communication when using force
• the role of agency policies regarding the use of deadly force
• factors that can affect a peace officer’s response when threatened with danger, to include:
• Indecision and hesitation
• immediate and delayed intervention techniques
• factors that may inhibit a peace officer from intervening in a situation where a fellow officer may be applying unreasonable force
Selected information from this written examination will also appear on your Mid-Course and End-of-Course Proficiency Tests.
Who this course is for:
- Students who want to maximize their study time while attending a police academy in the state of California.
- Students who want a clearer understanding of the material they will be tested on while attending a police academy.
- Our StudiGuides are an eLearning experience that short-cuts the normal "study groups" at home with the fundamental, straight forward, no-nonsense knowledge required, in a practical setting; your home, vehicle or other study place.
Michael "Andy" Rubacha
I began my career in law enforcement in 1988 and retired from Los Angeles County. Throughout my County law enforcement career, I have taken on collateral tasks as trainer, instructor and mentor to fellow law enforcement personnel of all ranks.
I have attended the LAPD Law Enforcement West Point Leadership Program and numerous other supervisory, management, and instructor training courses in law enforcement. I have obtained my Basic, Intermediate, Advance, Supervisory and Management POST certificates. As a college instructor, I have taught Criminal Justice to students interested in the field of law enforcement. I have a Bachelor of Science degree in Sociology. I have taken a keen interest in newly hired police trainees to mentor them for success. I have also facilitated career / promotional preparation courses for the past fifteen+ years.
Additionally, I was a member of the Air Force (Security Police), a Veteran of Desert Storm, and a life-member of the Veteran of Foreign Wars, Post 9148, having served as Post Commander and Senior Vice-Post Commander.
I have volunteered my time for more than fifteen years to coordinate and teach study groups for police academy (including Module D and re-certification) recruits/students. Over 1000 students attended my study groups. My desire is to continue benefiting the student/recruit in being successful to become the next generation police officer.