Single Phase Capacitor Start Induction Motor

Introduction, connection and forward and reverse operation of Single Phase Capacitor Start Induction Motor
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Introduction , Testing and Connections of Single Phase Induction Motor


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Capacitor Start Induction Motor

A Capacitor Start Motors are a single phase Induction Motor that employs a capacitor in the auxiliary winding circuit to produce a greater phase difference between the current in the main and the auxiliary windings. The name capacitor starts itself shows that the motor uses a capacitor for the purpose of the starting. The figure below shows the connection diagram of a Capacitor Start Motor.


  • Characteristics of the Capacitor Start Motor

  • Applications of the Capacitor Start Motor

The capacitor start motor has a cage rotor and has two windings on the stator. They are known as the main winding and the auxiliary or the starting winding. The two windings are placed 90 degrees apart. A capacitor CS is connected in series with the starting winding. A centrifugal switch SC is also connected in the circuit.

The motor acts as a balanced two-phase motor. As the motor approaches its rated speed, the auxiliary winding and the starting capacitor is disconnected automatically by the centrifugal switch provided on the shaft of the motor.

Characteristics of the Capacitor Start Motor

The capacitor starts motor develops a much higher starting torque of about 3 to 4.5 times of the full load torque. To obtain a high starting torque, the two conditions are essential. They are as follows:-

  • The Starting capacitor value must be large.

  • The valve of the starting winding resistance must be low.

The electrolytic capacitors of the order of the 250 µF are used because of the high Var rating of the capacitor requirement.

The Torque Speed Characteristic of the motor is shown below.

The characteristic shows that the starting torque is high. The cost of this motor is more as compared to the split phase motor because of the additional cost of the capacitor. The Capacitor start motor can be reversed by first bringing the motor to rest condition and then reversing the connections of one of the windings.
Applications of the Capacitor Start Motor

The various applications of the motor are as follows:-

  • These motors are used for the loads of higher inertia where frequent starting is required.

  • Used in pumps and compressors

  • Used in the refrigerator and air conditioner compressors.

  • They are also used for conveyors and machine tools.

Who this course is for:

  • Electrical Engineering Students


Lecturer at K. K. Wagh Polytechnic, Nashik
Prof. Haridas M. Kakad
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Prof. H. M. Kakad is a Lecturer working at K. K. Wagh Polytechnic, Nashik.  He began working in the K. K. Wagh Polytechnic, Nashik in the early 2013. He received his bachelor's degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Savitribai Phule Pune  at Nashik in 2010. During the past decade his work has focused upon developing effective methods for reducing environmental pollution level at source and process level. His work over the past 5 years can be summarized as covering the following subjects: · Basic Electrical Engineering, Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering, Electrical Motor and Transformer, Micro controller and applications, Electrical power transmission and distribution, Industrial AC Machines, Environmental studies, Emerging trends in Electrical Engineering. He registered three patents for pollution control equipment and related work. He designed Electric vehicle which has ability to control pollution. He published and presented more  than 8 research paper in national and international conferences. He published two books Electrical and Electronic Measurement and Electrical Material and wiring practices