Scrum Master Certification Preparation & 240+ Prep Questions
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Scrum Master Certification Preparation & 240+ Prep Questions

Scrum Master training + Prepare for the PSM I ® certification + PSM 1 ® Practice exam questions
4.6 (4,626 ratings)
Course Ratings are calculated from individual students’ ratings and a variety of other signals, like age of rating and reliability, to ensure that they reflect course quality fairly and accurately.
17,587 students enrolled
Last updated 8/2020
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This course includes
  • 6.5 hours on-demand video
  • 30 articles
  • 3 downloadable resources
  • 2 Practice Tests
  • Full lifetime access
  • Access on mobile and TV
  • Assignments
  • Certificate of Completion
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What you'll learn
  • Pass the Professional Scrum Master™ I (PSM I) certification
  • Test your Scrum understanding with 3 complete prep tests x 80 questions
  • Ask questions in the Q&A section
  • Attend Scrum webinar (exclusive for Udemy students)
  • Get exam tips that can really make a difference
  • How to deal with hard exam questions
  • Understand the Agile mindset
  • Feature teams vs component teams
  • Learn about burn-down charts, technical debt, velocity
  • Functional requirements vs non-functional requirements
  • Have a good understanding of the Scrum framework
  • Test your understanding during the course with quizzes
  • No prior knowledge is required.

This course and practice exams are neither endorsed by, nor in partnership, nor affiliated with Scrum . org.

This course will help you prepare for Scrum .org Professional Scrum Master® I (PSM I ®) exam also known as PSM 1 ®.


This course will take you for zero and prepare you for the Professional Scrum Master ® I certification. No previous experience with Scrum is needed.

In this course you will:

  • learn about the Scrum framework and Agile

  • understand the contents of the Scrum Guide

  • Practice what you have learned with quizzes

  • Get exam tips

  • Exam simulation with the help of mock exam questions

Enroll today!

== What is Scrum and who is the Scrum Master? ==

Scrum is a framework in which people can deal with complex problems while delivering valuable products. Scrum is straightforward to understand but very difficult to master. Scrum has been used for managing work on complex products since the early 1990s. Scrum is nor a method neither a technique; it is a framework.

The Scrum Master is said to be a servant leader for the Scrum Team. Also mentioned in the Scrum Guide, Scrum Master helps everybody to understand Scrum values, rules, and theory. Scrum has been used in almost everything we use in our daily life to develop software, hardware but also in marketing or other areas.

== The Scrum Master role ==

If you ever meet a Scrum Master in your life, you may feel that you also want to do the same job. You would desire to become a Scrum Master once after meeting one of them. This job is inspirational because of the type of work required.

It enables you to earn as well as impact others. This job will teach you how you can help a team to work correctly and efficiently and even much more.

They should have an agile mindset and willing to share their knowledge to get the job done in a better way. If you have made up your mind to become a Professional Scrum Master, then you have to learn many useful techniques. Typical problems include removing hurdles or restrictions that stop the teamwork and train them enough to make them a team, who will be self-organized and self-empowered.

It is highly recommended to you that you should get sufficient training to take PSM ® exams. The syllabus of PSM I ® includes a vast knowledge about Scrum, which is available in Scrum Guide. You need to get some time to train yourself seriously on Scrum open assessments.

Learning of Scrum is like how the Scrum originates or how it evolved and about its progressive development. Scrum Master learning path is also beneficial, which is a set of professional Scrum competencies, each containing a number of the focus area.

Once you have completed this Scrum course, you can attempt to get the certificate. But this training is not compulsory; it is entirely optional. However, exams are mandatory to get certified. Professional Scrum Masters are all-rounder, helpers, problem solvers, enablers, and their main characteristics are influencing the minds of their team workers.

== About the PSM I ® exam ==

After you have finished your preparation, you can register for the exam. If we talk about the exam fee, it's $150 for every attempt, and if you attend a Scrum . org training center, then your first attempt would be free. All you get is a personal password without expiration date through which you can get connected to their page and can give exams.

The main topics covered in the PSM ® (Professional Scrum Master ®) exams are:

  • the theory of Scrum as briefly described in the Scrum Guide

  • the Scrum Glossary

  • How their state of mind and behavior is different from other development teams.

There is a tip: work on Scrum open assessment, to pass the PSM ® (Professional Scrum Master ®) exam in your first attempt. Once you start getting 100% on every effort, consider yourself ready for the test.

== Do I need to be a Scrum Master to take the PSM I ® exam ? ==

The question is that, who is this certification for? This course and certification are for those who are interested in working within an Agile team.

You can be an aspiring Business Analyst, Project Manager, Product Owner, or Developer. You don't need to be a Scrum Master or have the desire to become one. This will just certify your know-how.

Scrum is for those current Agile team members who wish to extend their knowledge of the Agile process or want to gain knowledge.

== Frequent questions ==

Can I earn PMI PDUs (Professional Development Units) by taking this course?

No, by attending this course you will not be able to earn PDUs.

Can I claim PMI PDUs (Professional Development Units) by taking the PSM 1 exam?

Unfortunately not. PMI PDUs are obtained for attending a course and NOT for passing a PSM exam.


The statements made and opinions expressed herein belong exclusively to the creator of this course and are not shared by or represent the viewpoint of Scrum .org.  This training does not constitute an endorsement of any product, service or point of view.  Scrum .org makes no representations, warranties or assurances of any kind, express or implied, as to the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability, availability or currency of the content contained in this presentation or any material related to this presentation.  In no event shall Scrum .org, its agents, officers, employees, licensees or affiliates be liable for any damages whatsoever (including, without limitation, damages for loss of profits, business information, loss of information) arising out of the information or statements contained in the training.  Any reliance you place on such content is strictly at your own risk. 

Who this course is for:
  • Anyone who want to get a basic understand on what Scrum it
  • Anyone preparing for the Professional Scrum Master™ 1 (PSM I) certification
  • Better apply Scrum and Agile principles in their organization
  • Want to get a job as Scrum Master
Course content
Expand all 90 lectures 06:41:28
+ Introduction
6 lectures 08:21
Legal Disclaimer

This lecture introduces the imaginary company selling organic products and the team designated to create a new e-commerce solution using the Scrum framework.

Preview 01:42

Scrum is a framework for dealing with complex work, such as new product development.

What Scrum does is to a bit of all the steps required to develop a product (such as requirements, analysis, design, development, testing) and to put them in a fix length iteration called a sprint. So a sprint combines all aspects of the work.

Scrum defines three roles: Product Owner, Development Team, Scrum Master, all being part of the Scrum Team.

The Product Owner will create a list of features, called the Product Backlog, and will organize them by importance.

During Sprint Planning, the Development  Team will select a list of items from the top of the product backlog and will try to turn them into a potentially shippable product increment.

The team has a fix time-frame to complete the work and they meet in a daily scrum to synchronize, identify problems and keep the work moving forward.

Along the way, the Scrum Master keeps the team focused on the Sprint Goal.

Preview 03:08

First of all, in order to successfully pass the PSM 1 certification, you need to invest some time in studying the Scrum Guide. And trust me, there is no way around it. Now I know that the Scrum Guide is rather dry and can be at times confusing.

I have broken it down in small sections so that it is easier for you to read and digest. I just wanted to point out that you need to read and understand the in and outs of the Scrum guide - just watching the video lectures might not be enough to have the understanding needed.

You generally need to go over the course once to have an overview of Scrum and then come back and watch some parts of the course again.

Print the Scrum guide and underline any parts that you consider relevant. Additionally, I would recommend that you create your own summary of the Scrum Guide, so that you can easily review the most important aspects when needed.

Preview 02:18

The most important resource behind the PSM I exam is the Scrum Guide. Make sure you read the Scrum Guide multiple times. Additionally, consult the Scrum Glossary and see if you are familiar with all the Scrum terms. Many of the Scrum terms from the Scrum Glossary will appear in the Scrum exam.

Important Scrum PDF resources to download and print

There are no pre-requisites for attempting the PSM 1 (Professional Scrum Master I) exam.

Pre-requisites for taking the exam
+ Scrum Artifacts
12 lectures 31:41

Artifacts in Scrum represent work or value. They provide transparency and opportunities for inspection and adaptation.

The Scrum Guide defines three Scrum artifacts:

  • Product Backlog

  • Sprint Backlog

  • Increment

What are Scrum Artifacts?

Scrum is based on transparency, inspection, and adaptation.

It is the Scrum Master's job to work with everybody within and outside of the Scrum Team to ensure that the artifacts are transparent.

Artifact Transparency

In Scrum, the Product Backlog is an artifact, designed to provide transparency and opportunities for inspection and adaptation.

The Product Backlog is made up of an ordered list of everything that is needed in the product. It a list of requirements that can be new features or improvements, fixes or any other changes that need to be done on the Product. As long as the Product exists, so will its Product Backlog.

Product Backlog

How a Product Backlog Item is described it is left to the Scrum Team. The Scrum Guide does not offer any templates or make any recommendations regarding the format itself. In practice, it is quite common for Scrum Teams to use the User Stories. It is actually so common that the Product Backlog items are simply referred to as stories.

Product Backlog in Practice (Optional)

The Scrum Guide does not impose a specific way of managing the Product Backlog, in terms of how the Product Backlog Items should be written.

Scrum Guide does not make any suggestions regarding this. Scrum Teams are usually free to decide what they prefer to use. And this can be simple sticky notes, arranged on board so that they are transparent for everybody and to facilitate planning and discussions or a software-based solution.

In organizations that already practice agile methodologies, such software tools are already available. Using a software tool for this task can also make it easier to adapt to the content.

It is common for organizations nowadays to use a digital Product Backlog and a Scrum Board. While there are many tools out there, many companies use Jira, created by Atlassian to manage their Agile projects, including Scrum and Kanban.

This video shows how to create a Product Backlog in Jira.

Managing the Product Backlog using a software tool

Now the Stories (Product Backlog Items) have a description, a test description, and order. As you can notice, the Story is not complete yet. The next step would be to take this Product Backlog Item written as a User Story and discuss it with the Team to clarify the details, add order and to get an estimate.

This collaboration between the Product Owner and the Development Team happens during the Product Backlog Refinement meeting.

Product Backlog Refinement in Practice

After the Development Team has estimated a Story, the Product Owner can enter that estimation in the software tool used for managing the Product Backlog, in our case Jira.

The Product Owner can also define a scale and use Value Points. In this way, each User Story will also have a number of value points assigned.

How to add estimates / value points to Product Backlog Items / User Stories

This quiz tests your understanding of the Product Backlog.

Before attempting this quiz, make sure you read the following sections from the Scrum Guide:

- Product Backlog

Product Backlog Quiz
9 questions

The Sprint Backlog makes transparent all the work that the Development Team deems as necessary to reach the Sprint Goal.

You can view the Sprint Backlog as a temporary artifact that exists only during the Sprint. The Sprint Backlog is the responsibility of the Development Team.

The Development Team will modify the Sprint Backlog throughout the Sprint. It is a decomposition of each Product Backlog Item in smaller units of work that allow the Team to build the increment.

Sprint Backlog

The Sprint Backlog is created during the Sprint Planning meeting. The Development Team will pull Product Backlog Items from the Product Backlog into the Sprint Backlog.

This video shows how to create a Sprint Backlog in Jira.

How to create the Sprint Backlog by pulling Items from the Product Backlog?

The Increment (or Product Increment) is represented by all the Product Backlog Items completed during a Sprint plus the value of all Increments from all the previous Sprints.

It is solely the decision of the Product Owner if and when to release the Increment, but it needs to be in useable condition.

When a Product Backlog Item is considered complete or "done", everyone must understand what done means.

In order to make it easier for everybody to understand that, the Scrum Team should create a Definition of Done which can be used to asses if the work performed is in accordance with the definition.

So each Sprint will create a Product Increment that needs to adhere to the Definition of Done.

As the Scrum Team gains more experience, it is expected that the Definition of Done will contain more strict criteria that ensure higher quality.

By the end of each Sprint, the Increment must be "done", according to the Definition of Done.

Increment & Definition of Done

This is an example of the "Definition of Done". Each Development Team or development organization may formulate the Definition of Done in a different may.

The Definition of Done for Jack & Mary Organic Farm

Some Scrum Teams prefer to create a Definition of Ready as well.

Similar to the Definition of Done, the Definition of Ready refers to Product Backlog Items but this time the ones that are still in the Product Backlog and are about to be selected for the Sprint Backlog by the Development Team.

Definition of "Ready" (optional)
+ Scrum Events
9 lectures 21:26

Scrum uses prescribed events (or Scrum meetings or Scrum ceremonies) to create a routine and to reduce the need for other meetings that are not defined in Scrum.

At the heart of Scrum is the Sprint, which acts as a container for all the events. All events inside Scrum are time-boxed.

Scrum defined the following events:

  • Sprint Planning (where the work to be performed in the Sprint is planned)

  • Daily Scrum (which is held every day of the Sprint)

  • Sprint Review (which is held at the end of the Sprint to review the Increment)

  • Sprint Retrospective (which is an opportunity improve the process)

All events that are a formal opportunity to inspect and adapt.

What are the Scrum Events

A Sprint has a time-box of one month or less in which a potentially shippable Product Increment is created. A Sprint will contain all the prescribed Scrum events, a flexible plan on how to build the Product Increment and, of course, the development work needed.

A new Scrum Sprint starts immediately after the previous Sprint has ended. There is no gap between Sprints and nothing happens between the Sprints.

Preview 01:27

The Sprint Planning meeting is time-boxed to a maximum of eight hours for a one-month Sprint.

During this event, the Product Owner and the Development Team will agree on a Sprint Goal and discuss which Product Backlog Items from the Product Backlog will be added to the Sprint Backlog.

Once the Sprint Goal has been defined and the Product Backlog Items for the Sprint selected, the Development Team discusses how the functionality will be built into a Product Increment.

Work planned for the first days of the Sprint is decomposed by the end of this meeting, often to units of one day or less. Because work emerges during the Sprint, this meeting cannot identify all the work that needs to be done in advance. It is just a plan with enough detail so that the development work can begin.

The Development Team should be able to explain to the Product Owner and Scrum Master how they plan to accomplish the Sprint Goal and to create the forecasted Product Increment.

Preview 03:08
The Sprint Planning Quiz
3 questions

The Daily Scrum is a timeboxed event, held at the same time and place each day to reduce complexity. The Daily Scrum is held every day during the Sprint and it is an event intended for the Development Team.

The Daily Scrum helps the Development Team inspect progress toward completing the work in the Sprint Backlog and reaching the Sprint Goal.

Regardless of the size of the team, the Daily Scrum is a 15-minute time-boxed event.

During the Daily Scrum the Product Owner, the Scrum Master or other parties are not present. This is an internal Development Team meeting.

Daily Scrum

A Scrum Board is a tool that helps the Development Team make Sprint Backlog items transparent.

The board can be a simple whiteboard with post-its for each task or digital board. Please note that the Scrum Guide does not mention the term "Scrum Board" in the Scrum Guide.

The Scrum Board is constantly updated by the Development Team and shows all the work in typically three columns: TODO, In Progress, Done.

Scrum Board

By the end of the Sprint, the Development Team should have delivered a potentially shippable Product Increment.

The Sprint Review is held at the end of the Sprint to inspect the Product Increment and adapt the Product Backlog if needed.

The Product Owner owns this meeting and will invite the key Stakeholders to this event. Also taking part are the Development Team and the Scrum Master. The Scrum Master role is to facilitate this meeting and to make sure it is held within the timebox.

The Sprint Review is an informal meeting, not a formal status meeting. The demonstration of the Increment is done in order to obtain feedback and encourage collaboration on what needs to be done next.

What happens with incomplete Product Backlog Items?

So what happens with Product Backlog items that have not been done yet or that are not fully done (for example some functionality has been built but more is needed or testing is not completed yet)? First of all, they will not be demonstrated during this meeting and they should not be part of the Product Increment. They will be put back in the Product Backlog.

Sprint Review
Sprint Review Quiz
7 questions

The Sprint Retrospective is the very last event in the Sprint, right after the Sprint Review but prior to the next Sprint Planning. The goal of the Sprint Retrospective is to inspect and adapt the development process.

The Sprint Retrospective is an internal Scrum Team event where no external parties are involved.

The Sprint Retrospective is, as implied, a time-boxed event. For a one month sprint, the maximum duration is of 3 hours.

Sprint Retrospective

The Scrum Guide does not go into many details when it comes to the Sprint Retrospective and only explains the rules, purpose, and desired outcome. While the Scrum Guide does not make it explicit, the Scrum Master is typically the one who can plan and organize this meeting.

Typically Retrospective made use of post-it notes and pens, and there should be plenty of them available.

The Sprint Retrospective meeting will usually start with an icebreaker or warmup exercise. This step is to kick off the meeting, helps with team building, and to get the group interaction started.

Next, the Retrospective meeting can smoothly proceed with a simple check-in to see how everybody is feeling. One exercise is to draw a smiley face on a post-it and to put it somewhere on the board. This can express, for example, how the last Sprint went.

Next comes the core part of the event. The idea behind the next activity is to gather data about the Sprint. Typically a timebox is set in which each Scrum Team member reflects back on the Sprint and writes down ideas.

Next, the team will try to discuss the most important topics within a timebox. The goal of the meeting is to identify improvements. So the team will discuss the issues that they encountered during the Sprint and will think about possible solutions.

The Retrospective may include a final activity in which the improvements, decisions, or action points identified are clarified.

Sprint Retrospective in practice
Sprint Retrospective Quiz
9 questions

Canceling a Sprint before the time-box expires is a very very rare occurrence. I actually never encountered this. But you need to be aware of this possibility as well.

Cancelling a Sprint
+ The Scrum Team and the Scrum Team Roles
8 lectures 16:37

The Scrum Team consists of a Product Owner, the Development Team, and a Scrum Master.

What is important to remember is that Scrum Teams are self-organizing and cross-functional.

Self-organizing teams choose how best to accomplish their work, rather than being directed by others outside the team. It means that they make the decisions when it comes to how the product should be built but also about other aspects of their work.

Cross-functional teams have all the skills needed to accomplish the work without depending on others not part of the team (especially when it comes for example to the technical expertise needed in creating the product).

The Scrum Team

The main responsibility of the Product Owner is to maximize the value of the product resulting from the work of the Development Team.

The Product Owner is one person, not a committee, a group of people or anything else. The fact that the Product Owner is a person is not left to chance but a decision made on purpose within Scrum. And it all relates to responsibility. The Product Owner is, in the end, the sole responsible for the outcome so nobody should go over him or her when it comes to decisions (such as the Product Backlog ordering).

So the Product Owner is the sole person responsible for managing the Product Backlog. So the Product Owner needs to make sure that the Product Backlog Items are clearly expressed and understood by the development team.

Is the Product Owner the Project Manager?

And just to be clear, there is no Project Manager role in Scrum and in general, the Product Owner role is by no means to be confused with a Project Manager. In Scrum, the responsibilities of a traditional Project Manager are distributed between the Product Owner, Scrum Master and the rest of the Team.

The Product Owner
The Product Owner Quiz
4 questions

The Development Team consists of specialists who have all the skills in order to do the work needed. Their goal is to create a potentially releasable Product Increment at the end of each Sprint. It is worth mentioning that only the Development Team members can work on the product Increment. The team is self-organizing and cross-functional.

The Development Team is structured and empowered by the organization to organize and manage their own work. In this way, the efficiency and effectiveness of the Development Team are optimized.

Scum does not recognize any official titles for the development team, regardless of the work they perform (software development, architecture, testing, design).

The Development Team

How big should the Development Team be?

If the Development Team is too small it may encounter skill constraints during the Sprint, causing the Development Team to be unable to deliver a potentially releasable product Increment.

Having too many team members is also not a good idea. Having more than nine members requires too much coordination between them so the entire process becomes too complex.

The optimal Development Team size between 3 and 9 members.

Development Team Size
The Development Team Quiz
8 questions

The Scrum Master assists the Development Team and the Product Owner and is responsible for promoting and supporting Scrum within the organization - you can see the Scrum Master as a "Scrum coach". The Scrum Master is doing this by helping everyone understand the Scrum theory, practices, rules, and values.

The Scrum Master helps those outside the Scrum Team (for example the Stakeholders) understand which of their interactions with the Scrum Team are helpful and which aren’t.

When it comes to the Scrum Team itself, the Scrum Master is a skilled servant leader.  The Scrum Master is not a manager or somebody with formal authority. The Scrum Master is a facilitator and a coach and the goal is to serve the Scrum Team in order to maximize the value created.

The Scrum Master

How is the Scrum Master serving the Development Team?

The Scrum Master has to defend the empowerment that the Development Team has and to coach it regarding self-organization and cross-functionality.

One important focus is to help the Development Team create high-value products. The Scrum Master is successful if the Team is successful.

The Scrum Master helps to remove those impediments regardless of their nature. At times the Scrum Master will need to work people within the organization to address those issues. Any unsolved problems put the Sprint outcome in danger and therefore the Scrum Master needs to act promptly.

The Scrum Master is also facilitating scrum events as requested or needed - with an emphasis on the word facilitating. Don't misunderstand that "facilitating meetings" means setting them up, booking and arranging rooms or anything else. The Scrum Master is not the secretary of the team.

How is the Scrum Master serving the Development Team

How is the Scrum Master serving the Product Owner?

The Scrum Master coaches the Product Owner to better understand and practice agility and Scrum. This means that the Scrum Master should coach the Product Owner to understand and apply the benefits and best-practices of Agile and Scrum.

It is also extremely important that the Development Team and Product Owner understand the need for clear and concise Product Backlog items and the Scrum Master is there to help with this as well.

In order to maximize value, the Scrum Master will mentor the Product Owner on how to manage the Product Backlog to ensure it is ordered and in a healthy state.

The Scrum Master also can facilitate planning and Backlog Refinement events.

How is the Scrum Master serving the Product Owner

How the Scrum Master is serving the Organization

The Scrum Master is leading and coaching the organization in its Scrum adoption and is planning Scum implementations. For example, the Scrum Master can interact and collaborate with different departments that need to be changed in order to succeed with Scrum. The Scrum Master has to explain why change is necessary and to lead the organization in that direction. The Scrum Master can collaboratively work with other Scrum Masters within the organization to achieve these goals.

The Scrum Master can also cause changes that increase the productivity of the Scrum Team. For example by improving internal processes that affect the Team and which cause delays.

Sometimes Scrum and the empirical product development are not understood by Stakeholders or other people within the organization and the Scrum Master is there to coach them on these topics.

Preview 01:03
The Scrum Master Quiz
7 questions
+ The Agile Method and Scrum
8 lectures 25:29

What is Agile and what where does it come from?

Most of the time Agile in software development describes a way under which business requirements and potential solutions emerge through the joint effort of cross-functional, self-organizing teams and their customers or end-users.

The term Agile, used in this context, comes from the Manifesto for Agile Software Development.

Agile manifesto and the birth of SCRUM

Scrum is a process framework used to manage work on complex products, not only in software development.

Using the framework helps people address complex adaptive problems, while productively and creatively delivering products of the highest possible value.

Definition of Scrum

To better understand where Scrum is coming from, it is important to understand what has happened before Scrum was introduced. A lot of software development in the past has been done and is still done using the waterfall model.

Waterfall Model

Scrum is widely adopted in the software development industry but Scrum is not only used for developing software.

Uses of Scrum

Scrum is based on empiricism (the empirical process control theory). This means that knowledge comes from the past experience and decisions are made based on what is known. Scrum is never about knowing or planning everything in advance.

Scrum Theory

The Scrum Values are commitment, courage, focus, openness, and respect. Scrum is based on three pillars: transparency, inspection, and adaptation.

Scrum Values
The Professional Scrum Competencies
The most important ideas regarding the Scrum framework

This quiz tests the understanding of the Scrum theory as presented in this section and in the Scrum Guide.

If you have not read the first part of the Scrum Guide yet (Purpose of the Scrum Guide, Definition of Scrum, Uses of Scrum, Scrum Theory, Scrum Values) please make sure you do that before you continue with this quiz.

Heads up! Most of the questions are designed to trick you. So read the carefully before making your choice.  This is done on purpose in order to train you attention and to better prepare you for the examination.

Introduction to the Agile Method and Scrum - Quiz
9 questions
+ Scaling Scrum
7 lectures 08:59 provides another framework for dealing with how to scale the Scrum framework. This additional framework is called the Nexus Framework and is described within the Nexus Guide.

Remember that the content of the Nexus Guide is not part of the PSM I exam. The Nexus Guide introduces many other terms that will confuse you, so for that reason, I don’t necessarily recommend it.

In this section, we will go over the most important aspects that are relevant for the exam and explain to you all the rules you need to know.

Introduction to Scaling Scrum

The most important rule you need to remember when multiple teams work on the same Product.

1 Product = 1 Product Backlog = 1 Product Owner

So for multiple Scrum Teams, there will be a new Development Team and a Scrum Master. The Product Owner will be the same person.

It is important to remember that there is only one Product Backlog. There will not be separate Backlogs for each team.

During the Sprint Planning meeting, the Development Teams will still pull items from the Product Backlog in agreement with the Product Owner. So the Product Owner and the Development Teams will collaborate on finding solutions that make sense for them.

What happens when multiple Scrum Teams work on the same Product?

When multiple Scrum Teams start working on the same Product, different challenges arise.

The key concern, in this case, is to reduce as much as possible dependencies between the teams.

Dependencies between the Scrum Teams
  • 1 Product = 1 Product Backlog = 1 PO

  • Multiple teams working on the same product = 1 PO

It is important to have a single person responsible for the end results. Having a committee / multiple persons can make decision making complicated (as everyone must agree or a compromise must be found). When compromises are made, the decision may not be the best one. This also makes it unclear who is responsible for what and the shared ownership may lead to no ownership (it is somebody’s else problem, not mine).

If one person is involved, it is clear which person is responsible for the results. When multiple persons are involved and things don't work well, it can be an elaborate process figuring out what did not work.

Having multiple Product Owners can lead to micromanagement and coordination issues.

There are no Chief Product Owners (CPO) or Proxy Product Owners (PPO) in Scrum.

How many Product Owners are there?
The Definition of Done when multiple teams work on the same Product

Scrum does not have a requirement that states that the Scrum Sprints be aligned. The only requirement is that the work should be integrated by the end of the Sprint. If all teams have the same Sprint duration and start/end dates, this is a bit easier to manage.

If the Scrum Teams have different Sprint lengths (so the Sprints are not aligned), this process will be harder but still within the Scrum rules.

Please remember that there are no Integration Sprints on Hardening Sprints in Scrum.

Must the Sprints be aligned? (same length, same start/end)

An important distinction to make is that a person can play different roles in Scrum. While this is not relevant for the exam, in practice it can be confusing. So the role does not necessarily define a person.

One person can play multiple roles. The Scrum Guide sets conditions on the roles, not on individual persons.

Persons vs Roles in Scrum
+ Terms and tools used in Agile and Scrum projects
11 lectures 22:11

A burndown chart is a graphical representation of work (usually represented in time or story points) left to do versus time. The outstanding work usually on the vertical axis, with time along the horizontal.

This chart is used to estimate when all of the work in a Sprint will be completed. While burndown charts can be used in agile projects, they can also be applied to any project containing measurable progress over time.

Burndown charts

The Burn-up Chart provides a visual representation of a Sprint's completed work related to its total scope, which is represented by the number of selected Product Backlog Items (or Stories).

It is quite similar to the Burn-down chart with the difference that any added work will be visible in a change of the scope.

Burnup charts

One or two questions in the real exam could contain a reference to the term technical debt. While technical debt is a term does not appear in the Scrum Guide it is mentioned in the Glossary.

Generally speaking, technical debt is something that should be constantly dealt with and not postponed. It is part of the development process and it is a continuous process (similar to the architecture of the product which is constantly being worked on and improved).

It is tightly coupled with the quality of the product and the Development Team should constantly work together with the Product Owner to keep the technical debt manageable.

Technical debt
How technical debt affects the value

The term Cone of Uncertainty is used in software development where the technical and business environments are constantly evolving.

The "cone of uncertainty"

The Velocity of the Development Team (or simply Velocity) is a measure of the amount of work a Development Team can handle during a typical Sprint.

This is calculated by averaging the amount of work performed in the previous Sprints and can be used to get an idea of what is possible to accomplish in a Sprint.

Remember that this is an optional metric and intended only for the Scrum Team. Moreover, there are no commitments in Scrum (for example for the selected Product Backlog Items) and nobody gets punished if the estimate proves to be inaccurate.

The Velocity of the Development Team

Engineering standards refer to a set of rules and conventions within the development organization that applies to all the Product being developed.

Engineering standards

The PSM I Scrum exam may include questions that talk about Feature teams and Component teams. As with many other terms the exam tries to test some practical knowledge but, the Scrum Guide does not mention them.

Feature Team - works through all the layers of the application to fulfill a customer or a user need. A Feature team is cross-functional and cross-component because it has all the skills needed to complete a feature and does that by working through all the layers or components of the application.

Component team (or a layer team) - focused on a single component of the system. Multiple component teams will need to work together to deliver a feature.

Feature teams vs Component teams

Some Scrum PSM I exam questions may reference the term sustainable pace. When doing development work, it is important to be able to have a constant output.

Sustainable pace

A functional requirement is a requirement that can be easily understood by the Product Owner, Stakeholders, and the users of the Product. A functional requirement describes a function of the Product.

Non-functional requirements describe qualities, behaviors, attributes, and constraints of the Product and can be placed into multiple categories: performance, security, availability, and usability, to name just a few examples.

Functional and non-functional requirements

Hardening Sprints or Integration Sprints is typically a separate Sprint in which no new features are developed. Some organizations have adopted Hardening Sprints to integrate (merge) the work of multiple Development Teams and to test the Increment before it goes in Production.

Is a Hardening Sprint or Integration Sprint allowed in Scrum?
Take a few moments to look over the Scrum Glossary and review any terms you do not know.
Review the Scrum Glossary
1 question
+ Frequently asked Scrum questions
1 lecture 01:30

Who creates the Definition of Done?

There are two possible options:

  • The development organization

  • The Development Team

Who creates the Definition of Done?
+ Practice section #1 - Learning mode
1 lecture 00:23
Reminder about the importance of the Scrum Guide

This is a quiz focused on learning and testing your understanding. It does not have a time limit and you get the correct answer immediately.

This set of questions contains only one correct answer.

After going through the test once, read the Scrum Guide again and retry the test until you get a perfect or near-perfect score.

Practice test #1
88 questions
+ Practice section #2
2 lectures 02:13

This lecture explains the most important strategies for dealing with Scrum PSM I exam questions.

Tips about mock tests
Take this online Scrum Open assessment from to test your skills.
Scrum Open assessment
3 questions

You can start this practice test by clicking the "Begin test" button.

You have 60 minutes to complete 80 questions.

Try to finish the test on time!

Practice test #2
80 questions
Important questions explained