Political Sociology- An Introduction
What you'll learn
- Political Science
- Social understanding
- Able to read
The main focus of the discipline has been on the political processes which take place within human societies. Political sociology deals with the relationship between state and society on the basis of mutual interaction and with power as the ultimate aim.
The course is provided both in the form of part-time as well as on correspondence basis. Political sociology is concerned with the sociological analysis of political phenomena ranging from the State and civil society to the family, investigating topics such as citizenship, social movements, and the sources of social power. Traditionally, there were four main areas of research.
1. The sociopolitical formation of the modern state
2. How social inequality between groups (class, race, gender) influences politics
3. How public opinion, ideologies, personalities, social movements, and trends outside of the formal institutions of political power affect formal politics
4. Power relationships within and between social groups (e.g. families, workplaces, bureaucracy, media)
Political sociology is concerned with the sociological analysis of political phenomena ranging from the State and civil society to the family, investigating topics such as citizenship, social movements, and the sources of social power. The lineage of this discipline is typically traced from such thinkers as Montesquieu, Smith and Ferguson through the founding fathers of sociology – Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber – to such contemporary theorists as Anthony Giddens, Jurgen Habermas and Michael Mann.
In other words, political sociology was traditionally concerned with how social trends, dynamics, and structures of domination affect formal political processes, as well as exploring how various social forces work together to change political policies. From this perspective, we can identify three major theoretical frameworks: pluralism, elite or managerial theory, and class analysis, which overlaps with Marxist analysis. Pluralism sees politics primarily as a contest among competing interest groups. Elite or managerial theory is sometimes called a state-centered approach. It explains what the state does by looking at constraints from organizational structure, semi-autonomous state managers, and interests that arise from the state as a unique, power-concentrating organization. A leading representative is Theda Skocpol. Social class theory analysis emphasizes the political power of capitalist elites. It can be split into two parts: one is the "power structure" or "instrumentalist" approach, whereas another is the structuralist approach. The power structure approach focuses on the question of who rules and its most well-known representative is G. William Domhoff.
Who this course is for:
- School students
Dr. SWATI CHAKRABORTY is an Assistant Professor, at the Institute of Legal Studies and Research, GLA University. She is also an Assistant Professor of Human Rights and Women Studies in Team Lease Ed Tech (Formally known as Schoolguru Eduserve Pvt. Ltd.) She is an International Fellow of KAICIID in Lisbon, Portugal. She has done her Ph.D. in Human Rights from the University of Calcutta with the thesis on “RIGHT TO EDUCATION: A study on tribal women of rural West Bengal”. She was attached to National Human Rights Commission, India as a Research Consultant. She is the Founder of “Webplatform4Dialogue” with a series of webinars, talks, and publications. She was Managing Director of Eurasian Doctoral Student Academy (EDSA). Dr. Chakraborty had good teaching expertise as Lecturer in The English College (School of Management), Calicut, Kerala her special lectures are on Human Values and ethics to Management studies and Dignity and Rights. She is also a member of the executive council at the National Centre for Inclusive Growth and Development Research (NCDR), Mysore. Member of Review Committee of Raj Rajeshwari Journal of Psychological and Educational Research Also she is the editor of books like “Handbook of Dialogue and Development: India-China-EU”, Handbook of Human Rights and Tribal Studies”, “Handbook of Social Media for Digital and Social Inclusion”, “TRIBAL DEVELOPMENT”, “Gender Identity and Roles in India: Issues and Challenges”, “Multidisciplinary Handbook of Social Exclusion and Human Rights” and “Handbook of International Relations: Issues of Human Rights and Foreign Policy Vol. I and Vol II”. Dr. Chakraborty has a wide range of international connections with her network through different seminars, conferences, and workshops.