In a Manufacturing Industry, you will be using multiple types of materials to make and sell your Products. Each type of material according to it's use, will have to be planned for fulfillment, storage, usage in Manufacturing and selling the main products. Various types of material such as Raw material, Finished material, sub-assembly or semi-finished material and MRO etc are to be handled in different ways in terms of planning, storing, valuations and managing their inventories.
Hence planning of materials for making and selling product and planning of the product (finished items) themselves needed multiple levels of strategy to ensure you keep the customer satisfied and at the same time, keep your financial parameters in control.
You hence needed to understand the functions of multiple types of inventories to determine the kind of controls you want to apply. Understanding on various types of materials helps in that aspect. In addition, the special classifications such as ABC Analysis can consolidate the kind of material that need maximum attention and those that can have relatively loose controls. In other words ABC classification helps you determine the level of Inventory Policies and controls to apply on specific group of Items
The planning of the materials was quite preliminary before 1960's. Those days, the planning was just reactive on the basis of inventory stock levels. the review of stocks was also done only on basis of stock level of each item without any consideration on dependencies among the items handled in your organization. For example, you plan laminations, Wood and bolts at individual levels without acknowledging that all of them together may be required to make a piece of furniture such as Table, Chair etc. The assumption made in these reactive inventory planning methods were not at all close to real business scenarios. Hence planning used to fail many times. Or to avoid the risks you might be purchasing huge quantities of materials. in both cases the results will lead to financial losses in terms of loss of customers or loss of investment due to huge inventory costs.
The evolution planning to more and more matured levels was from the basic order point system to Time phased order point (which looked at timing of order in addition to tracking stock levels) and Material requirement planning - MRP (which in addition to TPOP way of working, added the "Kit based planning". There are a few more enhancements to the planning that included Constraint based planning . You also have another concept of reaching NO INVENTORY state, in what is called Just in Time - JIT environment by removing all inefficiencies causing the need to hold inventories.
The course will cover the above aspects in a structured form.
You start with Inventory definition and appreciate the need to perform inventory management.
After that you will run through a few popular Inventory types and how they are handled in relation to manufacturing environment.
You will than go through Inventory classification based on which the level of control to be applied on each class of the inventory is determined.
The context of how planning is evolved over a period of time is briefed after covering the inventory aspects in above sets of lessons
A few quantity or stock based order review methods (such as Re-Order Point, Period Order Quantity , Two Bin System etc) are introduced.
This set of lessons is followed by a few Demand based order review methods which included TPOP - Time phased Order point method and most comprehensive planning method - MRP as well.
The Course is associated with a Practice KIT which has answer along with explanation for each of the Questions in the Kit. These explanations themselves act as additional notes for the students benefit when they prepare for Certifications in space of Production and Inventory Management and Supply Chain Practice etc.
The curriculum in details is :
7 sections • 26 lectures • 2h 52m total length
Introduction: Context of Planning in Manufacturing & Supply Chain2 lectures • 11min
Types of Inventory7 lectures • 20min
Work in progress (WIP) Materials
Maintenance, Repair and Operational supply Materials
Special types (Excess Inventory, Obsolete, Non-Confirmed Material )
Inventory Classification2 lectures • 6min
Inventory Classifications on basis of Multiple factors
Classification Based on Value and Consumption rates (ABC, Fast-Slow Moving etc)
Section 1 Recap and Summary1 lecture • 2min
Order Review and Planning Methods: Context5 lectures • 21min
Context (Evolution of Planning Over a period)
Illustration of a typical Order Fulfilment Cycle
Dependencies and Uncertainties in planning
Key terminology in Order fulfilment
Section Recap and Summary
Stock based Material review methods6 lectures • 18min
Context and Agenda
Order Point based Review method
Periodic Review System
Hybrid Review System (Combination of Order Point and Periodic Review)
Visual Review based Order methods
Section Recap and Conclusions
Demand and Stock based Review Systems (TPOP and MRP)5 lectures • 37min
The course included a few quiz sections to help the students refresh their understanding.
This course helps many students who are aspiring for certifications in the domains of Production & Inventory Management, Supply Chain Management or any other subject relevant to this topic.
We want to make a clear disclaimer that we are not associated with organization that provide certifications in the relevant domains.