# Making Numerical Predictions for Time Series Data - Part 1/3

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Try Udemy for Business- Predicting using Descriptive Statistics, Moving Averages, Centred Moving Averages, Weighted Moving Averages
- Predicting using Linear Regression
- Predicting using Exponential Regression
- Predicting using Power Regression
- Predicting using Logarithmic Regression
- Predicting using Polynomial Regression
- Using Excel to make Predictions
- Using Data Analysis Tool Pak from Excel
- Using LINEST(), LOGEST(), GROWTH(), TREND() functions in Excel

- Basic Knowledge of Statistics
- Basic Knowledge of Algebra
- Basic Knowledge of Logarithm
- Basic Knowledge of Excel

**Predictive analytics** is the branch of the advanced **analytics** which is used to make predictions about unknown future events. **Predictive analytics** uses many techniques from **data** mining, statistics, modelling, machine learning, and artificial intelligence to analyse current **data** to make predictions about future.

One class of Predictive Analytics is to make prediction on **Time Series Data**. Studying historical data, collected over a period of time, can help in building models using which future can be predicted. For example, from historical data on Temperatures in a City, we can make decent predictions of what the Temperature could be in a future date. Or for that matter, from data collected over a reasonably long period of time regarding various life style aspects of a Diabetic patient, we can predict what should be the volume of Insulin to inject on a given date in future. One example to consider from the Business world could be to predict the Volume of In-Roamers in a Telecom Network in any given period of time in the future from the historical details of In-Roamers in the Network.

The applications are just innumerable as these are applicable in every sphere of business and life.

In this course, we go through various aspects of building Predictive Analytics Models. We start with simple techniques and gradually study very advanced and contemporary techniques. We cover using **Descriptive Statistics**, **Moving Averages**, **Regressions**, **Machine Learning** and **Neural Networks**.

This course is a series of 3 parts.

**In Part 1, we use Excel to make Numerical Predictions from Time Series Data.**

*We start by using Excel for 2 reasons.*

*Excel is easy use and thus we can understand complex concepts through exercises that are easy to replicate and thus become easy to understand.**Excel is expected to be available with everyone taking this course.*

*In Part 2, we use R Programming to make Numerical Predictions from Time Series Data.**In Part 3, we use Python Programming to make Numerical Predictions from Time Series Data.*

The course uses simple data sets to explain the concepts and the theory aspects. As we go through the various techniques, we compare the various techniques. We also understand the circumstances where a particular technique should be applied. We will also use some publicly available data sets to apply the techniques that we will discuss in the course.

From time to time, we will add bonus videos of our real time work on industrial data on which we will apply the Predictive Analytics techniques to create Models for making predictions.

- Information Technology Consultant
- Executives
- Managers
- Students
- Research Scholars
- Developers curious about Data Sciences
- Learners curious about Predictive Analytics

Generally, it is seen that forecasting involves studying the behaviour of a characteristic over time and examining data for a pattern. The forecasts are made by assuming that, in future, the characteristic will continue to behave according to the same pattern.

A **Time Series** is a collection of observations made sequentially over a period of time.

**Descriptive statistics** are brief **descriptive **coefficients that summarize a given data set, which can be either a representation of the entire or a sample of a population. **Descriptive statistics** are broken down into measures of central tendency and measures of variability (spread).

A simple, but widely used, strategy to predict future demand is to use central tendencies of past data to be used as the future demand.

A more popular variation of Moving Averages is **Centred Moving Averages**. This video discussed using Centred Moving Averages for Predicting Future Value.

*Linear regression is used to predict the value of a continuous variable Y based on one or more input predictor variables X. The aim is to establish a mathematical formula between the the response variable (Y) and the predictor variables (Xs). You can use this formula to predict Y, when only X values are known.*

Data Analysis Tool Kit of Excel makes it very easy to conduct Regression Analysis. However, it is very vital to understand the output produced by it.

This video discusses in details the process for conducting Linear Regression Analysis with 1 independent variable using Data Analysis Tool Kit of Excel.

In this video, I discuss how we can conduct **Exponential Regression using Excel Function LOGEST()**.

I also discuss how we can make predictions using Excel function **GROWTH()**.

We round up our discussion on Exponential Regression with discussion on how to conduct Exponential Regression when we have to deal with more than 1 Independent Variables. We will use the **LOGEST() **and **GROWTH()** functions. We will see how we can use **Data Analysis Toolkit**.

Before we can settle down to a Model which we can use for making reliable predictions, we need to go through a process of experimenting with a lot of alternatives and studying their performance. This video demonstrates the process. The video does not provide the ultimate process or does not encompass all the alternatives of Modelling. This video just illustrates the process of making selection of a model and some considerations that can be studied in the process.

For the illustration, we only create models with one Independent variable. Needless to say, we must examine many more options involving many more variables. We will examine more options in the later parts of this series.

In this video, I discuss **Normal Distribution**. This video does not get into the ** Calculus** involved. This has been done so that everyone can find this video easy to follow and make use of it.