Japanese Conversation for English Speakers 3
- 4.5 hours on-demand video
- 31 downloadable resources
- Full lifetime access
- Access on mobile and TV
- Certificate of Completion
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- Understand the basic differences between English and Japanese
- Engage in simple Japanese conversations
- Improve the knowledge of "Japanese conversation for English speakers" (the section 1 and 2)
- Learn more advanced expressions (e.g. comparison form, potential form, passive form, etc.)
- Understand the difference between particle 'wa' and 'ga'
- The only thing needed is your enthusiasm !
- It would be better to have knowledge at beginner level (e.g. my course section 1 and 2).
This course (section 3) is aimed at English speakers who would like to learn intermediate level Japanese conversation. If students have completed "Japanese conversation for English speakers (section 1 and 2 )" or they have any prior relevant knowledge of Japanese, it would be perfect to improve their knowledge.
Students will be able to continuously learn a variety of expressions (e.g. comparison form, potential form, passive form, etc.) They can also learn the difference between particle 'wa' and 'ga' to use them properly. As this is a challenging topic for Japanese learners, there are several lessons for a simple and clear explanation with examples.
Each lesson is related to the former lesson, which enables learners to review and learn more. I frequently compare Japanese grammar to English grammar to avoid confusion. At the end of the course, students will be able to hold intermediate level conversations in Japanese.
- Beginners who have completed the section 1 and 2 should take this course
- Intermediate-level or Advanced Learners can take this course for their review
You will be able to learn how to express the existence of inanimate objects
- Animate objects and Inanimate objects
- Basic form: (+)____ ga arimasu (-) ____ wa arimasen (?) ____ ga arimasu ka?
- Place of the object + ni + ____ ga arimasu
- Question word: nani + ga arimasu ka?
- Question word: doko + ni + ____ ga arimasu ka?
You will be able to learn other expressions (to express possession of the following things)
- abstract things (e.g. jikan (=time), shitsumon (=questions))
- events and happenings (e.g. tesuto (=test), omatsuri (=festival))
- numerical expressions (e.g. 38-do (=38 degrees), taijuu (=weight))
- [extra] other expressions for possession for A) specific things B) adjective + body parts
You will be able to learn how to count objects with counters.
- Numbers in Chinese ways and Japanese ways
- 10 Various counters
- How to put counters in a sentence 1) before the object or 2) after the object
- How to ask the number of the object - 'Nan + Counter...? '
You will be able to learn expressions (number + counters + particles) to add a nuance.
- number + counter + particle 'mo' - indicates surprise because of the amount
- number + counter + particle 'dake' - can express you voluntarily limit something
- number + counter + particle 'shika' - can express you reluctantly limit something
- particle 'bakari' - can express a large amount or the high frequency
- [ extra ] particle 'bakari' with progressive form (te-form + iru)
You can continuously learn expressions for existence of animate objects.
- Question word: nani / dare + ga imasu ka?
- Question word: doko + ni + ____ ga imasu ka?
- [ extra ] Other meanings - expression for possession: e.g. I have a kind boyfriend
Also, you can learn the difference between 'ga imasu' and 'wa imasu'
- 'wa' can be used when the speaker is talking about something / someone which the speaker and the listener both know about
- 'wa' can't be used with nani / dare
You will be able to learn expressions with the particle 'de'
There are 6 functions.
- to express places of actions (*already covered in the section 1)
- to express means / tools / materials (*already covered in the section 1)
- to express reasons (causation)
- to express a range / period of time
- to express amounts (quantity)
- to express states
You will be able to learn how to express change of states (2).
- *____ yoo ni naru - to express the change of your states
- *____ yoo ni suru - to express the change of your states with efforts
- ( Others ) ga *____ yoo ni suru - to express the change of others' states
*States: verbs - dictionary-form or nai-form
[ extra ] how to express decisions
You will be able to learn expressions using the particle 'wa' and 'ga' in the same sentence.
- 'wa' works as the subject of the sentence while 'ga' as the object with certain verbs and adjectives such as...
- suki-desu (=to like)
- kirai-desu (=to dislike)
- hoshi-i desu (=to want)
- wakaru (=to understand)
- iru (=to need)
- joozu-desu (=to be good at)
- heta-desu (=to be poor at)
You will be able to learn expressions using the particle 'wa' and 'ga' in the same sentence (2).
- 'wa' works as a topic maker while 'ga' describes a nature / character of the topic with all the adjectives.
- [ extra ] 'topic + particle 'no' + subject + wa + adjective'
You will be able to learn comparison forms using adjectives.
- [ A ] + wa + [ B ] + yori + adjective (= A is more adjective than B.)
- [ A ] + wa + [ B ] + hodo + adjective* (= A is not as adjective as B.) *negative form
- [ A ] + to + [ B ] to / dewa + dotch + ga + adjective*? (= Which is more adjective, A or B? ) *question form - [answer] [ A ] + wa + [ B ] + no hoo + ga + adjective
- [ extra ] what is the difference between [ A ] 'yori' ...and [ A ] 'no hoo' ... ?
You will be able to learn comparison forms using adverbs.
- how to make adverbs from adjectives
- [ A ] + wa + [ B ] + yori + adverb + verb (= A does (verb) more adverb than B.)
- [ A ] + wa + [ B ] + hodo + adverb + verb* (= A does not (verb) as adverb as B.) *negative form
- [ A ] + to + [ B ] to / dewa + dotch + ga + adverb + verb*? (= Which does (verb) more adverb, A or B? ) *question form - [answer] [ A ] + wa + [ B ] + no hoo + ga + does (verb) adverb
You will be able to learn other comparison forms using adjectives and adverbs.
- [ A ] + wa + [ B ] + to onaji kurai + adjective / adverb + verb (= A is as adjective as / does (verb) as adverb as B.)
- [ A ] + wa + <range> + no naka de + ichi-ban + adjective / adverb + verb. (= A is the most adjective in the range. / A does (verb) the most adverb in the range.)
I will be able to learn expressions: te-form + iku or kuru.
- to express manner of motion
- to express motion with the states
- to express something is transferred to your place (only used with kuru)
- to express a time flow form the past to the future
[ review ] iku and kuru
You will be able to learn potential form to express ablity.
[ review ] how to express ability (1.dictionary-form + ga deki-masu / 2.potential form )
- how to make potential form (for G1/G2/irregular verbs)
- other expressions - to express situations and attributes (-able)
- [ advanced topic ] particle 'o' and 'ga' for direct objects
You will be able to learn the particle 'o' and 'ga' with desire-form (-tai desu).
[ review ] desire-form (-tai desu)
- the particle 'o' vs 'ga' with desire-form (interchangeable)
- exceptions: you can use the particle 'ga'
1) when choosing something from options 2) when doing routine actions
(*Actually the particle o' can be used but 'ga' sounds more natural)
- exceptions: you can use only the particle 'o'
1) when using the politer form (-mi tai desu) 2) when there are other elements between 'o' and verbs
You will be able to learn command form (1) and (2).
- How to make command form (1) and (2)
- When do you use command form (1)? - used in intense situations
What is the negative command form? - dictionary-form + na
- When do you use command form (2)? - used from superior people to inferior people in status
What is the negative command form? - 1) antonyms 2) dictionary-form + no + o + yame-nasai
- command form + particle 'yo'
You will be able to learn various expression with the verb 'kagiru'.
- 'kagiru' can express various limitation with different nuances depending on the following form (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
- masu-form - [ A ] ni kagiri-masu
- te-form - [ A ] ni kagitte
- pre-masu form - [ A ] ni kagiri
- pre-masu form + ni - [ A ] o kagiri ni
- pre-nai form + zu - [ A ] ni kagira zu