Japanese conversation for English speakers 2
- 4 hours on-demand video
- 30 downloadable resources
- Full lifetime access
- Access on mobile and TV
- Certificate of Completion
Get your team access to 4,000+ top Udemy courses anytime, anywhere.Try Udemy for Business
- Understand the basic differences between English and Japanese
- Engage in simple Japanese conversations
- Understand 4 basic forms of verbs
- Improve the knowledge of "Japanese conversation for English speakers" (the section 1)
- The only thing needed is your enthusiasm !
This course (section 2) is aimed at English speakers who would like to learn basic - intermediate level Japanese conversation. If students have completed "Japanese conversation for English speakers (section 1)" or they have any prior basic knowledge of Japanese, it would be perfect to improve their knowledge. Students will be able to learn 4 basic forms of verbs (Dictionary-form / Masu-form / Te-form / Nai-form ) and how to make each of them. Then, they can learn a variety of expressions with various verbs and adverbs. Each lesson is related to the former lesson, which enables learners to review and learn more. I frequently compare Japanese grammar to English grammar to avoid confusion. At the end of the course, students will be able to hold basic - intermediate level conversations in Japanese.
- Beginners who have completed the section 1 should take this course
- Intermediate-level or Advanced Learners can take this course for their review
You will be able to learn 4 basic forms of verbs: Dictionary-form, Masu-form, Te-form, and Nai-form.
- 14 representative verbs in Group 1, 2 and Irregular verbs
You will be able to learn how to make Masu-form from Dictionary-form in Group 1, 2 and Irregular verbs.
You will be able to learn expressions for ability with Dictionary-form.
- Dictionary-form + koto ga deki-masu [ can / be able to ...] (*present / future tense)
- Dictionary-form + koto ga deki-mashita [could / was or were able to ...] (*past tense)
You will be able to learn expressions for positive requests with Te-form.
- Te-form + kudasai [ please ... / can you...?]
- Doozo + Te-form + kudasai [ please ... / could you...?]
[ extra ] (1) positive requests with different formality
(2) positive requests + particle 'ne' and 'yo' - adding a nuance
You will be able to learn the adverb Zehi to emphasise desire or positive request expressions.
- Zehi + desire form (___ tai-desu) [ I really want to... / I would love to ....]
- Zehi + positive request form (Te-form + kudasai) [ I would love you to... / Definitely please... ]
You will be able to learn progressive form with Te-form for regular actions.
- Adverbs (e.g. fudan, itsumo, tokidoki, etc.) + Te-form + i-masu
<other expressions with progressive form>
(1) Expressions for on-going states (e.g. omise wa konde-imasu. [the shop is crowded.])
(2) Expressions for resultant states
- shiru (to know) (e.g. watashi wa kono nuusu o shitte-imasu. [I know this news.])
[ extra ]
(1) progressive form of iku and kuru
(2) mada + negative progressive form -> negative present perfect form
You will be able to learn the differences between Hai and Ee depending on conversation.
- Hai is used when (1) showing agreement [yes], (2) showing presence [yes], (3) drawing someone's attention and (4) serving something to someone
- Ee is also showing agreement [yap], but is less formal than Hai
You will be able to learn expressions for permission / prohibition with Te-form.
- Te-form + mo ii desu [ you may / can ... ]
- Te-form + wa ike-masen [ you may not / must not...]
[ extra ]
- more modest request - Te-form + wa ikemasen ka?
- to express your volition with negative attitude - Te-form + mo ii desu
You will be able to learn how to use Te-form as a conjunction.
__________ + Te-form, ___________. (one sentence)
__________. Shoshite, __________. (two sentences)
- Te-form can combine two or more verbs in a sentence to express sequential actions or states [ + show reasons or means ]
- Te-form can also express parallel actions
[ extra ] Te-form of adjectives - combining two or more adjectives
- Useful expressions - connective adverbs; mazu [=first of all] and tsugi ni [=next]
You will be able to learn the conjunction kara to show reasons and how to ask reasons with a question word
Basic Form: << Causal Clause >> + kara, << Main Clause >>.
- kara can works like because / since / ...so... in English
- how to connect verbs / adjectives / nouns with kara
- a similar expression - dakara
- how to ask reasons with a question word: dooshite (=why...?)
[ extra ] question words with different formality
You will be able to learn pre-masu form expressions meaning (do) too much / many of nouns.
- Pre masu-form + sugi masu (*present / future tense )
- Pre masu-form + sugi mashita (* past tense )
- Adjectives (I-adjectivses and Na-adjectivs) + sugi masu
- interchangeable expression: sugi desu = sugi masu
Also, you can learn how to use pre-masu form as conjunction like te-form.
You will be able to learn expressions for obligation with Pre Nai-form.
- Pre Nai-form + nakereba nari-masen [ must / have to...] (*present / future tense )
- Pre Nai-form + nakereba nari-masen deshita [ had to...] (*past tense )
*Negative Obligation - Pre Nai-form + nakute mo ii-desu [ don't have to...]
You will be able to learn the interrogative pronoun dono kurai to ask about the amount /extent /degree of something.
- Dono kurai + (adjective / adverb) desu ka? [ about how (adjective / adverb ] is ...? ]
*Useful Expression -
1) [ A ] kara [ B ] made wa dono kurai desu ka?
[= About how far is it / how long doest it take form [ A ] to [ B ] ?]
2) [ A ] kara [ B ] made wa dono kurai kakari-masu ka?
[= About how much does it cost / how long doest it take form [ A ] to [ B ] ?]
- A span of time ( hours / minutes ) <-- --> Clock time (o'clock / minutes )
[ extra ] similar interrogative pronoun doo to seek 1) a specific description or degree 2) a specific manner or method, or 3) other: idiomatic expressions
You will be able to learn basic directions and the particle 'o' expressions.
- Basic directions
- Non-destionation (locations) + o + moving verbs* <----> Destination + ni + moving verbs
(*e.g. pass by, go along, cross over, go out of, turn at, run in etc.)
- Organisations / Situation of locations / Time (not actual locations) + o + verbs
- Directions + o + verbs (not moving verbs) <----> Directions + ni or e + moving verbs