JAPANASU - Learn to Speak Japanese Effectively Season 1
- 4.5 hours on-demand video
- 8 articles
- 29 downloadable resources
- Full lifetime access
- Access on mobile and TV
- Certificate of Completion
Get your team access to 4,000+ top Udemy courses anytime, anywhere.Try Udemy for Business
- Understand basic Japanese grammar without prior knowledge
- Understand the basic differences between English and Japanese clearly
- Engage in simple and useful Japanese conversations
- The only thing needed is your enthusiasm!
Let me explain what JAPANASU means first.
Hanasu means “to speak", so Japanese + Hanasu = JAPANASU (Speak Japanese) !
My course is aimed at English speakers who would like to learn basic Japanese Conversation. They do not require any prior knowledge of Japanese. I start with basic grammar so that students can quickly begin to construct their own sentences, and introduce the related vocabulary so that they can improve their vocabulary effectively. Each lesson is related to the former lesson, which enables learners to review and learn more. I frequently compare Japanese grammar to English grammar to avoid confusion.
At the end of the course, students will be able to hold basic conversations in Japanese! They can test your understanding through assessments and quizzes.
- Beginners wanting to focus on Japanese conversation should take this course
- Advanced Japanese Learners should NOT take this course
Introduction to Japanese
You can find main Japanese features as follows:
1) Connecting words - particles
2) The end of the sentence - verbs
3) Formality level and the length of the sentence - Generally, the shorter a sentence is, the more casual it sounds.
Japanese is what is called a Mora-Timed language. This means that every character in japanese occupies the same length of time. English on the other hand, is a stress-timed language. This means that some syllables are pronounced longer while some will be shorter.
Other speaking tips:
1. The double vowel “ou” should be lengthened and pronounced as “oo”.
2. The “u” should be pronounced very quietly at the end of the sentence, which will make your Japanese sound more natural.
3. Lastly, R sounds in Japanese are pronounced like a mixture between R and L.
(For example, listen to the R in Arigato. Your tongue will briefly touch your upper gum ridge.)
You can learns "Basic Greetings Phrases" with several examples.
- Regular Greetings - standard and casual ways
- Reunion Greetings / First Meeting Greetings
- Parting Greetings
- Thank you & Sorry
- Greetings for Meals
- Other Everyday Greetings
Basic Form A=B <A is B.>
A wa B desu.
You can put a noun (i.e. the name of a thing, place, person, animal, a feeling) or a pronoun (i.e. I, you, he, she, they, we, this, that.) in both A and B.
3 Basic Forms of A=B
A wa B desu.
A wa B dewa arimasen / ja arimasen.
A wa B desu ka? - Hai. or Iie.
The 3 Basic Forms expressions are considered as standard formality.
Here are more casual forms:
A wa B da.
A wa B dewa / ja nai.
A wa B ? - Un. or Uun.
<Vocabulary - weather & days of the week, etc.>
When we point out something and describe it , we use Japanese pronouns -
“ kore, sore, are ” (= “this one” “that one” and “that one over there”)
These words should be chosen depending on the distance between things and you.
Kore = (this one) is for something close to you
Sore = (that one) is for something slightly away from you
Are = (that one over there) is for something away from you ...
We will start to learn basic questions with Question words.
What are “Question words” like? In English, “What” “Who” “When” “Where” and so on….
So let’s start to learn a basic question form with “What”!
Q: A wa Nan desu ka? or A wa Nani? (=what is A?)
A: B desu. (It's B.) ...
A wa Dare/Donata desu ka? = Who is A?
Dare/Donata means “who” in English, however, please make sure you use the correct word ordering.
Dare/Donata shouldn’t be put at the beginning of the question! Donata is politer than Dare.
When asking about a possessor of something, you can combine Dare/Donata and particle ‘no’.
Dare/Donata + no + something/someone = Whose something/someone
--> X wa Dare/Donota no Y desu ka? = Whose Y is X? ...
Form lesson 8 to 11, you have learned basic question forms with several question words:
Nan/Nani - what
Dare/Donata - who , Dare no (something) = whose something
Itsu - when
Doko/Dochira - where... ,etc...
Please make sure that such question words are not at the beginning of the question, unlike English!
There are more useful question forms...
What are adjectives? --> Adjectives are describing words that tell you an attribute of a noun.
(1) I-adjective (adjectives ending with the vowel "I") *there are some exceptions.
(2) Na-adjective (the other adjectives)
I-adjective + Noun / Na-adjective + na + Noun ...
Emotion Adjectives = Adjectives to show your emotions
To feel embarrassed = hazukashii
To feel glad/happy = ureshii
To feel sad = kanashii
To feel nostalgic = natsukashii
To feel excited = tanoshii
To feel sorry = zannen
Emotion adjectives can also be used in the basic forms, but please make sure to start with watashi (yourself) because emotions are subjective expressions...
There are mainly two types of adjectives - adjectives that end with the vowel “i” are called “I-adjectives” , and the others are called Na-adjectives.
With Na-adjectives, please make sure you put “na” before the noun. Don’t be confused with nouns that are used to add additional information (Lesson 7) - When adding a describing noun, you need to put the particle “no” before the noun.
<Casual basic forms>
For Na-adjectives… These are the same as the casual basic forms with nouns.
For I-adjectives… Please make sure to remove “i” from I-adjectives and put ku nai afterward...
you will learn the basic forms to show “actions or states" with Action Verbs.
--> A + wa + B + o + Action Verb (*A=subject, *B=object of the sentence)
Action verbs should be put at the end.
Particle "o" should be put after the object. If the verb doesn’t refer to an object, you don’t need to use the particle ‘o’ either.
Particle “o” should be written “wo”(を), not the vowel “o”(お) in hiragana.)
Action Verbs - Masu-Form...
Moving verbs and particle ‘ni’
Two most common moving verbs are iki-masu (to go) and ki-masu (to come).
Destination A + Particle “ni” + ikimasu = go to A.
Please make sure you use the correct word ordering. Particle 'ni' should be placed after the destination.
When using the particle 'ni' before a destination. It works like “to” in English...
You can just put question word “doko” in the place for a destination. Don’t forget the particle “ni” afterward.
--> A wa doko ni kikimasu ka? (= where will A go?)
As a short answer, you can say, “place + desu” without repeating the verb.
In Japanese...you can put the purpose instead of the physical place.
--> *Activity noun ni ikimasu.
*your purpose to go just like in English. Especially for fun activities! ...
How to add a place with Activity Verbs (Not Moving Verbs)
Place + de + Activity Verb (= do an action at/in Place)
Please put the particle “de” in between the place of the activity and the activity.
--> You can’t use the particles ni or o in this case!
(the particle “de” following a place of the activity is the English equivalent to “at” or “in”) ...
Another function of the particle ‘de’
Transportation/Item/Language + de + Action Verb (= do something with/by/in the Item)
--> You can add Transportation/Item/Language that is used for the action or activity!
“dake” means “only” and “just”.
Please make sure to put “dake” just after the word you want to emphasize.
In other words, please put ‘dake’ before the particle o, ni or de...
How to add various time expressions to sentences
Time Expression + ni ...
You can add the time expressions to a sentence, followed by the particle ‘ni’.
However, some time expressions which don’t require the particle 'ni'...
--> Generally speaking, if you need to use “at””on”and ”in” with time expressions in English,
you should use the particle “ni”...
How to express “I want to do something”
You can’t use “hoshii”(= want something)!
Instead, you should use -tai with verbs. This -tai can be combined with any verbs.
--> Verb + tai desu (=I want to verb)
I would like to call this form the “desire form” to distinguish it from the “masu-form"...
All of the grammar you learned in lessons 1 to 25, are based on the present or future tense.
This lesson shows the past tense of basic forms with verbs, adjectives and nouns each.
Verbs - Masu-from --> you should use “mashita” for past tense.
Adjective - I-adjective --> you should remove "i" and add "katta desu" for past tense.
Adjective. - Na-adjective & Noun--> you should use "deshita" for past tense.
Also, you can learn each negative and question forms...and casual forms...
Review some important grammar in Season 1 lessons.
3 basic forms to show the fact A = B
Particles (mo, no, to, ...)
Question words (nani, dare, itsu, doko...)
Adjectives (I-adjective and Na-adjective)
3 basic forms to show the action A do B & masu-form
Moving Verbs with particles 'ni' and 'o'
Giving Verbs with particle 'to'
Action Verbs with particle 'de'
Time expression with particle 'ni'
Desire form (-tai desu)
Past-tense of Verb, Adjective, and Noun.
and so on