Flying the VR Hurricane from Gibraltar to Cairo. X plane 11
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Flying the VR Hurricane from Gibraltar to Cairo. X plane 11

VFR Visual Flight Rules all the way to Cairo navigation course. 20 flights.
1.0 (1 rating)
Course Ratings are calculated from individual students’ ratings and a variety of other signals, like age of rating and reliability, to ensure that they reflect course quality fairly and accurately.
1,076 students enrolled
Published 11/2019
Current price: $13.99 Original price: $19.99 Discount: 30% off
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This course includes
  • 7 hours on-demand video
  • Full lifetime access
  • Access on mobile and TV
  • Certificate of Completion
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What you'll learn
  • Flying a Hawker Hurricane VR VFR to Cairo.
  • Explore
  • Either follow through with your own flight sim or just watch

In this visual Navigation course, flight planning every leg. We will be flying the Mk2 Hawker Hurricane which is modified with the desert air filter and camo.

We take off from British Gibraltar on the southern most tip of Europe and head south to North Africa and fly {not always along the coast} 20 legs to Cairo in Egypt.

We may have mechanical problems along the way and we are also flying actual weather conditions.

VR  VFR navigation and no auto pilot. taking careful note Headings time high ground and of weather conditions.

Great use will also be made of the GPS moving map. Hurricane is not fitted with VOR.

The trip will be made in a series of short flights taking in the interesting locations along the way. You can even look the places up on google maps and google earth.

The British Hawker Hurricane played a major roll in the North African campaigns during world war 2 and we will be passing most of the locations, You could take a closer look if you wish.

This course was inspired by the North Africa campaigns in WW2. There is lots of additional information on this on the internet.

Who this course is for:
  • Beginners learning navigation
Course content
Expand 28 lectures 07:10:22
+ Introduction
28 lectures 07:10:22

I have been here in British Gibraltar for about a week getting used to the FREE Desert version of the Hurricane 11 aircraft and flight planning our historic route to Cairo. October 2019. The whole trip will be  VR VFR hopefully in sight of the ground at all times. You are welcome to join me or follow me through on your own computer using your own aircraft.

The system is programmed to have the odd failure along the way which we shall have to deal with. The weather conditions are real too for late October to mid November 2019.

Strongly recommend a good pilot watch with a bezel, google maps and sky air charts and flight planning. 

Preview 05:30

They will never teach you low and slow.

Preview 22:27

Flight planning is important to work out how far away and in what direction your destination is. How much fuel you need including divert fuel and the weather. What is the range of your aircraft?

Good flight planning makes your life much easier and the more information you have the better.

Preview 01:34

A stop watch and a good pilot watch are essential for VFR navigation. Course speed and time are critical, together with position fixes and times on your map. We all get lazy and just use the GPS but it is important to practice the old ways.

The Amphibia creation was led by Vostok's chief of their new design bureau. The objectives were to create a watch that was competitive with contemporary diving watch such as the Blancpain 50 Fathoms, the Rolex Submariner, and the watches using the compressor case, and to create a watch that could operate reliably at the temperature and pressure of a depth of 200 meters (and later 300 meters). The chief designers were Mikhail Fedorovich Novikov and Vera Fedorovna Belova.

According to Mikhail Novikov, the name “Amphibia” was chosen in a contest among the watch factory’s employees. It was named after the amphibians for their quality of being equally comfortable on land and in water.

On the way to creating the first Soviet diver watch, the developing team had to go through quite a lot of difficulties. Since similar foreign counterparts were patented it was impossible to simply copy them and everything had to be developed from scratch. The team had to design a special technology for glass, start manufacturing special rubber, and adapt to working with steel instead of brass.

In 1967 the first batch of the Amphibia watches rolled off the factory line, it could withstand depths up to 200 meters. Due to the high popularity of the model, in the 70s, the factory together with GLAVCHASPROM started developing a new model that could be used by divers in the 300-meter depth.  This new watch, that was named Nvch-30 (НВЧ-30: Наручные Водолазные Часы 30; translation: Divers Wrist Watch 30 ATM) had to go through a tough test in the field during a maritime exercise in the North Sea. The divers practiced submarine rescue while wearing these watches that could withstand pressure at depths up to 300m.

In 1975 a Soviet cosmonaut Georgy Grechko wore the Amphibia watch during the Soyuz 17 mission to the Salyut 4 space station which led to the even higher popularity of Amphibia watches among people all over the world.

Preview 03:39

Tétouan, nicknamed the White Dove, is a city located in northern Morocco. It lies along the Martil Valley and is one of the two major ports of Morocco on the Mediterranean Sea, a few miles south of the Strait of Gibraltar, and about 60 km E.S.E. of Tangier.

Preview 11:51

Al Hoceima is a riffian town in the north of Morocco, on the northern edge of the Rif Mountains and on the Mediterranean coast. It is the capital city of the Al Hoceima Province.

Leg 02. GMTN to GMTA El Hoceima الحسيمة Morocco

Melilla is a Spanish autonomous city located on the north coast of Africa, sharing a border with Morocco, with an area of 12.3 km². Melilla is one of two permanently inhabited Spanish cities in mainland Africa, the other being Ceuta.

Leg 03. GMTA to GEML Melilla (Spanish)

Tlemcen is a city in northern Algeria. It’s known for Moorish buildings, such as the 11th-century Grand Mosque, with a tall minaret and elaborate mihrab (prayer niche). The tomb of Sidi Boumediene, a 12th-century Sufi teacher, is a place of pilgrimage. Its adjacent mosque is an example of Almoravid architecture, with carved stucco. In the city center, the 12th-century palace of El Mechouar is protected by high walls.

Leg 04. GEML to DOAN Tlemcen تلمسان Algeria

Little wind and clear skies today for this leg of the trip to Cairo. Leg 05 takes us another 145 NM east to DAOB TIARET in Algeria.

Tiaret is a major city in central Algeria that gives its name to the wider farming region of Tiaret Province. Both the town and region lie south-west of the capital of Algiers in the western region of the Hautes Plaines, in the Tell Atlas, and about 150 km from the Mediterranean coast.

Leg 05. DOAN to DOAB Tiaret تيارت‎ Algeria.

This leg takes is even deeper into the African countryside. Bou Saada is a town and municipality in M'Sila Province, Algeria, situated 245 km south of Algiers. As Arena it was the site of a city and bishopric in Roman Africa, now a Catholic titular see. The municipal population was estimated at 134,000 in 2008

Leg 06. DOAB to DAAD Bou Saada بوسعادة Algeria

Biskra is the capital city of Biskra Province, Algeria. In 2007, its population was recorded as 307,987. Biskra is located in the north-east of Algeria, about 248 miles from Algiers, 71 miles southwest of Batna and 137 miles north of Touggourt

Leg 07 DAAD to DAUB Biskra بسكرة Algeria

Leg 08 takes us to Gafsa in Tunisia. Gafsa, originally called Capsa in Latin, is the capital of Gafsa Governorate of Tunisia. It lends its Latin name to the Mesolithic Capsian culture. With a population of 105,264, Gafsa is the 9th-largest Tunisian city.

Leg 08. DAUB to DTTF. Gafsa قفصة Tunisia.

Houmt Souk, meaning literally: "The Market neighborhood", is a commune and the main town of the island of Djerba, Tunisia. A popular tourist destination, it is best known for its traditional souk and the Aghlabid fortress. It is located at approximately 20 km from Ajim and 22 km from El Kantara by the Roman road.

Leg 09. DTTF to DTTJ. Houmt Souk حومة السوق Tunisia




Leg 10. DTTJ to HLLM Tripoli. Tripoli طرابلس Libya

Misrata is a city in the Misrata District in northwestern Libya, situated 187 km to the east of Tripoli and 825 km west of Benghazi on the Mediterranean coast near Cape Misrata. With a population of about 281,000, it is the third-largest city in Libya, after Tripoli and Benghazi.

Leg 11. Misrata مصراتة‎ Libya

Sirte, also spelled Sirt, Surt, Sert or Syrte, is a city in Libya. It is located south of the Gulf of Sirte, between Tripoli and Benghazi. It is famously known for its battles, ethnic groups, and loyalism to Muammar Gaddafi.

Leg 12 Sirte سرت Libya.

Ra's Lanuf is a Mediterranean town in northern Libya, on the Gulf of Sidra. The town is also home to the Ra's Lanuf Refinery, completed in 1984, with a crude oil refining capacity of 220,000 bbl/d (35,000 m³/d).

Leg 13 Ras Lanuf راس لانوف Libya

Marsa Brega Airport

مطار مرسى البريقة

Leg 14. Marsa al Brega مرسي البريقة Libya

Benghazi is a city in Libya. Located on the Gulf of Sidra in the Mediterranean, Benghazi is a major seaport and the second-most populous city in the country, as well as the largest city in Cyrenaica, with an estimated population of 631,555 in 2011.

World War II

During Operation Compass in World War II, Benghazi was captured from the Italians by Combe Force on 6 February 1941.

It was recaptured by Axis powers, led by general Erwin Rommel of the German Africa Corps, on 4 April.

It was taken again during Operation Crusader by the British on 24 December only to change hands again on 29 January 1942 in the Rommel Afrika Corp's push to Egypt.

During the fateful Battle of El Alamein–106 kilometres (66 miles) from Alexandria, Egypt–British troops led by general Bernard Montgomery again defeated the Africa Corps which then made a long steady retreat westward passing through Benghazi for the final time. On 20 November, Benghazi was captured by the British Eighth Army and thereafter held by the British.

In August 1943 from Benina airport of Benghazi started the US attack on the Ploesti oil refineries with 178 B-24 bombers (called Operation Tidal Wave), after an Italian "Arditi" paratroopers attack that destroyed some Allied aircraft in June 1943.

Leg 15. Benghazi بنغازي Libya

In this flight we fly direct over high ground on a compass heading keeping an eye on the low cloud cover.

Leg 16. Al Abraq International Airport مطار الأبرق الدولي Libya

Tobruk or Tobruck is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean coast, near the border with Egypt. It is the capital of the Butnan District and has a population of 120,000. Tobruk was the site of an ancient Greek colony and, later, of a Roman fortress guarding the frontier of Cyrenaica.

During World War II, Allied forces, mainly the Australian 6th Division, took Tobruk on 22 January 1941. The Australian 9th Division ("The Rats of Tobruk") pulled back to Tobruk to avoid encirclement after actions at Er Regima and Mechili and reached Tobruk on 9 April 1941 where prolonged fighting against German and Italian forces followed.

Although the siege was lifted by Operation Crusader in November 1941, a renewed offensive by Axis forces under Erwin Rommel the following year resulted in Tobruk being captured in June 1942 and held by the Axis forces until November 1942, when it was recaptured by the Allies. Rebuilt after World War II, Tobruk was later expanded during the 1960s to include a port terminal linked by an oil pipeline to the Sarir oil field.

Leg 17. Tobruk طبرق Libya

Marsa Matruh is a resort town on Egypt’s Mediterranean coast, known for its lagoons and white-sand beaches. It’s on a large bay, with the resort stretching along the shore. West of the town, Cleopatra’s Beach is surrounded by rocks, creating a natural pool called Cleopatra’s Bath. Near Rommel’s Beach is the Rommel Museum, with memorabilia and maps, in caves that served as the German WWII commander’s headquarters.

Leg 18. Marsa Matruh مرسى مطروح Egypt

Alexandria is a Mediterranean port city in Egypt. During the Hellenistic period, it was home to a lighthouse ranking among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World as well as a storied library. Today the library is reincarnated in the disc-shaped, ultramodern Bibliotheca Alexandrina. The city also has Greco-Roman landmarks, old-world cafes and sandy beaches. Its 15th-century seafront Qaitbay Citadel is now a museum.

Leg 19. Alexandria الإسكندرية Egypt

Cairo, Egypt’s sprawling capital, is set on the Nile River. At its heart is Tahrir Square and the vast Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities including royal mummies and gilded King Tutankhamun artifacts. Nearby, Giza is the site of the iconic pyramids and Great Sphinx, dating to the 26th century BC. In Gezira Island’s leafy Zamalek district, 187m Cairo Tower affords panoramic city views.

Leg 20a. Cairo القاهرة Egypt.

Finally we land at HEAZ in the heart of the Egyptian capitol. We also had an Avro Lancaster with us for half of the flight.

WE MADE IT! Cairo.

The North American Rockwell OV-10 Bronco is an American twin-turboprop light attack and observation aircraft. It was developed in the 1960s as a special aircraft for counter-insurgency (COIN) combat, and one of its primary missions was as a forward air control (FAC) aircraft. It can carry up to 3,200 lb of external munitions, internal loads such as paratroopers or stretchers, and loiter for three or more hours.

Coming soon. Flying the OV 10 Bronco.