Computer Architectures and Assembly Programming (MIPS)
What you'll learn
- MIPS Instruction Set Architecture
- MIPS Assembly Programming - Theory and Practice with tens of examples
- RISC ISA Architectures
- Single Cycle and Multi-Cycle Processor Design
- Arithmetic and Logic Unit (ALU) Design
- Design the Control Unit of a Real Processor
- Convert MIPS Assembly Instructions into Machine Codes
- Understand Computer internal parts such as ALU, Datapath and control Unit
- Understand CPU (Central Process Unit) and how it works
- Basics of digital logic design
- Basic knowledge of programming in any high level languages( C, python , ...)
Welcome to Computer Architectures and Assembly Programming Course!
This course's major purpose is to outline the architectural aspect of computers. In other words, it is concerned with how computers, as machines, execute instructions at many levels, including the hardware and assembly language levels. Students learn about the fundamental technological structure and evolution of computers, fundamental hardware components, MIPS instructions set architectures and its assembly language, processor microarchitecture including the control unit (MIPS is used as an example), memory hierarchy, storage, and input/output devices.
This course can be divided into 2 chapters: Software & Hardware. In the software chapter (Section 1-3) you will learn how to write an assembly language program for MIPS architecture and in the hardware chapter (Section 4-7), I will show you how the internal components of the MIPS processor work together to execute your program. Finally, I prepared several tutorials and assignments with their solutions to help you better understand this topic.
1. Introduction to MIPS Assembly Programming
Memory Operand: Load Word & Store Word in MIPS Assembly Language
Immediate Addressing Mode & Signed/ Unsigned data in MIPS Assembly Language
ADD, ADDI, ADDU, ADDIU, SUB, LW and SW Instructions in MIPS
Branches and Jump Instruction in MIPS Assembly Language + how to read array[i]
Loop Structure in MIPS Assembly Language
The Other Comparison Instruction + Logical Instructions in MIPS
MIPS Alignment Restrictions: .align, .byte .half and .word Assembler's directive
How Data will be Stored in Memory in the MIPS Architecture?
MIPS System Call
Simple I/O and MIPS System Calls: Hello World!
Simple I/O and MIPS System Calls: Read 2 Numbers and Display their Summation
Simple I/O and MIPS System Calls: an Example of IF-ELSE Structure in MIPS
Simple I/O and MIPS System Calls: an Example of IF-ELSE-IF Structure in MIPS
MIPS Divide Instruction + Determine whether the input number is odd or even
MIPS Example: Read 5 Numbers and Print Their Average
MIPS Multiplication Instruction
MIPS Example: Display the Multiplication of 2 numbers + Factorial Example
MIPS Example: Add Two Integer Numbers
2. Learn MIPS Programming with Examples
MIPS Example: Read a char and determine whether it is an uppercase, lowercase or etc. in MIPS
MIPS Example: Determine the number of zeros in the binary notation of a number
MIPS Example: Read two numbers A and B and compute and print (A+2*B)/5
MIPS Example: Convert C code to MIPS Assembly
MIPS Examples: Learn How to Divide and Multiplication
MIPS Example: Find the Maximum Element of an Array in MIPS Assembly Language
MIPS Example: Find Both Maximum and Minimum of an Input Integer Array
MIPS Example: Nested IF-ELSE IF Structure
MIPS Example: Convert a capital letter to lowercase and vice versa
MIPS Example: Check the input character and determine is it alphabet, digit or .
MIPS Example: Read 2 operands and an operator and print the result
MIPS Example: Compute the sum of N integers: (1 + 2 + ... + N), While Structure
3.Functions in MIPS Assembly Language with Several Examples
Functions in MIPS - Jump and Link (jal) & jump Register(jr) Instructions
Functions in MIPS - How to Pass Arguments to the Functions?
Functions in MIPS - Who saves the register? Spilling Registers
Functions in MIPS - MIPS's conventions to split register spilling chores
Functions in MIPS - MIPS Stack and Push and Pop Implementations
Functions in MIPS - Factorial Function
MIPS Example: Write a function to read N numbers and store them in an array
MIPS Example: Write a function to reverse an input array
MIPS Example: Write a function to count the number of divisors of an argument
4.MIPS Instruction Encoding
MIPS Instruction Encoding: R-Type Instructions
MIPS Instruction Encoding: I-Type Instructions
MIPS Instruction Encoding : J-Type Instruction
5. Computer Architecture: Processor Datapath, ALU and Register File Design
Generic Datapath and Register Files Part 1
Generic Datapath and Register Files Part 2
ALU Design Part 1
ALU Design Part 2
6. Single-Cycle Datapath for MIPS Architecture
MIPS Datapath Overview
Datapath for Fetching an Instruction and increment PC in MIPS Architecture
Datapath for R-type Instruction in MIPS Architecture
MIPS Datapath for Load Word (LW) and Store Word (SW) Instructions
Datapath for Branch Instructions in MIPS Architecture
Combining the Datapaths of R-type Instructions and LW/SW Instructions
Integrating the datapaths of R-Type, Memory and Branch Instructions in MIPS Arc
R-Type + Memory Instructions Data Path
Control Unit for the Single-cycle MIPS Processor
ALU Control Unit Design for MIPS Architecture
7. Multi-Cycle Datapath for MIPS Architecture
Multi-Cycle Datapath for MIPS Architecture Part 1
Multi-Cycle Datapath for MIPS Architecture Part 2
Multi-Cycle Datapath for MIPS Architecture Part 3
Multi-Cycle Datapath for MIPS Architecture Part 4
8. Tutorials + Assignments
Tutorial + Assignment: Introduction to MARS
Tutorial + Assignment: Introduction to MIPS Assembly Programming
Tutorial + Assignment: Integer Arithmetic
Tutorial + Assignment: Flow Control
Tutorial + Assignment: Arrays and Files
Tutorial + Assignment: Integer Multiplication and Division
Tutorial + Assignment: MIPS Functions and the Stack Segment
Compute the summation of even numbers between 2 input numbers
Simple I/O in MIPS Assembly Language
IF-ELSE-IF Structure in MIPS Assembly Language
Single-Cycle Datapath Quiz with Video Solution
The course is Example-based. Almost every lecture and component of the course directly leads to a hands-on laboratory assignment with a solution. The more you practice with MIPS hardware and software, the more proficient you will become.
I use lots and lots of examples. I take you step-by-step through the lessons – each time providing sample code and documentation to make sure you are supported through the course.
The course does not waste your time. From the very beginning, we jump right into your first project – Let's Get Started.
I am here to help. I am an educator with a singular focus on providing a meaningful experience for my students. And, while I cannot do the work for you, I am willing to work WITH you to help you succeed.
The goal of this course is to shed light on the obscure interface layer between hardware and software. In this context, we will go over instruction set architectures, assembly programming, computer/memory organization, machine language conversion, data bus, and sub-routines, which are all important topics in computer architectures. This course teaches students about the core hardware components of a computer and how they interact with one another. It educates students about the computer's many layers, such as the application level, operating system level, assembly language level, and machine language level.
Computer architectures, which I recommend to anyone working on electronic system design or computer programming and who is interested in processor design, have opened many doors for me in my own career. I hope you find this tutorial useful as well.
Who this course is for:
- Computer or Electrical Engineering students
- Programmers who want to learn about computer hardware / software interface
- Everyone who is interested in Computer / Processor structures!
- Candidates considering applying for embedded system design / programming positions in defense industry, aerospace, R&D and IT companies
My name is Shahram Taheri and I have a Ph.D. in Computer Engineering. Since 2019, I've worked as an assistant professor at Antalya Bilim University, Turkey. Also, I worked as a faculty member in the Computer Engineering department at Azad University, Iran, from 2004 to 2012. I am the CEO of Milka Control Company and my company performed several automation projects for different home appliance manufacturing in Iran.