Chemistry - Chemistry in Everyday Life | Organic Chemistry
What you'll learn
- Visualise the importance of Chemistry in daily life
- Explain the term ‘chemotherapy’
- Describe the basis of classification of drugs
- Explain drug-target interaction of enzymes and receptors
- Explain how various types of drugs function in the body
- Know about artificial sweetening agents and food preservatives
- Discuss the chemistry of cleansing agents
- Basic understanding of chemistry and math's
Chemistry is essentially the study of materials and the development of new materials for the betterment of humanity. A drug is a chemical agent, which affects human metabolism and provides cure from ailment. If taken in doses higher than recommended, these may have poisonous effect. Use of chemicals for therapeutic effect is called chemotherapy. Drugs usually interact with biological macromolecules such as carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. These are called target molecules. Drugs are designed to interact with specific targets so that these have the least chance of affecting other targets. This minimises the side effects and localises the action of the drug. Drug chemistry centres around arresting microbes/destroying microbes, preventing the body from various infectious diseases, releasing mental stress, etc. Thus, drugs like analgesics, antibiotics, antiseptics, disinfectants, antacids and tranquilizers are used for specific purpose. To check the population explosion, antifertility drugs have also become prominent in our life.
Food additives such as preservatives, sweetening agents, flavours, antioxidants, edible colours and nutritional supplements are added to the food to make it attractive, palatable and add nutritive value. Preservatives are added to the food to prevent spoilage due to microbial growth. Artificial sweeteners are used by those who need to check the calorie intake or are diabetic and want to avoid taking sucrose.
These days, detergents are much in vogue and get preference over soaps because they work even in hard water. Synthetic detergents are classified into three main categories, namely: anionic, cationic and non-ionic, and each category has its specific uses. Detergents with straight chain of hydrocarbons are preferred over branched chain as the latter are non-biodegradable and consequently cause environmental pollution.
Who this course is for:
- Parents whose wards are Students preparing for Indian Engineering and Medical entrance Exams
- IIT JEE | JEE Main | JEE Advanced | BITSAT | NEET | AIPMT | KVPY | SAT | GATE | MSAT
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