Investment Banking: Venture Capital FundRaising Masterclass
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- Most Focused Udemy Course on Fundraising for Startups from Venture Capital
- Significantly increase your chances of Fundraising from Venture Capital (and others) taught by an Investment Banker and Entrepreneur with nearly 30 years (29) experience in the markets
- Develop your understanding of how Venture Capital looks at Business, Finance and Startup Business Strategy and how this influences their investment criteria: make sure you are talking to the right investors
- How to email Venture Capital and Angel Investors
- Startup Fundraising from Angels and Venture Capital; find the right investors, how to approach them, how and how to master the art of Investor Pitching
- How to explain your Business Strategy and Finance requirements through your Business and Financial Plan
- How to manage the Fundraising Process
- Going beyond the Pitch Deck, understand Venture Capital Term Sheets and how to negotiate them
- Discover the potential of Equity Crowdfunding for your business and learn from a CEO how he successfully raised money for his Startup
- Access to Spreadsheet and Presentation software - Excel, Keynote, Powerpoint
- A determination to succeed despite the odds!
- Commitment to following every step of this course - there are no short cuts!
- In the face of everything, a sense of humour :)
Welcome my Investment Banking Venture Capital Masterclass
Are you an Entrepreneur, a Startup Founder or an Adviser?
Does your Business need Capital?
Is Fundraising and Investor Pitching your next step?
Where do you start?
Start Here - this course is designed to take you through the whole process from Planning to finding Investors and then understanding and negotiating a Term Sheet.
Along the way you will learn a lot about your business and even more about the way Investors think!
This Course is my "Centre of Excellence" for all things Startup, Venture Capital Fundraising and Investor Pitching
In this course you will discover and come to understand:
The Key Basics of Startups and Raising Capital
Understand the types of Venture Capital and Angel Investors
How to find the right Investor for your business
How to Present your Business to an Investor
How to put together an Integrated Business and Financial Plan and Pitch Deck
How to deliver a winning Pitch Presentation to Investors
How to Manage the Investment Process
How to Understand Venture Capital Term Sheets and how to negotiate them
Should You Consider Equity Crowdfunding - we discuss it indepth
Video Interview with a Successful Crowdfunding CEO
As we go through the course we will address some important questions:
Is your business right for Venture Capital finance?
What are your equity and non equity financing options?
What are the Pros and Cons of Venture Capital finance?
Do you understand the Stages of Investment?
How should you attract and engage investors?
What should you know about deal structures and the investment process?
What are the key Deal Terms you should be aware of?
Summary - how to to choose the right Venture Capitalist for your business?
This course has over 198 lectures and over thirteen hours of the best content I can put together for you in one place. With nearly 30 years investment banking experience, I have been doing this professionally for longer than I like to admit!
BONUS MINI COURSE: The State of the Venture Capital Market
I was recently invited to attend a seminar held by a leading London Technology Law firm.
At the seminar an expert panel debated the state of the Venture Capital market for early stage, Series A and Series B funding in 2019.
This training summarises many of the key points discussed and I have included my own views, comments and opinions based on 30 years of investment banking experience, 20 of them spent advising technology companies.
The opinions, errors and omissions are mine and mine alone.\
This training is important if you are an entrepreneur or founder who is looking to raise capital from VCs in the foreseeable future. As we discuss the key questions, the information will help you to position your company for funding and avoid many common mistakes and errors.
Nothing in this course offers financial or legal advice. For this you must go to your own legal and financial advisers.
My name is John Colley - I have been advising Public and Private Companies since 1988 on Strategy and Capital Raising! I have put this course together based on my experience of working closely with Entrepreneurs as well as having co-founded two businesses myself.
This is my course to help you beat the odds! I want you to succeed and really look forward to working with you to help you to make a success of your business!
Enroll today and I look forward to seeing you inside the course!
- Startup Entrepreneurs who have a Fundraising Requirement for their business
- Any Entrepreneur who is considering Fundraising from Angels or Venture Capital
- Any Startup Owner who needs to discover the art of Investor Pitching
Welcome to this Course and thank you for enrolling.
My name is John Colley and I have been advising companies since 1988 and Technology Companies since 1998.
This Course is my "Centre of Excellence" for allthings Startup and Capital Raising!
- Establish the basics of your funding needs
- Get an introduction to Startups
- Get to understand Venture Capitalists
- Discover whether you are talking to the right investor
- Make sure you understand how VCs think
- Find out which questions you should be asking of a VC
- I show you how to reach out to investors by email
- What you need to know to present your business in the best light
- How to put together a Startup pitch and how to pitch it
- A detailed look at a Fundraising Pitch and how to get Investor Ready!
- How to deliver your presentation to investors
- How to manage the investment Process
- Discover whether Equity Crowdfunding is for you
- How to Evaluate a Crowdfunding Opportunity
- Interview with Crowdfunder CEO Andrew Monk from IoLight
Startups and Capital Raising for Entrepreneurs! - Everything you need to know in one Course!
This explains the different types of investors and explains the stages at which they like to invest. This is meant to be a helpful summary for anyone who is new to this market. The PDF of the slide deck is available for download.
If you are new to the world of finance, it is helpful to understand the differences between an VC and a PE - Venture Capital and Private Equity - investor. This is not a very technical explanation but should be enough to enable you to recognise them when you see them. This is important because if you are looking for a venture capitalist, there is no point in contacting a private equity firm. The slide deck is attached as a downloadable file to this lecture.
You need to evaluate the investment stage that is most suitable to the current development of your business. This lecture shares some parameters with you which will help to make that judgement.
The Slide Deck is attached in the Resources Section for you to download.
Deciding how much money to raise can be a difficult decision. Do you raise what you need or as much as you can? I share my view on which of these is a better strategy in this lecture.
The Slide Deck can be downloaded from the Resources Section.
This lecture explains very simply the difference between "pre-money" and "post-money" and it is important that you know the difference because both terms are used frequently.
This lecture introduces this section and discusses the main theme and issues we will be discussing when helping you to decide if Venture Capital is right for your business.
This lecture sets the main agenda for this course and asks a very important question..
Here are some tough questions for you to consider BEFORE you start to evaluate whether Angel or Venture Capital investment is right for your business.
a. How big is the market Opportunity and can you scale your idea to take advantage of the market?
b. Is there a real demand for your Product/Service/Solution. Are you solving a real need/pain point/problem for your customers?
c. Define your Solution. How do you solve this problem? What is your Product/Service/Solution?
d. Review the Competition. Who are your competitors? It is very unlikely that you are so new to a market or so original that you do not have any competition. Investors also find it very unconvincing if you cannot identify them.
e. What is your USP (Unique Selling Point)? Or in other words how are you going to compete successfully (and profitably) against the competition?
f. Value - In summary then, what value to you provide to your clients and how do can you transmute this value into cash value for you and your investors. It is worth remembering that most of the value created by entrepreneurs only arises at the end of the process when the business is sold.
Can your Startup make money?
a. You need to construct a simple 5 year, monthly profit and loss account which then creates a cash flow statement. This is your template for your financial model. You will need to build capital and operational expenditure into this but for the moment don't worry about a balance sheet as integrating the three (while avoiding circularity) can be tricky.
b. Work out your revenue assumptions; how much will you sell your product/service/solution for, how many will you sell and when. You should create a separate assumptions sheet which feeds into the P&L so that you can alter your revenue assumptions without changing all the cells in the P&L account.
c. Next on the assumption sheet, create build in your assumptions relating to costs of sale to arrive at your gross margin. Are there scale economies as you increase the number of units sold? Is the pricing of your product defensible or will competition erode your pricing over time? Have you factored in quantity or promotional discounts? Below the Gross Margin you need to model your fixed costs; salaries, office costs, rent, rate, electricity, marketing etc. This is called SG&A in US GAAP.
d. These assumptions so far will enable you to reach the EBITDA line - Earnings before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortization. This is the profit line most used for business valuation as profits after this are distorted by non cash items or by the balance sheet structure (I) or by tax - which is only paid once you have arrived at a profit and is therefore derivative.
e. You will need to work out your organic growth assumptions. How quickly will sales grow. You may chose to run different scenarios to see what impact this has on cash flow - and therefore how much "working capital" the business will need. It can be just as dangerous to over trade as not to sell enough.
f. The profit and loss model should then be used to create the cash flow. Into this you need to build in your assumptions about the capital costs needed to set the business up, the ongoing operational and investment costs you need as the business grows and run this on a monthly basis to include the cash generated from the operations of the business. The key here is to identify the maximum negative cash position which, when added to a contingency amount, shows you how much capital you need to get the business up and running and to a point where it is self financing. Depending on the cash requirement, this will help you to decide how much capital you need to raise and, based on your assumptions, how many rounds of finance you will require.
How are you going to Execute?
The business plan is normally a reasonably lengthy word document in which you set out to explain how you are going to turn your idea into a business. The purpose is twofold, to explain to potential investors, but also to help you to think through the execution thoroughly.
a. Who? As you are unlikely to be a one man band, who are your team, co-founders, executives, staff with whom you are going to create the business. You will need to fully cost them into the plan, even if you decide to work for nothing in the initial stages.
b. How? Explain the steps you are going to take to set the business up, your marketing and sales strategy, product sourcing and/or manufacturing. Just think yourself through the sales cycle and set it down. Then go back and make sure the costs are still correctly reflected in you financial model.
c. Where? Will you need to rent premises, will you start your business from home? Serviced offices can be a good flexible solution. You will need to be clear where the business will operate from. Is this consistent with where your colleagues live or will they have long commutes? Is the location the right one to reach your market? Working from home is often not the best (even if it is the cheapest) solution.
d. When? What is the timetable. This needs to be clearly thought out as the time to market and first sales are critical to your cash flow assumptions. Be realistic but also be determined and when you have set out a timetable and your colleagues and investors have bought into it, it can be critical to confidence if you do not stick to it.
e. Risks - these need to be thought through and anticipated. Often a SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) analysis for all stages of your business can help you to brain storm these issues. Consider drafting in a SWOT analysis for each section of your document to help you think, but I do not recommend including all of these in the final published version.
f. Executive Summary - once you have written the plan, go back to the beginning and create an executive summary - essentially summarize the key sections at the front of your document to help new readers rapidly assimilate the contents of the document. The main sections should be; Management, Business Summary, Market, Summary Financials. You will need to add later to this Executive Summary and the Plan a section on your financing requirement and how much money you are trying to raise. This neatly segues to the next section.
a. Capital Expenditure - as you set up your business you will have start up costs to get things up and running. This will also include legal, accounting and other professional services costs to get properly set up to trade. These costs should be carefully detailed in your business plan and you should strike the right balance between thrift and efficiency and not cutting corners on investment which may later compromise your delivery quality or ability to operate efficiently.
b. Opex - operational costs will increase as the business grows. Businesses need "working capital" to operate - think of it like the oil in your cars engine. As the revenue grows your working capital requirement will grow with it. When your model includes and integrated balance sheet, this working capital is captured in the balance sheet and changes to cash are adjusted by the working capital giving you a realistic cash forecast projection.
c. Lean and Mean - you should aim to watch every penny. The dot com boom days of "never mind the cash burn measure the hype" are long gone. Reduced salaries can be exchanged for small equity interests for your start up team. More about equity a bit later.
d. 18 Month Runway - when considering your cash requirement you should aim to ensure that you raise enough capital to run the business for 18 months. Raising capital is very time consuming. You need to be able to do a capital raise and then focus on the business and achieve some milestones in its development. Running out of cash is THE cardinal sin. Investors will rescue you but almost inevitably on very, very expensive or highly dilutive terms.
e. Cash burn. I believe that the CEO of every start up business should know his opening cash position in the morning and at the end of the work day. Watching and measuring the cash burn is critical. Understand where the money is going and continually ask yourself if this is the best use of the cash. Money can only be spent once. Should you be doing something differently or can you do it more efficiently?
f. How much? All this analysis should enable you to answer the question - How much capital do I need to raise. You should include a contingency fund - I would use 25% as a working number. You should also have run a range of scenarios, adjusting your assumptions to see what impact it has on cash. What happens if sales increase at twice the expected rate? What happens if the take up is only 50% of what you have assumed? These are questions investors are likely to ask you so you better have the answers ready.
Value or Slicing the Pie
A company's value should be thought of like a pie. More for you means less for someone else and vice versa. You all hope the pie will get larger but the key to your personal value creation is the size of your slice not the size of the pie.
a. Founder Equity - as the Founder you get the biggest slice of the pie. To start with this will be 100%. From here your slice is only getting smaller but managing that carefully, particularly in the start up phase is critical to your future net worth. If you don’t believe me, ask Mark Zuckerberg, who had all sorts of difficulty over equity ownership as played out in the film The Social Network. If you bring in a co-founder they will also expect a good slice so think hard before you share your baby with someone else. Early stage employees may get equity but as non founders they can expect small single percentage slices.
b. The value of the pie will normally be measured by a small range of financial metrics. A multiple of EBITDA (see above), a multiple of cash flow, a calculation of the future value of the cash produced by the business (not surprisingly referred to as a Discounted Cash Flow or DCF). Companies are not valued on multiples of revenue although their value is often expressed in these terms.
c. Investors - when you turn to third parties for your initial investment you can expect them to ask for around 30%-40% of your pie in return for your investment. From their prospective, however good your idea, they will regard it as a risky proposition and they are looking to make 10x their money. Understanding this can help to start to narrow down and fix some of the variables around valuation.
d. Formula. Think about it this way; Identify your capital requirement for an 18 month runway and add 25% contingency. Divide by 30 and multiply by 100. This is your PRE-Money valuation. So for example, if you need to raise £300,000, your valuation is £1 million. If you sell existing shares, the PRE-Money valuation does not change, but normally you create new shares which means the POST-Money valuation is £1.3 million. Clearly if part of the investment is a loan, this alters the valuation but the terms of investment are almost a course in its own right.
e. Dilution. As the owner of the pie, you need to do some careful thinking about your cash raising strategy to understand its impact on your dilution (the reduction in the size of your slice). In a successful start ups, the valuation of the company increases at each new fund raising stage (known as an up-round). Clearly if you raise £300,000 at a £1m valuation you will suffer greater dilution than you would if the valuation was £3m. Staging the fund raising allows you to achieve clear business objectives and return to investors with higher valuations - the company is more developed, less risky and therefore more valuable. This needs to be carefully balanced against my 18 month runway rule.
f. Reality Check - you should ask yourself if your capital requirement and valuation are reasonable. Look at your financial model and use it to see what returns you are generating for your investors over 1, 3 and 5 years. Early Stage investors would normally be seeking 10x their money in the 3 to 5 year stage. Less than this and either your assumptions need adjusting (while still keeping them realistic) or your Great Idea may now be revealed to be only a Good idea!
The whole identification of and approach to investors is a complex subject but here are some key pointers to be thinking about in this preliminary stage.
a. Elevator Pitch - imagine you enter the elevator (lift here in the UK) with an investor. You have 60 seconds to pitch him your business. What do you say to get his attention and to make him want to hear more. VCs typically say if you can't describe your business in one sentence you either haven't thought it through or you don't have a compelling proposition.
b. Slide-Deck - Powerpoint presentations can be the grave yard of many a Startup and it is important to get them right. This again is another subject in its own right. Guy Kawasaki put it succinctly in his 10: 20: 30 Rule; 10 slides, 20 minutes, 30 point font. I normally recommend 13 or 14 slides but I completely agree with the other two points.
c. Role? You should carefully consider the role you want from your investor; passive to active? On the Board? If your investor has relevant business experience you should try to find a way to benefit from it through a working arrangement that suits you both. In this case it is not simply about the money.
d. Who? Sources of start up equity capital are typically from two sources; Friends and Family (and Fools) or Angel investors. You should be clear if taking your aged Aunt's hard earned savings that she can afford to lose the entire amount and understands that this is a very possible outcome. Angel investors tend to be financially successful people who are more sophisticated, understand the risks but may demand more for their money as a result.
e. Bootstrapping. Before rushing off to find equity investors, are there other ways to finance this Great venture. At one level, credit cards can be useful, bank loans or other debt loans which do not involve you surrendering precious equity at this point. This is called Bootstrapping - a curious term referring to the act of pulling oneself up by ones own bootstraps which is clearly a physical impossibility if you are wearing them at the time.
e. Six Reasons - this is normally my final slide in the deck but it also works with the Elevator pitch. I ask entrepreneurs to summarize their business in six (of course) reasons why investors should invest in the company. These should be compelling and are intended to close the sale, to convince the investors that it would be folly to miss the opportunity to invest in your Great Idea or worse, invest in someone else!
This lecture helps you to understand what makes a VC tick - what is important to him.
The PDF of the Slide Deck is available to download.
You need to make sure that the investors you are speaking to are relevant to your business. Put another way, that there is a match between you and their investment criteria. This section uses a case study based on 50 real investors taken from a 2016 conference held in Berlin to illustrate what you need to be looking out for.
The spreadsheet containing the information about these investors is attached to this lecture.
Firstly I want to remind you of the broad range of potential investors out there and make sure that you are focusing on the right investors. This course is focused on Venture Capital but you need to be able to identify a VC from a Private Equity investors, as well as the others.
The PDF of the Slide Deck is available to download.
While this course mainly focuses on Venture Capital funds, I thought that this detailed explanation of the different types of Private Equity funds would be informative at this stage of the course.
There is a copy of this information in a PDF in the Resources Section which can be downloaded.
Venture Capitalists have an investment sweet spot based on the size of the investment they are making. This is often directly related to the size of the fund from which they are making the investment and you need to ensure that you understand what this is and that it matches your funding requirement.
The silde deck and the PDF shown in the video are attached as downloadable documents with this lecture.
It is important to ensure that you look for investment from Venture Capitalists when your business gets to the right stage. Some of this is defined in jargonistic terms, another way is to look at your business from a financial perspective. This lecture does both.
The Slide Deck is attached as a downloadable file with this lecture.
Now I want to turn it around and look at VC financing and Stage of Development from the VC perspective. What stage do they expect your business to be at when considering an investment. The point here is to know what stages a particular VC focuses on and making sure that your business suits their criteria.
I also explain why this does not "exactly" correspond to the A, B, C etc Rounds terminology.
A PDF of this Slide Deck is available to download from the Resources Section of this Lecture.
Venture Capitalists, and particularly Tech VCs, are very sector and sub-sector specific about where they want to invest. This lecture explains the Sectors for Tech and for Non Tech investors. I also share from the Case Study investors, their sector specifications so that you can use this to frame your own sub-sector market position.
The Slide Deck is also attached as a downloadable file with this lecture.
All Venture Capitalists will be able to define geographic limitations to their investment scope. I explain in this lecture how this works and also provide you with the real life example from our case study.
This list is available as a download attached to this lecture.
I also explain the importance of a VC's office to the location of your business which is another, not so obvious, investment limitation.
The Slide Deck is also attached as a downloadable file with this lecture.
When you bring a Venture Capital investor into your business he will expect to have some influence over the management of the company. How active or passive this is will depend on his investment style. The structure of the deal (minority, majority etc.) can take various forms but in any event the detail is all in the investment agreement you mutually agree.
I have included the PDF of the Slide Deck, as well as a PDF from the VC Profiles showing how they describe their own style and their preferences for deal structures.
Venture Capitalists have key investment criteria with which they screen their investments. I provide a list of the main criteria in the lecture and you can down load the Slide Deck to take a copy of these.
I have also added to this lecture the key investment criteria which the VCs from our Berlin conference specify and you can see that these are couched in much less specific terms.
Finding out what an investors key criteria are is a very important part of the work you must do when trying to short list potential VCs to speak with.
This section is all about putting yourself in the shoes of the VC and discovering how to think like he does. By understanding his perspective, you will greatly improve your ability to present your business to VCs in terms that they understand. There is a Project at the end of this section to help you implement what you are about to discover here.
If you understand what is important to a Venture Capitalist, it is easier to pitch your deal in terms that he will understand and which will help to make your deal more attractive than other deals that he is looking at.
The PDF of the Slide Deck is attached in the Resources Section and can be downloaded.
Venture Capitalists will certainly approach valuation from a different perspective to you and will end up with (almost certainly) a lower number than you will. This lecture explains the "rule of thumb" rules you can expect them to apply when considering the value of your company.
The PDF of the Slide Deck is available to download in the Resources Section.
At the Seed and Angel stage, valuation of a business with few revenues, no profits which burns cash can be problematic. In this lecture I share a simple formula for arriving at a valuation which can then be discussed and negotiated by both sides.
The PDF of the Slide Deck is attached in the Resources Section to be downloaded if you wish.
When you get to the Series A investment stage, you can use the company's revenues and, if they exist, EBITDA, to arrive at an initial valuation. This lecture outlines the method for doing this.
The PDF is available as a download from the Resources Section.
Market Size is one of the three critical factors that Venture Capital investors will look at closely. The other two being product and team. This lecture shares their perspective with you and should help you to scope your presentation of your addressable market in their terms.
The PDF of the Slide Deck may be downloaded from the Resources Section.
The product evaluation process is a critical one and Venture Capitalists can expect to complete this due diligence thoroughly. This lecture explains the steps you may expect them to take and will help you to prepare so that you can meet their expectations.
The PDF of the Slide Deck is available for download from the Resources Section.
The evaluation of management is one of the most important parts of the investment process and you can expect that you and your team will be scrutinised in great detail. This lecture will help you to manage that process by understanding what the VCs are looking for.
The PDF of the Slide Deck is available in the Resources Section for download.
Venture Capitalists make investments so that they can make money down the line and a strong, highly valued exit is a critical component of that process. They want to know before they go in, how they are going to get out.
This lecture sheds some light on the way the Venture Capitalists think about Exit Strategies and therefore how you must think about them too.
The PDF of the Slide Deck is available for download in the Resources Section of this lecture.
Barriers to entry are an important factor in both margins and exit strategy and are therefore considered carefully by Venture Capitalists. In this lecture I explain some of these and why they are important. You must be able to explain your barriers to entry to prospective investors.
The PDF of the Slide Deck is available for download in the Resources Section of this lecture.
Venture Capitalists want to invest in market leaders and they therefore evaluate the competitive landscape very carefully. This lecture explains their approach and why you need to have as good a grip on who your competitors are as they do.
The PDF of the Slide Deck is available for download in the Resources Section.
Venture Capitalists need to be able to understand the historic and projected financial performance of your company. They see hundreds of plans and they know what they are looking for. If you don't provide what they need then you are reducing your chances of getting to that first meeting. In this lecture I tell you what financial information you need to provide and its a lot easier than you may think.
The PDF of the Slide Deck is available for download in the Resources Section of this lecture.
Venture Capitalists are continually evaluating deals to ensure that they are investing in the best deals, You need to understand how they think and the criteria they are evaluating you and your competing entrepreneurs against to ensure that you can position yourself in the best possible position to get an investment.
The PDF of the Slide Deck is available to download in the Resources Section. There is also a Deal Criteria Checklist for you to download - how to you stand up?
I am indebted to Rob Go from Next View Ventures for his permission to share this infographic with you. I think it is an excellent way to visualise how VCs make decisions and why you need to be ticking all the boxes!
The infographic is a PDF attached in the Resources Section of this lecture.
In this Project, I have provided you with some detailed criteria against which to evaluate your own business. The list is written from the VCs perspective so you are going to have to think about the current state of his existing investments and funds. Once you have done this thinking like a VC, do it again but from your perspective as an Entrepreneur. Where are the differences? The Gaps?
If you want to make it really interesting, ask a friend who knows your business, or maybe one of your management team, to repeat the exercise and see what scores he/she allocates to your business.
A PDF and Spreadsheet of the Criteria may be downloaded from the Resources Section of this lecture.