Basics of Medical Microbiology
3.9 (77 ratings)
Course Ratings are calculated from individual students’ ratings and a variety of other signals, like age of rating and reliability, to ensure that they reflect course quality fairly and accurately.
347 students enrolled

Basics of Medical Microbiology

Learn about the history and fundamentals of Microbiology.
3.9 (77 ratings)
Course Ratings are calculated from individual students’ ratings and a variety of other signals, like age of rating and reliability, to ensure that they reflect course quality fairly and accurately.
347 students enrolled
Last updated 2/2015
English [Auto]
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This course includes
  • 5 hours on-demand video
  • 5 downloadable resources
  • Full lifetime access
  • Access on mobile and TV
  • Certificate of Completion
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What you'll learn
  • At the end of the course, you would know who are the founding fathers of Microbiology, parts of a light Microscope, and cell culture techniques, In this course, you will learn how to classify microorganisms, how to use the correct nomenclature, the different staining techniques and factors involved in microbial growth
  • Prerequisites: Basic Chemistry and Biology

An Introduction to the study of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. Topics include History of Microbiology, Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells, Classification,  Microscopy, Staining techniques, and Microbial growth and nutrition. Materials will include PowerPoint presentations, links to videos, and lecture notes. The course will take a month to complete. The course will be structured in such a way that there will be a progression from one concept to the next, although each lesson will be a stand alone. It will include laboratory aspects associated with Microbiology. Whether you are new to Microbiology, want to refresher course, or learn certain basic yet complex concepts, this course aims to deliver quality material which will make learning more engaging and Microbiology a more fascinating subject, specially as it relates to Medicine. 

Who this course is for:
  • This is an introductory Microbiology course. The course will benefit mostly Undergraduate and College level students.
Course content
Expand all 33 lectures 04:59:54
+ The History of Microbiology
9 lectures 01:22:32
An overview of the course "Basics in Medical Microbiology".
Preview 02:02
A brief history of Microbiology with the contributions of persons such as Zacharias Janssen,  Galileo Galilei, Robert Hooke and Anton Van Leeuwenhoek to Microscopy; introduction to the theory of abiogenesis; a look at the life cycle of a fly to better understand the first experiments conducted concerning abiognesis; divergent thoughts concerning vitalism (abiogenesis).
The History of Microbiology in a Nutshell
Controversy over the Theory of Spontaneous Generation with Francesco Redi and Lazzaro Spalanzani against and John Needham for Spontaneous Generation. The Debate led to a Contest in which Louis Pasteur, through a set of experiments, disproved the theory; an overview of Scientific Inquiry and conclusion.
The Debate over Spontaneous Generation - in a Nutshell
The History of Microbiology at length- A study of the progress made in the knowledge of disease prevention, transmission and treatment, with the contribution of several health care reformers to this progress. 
At length-Prevention, Transmission and Treatment of Diseases
At length-Classical Golden Age (1854-1914) - describes the main contributions of Louis Pasteur to Microbiology (apart from disproving Spontaneous Generation): Fermentation, Pasteurization; formulation of the Germ theory; his work on Silkworm disease, cholera, and on the process of attenuation and its use in vaccination against anthrax and rabies.
At length-Classical Golden Age-Louis Pasteur
At length-Classical Golden Age (1854-1914)- describes the main contributions of Robert Koch to Microbiology: his work with Anthrax; development of pure cultures; Koch's postulates; responsible for the isolation of the tuberculosis bacillus and of the Cholera bacillus. Also describes the contributions of scientists who worked with viruses, including those of Dimitri Ivanowsky and Walter Reed.
At length-Classical Golden Age- Robert Koch and other pioneers
At length-describes the main events during the Second Golden Age (1943-1970) Advancement of Microbial Genetics, providing evidence that DNA is the hereditary material of cells, Knowledge of two cell types: Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic, and Mass production of Antibiotics
At length- The Second Golden Age
At length- The Third Golden Age (1971-Present) - main topics: Biotechnology, Antibiotic Resistance, Emergence and Reemergence of Infecitous Diseases, Bioremediation, Bioterrorism, and Microbial Evolution
At length-The Third Golden Age
Conclusion of the History of Microbiology both - in a nutshell and at length.
Conclusion of the History of Microbiology

Whose work was published as "Micrographia" by the Royal Society of London?

A) Anton Van Leeuwenhoek

B) Zacharias Janssen

C) Robert Hooke 

D) Galileo Galilei

E) Lazzaro Spalanzani

The History of Microbiology in a nutshell and at length
11 questions
+ Characteristics of Cells and Viruses
8 lectures 01:19:09

This lecture focuses on the debate over what constitutes life throughout history, mainly in terms of chemistry, that is, whether organic or inorganic compounds make up living organisms and on the difficulty in defining life. It describes the four basic processes of life found in living organisms. It ends by reviewing the cell theory which states that "all living things are composed of cells". .

Characteristics of Life
Prokaryotes -Characteristics, Taxon and External structures

In this part 2 of the study of Prokaryotes, we will cover the cytoplasmic membrane, which is the interface between the outer and inner environments of the cell, the cytoplasm, and the internal structures of the prokaryotes.

Prokaryotes - Cytoplasmic membrane, Cytoplasm and Internal structures

Part 1 of the study of Eukaryotes involves a description of the characteristics, classification, examples, structures, in general, of the Eukaryotes.

Eukaryotes - Characteristics, Classification, Examples and Structure

Part 2 of the study of Eukaryotes involves the description of the external structures, cytoplasmic membrane and cytoplasm of the Eukaryotes.

Eukaryotes - External structures, Cytoplasmic membrane, and Cytoplasm

Part 3 of the study of Eukaryotes involves the description of the internal structures of the Eukaryotes, namely the membranous organelles.

Eukaryotes - Membranous organelles

The final part 4 of the study of Eukaryotes involves the description of the non-membranous organelles that are part of the internal structures of the Eukaryotes.

Eukaryotes - Non-membranous organelles

This last lecture, in the section of Characteristics of Cells and Viruses, describes the characteristics of viruses, that distinguish them from cells, the structure and shapes of viruses, and finally the Baltimore classification of viruses.


Characteristics of Cells and Viruses
9 questions
+ Microscopy
5 lectures 37:18

This first lecture in the section of Microscopy introduces the comparative sizes and covers the topics of size measurement system, size comparisons among the different organisms and size comparisons relative to the 3 modes of observation, and the most common size ranges of microbial agents.

Comparative sizes

Part 1 of the lecture in Light Microscopy covers the use, definition and parts of the light microscope. It also includes description of image formation and light pathway.

Light Microscopy- Use, Definitions, Parts, Image formation and Light pathway

This part 2 of the lecture in Light Microscopy describes the main concepts related to microscopy, such as magnification, resolution power and index of refraction, as well as other configurations, apart from light microscopy, such as phase-contrast, dark-field, and fluorescent microscopy.

Light Microscopy- Concepts related to Microscopy and other Configurations
Scanning Electron Microscopy
Transmission Electron Microscopy
10 questions
+ Staining techniques
3 lectures 25:12
Simple staining and Negative staining
Acid-fast staining
Staining techniques
5 questions
+ Classification of Microorganisms
3 lectures 28:56
Hierarchical system and Nomenclature
Phyla in Domains Bacteria and Archea
Classification of Microorganisms
5 questions
+ Microbial Growth and Nutrition
4 lectures 38:34
Microbial growth
Physical and Chemical Factors that affect Microbial Growth
Culture Media

Please note: This video does not start until 5:15 -5:17 timepoint.

Streak plate method of isolation
Microbial Growth and Nutrition
4 questions