Comparative Politics and Global Issues

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  • Lectures 15
  • Length 3 hours
  • Skill Level All Levels
  • Languages English
  • Includes Lifetime access
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About This Course

Published 12/2015 English

Course Description

This course is an introduction to comparative politics and concentrates on the public sphere of politics and relationships on a global basis that are formed by the search for or possession of that which yields power.

This course will compare types of government and political systems and include the rudimentary theories of social science, comparisons of political theories, and approaches and the character of the state.

There will be assessments of authoritarian, totalitarian, and democratic forms of the state. The course will address the concepts of democracy and democratization and the institutional features of government and governance.

This course will address variables which shape outcomes in global politics, in ideology and government policy processes.

The first unit will address The Rule of Law with comparatives between parts of Europe, the United States of America, and a large part of Asia. To the extent applicable, the Rule of Law will be addressed in the remaining lectures.

This course is designed to not only address a comparison of politics globally, but to examine the periphery of political issues which result in global conflicts.

This course addresses the United Nations and its charge of bringing about positive change in the 21st century. With respect to the United Nations, we will learn its current role of focusing on globalization at a time when people want to be free from want, free of fear, and desire the assurance that current generations will weather these challenges and other global problems and that future generations will enjoy a sustainable world.

Politics

Politics locally is the establishing of policies. Globally is has a different connotation. The word politics comes from the Greek word “politikos" which means, “relating to citizens" and is the practice of influencing people on a worldwide, local, or even for small group to one person alone. More particularly, it is the attaining and often retaining positions in governance and control among humans or in a state. Furthermore, politics is the application and distribution of power and resources and the interstitial relationship between communities.

A host of strategies are used in politics, including the influencing of others to adopt and support certain preferred political views, tradeoffs with political allies or subjects, and, as noted above, designing laws, and using force, including violence against antagonists.

As will be shown, the history of politics' roots is traceable to ancient times, with influential works to include Aristotle's Politics and the writings of Confucius.

Politics will always be with us and should, in the ideal, lead to commitment between all governments and their citizens. Enter then the United Nations, which we will discuss and that has its own internal politics with which to deal.

What are the requirements?

  • Students will benefit from a quiet, well-lighted place to study with an ergonomically comfortable chair, writing area, and a computer with reliable internet access.
  • Students should have a soundcard and speakers in order to fully access this course

What am I going to get from this course?

  • Learn a comprehensive understanding of the Rule of Law and its impact on politics on a global basis.
  • Differentiate between scientific laws and theories, inductive and deductive thinking, and define explanatory, exploratory, and descriptive research.
  • Differentiate between positivist, antipositivist and postpositivist methods.
  • Understand and be able to discuss basic social science methods and to apply them to analyzing world governments and global issues.
  • Differentiate between Mill’s “Method of Agreement” and “Direct Method of Difference.”
  • Comprehend and be able to debate the development of the modern nation-state system and its current forms.
  • Define and describe democracy and to know the causes of democratization.
  • Understand the development of government structures and institutions
  • Compare and contrast different political ideologies, systems, and nation-states.
  • Articulately discuss as well as analyze political behavior.
  • identify and explain various comparative methodologies used to compare various political systems.

What is the target audience?

  • This course is designed for the student who wishes to understand and intelligently discuss politicals in the context of global issues. The course is intentionally written in a manner that citizens of any country can understand and appreciate its content. In sum, it is not written from a purely "Americentric" perspective. This course will also complement students who are taking similar courses in other learning institutions.

What you get with this course?

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Curriculum

Section 1: Welcome to Comparative Politics and Global Issues.
14:51

The Rule of Law

10 questions

Quiz on Lecture and Readings on "The Rule of Law"

Introduction to Comparative Politics and Global Issues
04:17
The Basics of Social Science
04:40
8 questions

The Basics of Social Science and the Scientific Method

10:43

Before we can make political comparisons and do so globally, a methodology has to be defined. To that end the student will meet the following learning objectives:

  1. Define and discuss The Comparative Method
  2. Understand and apply John Stuart Mill's Two Methods of Comparison
  3. Learn, apply, and explain the varieties of methods in comparative politics
13:26

A Simplistic Example of a Scientific Analysis

Comarative Methodology
5 questions
05:17

Students will be able to define what is meant by the "State" and explain its nature as compared to the more generic form of the term state. As well the Udemy student will be able to explain the Treaty of Westphalia and the origins of the modern state. There will be a comparing and contrasting of Thomas Hobbes and Max Weber with respect to their observations on the Modern State System and Sovereignty. Finally, student will understand and be able to describe the reasons for the changes of the state system as a result of the 30 Years War in particular and war in general.

10 questions

The concept of "The State"

Article

Students, after this less, should:

  1. Understand the value of constitutions. Are there disadvantages to having a constitution and define the limits of the United States Constitution
  2. Be able to define the checks and balances between the varying branches of government
  3. Define the role of the various branches of government and of whom they consist
  4. Understand compare and contrast the Presidential and Parliamentary systems
  5. Understand, compare, and contrast a Unicameral vs. Bicameral legislature and the limits of written constitutions
5 questions

Comparing Constitutions and Government Systems

Article

Students completing this lesson will:

Define, compare, and contrast Totalitarian states with Authoritarian states

Research, review, and discuss substantially with your peers the pros and cons of Authoritarian and Totalitarian states. Do they approach one another over time?

Research and summarize the sources and trends of authoritarianism

Non Democratic State Forms
9 questions
Article

Although emphasizing Oligarchy in America, this is applicable and discusses, on a global basis, government types and oligarchies. Upon completion opf this lecture, students will be able to:

Define bureaucracy

Understand what it means to depoliticize Bureaucracy

Discuss the pros and cons of outsourcing and privatizing government functions

Article

Upon completion of this lecture, the student will be:

    1. able to understand and discuss current global political issues including but not limited to current critical issues, the management of global commerce, and various responses to human induced climate change.
    2. define what it means to be Conservative and Liberal in a political sense. Address in the Bulletin Board discussion how this applies to other countries in the world.
    3. consider whether Christian democracy rises or falls as a society develops and modernizes. Understand the definition and history of Theocracy through and including its contemporary presence.
    4. define, compare, and contrast Social democracy and Environmentalism from the perspective of Contemporary Mainstream Political Ideologies
5 questions

Lecture 8: Comparative Methodology

9 pages

Students upon completion of this lecture will be able to:

  1. Review global public policies and data used to signify interest or assign priorities. Make political comparisons from data provided.
  2. Understand the concepts of compromise and consensus and explain the pros and cons of political compromises.
  3. Understand how control of the media (or support from the media) has an effect upon the political agenda and how political “sound bites” can sway the public and effect the agenda.
08:49

Understand the emerging concept of Multi-level Governments and their relationships

Understand the differences between Confederations vs. Federations

Understand the advantages and disadvantages between consensus and majoritarianism

Emerging Multi-Level Governments
5 questions
08:12

Learning Outcomes

Upon completing this lecture students should understand:

  1. Understand the origins and history of voting with inclusion of other regions, nations, and states
  2. Understand the reasoning behind development of the human development index (HDI) and comment on voter turnout’s relationship with the HDI
  3. Define and demonstrate knowledge of “Gerrymandering
  4. ”Define the chief problems associated with designing an electoral system such as the framers of any constitution may have faced. Make analogies or suggest other problems in countries now democratizing or revising their voting systems

5 questions

Before taking this quiz, open the File "Nations and Voting Systems". Review your nation, state, and region Is your nation or state represented?

29:04

Student completing this lecture will be able to:

1. In the context of the civil society and their effects on politics; research and understand social movements and the importance of activism

In the context of a representative democracy, demonstrate knowledge and an ability to discuss civil society and its relationship with government

In the context of a representative democracy, its civil society, and the prolific writings of political scientists, philosophers, and sociologists; demonstrate knowledge and an ability to discuss thoroughly origin, functions, and outcomes that proceed from civil society

16:11

Explain how political attitudes became formed

In the context of culture and increased diversity, explain the influence of culture on political institutions

Explain how political participation can be measured

Consider the following argument and then be able to debate your view. Are democracy, and its championing of individual rights in a society that continues to preserve disparities of caste, opportunity and prosperity, itself be the cause of increasing voter alienation and deteriorating voter participation in government and at the polls?

Explain political alliances and cleavages and their effect on the political process

50 questions

Final Examination (Multiple Choice)

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Instructor Biography

Mr. John Augustus Rose, Consultant, author, instructor

Now “quasi-retired”, Mr. John A. Rose has spent his entire working career helping people.

As owner and President of John A. Rose Consulting, his education, life, and experience allow a unique perspective to his work as a former agent in law enforcement, as a Licensed Chief Executive Officer of three charitable health and human service agencies serving dependent children and senior citizens.

Mr. Rose is Past President of an association of executives of charitable agencies in North America. He has been a Department Chair for a local college’s Criminal Justice Department, and currently occupies his time writing instructional modules for various online higher education institutions, has just finished a Fiction novel entitled "Payback!", and serves as an adjunct instructor in higher education.

Mr. Rose received his Master’s Degree in Public Administration and a Bachelor’s Degree in Criminal Justice Administration both from the University of California at Los Angeles.

He is a veteran of the United States Army having served as a Criminal Investigator in the 6th Military Police Group, CID Detachment.

Mr. Rose has busied himself in the local political and educational arenas serving on various boards such as the YMCA, having been elected to a public school board, and serving on ad hoc study committees for his community.

Mr. Rose has been married  48 years to Cheryl and they have two adult children and three grandchildren.

Mr. Rose has two favorite sayings:

  1. Don’t build a fire under students, build a fire in students”, and,
  2. I keep my day job to afford my teaching habit”.

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