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The world has always been a colourful place. But do we see the colours of our modern world in exactly the same way that the people of ancient Egypt saw the colours of their land? This course will help you to consider how the ancients viewed their world by introducing you to a remarkable, vibrant time and place: a place where the sea was not blue, but green.
See the Ancient World Through Different Eyes
·Learn how the ancient Egyptians regarded the colours blue, green and “grue”
·Examine the technology of ancient glass making
·Explore aspects of ancient art and sculpture
· "Meet” some ancient Egyptian letter-writers
Contents and Overview
This course takes the form of a symposium which presents a series of lectures given by world-renowned Egyptologists.
Dr Steven Snape - University of Liverpool
Professor Paul Nicholson - Cardiff University
Dr Campbell Price - Curator of Egypt and Sudan at the Manchester Museum
Dr Glenn Godenho - Lecturer in Egyptology at the Universities of Liverpool and Manchester
Each lecturer reflects on an aspect of the colour "blue" which has inspired them in their work. The different experts take very different approaches to their subject, yet together their work forms an expert guide to aspects of the art, archaeology, language and technology of the dynastic age. It forms a scholarly yet accessible introduction to the different, and very colourful, world of the pharaohs.
The course consists of five lectures plus additional information. It will take between four and five hours to complete. By the end of the course you will have acquired a valuable understanding and appreciation of Egypt’s dynastic age.
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|Section 1: Dr Joyce Tyldesley: Introduction|
Joyce Tyldesley teaches a suite of Egyptology courses online, working with students all over the world:
She is the author of many books on ancient Egypt, writing for both adults and children.
Follow Joyce on Twitter:
|Section 2: Dr Steven Snape: A Kind of Blue|
Dr Steven Snape: A Kind of Blue
Steven Snape completed his BA and PhD in Egyptology at the University of Liverpool, where he is currently Reader in Egyptology and Director of the Garstang Museum:
His research interests include Ramesside Egypt, Egyptian Foreign Relations, Egyptian Military Activities, Egyptian Settlement Archaeology, and the 'Sacred Landscape' in Ancient Egypt. He directs to ongoing excavations at the Ramesside fortesss site of Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham.
A Kind of Blue: Further Reading
Baines, J. (1985), Color Terminology and Color Classification: Ancient Egyptian Color Terminology and Polychromy, American Anthropology 87: 282-297.
Quirke, S. (2001), Colour Vocabularies in Ancient Egyptian, in W.V. Davies (ed.) Colour and Painting in Ancient Egypt . London: British Museum Press: 186-192.
Robins, G. (2001), Colour Symbolism, in D. Redford (ed.) Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt I, 291-294.
Warburton, D.A. (2004), The Terminology of Ancient Egyptian Colours in Context, in L. Cleland & K. Stears (eds) Colour in the Ancient Mediterranean World. Oxford: BAR Int. Series 1267: 126-130.
What is Grue
What About Blue?
|Section 3: Prof. Paul Nicholson: The Blue and the Red|
Prof. Paul Nicholson: The Blue and the Red: Glass, Faience and Pottery at Amarna and Beyond
Paul T. Nicholson read Prehistory and Archaeology at the University of Sheffield where he subsequently undertook his PhD. After holding a number of post-doctoral posts at Sheffield, studying Egyptian pottery, he was appointed as lecturer at Cardiff University in 1994.
At Cardiff Paul is responsible for teaching modules in Egyptian archaeology and early technology and materials. His research interests focus around early glass, faience and pottery in Egypt as well as the animal cults. He has directed excavations at Tell el-Amarna, Memphis and Saqqara as well as worked for projects at Hatnub, Berenike, Karanis and the South Asasif:
He is co-author (with Ian Shaw) of the ‘British Museum Dictionary of Ancient Egypt’ (BMP 1995/2008)and is a co-editor (again with Ian Shaw) and a contributor to ‘Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology’ (CUP 2000). His research monographs include ‘Brilliant Things for Akhenaten: the production of glass, vitreous materials and pottery at Amarna site O45.1’ (EES 2007) and ‘Working in Memphis: the production of faience at Roman Period Kom Helul’ (EES 2013).
The Blue and the Red: Further Reading
Friedman, F.D. (ed.) (1988), Gifts of the Nile: Ancient Egyptian Faience. London: Thames and Hudson.
Hermann, G. (1968), Lapis lazuli: the early phases of its trade, Iraq 30: 21-57.
Jackson, C.M. and Nicholson, P.T. (2010). The provenance of some glass ingots from the Uluburun shipwreck. Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 295-301.
Moorey, R.S.(1994), Ancient Mesopotamian Materials and Industries. Oxford: Clarendon.
Nicholson, P.T. (2007), Brilliant Things for Akhenaten: the production of glass, vitreous materials and pottery at Amarna site O45.1. London: E.E.S.
Nicholson, P.T. (2012), “Stone…that flows”: faience and glass as man-made stones in Egypt, Journal of Glass Studies 54:11-23.
Nicholson, P.T. (2013), Working in Memphis: the production of faience at Roman Period Kom Helul. London: Egypt Exploration Society.
Nicholson, P.T., Jackson, C.M. and Trott, K.M. (1997), The Ulu Burun glass ingots, cylindrical vessels and Egyptian glass, Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 83: 143-153.
Oppenheim, A.L. (1973), Towards a history of glass in the ancient Near East, Journal of the American Oriental Society 93: 259-266.
Oppenheim, A.L., Brill, R.H. and Barag, D. (1970), Glass and Glassmaking in Ancient Mesopotamia. Corning: Corning Museum of Glass.
Petrie, W.M.F. (1894), Tell el-Amarna. London: Quaritch.
Rehren, T. (1997), Ramesside glass-colouring crucibles, Archaeometry 39 (20: 355-368.
Rehren, T. and Pusch, E.B. (1997), New Kingdom glass-melting crucibles from Qantir-Piramesses, Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 83:127-141.
Shortland, A. (2001), Social influences on the development and spread of glass technology. In A.J. Shortland (ed.) The Social Context of Technological Change: Egypt and the Near East, 1650-1550 B.C. Oxford: Oxbow, 211-222.
Shortland, A.J. (2010), Lapis lazuli from the Kiln. Leuven: Leuven University Press.
Shortland, A. J. and Eremin, K. (2006), The analysis of second millennium glass from Egypt and Mesopotamia, Part 1: New WDS analyses, Archaeometry, 48: 581-603.
Tite, M.S. and Shortland, A. (eds.) 2008. Production Technology of Faience and Related Early Vitreous Materials, Oxford: Oxford University School of Archaeology Monograph 72.
Vandiver, P. and Kingery, W.D. (1987), Egyptian faience: the first high-tech ceramic. In W.D. Kingery (ed.) Ceramics and Civilisation 3. Columbus, Ohio: American Ceramic Society, 19-34.
The Coming of Glass to Egypt
Glass at Amarna
The Materials of Glass Making
|Section 4: Dr Glenn Godenho: Feeling Blue|
The Amarna Letters and Letters from Amarna
Letters from Amarna
|Section 5: Dr Campbell Price: Back to Blue|
Dr Campbell Price: Back to Blue: Royal Shabtis of Dynasty 21
Campbell Price completed his BA, MA and PhD in Egyptology at the University of Liverpool, where he is an Honorary Research Fellow. He has undertaken fieldwork at the sites of Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham and Saqqara, and worked in the Garstang Museum of Archaeology at the University of Liverpool. Since 2011 he has been the Curator of Egypt and Sudan at the Manchester Museum:
His research interests include the Egyptians’ views of their own past, particularly in the First Millennium BC.
Read Campbell’s blog here:
Or follow him on Twitter:
Back to Blue: Further Reading
Stewart, H.M. (1995), Egyptian Shabtis. Princes Risborough: Shire.
Taylor, J.H. ( 2001), Death and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt. London: British Museum Press.
Taylor, J.H. (2000), The Third Intermediate Period, in I. Shaw (ed.) The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
|Section 6: Additional Information|
Thank you for completing this introductory course in Egyptology at the University of Manchester. If you are interested in finding out more, we offer several online courses in Egyptology-related subjects, including a three year Certificate in Egyptology programme and Short Courses in Egyptology. For more information, go to: http://www.egyptologyonline.ls.manchester.ac.uk/
Joyce teaches Egyptology (the history and archaeology of ancient Egypt) to distance learning students throughout the world, from the University of Manchester, UK.
An author of more than twenty best-selling books for adults and children, Joyce holds a BA in the archaeology of the eastern Mediterranean from Liverpool University and a doctorate in prehistoric archaeology from Oxford University.